JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. C-1, created 24 Feb. 1845–3 July 1845; handwriting of , , Jonathan Grimshaw, and ; 512 pages, plus 24 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the third volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This third volume covers the period from 2 Nov. 1838 to 31 July 1842; the remaining five volumes, labeled A-1, B-1, D-1, E-1 and F-1, continue through 8 Aug. 1844.
This document, “History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842],” is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church” (in The Joseph Smith Papers the “Manuscript History” bears the editorial title “History, 1838–1856”). The completed six-volume collection covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “’s forces” at , Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop at , Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative was completed by 3 May 1845, although some additional work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date as a supplementary document and appear in this collection as “History, 1838-1856, volume C-1 Addenda.” Compilers and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, Richards maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. , , , and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period covered by this text include the Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in by the and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to ; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch ; the establishment of the city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo ; the expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.
<March 19> at out under the ’s order, or were they Mobbers? A Mobbers, are Captain and his company out by legal authority or are they Mobbers? A. Mobbers. Where are those Mobbers now? A. They have joined the Army. This Company at the Surrender of were painted like Indians. The army wore a badge of red (Blood!!) I saw a large amount of timber and lumber destroyed, and used for fuel by the Soldiers, the destruction of Cattle, Hogs, &c seemed to be their Sport, as their Camp and the fields testified when they withdrew. An excellent Gun was taken from me, which I have never seen or heard of since. A [HC 4:70] Gun that was left in my care was taken at the same time, which I afterwards found with Wiley E. Williams of (reputed one of the ’s aides) to obtain which I had to prove property— affirm before a Magistrate— and pay said Williams fifty cents!! I was called to extract lead, dress the wounds &c for several persons (<Saints>) who were shot in the above siege, two of whom died— Immediately previous to the above transactions and for a long time before, the Citizens of , and particularly , were called upon to watch for Mobs by day, and guard against them by night, till it became a burden almost intolerable— ” Sworn to, before C. M. Woods Clerk— Circuit Court— Illinois—
<20> “I Gibson Gates do hereby certify that I was residing in Missouri, in the fall of the year of 1833 and had been for the space of about one year, I was at a meeting one day for worship, when a man by the name of Masters came to us stating that he was sent by the Mob to inform us that if we would forsake our religion, they were willing to be our brethren, and to fight for us; But if not, said he, our young men are ready, and we can scarce constrain them from falling upon you, and cutting you to pieces; soon after this, there came a large company of men, armed, to my place, and with much threatning, and profane words ordered me to be gone by the next day, or they would kill me and my family, in consequence of which threatning we quit our house in the month of November, leaving most of our effects, suffering very much with cold, fatigue, and hunger, we took on the Prairie and went southward twenty miles or more, where we stayed a few weeks. But still being threatened by the Mob, we removed to , where we lived in peace until the fall of 1838, when a mob arose against the people of the Church of the Latter Day Saints, when we were again obliged to leave our home, seek safety in another place for a few welks [weeks], when we returned our house had been broken upon, and the lock of a trunk broken open and the most valuable contents thereof taken away, the most of our bedding and furniture was either stolen or destroyed and <we were> then ordered to leave the — Gibson Gates” Sworn to, before J.P.