History Draft [6 August 1838–30 December 1839]
<August 6> In the afternoon the citizens of <>, assembled in the , and organized the meeting by calling Judge to the chair, and appointing Secrtary. <Weekly News Papers> Satated [Stated] to the meeting that the time had come when it was necessary that we should have a weekly news paper, to unite the people, by Giving the news of the day, &c, where it was unanimously agreed that such a paper be established & that Prest. should be the Editor. I[t?] was also <Petition for removal of the county seat to .> voted that a petition be circulated to remove the county seat to . I addressed the meeting on the propriety of the measure & also on the duty of the brethren to come into <Living in Cities.> cities to build & live, & carry on their farms out of the cities, according to the order of God.— , & spoke upon the same subje[c]t.—
<Mob. Election at .> Some two weeks previous to this who lived at Mill Port, informed , & Levi Stewart, that it was determind by the Mob to prevent the Mormons from voting at the Election on the 6th of August. and thereby Elect Col , who Led the Mob in . He also a[d]vised them to go prepared for an attack, to stand their ground and have their rights.— The brethren, hoping better things gave little heed to good <fri[en]dly> counsel, and repaired to the polls at the shire town of , without weapons.— About 11 o’clok A M. ascended the head of a barrel and horrangud [harangued] the Electors for the purpose of excitig them against the mormons, saying that [the] Mormon Leaders were “a set of horse theivs, Liars, counterfiete[rs &c] “and you know they profess to heal the sick, cast out devils,” [&c] “& you all know that is a damed lie,” that the members of the were dupes, and not too good to take a false oath on any common occasion; that they would steal and did not considr property safe where they were; that he was opposed to their settlig there; and if they sufferd thes Mormons to vote, the people would soon loose their suffrage; and, said he <addressing the Saints,> “I headed a mob to drive you out of , and would not prevent your being mobbed now;” when Dick <Richard (called Dick)> Welding Weldon, the mob bully, just drunk enough for the occasion, began a discussion with Bro by saying the Mormons were not allowed to vote in [p. 1] <Aug 6> <Mob, Election, continud.> no more than the damnd negroes. and attempted to strike , who gradually retreated, parrying the blows with his umbrella: while Weldon continued to press upon him calling him a damned liar, &c, and while attemting to repeat the blow on . Perry Durfee. attempted to suppress the difficulty by holding Dick’s arm, when five or 6 of the mobbers seized Durfee and commnced beating him with clubs, boards &, crying “Kill him, kill him, God Dam him kill him,” when a general scuffle commencd. with fist & clubs. the mobbers being about 10 to 10 of the Saints. Abraham Nelson was knocked down & had his clothes torn off and was [illegible] and while trying to get up, was attacked again when [his] bro. . ran in amongst them and knocked them <the mobber> down with the but of his whip.— Riley Stewart struck Dick Weldon on the head, which brought him to the ground. The mob thought their bully was dead. & cried out who k “Dick Welden’s dead by God. Who killed Dick?” & fell upon Riley— knocked him down, Aisked <kisked [kicked]> him, and “hollowed kill. God dam him shoot him. by God” and would have killed him had not sprung in amongst them and knocked them down. Riley crossd the River, had his wounds dressed & returnd home.— During about 5 minutes it was one continued knock down. when <when the mob dispersed to get fire arms. Very few of the brethn voted.> Riley succeeded in escaping across the river, had his wounds dressed & returnd home. called the brethen together & made a speech, saying, We are American Citizens: Our fathrs fought for this life libirty, & we will maintain the same principles,” &c when the Authorities of the came to them & requested them to withdraw, stating that it was a premeditated thing to prevent the Momons voting. The brethrn held a council about 1/4 of a mile out of town, when they saw. mobbing recruitis. coming in, in small parties from 5. & 10, to 25 in number armed with <club’s> pistols, dirks, knives. & some guns <cursig & swear[i]ng>.— The brethrn not having arms. thought it wisdom to retun to their farms. collect their familes. & hide them in a thicket of hazle brush.— which they did. and stood sentry around them. through the night while the women & children lay on the ground.— in the rain [p. 2]
<Joseph starts for .> <August.> <7> Tuesday morning an at a report came from to <by way of those missourians not belonging to the >. that at the Election at . yesterday. 2 or 3 of our brethren, were killed by the Missourians, and left upon the ground, <and not suffred to be interr[e]d,> and <that.> the brethrn were preventd from voting and a majority of the inhabitants of were determind to drive the saints from the .— On hearig this report. I started for to assist the brethrn accompand by, , . & 15 or 20 others, who were armed for their own protection. & the command was given, to a colonel in the Militia.— On our way we were joined by the brethren from different part— of the . some of whom were attacked by the mob. but we all reached s that night in safety.— where we found, some if <of> not all the brethren who were <Mobbed> at the fight at , with others, waiting for counsel. Here we received the cheering intellegne [intelligence] that none of the brethrn were killed, although several were badly wounded,— from the best information about 150 Mo◊◊◊. <warred> against forcee <some> 6 to 12 of the <our> brethren who fought like tigers <Lions>, and cleared the ground.— Several Missourions had their skulls cracked,— blessed be the memory of those few brethen who contended so strenuously for their constitionel [constitutional] rights— & religious freedom, againt such an overwhelming forced of unprincipled mobocrats, desperadoes
<Wednesday 8th> After spending the night in council at ’s, we called I rode out, with some others <of the brethren>, to view the situation of affairs in that region, and amongst othrs called on Justice of the peace, & Judge elect. for , who had some time prevous sold his farm to <Bro> , & received past pay according to agreement, and afterward united himself with a band of Mobbers to drive the Saints from. & prevent their settling in in .— On interrogation he confessed what he had done and in consequence of this violation of his oath as magistrate I asked <we> him to give us some satisfaction so that we might know whether he was our friend or enemy, <whether he would administer the Law in Justice,> and politely requested him to sign an agreement of peace, but sein◊ <being> as jealous [p. 3] <Aug. 8th> he would not sign it but said he would write one himself, to our satisfaction & sign it. which he did as follows.
<’s Agreement.> “I ,—— (see Appeal 20th Page) —— J. P”
and we left him in peace Hoping he would abide his own decison and support the Law, we left him in peace & returnd to ’s. at . In the evening some of the citizns of the , from Mill Port called on us, and we agreed to meet some of the principal men of the in Council, at the next day at 12. noon.
<Camp.——> The camp still continued their labors in <>. Many were sick and evil spirits were striving to trouble the brethren, , Carter, Pettingil, & Perry & others spent the evening in walking through the tents rebuking diseases & foul spirits,— & stan[d]ing between the saints & the destroyer. Bro Boynton’s child died, & many were healed.
<Agreement for peace at > <Thursday 9.> The committe. met at assembled at at 12— according to previus appointment, viz, on the part of the citzens. Senator Elect; John Williams, representative Elect; Clerk of the Circuit Court, & others: on the part of the Saints , , , . & othes.— At this meeting both parties enterd into a covenant of peace, to preserve each others rights, & stand in their defence; that if men should do wrong neithir party should uphold them or endeavur to screen them from justice, but deliver up all offenders to be dealt with according to law & justice. The assembly dispersed on these frndy [friendly] terms, Myself & frieds returning to , where we arrivd about 12 o’clk midnight, and fou[n]d all quiet.
<Friday 10> Friday 10th.. Being somewhat fatigued, I spent the day with my family, doing <transacting> but little business.
<camp.> Sickness continued in the camp. ’s child deid. Elder Tyler was healed by the prayer of faith.—
The Spirit of Mobocracy continued to stalk abroad, notwithstanding all our treaties of peace, as will be seen by the following affidavit.
