History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction
Page 1024
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<​March 4​> and re-establish their settlement, not without heavy pecuniary losses and other inconveniences; that the Citizens of never paid them for their lands, except for a small part. They remained in from 1836 until the fall of 1838, and during that time had acquired, by purchase from the Government, the settlers, and pre-emptioners, almost all the lands in the County of , and a portion of the lands in and Carroll Counties— the former county being almost entirely settled by the Saints, and they were rapidly filling up the two latter Counties. Those counties, when the Saints first commenced their Settlement, were for the most part wild and uncultivated, and they had converted them into large and well improved farms, well stocked. Land had risen in value to ten and even twenty five dollars per acre, and these Counties were rapidly advancing in cultivation and wealth. That in August 1838, a riot commenced, growing out of an attempt of a saint to vote, which resulted in creating great excitement and the [HC 4:90] perpetration of many scenes of lawless outrage, which are set forth in the petition. That they were finally compelled to fly from those Counties, and on the 11th. October 1838, they sought safety by that means, with their families, leaving many of their effects behind. That they had previously applied to the Constituted authorities of for protection, but in vain. They allege that they were pursued by the mob; that conflicts ensued; deaths occurred on each side; and finally a force was organized under the authority of the of the State of , with orders to drive the Saints from the , or exterminate them. The Saints thereupon determined to make no further resistance, but to submit themselves to the authorities of the . Several of the Saints were arrested and imprisoned on a charge of treason against the , and the rest amounting to about 15,000 Souls fled into other States, principally, in where they now reside. The petition is drawn up at great length, and sets forth, with feeling and eloquence, the wrongs of which they complain; justifies their own conduct, and aggravates that of those whom they call their persecutors; and concludes by saying that they see no redress, unless it be obtained of the Congress of the , to whom they make their solemn, last appeal, as American Citizens, as Christians, and as men— to which decision they say they will submit— The committee have examined the case presented by the Petition, and heard the views urged by their Agent, with care and attention; and, after full examination and consideration, unanimously concur in the opinion, that the case presented for their investigation is not such a one as will justify or authorize any interposition by this government. The wrongs complained of are not alleged to be committed by any of the Officers of the , or under the authority of its government, in any manner whatever. The allegations in the Petition relate to the acts of the Citizens, and inhabitants and authorities of the State of , of which the petitioners were, at the time citizens or inhabitants. The grievances complained of in the petition are alleged to have been done within the Territory of the State of . The committee, under these circumstances, have not considered themselves [p. 1024]
March 4 and re-establish their settlement, not without heavy pecuniary losses and other inconveniences; that the Citizens of never paid them for their lands, except for a small part. They remained in from 1836 until the fall of 1838, and during that time had acquired, by purchase from the Government, the settlers, and pre-emptioners, almost all the lands in the County of , and a portion of the lands in and Carroll Counties— the former county being almost entirely settled by the Saints, and they were rapidly filling up the two latter Counties. Those counties, when the Saints first commenced their Settlement, were for the most part wild and uncultivated, and they had converted them into large and well improved farms, well stocked. Land had risen in value to ten and even twenty five dollars per acre, and these Counties were rapidly advancing in cultivation and wealth. That in August 1838, a riot commenced, growing out of an attempt of a saint to vote, which resulted in creating great excitement and the [HC 4:90] perpetration of many scenes of lawless outrage, which are set forth in the petition. That they were finally compelled to fly from those Counties, and on the 11th. October 1838, they sought safety by that means, with their families, leaving many of their effects behind. That they had previously applied to the Constituted authorities of for protection, but in vain. They allege that they were pursued by the mob; that conflicts ensued; deaths occurred on each side; and finally a force was organized under the authority of the of the State of , with orders to drive the Saints from the , or exterminate them. The Saints thereupon determined to make no further resistance, but to submit themselves to the authorities of the . Several of the Saints were arrested and imprisoned on a charge of treason against the , and the rest amounting to about 15,000 Souls fled into other States, principally, in where they now reside. The petition is drawn up at great length, and sets forth, with feeling and eloquence, the wrongs of which they complain; justifies their own conduct, and aggravates that of those whom they call their persecutors; and concludes by saying that they see no redress, unless it be obtained of the Congress of the , to whom they make their solemn, last appeal, as American Citizens, as Christians, and as men— to which decision they say they will submit— The committee have examined the case presented by the Petition, and heard the views urged by their Agent, with care and attention; and, after full examination and consideration, unanimously concur in the opinion, that the case presented for their investigation is not such a one as will justify or authorize any interposition by this government. The wrongs complained of are not alleged to be committed by any of the Officers of the , or under the authority of its government, in any manner whatever. The allegations in the Petition relate to the acts of the Citizens, and inhabitants and authorities of the State of , of which the petitioners were, at the time citizens or inhabitants. The grievances complained of in the petition are alleged to have been done within the Territory of the State of . The committee, under these circumstances, have not considered themselves [p. 1024]
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