Nauvoo City Officers

The following chart identifies significant city offices in , Illinois, and the names of the individuals who held those offices between February 1841 and June 1844. The city charter for , approved 16 December 1840 to take effect the first Monday of February 1841, called for a city council consisting of a mayor, four aldermen, and nine councilors, who would be elected and serve for two years. The charter made provision for the city council to add to the number of aldermen and councilors if necessary. Other city officers were appointed or elected by the city council. The first city election was held 1 February 1841. In October 1841, four more aldermen and seven more councilors were added to the council. An additional office of vice mayor was created on 22 January 1842, though the holders of this office retained their seats as city councilors. The election of 6 February 1843 brought the city council back to its original makeup: a mayor, four aldermen, and nine councilors. Though the legislature passed an act on 29 January 1845 revoking ’s charter, the biannual municipal election was held as scheduled on 3 February 1845, and new civic appointments were made by the mayor at the 8 February 1845 meeting of the recently elected city council. Councilors and aldermen are listed in the order in which they most commonly appeared in municipal records.
The mayor and aldermen served as justices of the peace within the limits of the city of . The charter prescribed that the mayor’s court “had exclusive jurisdiction in all cases arising under the ordinances of the corporation.” The mayor also served as chief justice of the municipal court, and the aldermen as associate justices of that court, to which appeal could be taken “from any decision or judgement of said Mayor or Aldermen, arising under the city ordinances.” From the municipal court, appeal could be made to the Circuit Court of County.
When council seats became vacant because of death, resignation, or appointment to other office, the vacancies were filled by election or appointment by the city council. If members of the city council were to be absent for significant lengths of time, substitute or temporary councilors were elected and sworn in to fill the vacancy. These temporary councilors are not listed in the following chart.
Mayor
3 Feb. 1841–19 May 1842
Joseph Smith Jr.19 May 1842–27 June 1844
Vice Mayor
Joseph Smith Jr.22 Jan. 1842–19 May 1842
19 May 1842–6 Feb. 1843
City Councilors
Joseph Smith Jr. 3 Feb. 1841–19 May 1842
19 May 1842–6 Feb. 1843
3 Feb. 1841–7 Aug. 1841
4 Sept. 1841–3 Feb. 1845
3 Feb. 1841–27 June 1844
3 Feb. 1841–6 Feb. 1843
3 Feb. 1841–6 Feb. 1843
3 Feb. 1841–6 Feb. 1843
3 Feb. 1841–31 July 1842
5 Aug. 1842–6 Feb. 1843
3 Feb. 1841–6 Feb. 1843
8 Feb. 1841–1 Nov. 1841
1 Nov. 1841–6 Feb. 1843
30 Oct. 1841–3 Feb. 1845
30 Oct. 1841–3 Feb. 1845
30 Oct. 1841–19 May 1842
19 May 1842–6 Feb. 1843; 14 Sept. 1844–3 Feb. 1845
30 Oct. 1841–3 Feb. 1845
1 Nov. 1841–6 Feb. 1843
1 Nov. 1841–6 Feb. 1843
1 Nov. 1841–6 Feb. 1843
23 May 1842–6 Feb. 1843
6 Feb. 1843–3 Feb. 1845
6 Feb. 1843–21 June 1844
6 Feb. 1843–3 Feb. 1845
6 Feb. 1843–10 Aug. 1844
Aldermen
3 Feb. 1841–3 Feb. 1845
3 Feb. 1841–3 Feb. 1845
3 Feb. 1841–3 Feb. 1845
3 Feb. 1841–23 May 1842
Gustavus Hills 23 Oct. 1841–6 Feb. 1843; 5 Mar. 1844–3 Feb. 1845
23 Oct. 1841–3 Feb. 1845
30 Oct. 1841–after 8 Feb. 1845
30 Oct. 1841–6 Feb. 1843; 5 March 1844–3 Feb. 1845
11 Feb. 1843–10 Aug. 1844
4 Mar. 1843–3 Feb. 1845
City Marshals
3 Feb. 1841–21 Dec. 1843
23 Oct. 1841–9 Apr. 1842
21 Dec. 1843–10 Sept. 1844
Treasurers
3 Feb. 1841–27 Aug. 1841
4 Sept. 1841–9 Sept. 1842
9 Sept. 1842–after 8 Feb. 1845
City Recorders and Clerks of the Municipal Court
3 Feb. 1841–12 Aug. 1843
12 Aug. 1843–8 Feb. 1845
Coroner
23 May 1842–after 22 June 1845
Sexton
4 Sept. 1841–ca. 1846
Supervisor of Streets
8 Mar. 1841–after 8 Feb. 1845
Constables
(First Ward)8 Mar. 1841–8 Feb. 1845
(Second Ward)11 Feb. 1843–8 Feb. 1845
Lewis Robinson (Third Ward)23 Oct. 1841–8 Feb. 1845
(Fourth Ward)30 Oct. 1841–8 Feb. 1845
City Surveyor
8 Mar. 1841–8 Feb. 1845
Weigher and Sealer
15 Mar. 1841–after 8 Feb. 1845
Assessors and Collectors
(First Ward)11 Nov. 1843–after 10 Aug. 1844
Daniel Hendricks (Second Ward)11 Nov. 1843–after 10 Aug. 1844
(Third Ward)11 Nov. 1843–after 10 Aug. 1844
(Fourth Ward)11 Nov. 1843–21 Dec. 1843
(Fourth Ward)21 Dec. 1843–after 12 Mar. 1844
Market Master
11 Feb. 1843–8 Feb. 1845
City Attorneys
1 Nov. 1841–16 Dec. 1843
13 Apr. 1844–?
City Auctioneers
Charles WarnerBy 12 July 1842–16 Dec. 1843; 21 Dec. 1843–12 Oct. 1844
16 Dec. 1843–21 Dec. 1843
21 Dec. 1843–12 Oct. 1844
Notary Public
26 Sept. 1842–after 8 Feb. 1845
Market Inspector
11 Feb. 1843–?
Mayor’s Clerk
11 Feb. 1843–?; 14 Sept. 1844–?
Registrar of Deeds
Joseph Smith Jr.5 Mar. 1842–27 June 1844
Fire Wardens
(First Ward)4 Mar. 1843–8 Feb. 1845
(Second Ward)4 Mar. 1843–8 Feb. 1845
(Third Ward)4 Mar. 1843–8 Feb. 1845
(Fourth Ward)11 Feb. 1843–8 Feb. 1845
Flour Inspectors
William E. Homer14 Oct. 1843–?
John Haven13 Jan. 1844–?
Wharf Master
16 Dec. 1843–8 Feb. 1845
  1. 1