<’s Affidavit> “State of Missouri)
Personally appeard &c.—— (Here insert s affidavit. <&>)
the above was also sworn to by Wm Bowman Wilson M Kinney & John Netherton. <So it is that> When men’s hearts become [p. 4] <August.> <10> so hard & corrupt as to glory in d[r]iving, robbing, plundig [plundering] mobbing & murd[er]ing <innocent> men women & children by wholesale, they will as <more> readily swear to his <lies> as <than> speak the truth. At thin [this] time the brethren in the vacinity of had removed with their families to And for safety.
<Joseph Goes to > <11> Saturday 11th. This morning I left with my counsel and . to visit the brethren on the , who had come from with and settld at that place contrary to counsel.
< Committee> In the, P.M, after my departure, a committee from arrived at , to enquire into the proceedings of our Society, in going armed into . Complaint having. been Enterd in by . and others. The committee from requested an interv[ie]w with a committee of , and a general meeting was called at the City Hall in <at> 6. P.M. When it was stated that <public Meeting> they were assembled to take into consideration <the doings> of the citizens of , wherein thy have accused the Mormons. <of F> of <this place of> breaking the peace, in defending our <their> rights and those of our <their> brethren in the county of ;— and the meeting organized by appointing chairman. & Clerk. Resolved 1st. that a committee of seven be appointed to confer with the committee from . Resolved 2d. that this commitee, with their , be authorizd to answer such questions as may be offerd by the Committee from , and as <are> namd in the docume[n]t presented this meeting purporting to be the preamble & resolutins of the Citizens of : Resolved. 3dly— that whereas the documet referred to has no date or Signature, that this our committee Judge of the fact & act accordingly. Resolved 4thly. that our committee Report their poceeings [proceedings] to this meeting as soon as possible. Secty. Chairm.
<Camp.—> Elder Dominicus Carter’s little daughter Sarah— died in the camp
<12> Sunday 12th I continued with the brethren at the . Offering such council as their situation requird.—
<camp> The camp held a public meeting as was common with them on the sabbath. Another camp, consisting of Saints from was in the vicinity of the Kirtland Camp. [p. 5]<Aug 12> led by who preachd to the Kirtand camp in the P.M.
<Mob at > About this time the mob warnd the Saints to leave , but they gave little heed to the warning.
<Returned to .> <13> Monday 13th. I returnd, with my council, to . We were chased by some evil designing men 10 or 12 miles but we eluded their grasp. When within about 8 miles of home we met some brethen who had come to inform us that a writ had been issued by . for my arrest. & that of , for attempting to defend our rights againt the Mob.
<Camp.> <14> The camp continued to work on the road & embankment, but, as a body, they were not united, and did not improve their tine [time] and labor as they ought. Some were faithful. In the evening they were called together and receivd precept upon precept— that thy might have no excuse; and were instructed in all meekness, forbeara[n]ce and love but in great faithfulnss by & ,
<14> 14 & 15th. I spent principally at home, engagd in Domestic affair.—
<Writ to arrest Joseph> <16> Thursday 16th.I spent principally at home. The sheriff of Co called on m on accompaned by , called on me, and notified me that he had a writ for to take me in <to> . on trial, for visiting that county on the 7th instant. It had been currently reported that I would not be apprehended by legal process, and that I would not submit to the Laws of the Land, but I told him <the> Sheriff that I calculate always to submit to the laws of our . but I wished to be tried in my own as the citizns of were highly exasperated at me. and that <the> laws of the country gave me this pivilege. Upon hearing this, the sheriff declind serving the writ, & said he woud go to & see on the subje[c]t. I told him I would remain at home until his return. The sheriff returd from and found me at home (where I had remaind during his absence) and informd me very gravely that I was out of his jurisdicti[o]n & that he could not act in , and retired. [p. 6]
<Aug 16th> <camp.> Some of the laborers went <passed> on from the Camp, to work on another job near . Nathan K. Knight & family were cut off from the camp by the assistant council.— Elder was appontd counseller pro Tem in the absen[c]e of
<17> Friday 17th Elder [Nathan K.] Knight appealed to and was heard by the council, who confirmd the decision of the Assistant council
<18> Saturday 18. Geo Brooks & family were cut off from the camp, & bro Miller & family left by advice & consent of the council Sister Higby’s child died in the camp.
<19> Sunday 19[th]. preachd in the morning. & the sacrament was adminested in the PM by &
<20> Monday 20[th] Knights [Nathan K. Knight] & [George] Brooks, with their families left the camp. In the evening one of the children of the camp was seizd by an evil spirit, which drew its <the childs> face quite out of shape, and and produced great sufferi[n]g. The elders rebuked the spirit & it departed; This even[in]g Elder Willey, was taken sick. <*>
<Agricultural companies> <X> Nothing peculiar transpired <at > fom the 16th. to this day when the inhabitants of the different parts of the met to form organize themselves into agricultural companies. I was present and took part in their deliberations. One company was formed called “the Western Agricultural Company,” who voted to enclose one field for grain. containing 12 sections, which contain 7680 acres. of land. Another compny was also was organizd called “the Eastern Agricultu[ra]l Company,” the extent of the field not decided. <O> <(see next page)>
<*> he had laid his hands on his child & rebuked. an evil spirit which left the child & enterd into him. T[he] elders gatherd round. him as he lay in his waggon, and all his conversation was in rhyme. stepped into the waggon to lift him up, when he jumped forwad at Eldes Snow & Carter crying, yow, yow, yow, gnashing his teeth and chomping most horribly. They laid hands on him & rebuked the foul spirit in the name of Jesus, when he called for drink & laid qui[e]tly down. but soon re-commenced his poetry.— Elder laid [p. 7]<Aug 20> <Camp> hands upon him & began to rebuke the spirit. when he at the same instant he yelled groand & screamed out as it were all in one whistling Sound, and he began again to talk like a man, as soon as was done & lay down, & went to sleep, and remaind well. <(X go back)>
<Camp.> <21> <O> Tuesday 21. Another company was formed called “the Southern Agricultural Co[mpan]y”, the field to be as large as the first fams mentiond. There were 2 births in the camp.
<22> Wednesday 22. I spent a part of the day in counselling with <Some time this mon> Several brethrn upon differet subjects. The brethren continue <mob at > <Camp> to gather to Zion daily. <Some time this months the saints were warnd by the mob to leave >—— Bro Staker left the camp.—
<23> Thursday 23d. The brethrn of the Camp made 5 rods of turnpike in addition to their job, and the smiths were engaged in setting waggon tires, hores shoes &c, so as to be ready for travell[in]g, They had created a forge & burned <pit of >coal. for their use, at this place. Bro John Hammond & family were cut off from the camp because he did not gove[r]n his family, and stand in his lot, as tent maker. Master. The duty of a tent master is to see that prayer is attended in its season, to call all the inmates into the tent, and call the brethn by name who is to lead in prayer, for th[e]y praye in their turns or lot: and he is to watch ove[r] his tent for good and see that no iniquity exists, and if he discovers iniquity he must put it down in righteousness; but, if he cannot, he must call for help, & if that will not do he mu[s]t pr[e]fer a ch[a]rge in writing agai[n]st the offenders or offenders, and report them to the council; also he must draw daily rations for his tent. , Pettingill, Carter, & laid hands upon Sister Willey, (who was vey sick, & troubled with the powers of darkness,) & prayed for her & rebuked her disease. was immediately seized with terrible pain in his side shoulders neck &c. & could hardly speak, with difficulty succeeded in speaking to ask the elders to lay hands on him, in the name of Jesus, which th[e]y did & rebuked the devil & he left him, but soon returned, and he again called the elders to rebuke him <this> evil [p. 8] <Aug 23.> <Camp—> spirit, which they had to do sharply, & it left him very sore, for when he <it> had dominion over him he felt as though he must die.—
This day I spent, transacting a varity of bus[i]ness about the .
