Revelation, 1 March 1832 [D&C 78]
Revelation, , OH, 1 Mar. 1832. Featured version copied [ca. 1 Mar. 1832]; handwriting of ; two pages; Newel K. Whitney, Papers, BYU. Includes notation, docket, and archival marking.One leaf of laid paper ruled with thirty-four blue horizontal lines (now faded). Slight deviations on the left and right edges indicate the page was cut from a book. The excised leaf measures 12¾ × 8 inches (32 × 20 cm). The leaf was folded in half and then tri-folded in letter style. A notation, also in the handwriting of , names “” as the recipient of the document. The document was later refolded for filing and docketed by Newel K. Whitney in graphite: “a command relative to | Newel, Joseph & Sidneys | Going to Zion 1 March 1832”.This document and several other revelations, along with many other personal and institutional documents kept by , were inherited by his daughter Mary Jane Whitney, who married Isaac Groo. This collection was passed down in the Groo family and donated by members of the family to the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University during the period 1969–1974.
Andrus, Hyrum L., Chris Fuller, and Elizabeth E. McKenzie. “Register of the Newel Kimball Whitney Papers, 1825–1906,” Sept. 1998. BYU.
This revelation deals with the church’s mercantile and publishing endeavors. As church members gathered to , Missouri, in 1831 to establish , the need for money to purchase land became pressing. In July 1831, a revelation instructed , who was a partner with in , to “establish a ” in , Jackson County, so that the church could receive “money to buy lands for the good of the Saints.” Gilbert opened a store in in early 1832 that was funded in part by Whitney and operated under the name Gilbert & Whitney. Whitney, who remained in , Ohio, to run his own (which had been in existence since at least 1824), received direction in 1831 to provide funding for the establishment of Zion.Money was also needed to fund the publication of JS’s revelations, another venture church leaders began exploring in 1831. On 12 November 1831, a special conference in , Ohio, gave JS, , , and the responsibility of managing the “sacred writings” of the church, including the revelations. That same day, a revelation directed that JS, Cowdery, Whitmer, Rigdon, , and be ordained “ over the revelations & ” and that any “profits” they gained from publishing church materials over and above their needs be placed in the Lord’s to benefit “the inhabtants of Zion & . . . their generations.”On 1 March 1832, JS, who was in on a short visit, assembled a group of , presumably to discuss the coordination of the church’s publication and mercantile endeavors. At the meeting, JS dictated this revelation, which instructed himself, , and to organize a “firm” to manage the “Literary and Merchantile establishments” of the church. The revelation also required JS, Rigdon, and Whitney to travel to and “sit in councel” with the church there and emphasized the need for church members to be equal in temporal things in order for unity to prevail in spiritual matters.The original manuscript of the revelation is not extant. , who spent some time in March 1832 copying revelations into Revelation Book 2, made a copy of the document for , probably at the same time Williams recorded it in Revelation Book 2. Although it is unclear exactly when the Whitney copy was made, Williams probably made the entry in Revelation Book 2 sometime between 8 March (the date of a note that precedes the revelation) and 1 April (when JS departed for ). He titled the Revelation Book 2 copy “A Revelation given for Joseph & Newel to go an[d] sit in council with the elders in Zion, March 1— 1832.”
U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.
Eakin, Joanne C., and O. B. Eakin, comp. Jackson County Missouri Court Minutes Book 1, 1827–1833, with Index; and Jackson County Missouri Death Register, 1883–1891. Independence, MO: By the author, 1988.
Staker, Mark L. Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting of Joseph Smith’s Ohio Revelations. Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2009.