    “An Act to Incorporate the City of Nauvoo,” Times and Seasons, Jan. 15, 1841, 2:281–282, 285.  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

  2. 2

    “An Act to Incorporate the City of Nauvoo,” Times and Seasons, Jan. 15, 1841, 2:281–282.  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

  3. 3

    “Municipal Election,” Times and Seasons, 1 Feb. 1841, 2:309.  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

  4. 4

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 23 Oct. 1841, 25; 30 Oct. 1841, 26.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  5. 5

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 22 Jan. 1842, 46.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  6. 6

    Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 11 Feb. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; see also Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159–162; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2]; and JS, Journal, 6 Feb. 1843, JS Collection, CHL.  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  7. 7

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 22 Jan. 1842, 45–46.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  8. 8

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also John C. Bennett, Oath as Mayor, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  9. 9

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 19 May 1842, 80; see also Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 22 Apr.–19 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and John C. Bennett, Letter of Resignation, 17 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  10. 10

    JS was appointed mayor following the resignation of John C. Bennett. On 17 May 1842 Bennett submitted his letter of resignation, which was accepted by the city council on 19 May 1842, at which time JS was appointed mayor by the council and Hyrum Smith was appointed vice mayor; William Smith was appointed to fill JS’s council seat. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 19 May 1842, 80; John C. Bennett, Letter of Resignation, 17 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; see also JS, Oath as Mayor, 19 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 22 Apr.–19 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  11. 11

    Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 10 Feb.–13 July 1844, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  12. 12

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 22 Jan. 1842, 46.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  13. 13

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 22 Jan. 1842, 52.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  14. 14

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 19 May 1842, 80; see also Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 22 Apr.– 19 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  15. 15

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 19 May 1842, 81; see also Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 22 Apr.–19 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  16. 16

    Attendance records beginning 11 February 1843 no longer show an office of vice mayor; Hyrum Smith is listed as a councilor from this date. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 11 Feb.–29 June 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  17. 17

    Councilors and aldermen are listed here in the order they most commonly appear on the Nauvoo City Council attendance records. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb.–11 Jan. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; see also Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 22 Jan. 1842.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  18. 18

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  19. 19

    JS was elected vice mayor on 22 January 1842 but retained his seat on the city council. He was elected mayor on 19 May 1842, and his seat in the city council was replaced by William Smith. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 22 Jan. 1842, 52; 19 May 1842, 81.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  20. 20

    William Smith was appointed councilor in the place of JS, who had been elected mayor. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 19 May 1842, 81; see also William Smith, Oath as City Councilor, 9 Sept. 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  21. 21

    William Smith appears as councilor in the Nauvoo City Council attendance records. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 23 May 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  22. 22

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  23. 23

    Don Carlos Smith died 7 August 1841. (“Death of General Don Carlos Smith,” Times and Seasons, 16 Aug. 1841, 2:503–504.)  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

  24. 24

    Brigham Young was appointed councilor in the place of Don Carlos Smith, who died 7 August 1841. Young was sworn in 30 October 1841. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 4 Sept. 1841, 21; Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 30 Oct. 1841, 25; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 30 Oct. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  25. 25

    Brigham Young appears on all of the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 11 January 1845. He is not listed as a councilor on the 8 February to 8 March 1845 attendance records. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–11 Jan. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 8 Feb. 1845–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  26. 26

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  27. 27

    Hyrum Smith was elected vice mayor on 19 May 1842, but he presumably retained his seat on the council while serving as vice mayor, as JS had done. Attendance records from 23 May 1842 to 23 January 1843 show Hyrum Smith as vice mayor, but records following do not show the office of vice mayor and show Hyrum Smith as a councilor until his death. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 19 May 1842, 81; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 23 May 1842–23 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 11 Feb. 1843–13 July 1844, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  28. 28

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and Rich, Diary, 21 Sept. 1845.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Rich, Charles C. Diaries, 1833–1862. Charles C. Rich Collection, 1832–1908. CHL. MS 889, box 1.