<24> Friday 24[th]. I was at home, also <on> the 25–26, 27, 28, 29, & 30th.
<Camp.> The camp made 5 rods of turnpike.
<25> Bro Joseph Coon’s only son died in the camp. Made 7 rods of turnpike, and re-organized the camp. because by transgression the first organization had been in some degree broken.
<26> Sunday 26 preached to the camp. in the A M.— & two were confirmd in the . There were many spectators present. Sacrament in the P.M. Two stanges [strangers] came to dispute, but went away confounded.
<27> Monday 27— The camp made out 5 furlongs & 9 rods of turnpike. And expected to to start on the 28 but deferrd it till <till the Morow.—>
|<28> <State of Missouri)||Ss [scilicet]|
|County of )|
(see Document P. 15.) — .">
<This document with that of said of the 8th of Aug shows in his true light. a detestable. unprincipled mobocrat. & perjured Man.>
<29> Wednsday 29[th] at 3 [o’cl]ock the trumpet <of the camp> sounded. it being one hour earlier than usual to give time to prepare for the jouny. [journey] evey heart leaped for joy & even the children were so delighted. that th[e]y appeard like a lot of playful lambs, The divisions moved off 4, 3, 2, 1, <(I.E.)> in transposition. and at 9 A.M the encampmet was vacated which had been occupi[e]d for one month. <> Martin H. Peck was left at sick. The brethrn recived the credit of making their tu[r]npike better than any othe[r] compa[n]y.— and that the whole camp did not cause so much trouble in the neighbohood as 2 irishmen who had worked there <in that place> 6 weeks.— They passd through Montgomey into Jackson township. travelld 18 miles, and tented in the road 270 mi from .
<30> Thursday 30 Camp travell[in]g th[r]ough Libe<r>ty ville. & the Preble county seet. to the line of , & encampeed within 20 rods of the place where the camp tented: that went up to in 1834, 292 mi from . Elder Shumway’s child died.
<This day issued the pollowing [following] order. to ,
Head Quarte[r]s.— (See Documet 20 page—) D. Grant>
<31st.> Friday 31.st. Camp passed though Richmond & over white [p. 9] <Aug 30 <31>> water River & th[r]ough Centreville, Jackson township, to Germantown. & encamped in a stubble field. neer the town. bought corn standing in the field, for our horses at $10. per acre. This day travelld 18 miles.
<> I spent some time a considerable time this day in conversation with bro . in consequ[en]ce of some expressions made by him in presence of several brethren who had not been long in the place, ’s conduct. for some time had been very unbecoming, especally in a man in whom so much confide[n]ce had been placed. He said he would not yield his judgme[n]t to any thing proposed by the , or any individuals of the church, or even the voice of the Great I AM. given th[r]ough the appointed organ, as revelation, but will always act upon his own judgmet. Let him believe in whatever religion he may. He stated that he “would always say what he pleased for he is a Republican, & as such he will do say act & believe what he pleases.”— Mark such republicanism as this: a man to oppose his own judgmet to the judgmt of God. and at the same time profess to believe in the same God. when that God has said the wisdom of God is foolishness with men, and the wisdom or judgmt of men is foolishness with God. also made some observations to which he aftewod [afterward] acknowledged were correct, and that he understood thi[n]gs of differnt after the intervi[e]w from what he did before. [6 lines blank] [p. 10]
<. appointed> <September 1.> Saturday <mornig> Sept 1st 1838.— The , with . (as Surveyor)— &c— (—See G. [JS, Journal] p. 75. 76. & part of 77) about the close of day light.
<camp.—> This day the camp passed though Cambridgeville, Dublin, Louisville Ogdenville, Ragsville, Knightsville, and encamped in Franklin Township. where they found it difficullt to get grain, the peoplee being disposd to take advantage of them— 22 mi— 332 from .
<2> <Sunday 2d.> Camp passed through Charlottsville, Portland, Jackson, Greenfield and pitched tents near the bridge in Jones township. Bro Merriam’s child died at centre Township. This P.M a miserable <molicious> drunken Stage driver ran his horses aside out of their course and struck the fore wheel of one of the camp waggons and stove it in pieces, and then drove off. exu[l]ting in his mischief. The Stage was marked J. P. VOORHEES. Travelled 21 mi.—
The attended meeting as usual in the morning. I tarried at home in the P.M. to examine the church Records, but <and> spent a considerable partion of the time in co[mpany] with a gentlman <Report of Mobs.> from who (see G. [JS, Journal] p 77 O— & part of 78) at .
<3> Monday 3rd. Nothing of importance (see G. [JS, journal] p. 78 #) .
<camp.> This morning Elder Willey’s wife died, after the camp. burial the camp passd cumberland village & Indeanapolis, the capital of . where they were threatend, but passed unmolested. with the exception one brick bat which was hurled at one of the brethren, but passd him unharmed, and encamped in Wayne Township near the house of Bro David R. Miller. 17. mi. 370 fom .
<4> Tuesday 4th. camp passed Bridge port, Plainfield, Guilford, Bellville, Stilesville in Morgan Co. to Marion Township in Putnam Co.— This morning the presidency of the Camp exhortd the brethrn to humble themslves before the Lord or prepare to abide the consequences and put away selfishness, covetousness. complainings and murmurings or else expect to meet the indignation of heaven. Travelled 22 mi. had an excellent encampment & plenty of Dry wood.—
This day was spent in * (see page 78 & 79) of . I was at home in the evening.— after 6 oclock.
<5> Wednesday 5th. arrived at on his way to to meet meet the proposed trial. had gone before arrived.— The tarri[e]d all night. I was home in after 6.ock <in the evning> PM. [p. 11]
<Affidavit: of J Smith> <Sept 5th.> Wednesday 5. I made <gave> the following affidavit, that the truth might before the public, on the matter in controvry [controversy].
|State of Missouri)||ss [scilicet]|
Before me, , (see Appeal. p 21. 22 & 3) J. C C. C C.—
arrived at on his way to to meet the proposed trial. had gone before arrivd and the tarri[e]d all night.— I was at home after 6 oclock in the evenig.
<Camp.> Bro Nickerson’s child died in the camp this morning. Passed th[r]ough Mount Vernon, Mount Meridian, Putnamville, Manhattan, Washington Township, Pleasant Garden into Van Buren Township Clay Co— 20 mi, and tented in the road about 1 furlong west of gray’s creek. There was much sickness in the county through which the camp passed.—
<Joseph’s trial befor .> <6> Thursday. 6 camp travelld 17 mi. and encamped 2 miles East of Terrah , roads very dusty.
At half past 7 this morning I left I started on horse back, accompanied by several brethren. among whome was my brother & Judge <> to attend my trial at s. I thought it not wisdom to make my appeara[n]ce befor the public in that place, in consequence of the many thr[e]ats made agant [against] me and the high state of excitement. The trial could not proceed on account of the absence of the plaintiff, and lack of testimony. and the court adjound [adjourned] till tomorrow. at10 oclock tomorrow AM. at a , some 6 or 8 miles furthr south. and within 1/2 a mile of the line of . is a regular Mob character. We all retund to . where we arrivd befor dark
<7> Friday 7th. About sunrise I started with my fri[en]ds, and arrivd at at the appointd hour. We did not know <#> (see G. [JS, Journal] p 80– & 81.) side down. We arrivd home in the evening.
