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Introduction to City of Nauvoo v. Davis for Slander of Miles

City of Nauvoo v. Davis for Slander of Miles
Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois, Mayor’s Court, 6 December 1842
 
Historical Introduction
On 6 December, Ira Miles swore a complaint before JS, accusing of using “Indecent Language and Behavior” against Miles “on or about” 3 December. Davis, a merchant and tavern keeper in , Illinois, had joined the church in 1840, but in 1842 his relationship with JS and the church deteriorated. In March JS brought charges against Davis for slandering his character and a jury found Davis guilty of violating Nauvoo’s vagrancy and disorderly persons ordinance. Between 29 November and 6 December 1842, Davis was accused of violating several city ordinances and was tried in five cases in Nauvoo courts. In each of these cases, JS participated as either mayor, justice of the peace, complainant, or witness.
Although Miles’s complaint on 6 December failed to identify a specific ordinance had violated, the docket entry indicated that the charge was “Disorderly Conduct.” The four subpoenaed witnesses had all testified at a 3 December trial about Davis’s use of abusive language toward JS, suggesting that the case arose out of Miles’ testimony on that occasion. Sometime following JS’s issue of the warrant and subpoena but before the trial began, Davis swore an affidavit before JS stating he believed that JS was prejudiced against him and could not render an impartial judgment. JS agreed to transfer the case to , who, as an alderman, also functioned as a justice in the municipal court. Presumably after the change in jurisdiction, Marks subpoenaed JS as a witness for the case. Rather than create a new subpoena, however, the court simply added JS’s name to the one that had already been served, which the city then served on JS separately. After hearing the evidence, Marks found Davis guilty and ordered him to pay a ten-dollar fine as well as court costs.
For other cases involving JS that were brought against around this time, see City of Nauvoo v. Davis for Slander of JS–B, City of Nauvoo v. Davis for Slander of JS–C, City of Nauvoo v. Davis for Ardent Spirits, and City of Nauvoo v. Davis for Assault.
 
Calendar of Documents
This calendar lists all known documents created by or for the court, whether extant or not. It does not include versions of documents created for other purposes, though those versions may be listed in footnotes. In certain cases, especially in cases concerning unpaid debts, the originating document (promissory note, invoice, etc.) is listed here. Note that documents in the calendar are grouped with their originating court. Where a version of a document was subsequently filed with another court, that version is listed under both courts.
City of Nauvoo v. Davis for Slander of Miles
Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois, Mayor’s Court, 6 December 1842
 
Historical Introduction
On 6 December, Ira Miles swore a complaint before JS, accusing of using “Indecent Language and Behavior” against Miles “on or about” 3 December. Davis, a merchant and tavern keeper in , Illinois, had joined the church in 1840, but in 1842 his relationship with JS and the church deteriorated. In March JS brought charges against Davis for slandering his character and a jury found Davis guilty of violating Nauvoo’s vagrancy and disorderly persons ordinance. Between 29 November and 6 December 1842, Davis was accused of violating several city ordinances and was tried in five cases in Nauvoo courts. In each of these cases, JS participated as either mayor, justice of the peace, complainant, or witness.
Although Miles’s complaint on 6 December failed to identify a specific ordinance had violated, the docket entry indicated that the charge was “Disorderly Conduct.” The four subpoenaed witnesses had all testified at a 3 December trial about Davis’s use of abusive language toward JS, suggesting that the case arose out of Miles’ testimony on that occasion. Sometime following JS’s issue of the warrant and subpoena but before the trial began, Davis swore an affidavit before JS stating he believed that JS was prejudiced against him and could not render an impartial judgment. JS agreed to transfer the case to , who, as an alderman, also functioned as a justice in the municipal court. Presumably after the change in jurisdiction, Marks subpoenaed JS as a witness for the case. Rather than create a new subpoena, however, the court simply added JS’s name to the one that had already been served, which the city then served on JS separately. After hearing the evidence, Marks found Davis guilty and ordered him to pay a ten-dollar fine as well as court costs.
For other cases involving JS that were brought against around this time, see City of Nauvoo v. Davis for Slander of JS–B, City of Nauvoo v. Davis for Slander of JS–C, City of Nauvoo v. Davis for Ardent Spirits, and City of Nauvoo v. Davis for Assault.
 
Calendar of Documents
This calendar lists all known documents created by or for the court, whether extant or not. It does not include versions of documents created for other purposes, though those versions may be listed in footnotes. In certain cases, especially in cases concerning unpaid debts, the originating document (promissory note, invoice, etc.) is listed here. Note that documents in the calendar are grouped with their originating court. Where a version of a document was subsequently filed with another court, that version is listed under both courts.
 
  • 1842 (7)
    • December (7)
      6 December 1842

      Ira Miles, Complaint, before JS as Mayor, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL

      • 6 Dec. 1842; Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; handwriting of George Stiles; signatures of Ira Miles and JS; notation in handwriting of Henry G. Sherwood; docket in handwriting of James Sloan.
      6 December 1842

      JS as Mayor, Warrant, to Nauvoo City Marshal, for Amos Davis, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL

      • 6 Dec. 1842; Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; unidentified handwriting; signature of JS; docket and notation in handwriting of Henry G. Sherwood; docket in handwriting of James Sloan.
      6 December 1842

      JS as Mayor, Subpoena, to Nauvoo City Marshal, for Hyrum Smith and Others, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL

      • 6 Dec. 1842; Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; handwriting of James Sloan; docket and notation in handwriting of Henry G. Sherwood; docket in handwriting of James Sloan.
      6 December 1842

      Amos Davis, Affidavit, before JS, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL

      • 6 Dec. 1842; Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; unidentified handwriting; signatures of Amos Davis and JS; docket in handwriting of James Sloan.
      6 December 1842

      Minutes, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL

      • 6 Dec. 1842; Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; handwriting of James Sloan; notation and docket in handwriting of James Sloan.
      Ca. 6 December 1842

      Docket Entry, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL

      • Ca. 6 Dec. 1842; Nauvoo Mayor’s Court Docket Book, 40–41; handwriting of James Sloan; notations in handwriting of James Sloan.
      8 December 1842

      Execution, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL

  • 1843 (1)
    • February (1)
      7 February 1843

      William Clayton, Receipt, Nauvoo, Hancock Co., IL, to John D. Parker

      • 7 Feb. 1843; CHL; handwriting of William Clayton; docket in handwriting of William Clayton.