  29. 29

    Charles C. Rich appears as councilor on the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; see also “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  30. 30

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  31. 31

    John P. Greene appears as councilor on the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; ”City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  32. 32

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  33. 33

    John T. Barnett appears as councilor on the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; ”City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  34. 34

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  35. 35

    Vinson Knight died 31 July 1842. He appears as councilor on attendance records from 12 February to 23 May 1842, the latter with a note for 5 August 1842 that he is dead. (“Died,” Times and Seasons, Aug. 15, 1842, 3:894; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–23 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  36. 36

    Amasa Lyman was appointed councilor in the place of Vinson Knight, who died 31 July 1842. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 5 Aug. 1842, 97; see also Amasa Lyman, Oath as City Councilor, 8 Aug. 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  37. 37

    Amasa Lyman appears as councilor on the attendance records from 23 May 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 23 May 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  38. 38

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  39. 39

    Wilson Law appears as councilor on the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL;“City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  40. 40

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 8 Feb. 1841, 5. Sidney Rigdon was not present on 3 February 1841 to be sworn in with the other elected councilors but was sworn in five days later. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Sidney Rigdon, Oath as City Councilor, 8 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  41. 41

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 1 Nov. 1841, 28, . Rigdon resigned as councilor and was appointed city attorney. (See also Sidney Rigdon, Nauvoo, IL, to John C. Bennett, Nauvoo, IL, 1 Nov. 1841, Sidney Rigdon Collection, CHL; and Sidney Rigdon, Letter of Resignation, 1 Nov. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, 1841–1845, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  42. 42

    William Law was appointed councilor in the place of Sidney Rigdon, who resigned 1 November 1841;Law was sworn in 13 November 1841. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 1 Nov. 1841, 28; Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 13 Nov. 1841, 29; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 13 Nov. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  43. 43

    William Law appears as councilor on the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  44. 44

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 23 Oct. 1841, 25; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 30 Oct. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  45. 45

    John Taylor appears on all of the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 11 January 1845. He is not listed as a councilor on the 8 February–8 March 1845 attendance record. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–11 Jan. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL;Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 8 Feb.–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  46. 46

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 30 Oct. 1841, 25; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 30 Oct. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  47. 47

    Orson Pratt appears on all of the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 11 January 1845. He is not listed as a councilor on the 8 February–8 March 1845 attendance record. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–11 Jan. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 8 Feb.–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  48. 48

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 30 Oct. 1841, 25; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 30 Oct. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  49. 49

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 19 May 1842, 81. McFall’s seat was declared vacant since becoming a nonresident of the city.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  50. 50

    George A. Smith was appointed councilor in the place of Hugh McFall, who had left the city. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 19 May 1842, 81; see also George A. Smith, Oath as City Councilor, 23 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  51. 51

    Elected alderman in the 6 February 1843 election. (“City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  52. 52

    George A. Smith was declared a councilor on 14 September 1844 in place of Daniel Spencer, who had been appointed mayor. Smith took his oath of office on 9 November 1844. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 14 Sept. 1844, 219; 9 Nov. 1844, 220.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  53. 53

    George A. Smith appears as councilor in the attendance records between 10 August 1844 and 8 February 1845. He was not reelected in the February 1845 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 10 Aug. 1844–8 Feb. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 7 Feb. 1845, 233.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  54. 54

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 23 Oct. 1841, 25; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 30 Oct. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  55. 55

    Heber C. Kimball appears on all of the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 11 January 1845. He is not listed as a councilor on the 8 February–8 March 1845 attendance record. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–11 Jan. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 8 Feb.–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  56. 56

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 30 Oct. 1841, 26; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 1 Nov. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  57. 57

    Lyman Wight appears as councilor on the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  58. 58

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 30 Oct. 1841, 26; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 1 Nov. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  59. 59

    Willard Richards appears as councilor on the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  60. 60

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 30 Oct. 1841, 26; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 1 Nov. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  61. 61

    Wilford Woodruff appears as councilor on the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  62. 62

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 23 May 1842, 84. Samuel Smith was elected as a councilor after his resignation as an alderman. (See also Samuel Smith, Oath as City Councilor, 23 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  63. 63

    Samuel Smith appears as councilor on the attendance records from 23 May 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  64. 64

    Elected in the February 1843 election. (“City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2]; see also Orson Hyde, Oath as City Councilor, 6 Feb. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 160.)  

