JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. C-1, created 24 Feb. 1845–3 July 1845; handwriting of , , Jonathan Grimshaw, and ; 512 pages, plus 24 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the third volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This third volume covers the period from 2 Nov. 1838 to 31 July 1842; the remaining five volumes, labeled A-1, B-1, D-1, E-1 and F-1, continue through 8 Aug. 1844.
This document, “History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842],” is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church” (in The Joseph Smith Papers the “Manuscript History” bears the editorial title “History, 1838–1856”). The completed six-volume collection covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “’s forces” at , Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop at , Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative was completed by 3 May 1845, although some additional work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date as a supplementary document and appear in this collection as “History, 1838-1856, volume C-1 Addenda.” Compilers and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, Richards maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. , , , and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period covered by this text include the Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in by the and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to ; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch ; the establishment of the city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo ; the expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.
<2> Thursday Brother James Gifford brought them to Utica—
As more positive and official testimony was wanted by the Authorities at . Many of the brethren made Affidavits concerning their sufferings in, and expulsion from . A few of which I will insert in my history
“I, , certify that I have been a resident of the State of for six years, and upwards, and that I have suffered many things by a Lawless Mob; both me and my family having been driven from place to place and suffered the loss of much property, and finally — — expelled from the ; I further Certify that I belong to the Church of the Latter Day Saints, commonly called Mormons. and I certify that in the year eighteen hundred and thirty eight, both me and my people, suffered much by the People of the State of ; and I further certify that in this same year, in the month of November, between the first and sixth, were surrounded by a soldiery of the State of [HC 4:49] , in the City of , in Caldwell County — — — — — both me, and many of my Mormon brethren, and were compelled by their Soldiery, which were armed with all the implements of War to shed blood, by a public declaration of our entire extermination to sign away our all, our property, personal and real Estate, and to leave the State of immediately; I certify I had at that time one hundred and sixty two acres of land, the same which I held the Certificates for,I further certify that I was obliged to give up my duplicates, to help me to a small sum to carry me out of the — I further certify not— — Territory of Iowa, — sworn to and subscribed before me a Justice of the Peace for said County this 2nd. day Jany. 1840 . J.P.”
“— Hancock County— Illinois— January 2. 1840— To President Joseph Smith Jr. and — Dear Brethren— It is with feelings of no ordinary kind that I write to you at this time, in answer to the letters with which we were favored; your letters were truly interesting, and were read with great interest by the Brethren here, as well as — — — myself— We were truly glad to hear of your safe arrival in the City of — Your interview with his Excellency the , and the steps you have since taken for the furtherance of the object you have undertaken to accomplish, and for which you have left the endearments of home, and the Society of your Friends— The Mission on which you are engaged is certainly an important one, and which every Saint of God, as well as every one whose breast beats high with those patriotic feelings which purchased our national freedom, must take a deep interest in. And although [p. 1005]