<Camp> This morning, a daughter of Elder Shumway died in camp, also Mr Clarks child. The camp passed though . & through the River Wabash, in a Northwesterly direction through Fayette township, and encamped about a furlong west of E. S. Wolf’s store. & within 2 miles of the west line of .— 11mi— 423 from .
<. Potteries.> The work continued to spread in . The had some [p. 12] <Septr. 7> trials. particularly in . While satan was trying to, mob & murder the in , he was at the same time trying to stir up strife. & weaken the faith of the saints in . This day went into Burslem. Among the Staffordshire Potteries & re-commended a work which was beguen— a short time previous by Elder , who had prea[c]hed there a few times, and led a few into the .
<camp> <8> Saturday 8th The camp passed one into the statee of , leaving Pilot Grove on the right. traveelld 25 miles. 448 from .
The met in X (see G. [JS, Journal] p. 81.) . to defend the place.
<Load of Guns intercepted> <9> Monday <Sunday> 9. This morning <#> (see G [JS Journal] p 81 & 82) finding out,
under the civil authorities of , who issued the writ, for securing the arrms. and arresting the carriers. The prisoners were brought to for trial, On the trial
<Camp> The camp travelld 2 mi before breakfast. and tented on each side of the Little Ambro. near the west line of Edgar County. where the sisters made a washing, as directed by the council, as they had not had the privilige for some days, while some had died. & others were sick. The camp was instructed by the council that they could not all go up to in a body. but that it was wisdom that some should look out places and stop th[r]ough the winter. & work & get means to help themselves with when they g◊t arrived, as the money receivd at Bath was growing short; but the ought to go up as s◊◊◊ and locate their families as soon as possible, and go forth & preach the gospel.—
<10> Monday 10th. There was one a child born in camp this mornig, son of Reuben Daniels. 9 or 10 families concluded to look for a place & stop over winter. The camp passed passed Independence & across 15 mile prairie in all 22 miles— & encamped by a small stream.
<Trial of &c> This day the prisone[r]s. , Wm L. McHoney. & were brought before . Justice of the peace for trial examination. The prisoners asked for bail for to allow time to get. The law— allowed no bail, but the court adjound [adjourned] till wedneday to give time <for prison[er]s> to get council. After the arrest the facts were communictd [communicated] to by letter, asking his advice how to <’s Letters> dispose of the guns & prisone[r]s.— Under date of <> Sept 10th advised by letter. to “turn the prisoners loose. & let them receive kind treatment; that <the> guns were govenmt [government] prope[r]ty. in the care of Capt [p. 13] <Sept 10> pollard. of his vacinity of his vicnity but Whether they went by his authority or permisnon [permission]. he could not say.” he was at a loss to give any advice about them, “They shall not through any agency of mine. be taken fom you to be convertd and used for illegal purposes. .” (directed to Messrs Smith & .) Under the same <date> advisd “to send 200 or more men & <dispel> dispel◊◊ the forces in . and all the assembld armd forces in . and cause those Mormons who refuse to give up to surrender & be reognizd [recognized], for it will not do to compromise the law with them.”— What compromise need there be, , for no mormons had have refused to surrender to the requisitions of the Law. It is mob violence alone that the mormons are contending against. A petition was this day made out <to > to by citizens of , directed to , to “call out the militia, to supp[r]ess this insurrition [insurrection] in & , and save the effusion of blood which must speedily take pla◊ce unless preventd,” Signd by Jesse Coates & 28 others
<Camp> <11> Tuesday 11[th] The camp travelld 16 mi across the prairie and pitchd tents in Macon Co.—
<12> Wednesday 12th. Camp travellld 29 mi.— 534 fom , 200 from <>.
<Trial of > This day the prisoners and his comrades. were put upon trial. It was p[r]oven to the court that the guns were taken by one of the prisoners, and that they were taking them to to arm the mob. It was also proved that the mob was collecting for the purpose of driving the from their homes, The prison[er]s were held to bail for their appeara[n]ce at the circuit court, as principal the others were hired into his service.—— This same day <Petition to the > also a communication was made to , dated. “” containing all the falsehoods, & lies that the evil geneuses of mobocrats, villains & murderers could invent, charging the Mormons with every crime they themselves had been guilty of, and calling the Mormons “impesterous [imposters?] rebels. Canadian refugees, Emisaries of the prince of Darkness” &c. signd “The Citizens of and Counties.”
< to > Under this date , informd the by letter f◊rm [p. 14] <Sept 12> Head Quarters, at . that on the solicitation of the citize[n]s & advice of <th[e]> of the circuit he had orderd out 4 compani[e]s of 50 men each from the militia of — and alike number from ; also 400 more to hold themselves in readiness if requird, all mounted, & riflemen except 1 co of infantry. “The troops will proce[e]d immediately to the scene of excitem[en]t & inssurrection.”
<13> <About this time 60 or more Mobbers entered & warned the brethn to leave the plac◊>
Thursday 13 The camp travelld to Bolivia 12 mi. Bro Thornton’s child died in the even[in]g, and was buried on the morning of the
<14> Friday 14 before the camp started, which passed through the <which it is expected will soon be the> capital of . instead of Vandalia. Much opposition was manifestd at <in> in the countenances of men, in their hard & unighteus [unrighteous] remarks again[s]t. Jo Smith & the and in much laughing. Fever & ague & chills & fever are the prevailing diseases in this place. The drouth continus, the water in the wells is <very> low, and many spri[n]gs entirely dry, Many familis found stopping places before arriving here. The camp is sometimes short of food, both for man & beast, and thy know what it is to be hungry. Their living for the last 100 miles, has been boil[e]d corn, & shaving-pudding, which is made of new corn ears shaved upon a jointer or fore plane. It is excellent with milk, Butter. or sweetning and with an occasional mixture of pork. flour, potatoes. pumpkins, melons &c makes an comfortable living. The cobs & remaini[n]g corn is givn to the horses so that nothing is lost; hence the proverb goes forth in the world. “The mormons would starve a host of enemies to death, for they will live where eve[r]y body else would die.’— The camp numbers about 260, there was 530, but they have been scatte[re]d to the 4 winds and it is because of selfishness, covetousness, murmuigs [murmurings], & compla[i]nings, and not havig fulfilld their covenants that they have been thus scattrd [scattered]. Travelled 23 miles & tented 5 miles west of . 569 miles from
I was at home after 8. P.M. and all the evening.—
<Wm Drydens Statemt Statemnt.> <15> Saturday 15th. William Dryden Justice of the Peace in . Stated to the , <in a long communcati[o]n> by letter, that he had issued a writ agaist Andrew Ripley, & others for assaulti[n]g & threatnig [threatening] on the 8th of Aug last. [p. 15] <Sept 15> and that the officer. with a guard of ten men, in attempti[n]g to serve the writ, was <were> forcibly driven from the town where the off[e]nders were supposd to be; and that the mormons were so well armed & so numerous in & , that the judic[i]al power of the counties was wholly unable to excutee [execute] a writ againt a mormon, & that the Mormons held the institut[io]ns of the county in utter contempt,” And <with> many more such lies of the blackest kind. Upon which <s order to > issued an order to Gen of the 3[d] Division of Militia, through the adjutant Gen B. M. Lisle, to raise a sufficient force of troops under his command. and aid the civil offciers in to exe[c]ute all writs & other processes, in their chaged [charge?] & especilly assist the offcier cha[r]ged with the excutin [execution]. of a writ issud by Wm Dryd[e]n J. P. on the 29 of Aug last, for the arrest of , & othrs, & bring the offende[r]s to justice.—
<’s Letter to > The following letter doubtless gives a tolerably fair view of the Movemnts of the Militia for a few days past. (Gen Head Quarters (see documet 24, p. ) Mo. Mi. By this it is clearly seen that the officers & troops acting under the orders, had very little regard for the laws of the land. Otherwise , , & McHany would not have been discharged by them.— I was at & about home this day attending to my business as usual.