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  65. 65

    Orson Hyde appears as councilor on the attendance records from 11 February 1843 to 8 February 1845. He does not appear on the 8 February–8 March 1845 attendance record. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 11 Feb. 1843–8 Feb. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 8 Feb.–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  66. 66

    Elected in the February 1843 election. (“City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2]; see also Sylvester Emmons, Oath as City Councilor, 6 Feb. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 160.)  

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  67. 67

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 21 June 1844, 212. Charges were preferred against Sylvester Emmons for slandering the city council 8 June 1844, and he resigned from the council 21 June 1844. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 June 1844, 212; Sylvester Emmons, Letter of Resignation, 21 June 1844, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  68. 68

    Elected in the February 1843 election. (“City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2]; see also Benjamin Warrington, Oath as City Councilor, 11 Feb. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 160.)  

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  69. 69

    Benjamin Warrington appears as councilor on the attendance records from 11 February 1843 to 8 February 1845. He does not appear on the 8 February–8 March 1845 attendance records. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 11 Feb. 1843–8 Feb. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 8 Feb.–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  70. 70

    Elected in the February 1843 election. (“City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2]; see also Daniel Spencer, Oath as City Councilor, 11 Feb. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 160.)  

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  71. 71

    Following JS’s death, Daniel Spencer was chosen to be mayor until the next general election. The 8 February–8 March 1845 attendance records list Daniel Spencer as an alderman, with Orson Spencer as mayor. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 10 Aug. 1844, 216; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 8 Feb.–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; see also Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 10 Aug. 1844–8 Feb. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and “City Council,” Nauvoo Neighbor, 14 Aug. 1844, [3].)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo Neighbor. Nauvoo, IL. 1843–1845.

  72. 72

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  73. 73

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  74. 74

    Daniel H. Wells appears on all of the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 11 January 1845. He is not listed as an alderman on the 8 February–8 March 1845 attendance record. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–11 Jan. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 8 Feb.–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  75. 75

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  76. 76

    William Marks appears as alderman on the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. The 12 August 1843–15 January 1844 attendance records show Marks (without a title) present at the city council meetings. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2]; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Aug., 18 Sept., 11 Nov., and 12 Dec. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  77. 77

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  78. 78

    Newel K. Whitney appears as alderman on the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. The attendance records include Whitney as one who was “called upon in cases of emergency” and show him in attendance at the 29 June 1843 city council meeting. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2]; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 11 Feb.– 29 June 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  79. 79

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1; see also Oaths of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Councilors of the City Council of Nauvoo, Illinois, 3 Feb. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  80. 80

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 23 May 1842, 84; see also Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 22 Apr.–19 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and Samuel Smith, Letter of Resignation, 23 May 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  81. 81

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 23 Oct. 1841, 25; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 30 Oct. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  82. 82

    Gustavus Hills appears as alderman in the 12 February 1842–30 January 1843 attendance records. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. The attendance records include Gustavus Hills as one who was “called upon in cases of emergency” and show him in attendance at the 29 June 1843 city council meeting. (Nauvoo City Council, Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [4]; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 11 Feb.–29 June 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  83. 83

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 23 Oct. 1841, 25; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 30 Oct. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  84. 84

    Orson Spencer appears on all of the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 11 January 1845. He is listed as mayor on the 8 February and 8 March 1845 attendance records. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  85. 85

    George W. Harris was made an alderman on 30 October 1841. Although he is not identified as having been reelected in the February 1843 election, he continued to serve in this position. (“City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2]; JS, Journal, 6 Feb. 1843; see also Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 30 Oct. 1841, 26; and Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 1 Nov. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  86. 86

    George W. Harris appears on all of the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 8 March 1845. Brigham Young announced the changes to the city council in the 14 January 1845 general church minutes. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; General Church Minutes, 14 Jan. 1845.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    General Church Minutes, 1839–1877. CHL. CR 100 318.

  87. 87

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 30 Oct. 1841, 26; see also Oaths of the Aldermen and Councilors added to the City Council, 1 Nov. 1841, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  88. 88

    Hiram Kimball appears as alderman on the attendance records from 12 February 1842 to 30 January 1843. He was not reelected in the February 1843 election. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb. 1842–30 Jan. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; “City Election,” The Wasp, 8 Feb. 1843, [2].)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    The Wasp. Nauvoo, IL. Apr. 1842–Apr. 1843.

  89. 89

    On 9 March 1844, the city council carried a motion “that all the old aldermen be added to the List of members of this council.” Up to that point, eight men had served as aldermen. Of those eight, only three were still serving, leaving five—William Marks, Newel K. Whitney, Gustavus Hills, Hiram Kimball, and Samuel Smith—who could be considered “old aldermen.” The attendance records from 10 February to 13 July 1844 has the list of aldermen and councilors, mayor, marshal, and recorder and then lists additional aldermen and councilors; Hiram Kimball appears in this list of additional aldermen and shows attendance beginning 29 April 1844. On the attendance record for 9 March 1844, a note indicates that Kimball had not been notified of that meeting, giving reason for his absence. The notation vouching for Kimball’s absence from the 9 March meeting is evidence that he had been added to the city council as an alderman by that date despite his absence that day. For the 13 April meeting, the attendance record contains no such note vouching for Kimball’s absence from that meeting. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 9 Mar. 1844; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 10 Feb.–13 July 1844, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  90. 90

    Kimball was not reelected in the February 1845 election nor listed as an alderman on the 8 February–8 March 1845 attendance record. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 7 Feb. 1845, 234; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 8 Feb.–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  91. 91

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 160; see also George A. Smith, Oath as City Alderman, 11 Feb. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 11 Feb.–29 June 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  92. 92

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 10 Aug. 1844, 217. The Nauvoo City Council Minute Book states that Elias Smith was elected to replace George A. Smith as alderman. Elias Smith was sworn in as alderman 10 June 1844. The Nauvoo City Council attendance record shows George A. Smith as a councilor, not an alderman. The Nauvoo City Council Minute Book names George A. Smith as an alderman. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 29 Apr. 1844, 207; 10 June 1844, 211; Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 10 Aug. 1844–8 Feb. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; see also Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 10 Feb.–13 July 1844, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and George A. Smith, Letter of Resignation, 10 Aug. 1844, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; and "City Council," Nauvoo Neighbor, 14 Aug. 1844, [3].)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo Neighbor. Nauvoo, IL. 1843–1845.

  93. 93

    Stephen Markham was elected alderman in the February 1843 election but declined to serve. Wilson Law was appointed by the city council to serve in his stead, but he declined to act. Finally, the city council appointed Samuel Bennett to fill this seat. (Stephen Markham, Refusal of Office, 25 Feb. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 25 Feb. and 4 Mar. 1843; see also Samuel Bennett, Oath as City Alderman, 11 Apr. 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  94. 94

    Samuel Bennett appears on all of the attendance records from 11 March 1843 to 11 January 1845. However, he is not listed as an alderman on the 8 February–8 March 1845 attendance record. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 8 Feb.–8 Mar. 1845, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  95. 95

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 22 Jan. 1842, 46.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  96. 96

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1. Sherwood was reelected 11 February 1843 for two years. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  97. 97

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 21 Dec. 1843.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  98. 98

    Leonard Soby was appointed to serve as marshal while Sherwood was on a mission to New Orleans but declined to accept the appointment. Dimick B. Huntington was then appointed marshal while Sherwood was away. Sherwood returned by 30 April 1842 to retake his seat in the Nauvoo High Council and presumably retook his seat in the city council as well. (Nauvoo High Council Minutes, 23 Oct. 1841, 25; 30 Apr. 1842.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  99. 99

    The Nauvoo City Council attendance record shows “D. B. Huntington” as marshal. Subsequent records show “H. G. Sherwood” as marshal. The minutes from 9 September 1842 say D. B. Huntington was elected marshal pro tem in the absence of H. G. Sherwood. The Nauvoo City Council attendance records show H. G. Sherwood absent from meetings on 13 August, 20 August, and 9 September but present at each meeting after 23 September 1842. (Nauvoo City Council Attendance Records, 12 Feb.–23 Sept. 1842, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 9 Sept. 1842.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  100. 100

    Greene was elected marshal on 21 December 1843 to replace Henry G. Sherwood. Greene filed his bond in the recorder’s office and took his oath of office as marshal on 22 December 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 21–22 Dec. 1843, 198; see also “Further Doings of the Council,” Nauvoo Neighbor, 27 Dec. 1843, [3].)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo Neighbor. Nauvoo, IL. 1843–1845.

  101. 101

    John P. Greene died 10 September 1844 and was replaced as marshal by Jonathan C. Wright. On 12 March 1844, he received payment for his services as marshal, assessor, and collector for the period of 3 January to 5 March 1844. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 12 Mar. 1844, 206; see also “Deaths,” Nauvoo Neighbor, 18 Sept. 1844, [3]; Young, Journal, 10 Sept. 1844; and Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 14 Sept. 1844, 217.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo Neighbor. Nauvoo, IL. 1843–1845.

    Young, Brigham. Journals, 1832–1877. Brigham Young Office Files, 1832–1878. CHL. CR 1234 1, boxes 71–73.