<Camp> The Camp travelld 12 miles before breakfast, and pitched tents near elder Keelers. Their was some contintion among them. & bro Pierces child died this P.M. and was buried on cam
<16> <the camp ground> Sunday 16.th. & held meeting in the P.M. had preaching & .
I was at home all day with my family.
<17> Monday 17. I was counselling with the brethrn at home and about the .
<camp> The camp passed though . in Morgan Co. to Geneva 25 miles. There was a small at Geneva, and a few members in .
<s Letter> Head Quarters X (see documt p 26) Mo. Mi.
<18> Tuesday 18. I have been at home all day considerably unwell but am some better this evening. [p. 16] <Sept 18> Tuesday 18[th] The camp travelld to Brussels, Philips Ferry 15 mi., and a part crossed over the .
< Orders> This day the orderd the Bo capt childs to have the Boonville guards, mounted, with 10 days provisions, & in readiness to march on his arrival at the end of the week The also orderd Gen of the 4th division to march immediately with 400 mounted men to the scene of difficulties & co-operate with . Similar orders were issued to Major Generals Lewies Bolton, , & Thomas D. Grant.
<19> Wednesday 19th. I was at and about home.
<Camp> The camp finishd crossin[g] the & passing through Griggons ville & Pittsfield and encamped on the prairie. 13 mi
<20> Thursday 20th. The camp travelld 22 miles, crossing <the> . opposite Louisiana <on the Steamer Rescue> in<to> pike co. Mo. pitched tents 1 mile west of the town, 22 mi. 656 from .
To shew a feeling that is strivi[n]g to prevail through[o]ut the State of I give the following extract from John D. Tyler’s Journal, from which most of the facts in this history are derivd. “This P.M. # (see jour Camp p 63) the bluff.
I was at home until about 10 o clock, when I rode out on horse backs. I retur[ne]d a little before sunset. & tarrid was at home though the evening
< Letter to .> The following extracts from s Letter to the of this date, from , will give a pretty corre[c]t view of the Army. &c.— “Sir, the troops (see Documt p 27 & 8) cheerfulness”— The mob again thretnd [threatened] .
<21> Friday 21st. I went out early in the morning, but returd [returned] to breakfast with my family at 1/2 past 7.— and at 9 A M took an airing on hor[s]ebacks I was about home.
<Camp.> The camp travelld 18 17 mi. It raind much duri[n]g the day. The crowded into their tents in their wet clothes, and fasted till morning. The women & childrn slept well, and there was no compla[i]nt of “taking cold” on
<22> Saturday <the> 22d. This day, Travelld 18 mi & tented in a grove having to go 1/2 a mile after water, which was often the case.
I went out early in the morni[n]g Retur[ne]d to breakfast at 1/2 past 7 o clock. and took an airing on horseback at 9.— A.M. [p. 17]
<Sept 22d> <Petition from . <Saints> Petition at .> The followng petition was is from the at “ X (see p. 29 & 30 Documets) .
<23> Sunday 23d. I attend meeting both morning & evening & A M. & P M and was at home in the evening.—
<Camp> The funds of the camp were nearly exhausted, & the counsel was to proceed on their journy, and passing encamped 2 miles west of <22 miles.> Some disorder in the movement of the teams, & some murmurings; Satan is trying to divide & destroy.— Elder Carter had to return 9 mi after his horses, & with great difficulty the herd was kept together. and Bro Gaylord broke a waggon wheel & was badly hurt.
<24> Monday 24th. They were hailed in and asked where they were driving the cattle to? Towards the Rocky Mountains. Well you are going into trouble. One [illegible] [John D.] Tyler replied, we have been in that place before & know how to take it. They The people growled & grumbled like wolves.
<24> Monday 24th. The camp was called together and the council infomed them of their scanty means, and that there had been a delinquncy in conscerating their monies & goods according to the pattern; that the council had hired large sums of money, for which they were bound, <and were liable to imprisonmet in case of failure, to pay> & must wait on the brethrn for their pay, and these Sums had been expended for the benefit of the camp. They were requir[e]d to bring forward their goods, which they did. & & D[aniel] Carter went forward with the commissaries waggon to sell them. The camp went on. & passing though Madisonville, (where they were assailed with all kinds of Bug-bear stories about the Mormons, war, &c) tented on the west side of the N. Bank of Salt river, on the encampment that Elder had left on Saturday with his canada camp. The breth[re]n were told that the was just a head with a milit[a]ry force to stop them, to which they gave no heed.
I was at home until 1/2 past 8 ocklock A M. when I rode out on horseback, and returnd about 5 in the P.M.
<Troops disbanded> The having heard that peace had been restord in & orderd Gens. . Crowthier, Lewis & Bolton to discharg their troops, The order was dated at Jonesborough.
<25> [2 lines blank] [p. 18]
<Sept 25> < Letters—> Tuesday 25th. wrote the . from Mill Port. That he had been in the upper part of to assist the constable in bringing offenders to justice, and that the Major general, with the troops from & , on the 18th instant, except 2 companies from under his command <were disba[n]ded>. Says in this Letter. “Whatever may have been the disposition of the people called mormons. before our arrival here, since we have made our appearace they have shewn no disposition to resist the laws or of hostile intentions. There has been so much prejudice and exageration concernd in this matter; that I found things entirely different from what I was prepard to expect. # (see docu[me]nt. p 32) authorities.” P. S. <x> (see D. p 33) lead.” The same day wrote as follows “I am happy # (see Doc. p 33,) attend.”
I was at home until 8 oclock, when I rode out on horse back, returnd about 11. A M. and continud though the P.M & evening.
<Camp> The camp passed through , in Randolph Co. <where they> & found seven brethrn, which has been appointd as one of the of , and is the ancient cite of the City of Manti, and pitchd tents at Dark Creek, Salt Licks 17 mi.— It was reported <to the camp that 110 men had volunteerd <frm Randolph> & gone to to settle diffcultes>
<26> Wednesday 26th. The council infornd [informed] the camp that under existing circumstances, so much excitemnt. so many moving West. & in large bodies too, it was wisdom for them to go to work, and provide for their families, until the diffi[c]ulties should be settld or th[e]y heard from . Four of the 7 councillors were present, & 3 absent. Elder Young had stopped by the way. “Silence prevaild . . . . . . . . . # (See Camp p 68) Gabriel’s Trump” (extra[c]t from El [John D.] Tylers Jounal.) The camp passed on to <& crossd <crossing>> Chariton River, pitchd their tents. There they found 7 of the nine waggons of the Flore[n]ce Camp, from Huron, which had passed them near <at> , Ill.
I was about home until 10 or 11 o clock. when I rode out, but retund [returned] home and spent the eveni[n]g.
<27> Thursday 27 I was at home and about the .
<Camp> This morni[n]g some of the waggons left the camp when it belonged to others to go, which producd confusion all days, there was also <with some>— murmuri[n]gs & covetousness— and want of liberality to impa[r]t to the hungry— &c— Passed through Keatsville & encamped on the [p. 19] <Sept 27> east side of yellow Creek 18 miles.— where the council spent the eveni[n]g in trying to restore order.
<s Letter—> Extract of a Letter from to — Dated “ Sept 27— 1838. “The forces X (see Doc p. 34) alarmd.”
<28> Friday 28 I was about home until near sunset when I rode out.