  102. 102

    Thompson was appointed treasurer on 3 February 1841. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  103. 103

    Thompson died on 27 August 1841. (“Death of Col. Robert B. Thompson,” Times and Seasons, 1 Sept. 1841, 2:519–520.)  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

  104. 104

    Fullmer was appointed treasurer on 4 September 1841 and sworn into office on 1 January 1842. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 4 Sept. 1841, 22; 1 Jan. 1842, 38.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  105. 105

    William Clayton was elected treasurer on 9 September 1842 “to fill the vacancy occasioned by the removal of John S. Fullmer.” (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 9 Sept. 1842, 101.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  106. 106

    Clayton was elected treasurer on 9 September 1842 to replace John S. Fullmer. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 9 Sept. 1842, 101.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  107. 107

    Clayton was reelected on 11 February 1843 and again on 8 February 1845. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159; 8 Feb. 1845, 235.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  108. 108

    It appears that the offices of city recorder and clerk of the municipal court were filled by the same individual. James Sloan was appointed city recorder 3 February 1841. The few places in the court docket book where the clerk of the municipal court is named show the same person as the city recorder for those dates. Oaths of office from 23 May 1842 to 8 June 1843 are signed “James Sloan City Recorder, and Clerk of the Municipal Court of the City of Nauvoo, Ills.” or “James Sloan, Clerk of the Municipal Court, and City Recorder of the City of Nauvoo.” On 28 July 1843, James Sloan appointed Willard Richards “to act as Recorder of the city of Nauvoo, and clerk of the municipal court during my absence out of the said city; and also clerk of the church.” (James Sloan, “Appointment of Willard Richards as Recorder,” 28 July 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; see also Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 22 Jan. 1842.)  

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  109. 109

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 3 Feb. 1841, 1.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  110. 110

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 12 Aug. 1843. Reelected 11 February 1843 for two years. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159–162.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  111. 111

    Richards was elected recorder on 12 August 1843 to replace James Sloan. Richards was sworn into office on 12 August 1843. Richards was appointed recorder of the city of Nauvoo and clerk of the municipal court and gave his oath of office as city recorder. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 12 Aug. 1843, 186; James Sloan, “Appointment of Willard Richards as Recorder,” 28 July 1843, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

  112. 112

    Richards was reelected recorder on 8 February 1845 but resigned the office the same day. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 8 Feb. 1845, 234 and 239.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  113. 113

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 23 May 1842, 83.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  114. 114

    The city council first elected Samuel Smith to serve as coroner, but Smith asked that his appointment be rescinded, so the council elected Huntington instead. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 23 May 1842, 83.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  115. 115

    Huntington was reelected 11 February 1843 to serve for two years. Huntington’s journal indicates he was still acting as coroner 22 June 1845, when he washed and laid out Irvin Hodges, who had been killed. Huntington left Nauvoo in 1846 with the Mormon exodus. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159; Huntington, Reminiscences and Journal, [30].)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

    Huntington, Dimick B. Reminiscences and Journal, 1845–1847. Dimick B. Huntington, Journal, 1845–1859. CHL. MS 1419, fd. 1.

  116. 116

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 4 Sept. 1841, 21.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  117. 117

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 4 Sept. 1841, 21.  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  118. 118

    Huntington kept a record of deaths for the city of Nauvoo. The death dates range from 1839 to 1846. Huntington moved his family to Winter Quarters in 1846 at the time of the Nauvoo exodus. (See Woods, “Cemetery Record,” 131–163, 158n5.)  

    Woods, Fred E. “Cemetery Record of William D. Huntington, Nauvoo Sexton.” Mormon Historical Studies, 3 (Spring 2002): 131–163.

  119. 119

    Allred was appointed supervisor of streets on 1 March and sworn into office on 8 March 1841 to replace Austin Cowles. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 1 and 8 Mar. 1841, 14–15.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  120. 120

    Allred was elected on 11 February 1843 to continue his service as supervisor of streets. He was reelected on 8 February 1845. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159; 8 Feb. 1845, 235.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  121. 121

    A city ordinance passed on 1 March 1841 provided that constables for each ward, surveyor, engineer, market master, weigher and sealer, and collector be elected by the city council. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 1 Mar. 1841, 14.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  122. 122

    Huntington was appointed constable of the First Ward on 1 March 1841 and was sworn into office on 8 March. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 1 and 8 Mar. 1841, 14–15.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  123. 123

    Huntington was elected on 11 February 1843 to continue his service as a constable and was sworn into office on 25 February 1843. He was not reelected as a constable in the February 1845 election. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159; 25 Feb. 1843, 167; 8 Feb. 1845, 235.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  124. 124

    Parker was elected a constable on 11 February 1843 and sworn into office on 25 February. The Nauvoo City Council Proceedings and the Nauvoo City Council Minute Book for 11 February 1843 do not designate for which ward Parker was elected constable. Dimick B. Huntington, Lewis Robinson, and William D. Huntington, Jr., who were serving as constables for the First, Third, and Fourth Wards, respectively, prior to the 1843 election, were all reelected on 11 February 1843 to continue their service as constables. Assuming that Huntington, Robinson, and Huntington continued to serve as constables for the wards in which they had already been serving after being elected in February 1843, it is likely that Parker was elected constable of the Second Ward. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159; 25 Feb. 1843, 167.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  125. 125

    Parker was not reelected a constable in the February 1845 election. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 8 Feb. 1845, 235.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  126. 126

    Robinson was appointed constable of the Third Ward on 23 October 1841 to replace Leonard Soby. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 23 Oct. 1841, 25.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  127. 127

    Robinson was elected on 11 February 1843 to continue his service as a constable and was sworn into office on 25 February. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159; 25 Feb. 1843, 167.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  128. 128

    Huntington was appointed constable of the Fourth Ward on 30 October 1841 to replace George W. Harris. Huntington was sworn into office on 30 October 1841. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 30 Oct. 1841, 26.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  129. 129

    Huntington was elected on 11 February 1843 to continue his service as a constable. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  130. 130

    Ripley was appointed city surveyor on 8 March 1841. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 8 Mar. 1841, 15.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  131. 131

    Ripley was elected on 11 February 1843 to continue his service as city surveyor. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  132. 132

    A city ordinance passed on 1 March 1841 provided that constables for each ward, surveyor, engineer, market master, weigher and sealer, and collector be elected by the city council. A city ordinance dated 30 January 1843 stated that biennially the city council should appoint the following officers in addition to offices mentioned in the city charter: engineer, market master, weigher and sealer of weights and measures, fire warden for each city ward, sexton, police officer, and supervisor of streets. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 1 Mar. 1841, 14; 30 Jan. 1843, 151.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  133. 133

    Turley was appointed weigher and sealer on 8 March 1841 and sworn into office on 15 March. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 8 and 15 Mar. 1841, 15–16.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  134. 134

    Turley was elected on 11 February 1843 to continue his service as weigher and sealer and sworn into office on 25 February. On 8 February 1845, Turley again was appointed to continue his service as weigher and sealer. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159; 25 Feb. 1843, 167; 8 Feb. 1845, 236.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  135. 135

    A city ordinance passed on 1 March 1841 provided that constables for each ward, surveyor, engineer, market master, weigher and sealer, and collector be elected by the city council. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 1 Mar. 1841, 14.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  136. 136

    Rockwood was elected assessor and collector for the First Ward on 11 November 1843. He filed his bond as assessor and collector of the First Ward and was sworn into office on 23 November 1843. He received payment for his services as assessor and collector of the First Ward for the year 1842. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Nov. 1843, 190; 23 Nov. 1843, 191; 29 Apr. 1844, 207.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  137. 137

    The assessors and collectors elected to collect taxes for 1843 were reelected to collect taxes for 1844. Rockwood filed his bond on 20 August 1844. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 10 Aug. 1844, 217; 20 Aug. 1844, 227.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  138. 138

    Hendricks was elected assessor and collector for the Second Ward on 11 November 1843. He filed his bond as assessor and collector of the Second Ward and was sworn into office on 24 November 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Nov. 1843, 190; 24 Nov. 1843, 191.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  139. 139

    The assessors and collectors elected to collect taxes for 1843 were reelected to collect taxes for 1844. Hendricks filed his bond on 20 August 1844. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 10 Aug. 1844, 217; 20 Aug. 1844, 227.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  140. 140

    Hale was elected assessor and collector for the Third Ward on 11 November 1843. He filed his bond as assessor and collector of the Third Ward and was sworn into office on 24 November 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Nov. 1843, 190; 24 Nov. 1843, 191.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  141. 141

    The assessors and collectors elected to collect taxes for 1843 were reelected to collect taxes for 1844. Hale filed his bond on 30 August 1844. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 10 Aug. 1844, 217; 20 Aug. 1844, 227.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  142. 142

    Sherwood was elected assessor and collector for the Fourth Ward on 11 November 1843. He filed his bond as assessor and collector of the Fourth Ward and was sworn into office on 25 November 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Nov. 1843, 190; 25 Nov. 1843, 191.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  143. 143

    Sherwood resigned as assessor and collector of the Fourth Ward on 21 December 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 21 Dec. 1843, 198.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  144. 144

    The city council declared Greene the replacement of Sherwood as assessor and collector of the Fourth Ward on 21 December 1843. Greene filed his bond in the recorder’s office and took his oath of office on 22 December 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 21 and 22 Dec. 1843, 198.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  145. 145

    On 12 March 1844, he received payment for his services as marshal and assessor and collector for the period 3 January to 5 March 1844. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 12 Mar. 1844, 206.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  146. 146

    Sherwood was elected market master on 11 February 1843 and was sworn into office on 25 February. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159; 25 Feb. 1843, 167.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  147. 147

    Sherwood was not reelected market master in the February 1845 election. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 8 Feb. 1845, 235–236.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  148. 148

    Rigdon was appointed city attorney on 1 November 1841. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 1 Nov. 1841, 28.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  149. 149

    Rigdon was reelected on 11 February 1843 to continue his service as city attorney. On 16 December 1843, the office of city attorney was left vacant “for the time being.” (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159; 16 Dec. 1843, 197.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  150. 150

    Stiles was elected city attorney on 13 April 1844. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 13 Apr. 1844, 207.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  151. 151

    The city council passed a resolution on 11 June 1842 creating the office of city auctioneer. On 5 July 1842, an ordinance passed by the city council established that a coroner, pound keeper, and auctioneer be elected by the city council. An ordinance passed by the city council on 12 July 1842 established that the city council could appoint one or more auctioneers. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 June 1842, 85; 5 July 1842, 87; 12 July 1842, 88.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  152. 152