<Camp.> This day the camp passed but 2 houses, Travelld 17. mi & tented at Parson’s Creek, Lynn Co. This pa[r]t of the county is well supplid with wild-Turkies, Prairie hens, Quails, Patriges wild, geese, ducks, & Snipes, Deer, Raccoon, & squirul which the brethrn sometine suceed in getting for food. Green Parrots Eagles, Owls, Turkey buzzards and Crane are fou[n]d here also.
<’s camp> Elder arrivd at with his Canada camp some time this week.
<Camp—> <29> Saturday 29th The camp travelld 15 mi. passed through Chilicothe, & encamped on the prairie 1 mi west. of the town. Bros. . & Holme’s waggons upset. & hurt several, & bro y and several were sick.—
I rode out on horseback— and, retunig [returning] about 3. P.M. spent the evening at home.
<30> Sunday 30th. I left home about 10 o clock. A M.
<Camp> The camp crossed , passed Utica, crossed & tented on the west bank in <(15 mi)> on <the farm of> Bro Oliver Walkers farm. who gave each one a large pumpkin, & plenty of shell beans, and the brethrn felt as though they had ente[re]d the land of promise
<October 1> Monday October 1s 1838, I retund home about 5. o clok P. M. & spent the where I tarri[e]d the remainder of the day & evng [evening].
<Camp> The camp travelled 20 miles, crossed crossed Brush creek and encamped on the west bank. left the camp this morning, and went on to<wards> To , which which the coun Camp disapproved of by unanimous vote in the evening.
<Mob at > The Mob having left , (after they were incor organized into militia by , & & disbanded) went to carrol County, and gatherd around , threatnig vengeance to the , without regard to age, sex, or condition. so that , for a season, was [p. 20] <Oct 1.> freed from these those peace disturbers,
<2 *> Tuesday 2d. I was at & about home through the day & evenig. Except riding out a few miles to meet the Kirtland Camp. & escort them into the , I was accompanid by my brother , & .—
<Camp. Arrived at .> <2> 2— Tuesday 2 volunteers were called for to drive the herd, when A. P, Tyler & Aroet Hale, offerd their services with a grace becoming riper years, for they were young, and this is recorded of them as a memorial to their praise. & an encouragemnt to others. The camp passed on towa[r]ds , and I went. in co[mpany] with . , , & .— met there some miles out & escorted them into the city, where they encamped on the public square, directly south & close by the cellar for the , when it shall be built. Here Fr[i]ends greeted frinds in the name of the Lord. at furnished a Beef for the Camp. provided a supper for the Sick, and the brethren were provided for them like men of God, for they were hungry having eat but little for several days. and had travelld 11 mi this day. 866 mi from the way they <camp> travelld.
The mob pressed harder upon , & fired upon then <Saints> <*>
<Camp.—> <3> Wednesday 3d. The camp continud their Journey to Ambrosial Creek, where they pitched their tents. I went with them, a mile or two, to a beautiful spring on the prairie accompanid by , & , with whom I retund [returned] from thenc[e] to Far the , while where I spent the remainder of the day. <Sister Alice [Hodgin] # (see Millen. Star p. 205) manifest>
Gen At The mob continud to fire upon the brethn at .— wrote the that he had “<Just> recivd <a comminicatin> by express from ; that in Carroll county the citizens are in arms to drive for the purpose of drivig [driving] the Mormons f[r]om that County.” The following is an extract from the <> Express, to “Dear Sir # (seee Doc p. 35) 3d Div”.
<Camp—> <4> <Thursdy 4> This is a day long to be remmenbrd [remembered] by that part of the [p. 21]<Oct 4> <Camp—> called the Kirtland camp, Number 1, for they— arrived at their destnation. and began to pitch their tents about Sun Set, when one of the brethren living in the place proclaimd with a loud voice “Brethren, your long and tedious journey is now ended. You are now on the public square of . This is the place where Adam blessed his posterity, when they rose up and called him Micha[e]l, the Pri[n]ce the Archangel, And he bei[n]g full of the Holy Ghost, predicted what shoud befal his posterity to the Latest Gene[r]ation see Doc & Covts..
I spent most of this day with my family.
<.> The mob again fired upon the saints at , who <were compelld to> retu[r]n the fire in self defense. To show how that fire brands arrows & death were scatte[re]d through the , and that too by men high in authority, & who were sworn to p[r]eserve the bublic [public] peace I quote the followi[n]g from to the , Dated “Booneville “Mo Oct 4th 1838. Dear Sir # (see Doc p 34) satisfy <hours> them <wa[rn]ing>. .” “Base and degraded beings”? Who ever heard before of high minded & honorable men’s condesceding to sacrifce their honor by stooping to wage war without a cause or provocati[o]n, againt “base & degraded beings”? But is ready with his whole division, at an “hour warni[n]g” to enter the field of battle on such degrading terms if his <own> statemnt is true. But knew better. He knew the were an innocent unoff[e]nding people, and would not fight only in self defenc[e],— and why ride <write> such a letter to the to infl[u]ence his mind? Why not keep truth and justice on your side? poor , the annals of Eternity shall will unfold to you who are the “base” beings, & what it will take to “satisfy” for the shedding of “Mormon blood.”
< Committee’s Report> <5> <Friday 5> <Report of the committee of >
“The Undersigned # See Doc p 36) J. P.”
This [illegible] day day also wrote the from Boonville <that> “in Carroll county the citizens are in arms for the purpose of driving the Mormon from that county.” [p. 22]
<Oct 5> <3d quarterly at .> Friday Oct 5. The 3d quarterly confer[en]ce of the was held at . President presiding. As there was not a suffic[i]ent number of members presnt to form a for business, after singing & prayr confernc adjnd [adjourned] till 2. P. M. when they met & opend as usual Presidnts & presiding. There was not a sufficnnt <no. of the> member of the or any othr quorm to do business as a quarterly confern[c]e, they voted to a few mo appointd a few missions & adjnd till tomorrow 10. oclock.
About this time I took a Journey # (see Tines & S. p. 3.) wrath.
<Joseph arrived at > <6> Saturday 6th I arrived at and found that the # (see T.&S. p 3) govr themselves.
< Continud.> The quarterly confer[e]nce conven[e]d at 10 ok.this day acco[r]ding to adjournt [adjournment]. at . Prests & presidi[n]g. Benjamin <L.> Clapp said he had just retur[ne]d from Kentucky where he had been laboring, and that ma[n]y doors were open there.— A call was made for voluntee[r]s to go into the viney[a]rd & prea[c]h, when Elders James Carroll James Golliker, Luman A. Shirtliff, James Dume Ahaz Cook, , & Alpheus Gifford, offerd themselves. instructed them not to go forth boasting of their strng faith, or of the judgme[n]ts of the Lord, but go in the spirit of meekness & prea[c]h repentance. &c, Elder , from , by request, gave a stateme[n]t of his feeling respctig [respecting] his being having been appointd as one of the , Saying that he was willing to do any thing which God would require of him. when it was voted that Bro fill the vacan[c]y of one of the 12. Stephen Chase was ordaind President of the elders , in , Isaac Luncy. Horace Alexander & Albert Sloan were ordai[n]ed Elders. under the ha[n]ds of the Preside[n]ts. & were appointd to fill the plaice of & in the , they havi[n]g remo[ve]d to
Confer[en]ce adjud [adjourned] to the first Friday & Saty in in Jan next 10 A M—— <— Clk> [p. 23]
<Oct 7> Sunday 7. < preachd at , <commonly> called the Salt sermon. # <See Margin>> <# There were 7 cut off from the in , England, this day.>
< Letter> wrote f[r]om, “Brigade Headquates [Headquarters], 5 miles from , Carroll County. Sir, <#> (see Doc, 37) can tell,” ”
<Howard Communication> Under the same date from the camp near . eleven, blood-thirsty fellows, viz congrave Jackson, Larkin K. Woods, Thomas Jackson, Rolla M. Daviess James Jackson Jr, Johnson Jackson John L. Tomlin Sidney S Woods, Geo Crigler, Wm L. Banks, and Whitfield Dicken wrote a most inflammatory, Lying, and murderous piece communicati[o]n to the citizns of Howard county, callind [calling] upon their fri[en]ds & fellow citizns to com[e] to th[e]ir immdat [immediate] rescue as the Mormes [Mormons] were then firing up[o]n them and th[e]y would have to act on the defensive until th[e]y could procure more assistance. The Lord remember these men. A. C. Woods, a citizen of Howard County made a cirtificate to the same lies, which he gath[ere]d in the mob camp; he did not go into . or take any trouble to learn the truth of what he certifi[e]d. The Lord remember such men. <While> The people will lie. and the authorities will uphold them, what Justice can honest men expect? On the
<9> Tuesday the 9. wrote the from Boonville that “the names subscribed to the enclosed paper <(as befor stated 7th instnt)>, are worthy, prudence prudent & patriotic citizns of Howard Co.” Men who would leave their familiss and every thing dear, and go to a foreign county, to seek the blood of innocent men women & children, If this is prudece. constitute “worth, prudece & patrioti[s]m” Let me be worthless, imprud[e]nt, & unpatriotic,
<News from > <10th.> The messenger <Mr Caldwell,> who had been dispatchd to the for assistance, Mr Caldwell, return[e]d, but instead of recivd <recing> [receiving] any aid, or even Sympathy— from his , We were told that “the quarrel was between the Mormons and the Mob,” and that “we might fight it out” About this time a mob <.> commanded by Hiram Standly took ’s goods out of his house, and said Standly set fire to ’s [p. 24] <Oct 10> and burned it before his eyes. and orderd him to leave the place forthwith. which he did by removing <fleeing> <Mob Mob at > from to . The mob had sent to & got a cannon, powder, & balls, and bodies of armed men had gathe[re]d in to aid them from , Saline, Howa[r]d, , Clinton, , Platt & other parts of the , and a man by the nam[e] of Jackson from Howard Co was appointed their leader. The were forbid to go out of the under pain of death, & were shot at when they attempted it, to <go out to get food, of which they were destitute.> As fast as their cattle, horses, or other property got where the mob could get hold of it, they <it> were was taken as spoil. By the<se> outrages the breth[re]n were obliged, most of them to live in waggons or tents. Application had been made to the Judge of the circuit court for protection, who orde[re]d out 2 companies of Militia, one commndd [commanded] by , a Methodist priest, and Mobocrat of the deepest die, the whole under the command of , another mobber, if his letters speak his feelings, and his actions did not belie him, for he never made the first attempt to disperse the mob, and when asked the reason of his conduct, he always replied that & his compa[n]y were so mutinous & mobocratic that he dare not attempt a dispersi[o]n of the mob. Two other principal men of the mob were , member of the Legislatu[r]e, and a presbyterian Clergyman. informd us that a greater part of his men under had mutin[i]ed, and that he should be obliged to draw them off from the the place, for fear they would join the mob: conseque[n]tly he could affo[r]d us no assistance— We had now # (see T, &, S, p, 4.) <grave> In the mean time X (see appeal 30) kept, and that was all the brethrn ever knew about <receivd of> the promisd pay for all their losses at . Many houses O (see T. & S. 4) elsewhere; The brethrn took their departure wit, and gatheri[n]g up as many waggons as could be got ready, which was about 70, with the remnant of the propety th[e]y had been able to save from their matchles foes, Start left , & started for ,
<11> on the PM of Thursday Oct 11th 1838, and They They travelld # (see appl 30) coffin.— During θ (see T & S. 4.) distreasing. We <12> arrived in Caldwell on the 12 [p. 25]
<October 12> No Sooner # (see appl 30) had the breth[re]n left . than (see app 30, 31) property. On my arrival in I was informd θ (T&S. 4) rotten hearted
<14> Sunday 14 I preached to the brethren at from they saying of the Savior greater [love] hath no man than this that he lay down his life for the brethrn, at the close I called upon all that would stand by me to meet me on the public square <the> next day.
<there were 7 cut off from the in Eng, this day, it was a general time of pruning in . The powers of darkness raged, and it seemed as though Satan # # was fully determi[n]ed to make an end of the work in that kingdom. & had as much as they could do for some time to see to the already planted without planting new ones.—>
<15> Monday 15th. The brethren assembled on the public sqare and formd a co[mpany] of about 100, who took up a line of march for , and here let it be distinctly understood that this company were militia of the county of , acting under agreeably to the order of , and the saint Brethrn were very careful in all their movem[en]ts to act in strict accordance with the constitutional laws of the Land. The special obje[c]t of this march was to protect <assist> protict , <& repel the attacks of the mob in >
Having # (T.&.S. p 4 <5>) before them”
<19> left <quit> his temporal business in , & gave himelf wholly to the minist[r]y, and soon commecd [commenced] prea[c]hing & in .—
As I was driven away from without the privlige of sittling my business, I <had previus to this> employed Col as my to close all my affairs in the eastern states; And as I have been accusd of “running away’, cheating my creditors” &c, I will insert a few of the many cards & Letters I have receivd from gentleme[n] who have had the best opportunity of knowing my business transatins [transactions] and where testimony comes unsolecitd [unsolicited]. “ (X see Let. 40) .”
<21> About this time Wm. Morgan, Sheriff of Philip coving Justice of the peace , Col , Doct Samuel Venable, Jonathen J. Dryden, James Stone, Thomas J. Martin, made communications or affidavits of the most inflammatory kind charging upon the Mormons those depredations which had been committd by the Mob. [p. 26] <Oct 21> endeaving [endeavoring] thereby to raise the anger of those in authorety Rally a sufficnet force arou[n]d their Standard, & producing a total overth[r]ow, massacre, or banishment of the Momons Saints <Mormns> from the . for they were, These & their associates were the ones who fired their own houses & then fled the county, crying fire & murder.
It was <was> reported in this to day that had left that place, the <night> previus evenig. leaving a letter for one of the brethren which would divulge the secret.
<Joseph retur[n]s to > <22> <Monday 22.> On the retreat of the mob X (T. & S. 5) from I return[e]d to with a comp[a]ny of the brethe [brethren], where we & arrived at about 7 PM. where I had hoped to have enjoydd some respite <#> (T & S. 5) inhabitants.
<Cannon found.> <23> Tuesday 23 news came to this morni[n]g that the brethren had found the cannon which the mob brought fr[o]m buried in the earth, & had secured it <by order of .> The Word X (Rockwod 13) quarters. 14 citiz[e]ns of wrote the an inflammatory epistle. one of which was Wm Hudgins P. M. Also <and> of wrote a similar communicati[o]n also the citizens of in public meetig “appealed to the of the , to give the people of upper protecti[o]n from this fearful body of thieves and Robbers,” where the were all minding their own business, only as they were driven from it by those who were crying <mail empty.> “th[i]eves & robbe[r]s.” The mail come in this evenig but not a single letter to any person. from which it is evident there is no deposite sacred to those marauders who are infesting the county <country> & try[i]ng to destroy the Saints.