    Warner was elected city auctioneer on 11 June 1842 and again on 12 July 1842. It is possible that Warner was elected city auctioneer twice because the office had not been officially created by the city council until an ordinance was passed. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 June 1842, 85; 12 July 1842, 94.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  153. 153

    Warner was removed as city auctioneer on 16 December 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 16 Dec. 1843, 194.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  154. 154

    Warner was reelected city auctioneer on 21 December 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 21 Dec. 1843, 198.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  155. 155

    For “not having made any returns of Sales and duties to the City Treasurer,” Warner was released as city auctioneer and replaced by John D. Parker. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 12 Oct. 1844, 219.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  156. 156

    Kimball was elected city auctioneer on 16 December 1843 to replace Charles Warner. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 16 Dec. 1843, 194.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  157. 157

    Kimball resigned as city auctioneer on 21 December 1843. (Nauvoo City Minute Book, 21 Dec. 1843, 198.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  158. 158

    Cahoon filed his bond with the recorder on 21 December 1843 as a city auctioneer. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 21 Dec. 1843, 198.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  159. 159

    John D. Parker was elected city auctioneer on 12 October 1844 to replace Charles Warner. Parker took his oath of office and filed his bond on 1 November 1844. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 12 Oct. 1844, 219; 1 Nov. 1844, 223.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  160. 160

    Sloan was elected notary public on 26 September 1842. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 26 Sept. 1842, 103.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  161. 161

    Sloan was reelected on 11 February 1843 and again on 8 February 1845. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159; 8 Feb. 1845, 236.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  162. 162

    Bennett was elected market inspector on 11 February 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  163. 163

    Phelps was appointed mayor’s clerk on 11 February 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  164. 164

    The mayor, Daniel Spencer, nominated Phelps to be his clerk on 10 August 1844; the nomination was approved by the city council. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 10 Aug. 1844, 217.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  165. 165

    Smith was appointed registrar of deeds on 5 March 1842. (JS, Journal, 5 Mar. 1842; Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 5 Mar. 1842, 67.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  166. 166

    Smith was reelected registrar of deeds on 4 March 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 4 Mar. 1843, 168.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  167. 167

    A city ordinance dated 30 January 1843 stated that biennially the city council should appoint the following officers in addition to offices mentioned in the city charter: engineer, market master, weigher and sealer of weights and measures, fire warden for each city ward, sexton, police officer, and supervisor of streets. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 30 Jan. 1843, 151.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  168. 168

    Rockwood was appointed fire warden for the First Ward on 4 March 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 4 Mar. 1843, 168.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  169. 169

    Rockwood was not reappointed fire warden for the First Ward in February 1845. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 8 Feb. 1845, 236.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  170. 170

    Fordham was appointed fire warden for the Second Ward on 4 March 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 4 Mar. 1843, 168.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  171. 171

    Fordham was not reappointed fire warden for the 2nd Ward in Feb. 1845. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 8 Feb. 1845, 236.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  172. 172

    Rich was appointed fire warden for the Third Ward on 4 March 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 4 Mar. 1843, 168.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  173. 173

    Rich was not reappointed fire warden for the Third Ward in February 1845. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 8 Feb. 1845, 236.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  174. 174

    Phelps was appointed fire warden for the Fourth Ward on 11 February 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 11 Feb. 1843, 159.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  175. 175

    Phelps was not reappointed fire warden for the Fourth Ward in February 1845. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 8 Feb. 1845, 236.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  176. 176

    Section 1 of “An Ordinance concerning the Inspection of Flour in Nauvoo, and for other purposes,” stipulated that an inspector of flour be appointed and sworn into office once each year by the city council. The ordinance passed on 18 September 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 18 Sept. 1843, 187.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  177. 177

    Homer was appointed inspector of flour on 14 October and sworn into office on 31 October 1843. Homer’s bond as inspector of flour was read and approved by the city council on 11 November 1843. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 14 Oct. 1843, 189; 31 Oct. 1843, 189; 11 Nov. 1843, 190; Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 14 Oct. 1843, 189.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  178. 178

    On 13 January 1844, the petition of J. S. Weld and twenty others that John Haven be appointed second inspector of flour was accepted by the city council. Haven filed his bond with the recorder and took his oath of office on 17 January 1844. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 13 Jan. 1844, 200; 17 Jan. 1844, 202.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  179. 179

    Dunham was elected to serve as wharf master for one year on 16 December 1843. He filed his bond in the recorder’s office and took his oath of office on 1 March 1844. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 16 Dec. 1843, 197; 1 Mar. 1844, 205.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.

  180. 180

    Dunham was not reelected to continue his service as wharf master in February 1845. (Nauvoo City Council Minute Book, 8 Feb. 1845, 237.)  

    Nauvoo City Council Minute Book / Nauvoo City Council. “A Record of the Proceedings of the City Council of the City of Nauvoo Handcock County, State of Illinois, Commencing A.D. 1841,” ca. 1841–1845. CHL. MS 3435.