<Inflammatoy Letters.> <20 <24>> Wednesday 24. & , reveald their inflammatory communications to the , as did other citizns of viz, C R Morehead Wm Thoda◊d Thornton, & Jacob Gudgel, who had no scr manifestd no scruples at any falshood, or exageration, to raise the s Anger againt us. , formerly president of the , having apostatizd, repaird to , and made affidavit before Henry Jacobs J.P. to all the vilest calumnies, aspersi[o]ns, Lies, & slanders [p. 27] <Oct 24.> towards myself & the that his wicked heart could invent. He had been lifted up in pride, by his exaltations and the Revelations of heaven to him, concerning him, until he was ready to be overthown by the first <adver[s]e> wind that should cross his track. and now he has fallen. Lied. & swore to it.— and was ready to take the lives of his best frie[n]ds. Let all men take warning by him & learn that he who exalteth himself God will abase. also was at . and testifi[e]d to most of es Stateme[n]ts.
<[Joseph] Dicksons Letter> The following lettre, being a fair specimen of the truth & honesty of a multitude of others which I shall notie notice I give it in full. “Carrolton # (Doc 60) Dickson.” <These mobbers must have had very accute ears to hea[r] cannon. (6 pounder) 37 mils>
< at Log Creeke> So much for the lies of a presbyterial priest of this world, now for the truth of the case. This day about noon , with some 30 or 40 men, called on Bro Thoret Parsons where he was living at the head of the east branch of Log Creek, came and warnd him to be gone before next day at 10. A.M.— d[e]claring also “that he would give Scare Next Thunder & Lightning before next day noon if he had good luck in meeting , who would camp about 6 miles west <of > that night, & that he should camp on ,” and departd towards . Bro Parsons dispatchd a messenger with this news to , and followed after to watch his movements. Brothers , & —— [David] Judith, who went out this morning to watch the movements of the enemy, saw 8 arm[e]d mobbers call at the house of Bro Pinkham, where they took 3 prisoners (Bro Pinhkams son. Bros [William] Seeley & [Addison] Green.) & four horses, arms, &c, & departed thrating [threatening] Pinkham if he did not leave the state imm[e]diately; <th[e]y “woud have his dam[n]ed old scalp”.> and having learnd of s movements retund [returned] to about <near> midnight, and reported their preceedings, & that of the mob. When the trmpet sounded about midnight, On hearing <’s order> the report <the fine[s]t Judge of the > orde[re]d , the highest officer in comma[n]d at , to send out a company to disperse the Mob, & retake their prisoners who it was reportd they intended to murder that night. The trumpet sounded, & the brethern were assembled on the public square [p. 28] about midnight when the facts were stated &c volunteers called for, and about 75. volunte[ere]d for the obey the s order under comma[n]d of Capt , who immedeately commenced their march on horesback. hoping to surprise & scatter the camp, retake the pisone[r]s, & prevent the attack thretend [threatened] upon , without the loss of blood.
<Thursday, 25> 15 of the compa[n]y were detached from the main body. while 60 contin[u]ed their march till they arrivd near <the ford of the ford of> Green , (or creek) where the[y] dismounded tied their horses &, le[a]ving 4 or 5 men to guard them, proceded tow[a]rds the ford, not knowing the Location of the encampment. It was just at the dawni[n]g of light in the east when they came within, were marching qu[i]etly along the road, & near the top of the hill which desce[n]ds to the , when the report of a gun was heard from toward <s. Mob battle at .> the , & young reeled out of the ranks & fell mortally wounded. Thus the work of death commenced, when orderd a rush, chargd & rushed down the hill on a fast trot, & when within about 50 ya[r]ds of the camp form[e]d a line. The Mob formd a line under the bank of the below their tents. It was yet so dark that little could be seen by looking at the west. While the Mob, looking towards the dawning light could see & his men, when they fir[e]d a bro[a]dside. & 3 or 4 of the breth[r]en fell.— orderd the fire retur[ne]d, which was instantly obeyed to great disadvantage in the darkness which yet continu[e]d. The fire was repeated by the mob & returd by s compay, returd the fire, & gave the watch word “God & Liberty;” when orderd a charge which was instantly obeyed. a The parties immediately come in contact with their swads [swords] & the mob was soon put to flight, crosing the at the ford & such place as they could get a chance, One In the pursuit one of the mob fled fom behind a treee, whe[e]led & shot , who instantly fell mortally wounded, having receivd a large ball in his bowels.— The grou[n]d was soon clear[e]d, & the brethen gatherd up the <A> waggon or two & making beds theirs of tents &c— took their dead & wounded, & retreated towards .— Three brethren were wounded in the bowels [p. 29] 1 in the neck, 1 in the shoulder, 1 th[r]ough the hip, 1 though both thighs, 1 in the arm. all by muskut shot. One had his arm broke by a sword. Bro was shot in the head and left dead on the grund, so burnd <defac[e]d> the brethen did not know him. reported that he lost 1 man in the Battle— The <3> prisonees [prisoners] were releas[e]d, & returd with the brethn to . was carried some of the way in a litter, but it caused so much distress he beggd to be left, & was carried into s 3 miles from the where he died that night. and was burid at on Saturdy. died soon after.— and ’s body was also bro[u]ght from when it was discove[re]d who he was.— I went with Bro & to <&> meet <met> the brethrn on their retu[r]n to Log Cre near Log Creek. & administed to , where I saw in a most distressd condition. His wound was incurable. Bro was a very worthy <man>, beloved by all good men who knew him. He was one of the , and died as he lived, a man of God. & strong in the faith of a glori[o]us Resurrection, in a world where mobs will have no more power or place. <one of his last expessions to his wife was “Whatever you do else O! do not deny the faith.”> How differ[e]nt his fate fom that of the Apostate, . who this day vented all the lying sp[l]een and malice of his heart towards the work of God in a letter to & Sister Abbot [Ann Marsh Abbott]. To which was <annexed on> added on <by> . The follo[w]ing Letter will show the state of <public> feeling <in the country> some distance from us. “Lexington # (Doc 61, 62) Ryland.” Nobody <The brethrn> had <not> thought of going <26> to , it was a lie out of whole cloth.
<26> Friday 26[th] “Head Quarters <θ> (Doc 62) Gen.[”]
<’s Le> “To All θ (Let 40) .”
< extermenating order—> <27> <Sat. 27.> “To all # (" [Letter] 41) .” was buried this day at . And Exterminating order was issu[e]d <from> at “Head quarters X (Let 34 <or Doc 61>) chief.”
<28> <Sunday 28:> Great <#> (T & S. 5) Mormons.
Head θ (Doc 76) 4 Div
<29> had become so hardended by mobbi <> had become so harden[e]d by mobbing the in , and his consci[e]nce so “seard with a hot iron.” that he was considerd a fit subje[c]t for the [p. 30] gubernatorial choice, and it was his hatred to truth and the “Mormons,” to his blood thirsty murderous disposition that raised him to the station he occupied. & this <His> extermintig [exterminating] order of the 27[th] around every spirit in the state of of the like stamp with his own, and the Mobocrats were flocking to the Standard of from almost every qua[r]ter. , although not the ranking office, was selected by By as the most fit instrum[en]t to cary out his murderous. designs. for, bad as they were in very few commanding office[r]s were yet suffici[en]tly hardnd. to go all lengths with in this inhum contemplated inhuman, Butchy [butchery], & expulsi[o]n from one of the (so called) should be free & indepndet [independent] states of the , where the Constution declar[es] that “eve[r]y mans shall have the privlege of worshipping God according to the dictates of this own conscience,” and this was all the offenc[e] the had been guilty of. <And here I would> I should have peviosly <30> stated that while the evil spirits were raging up & dom [down] in the d to raise mobs against the “Mis◊◊◊◊◊” Sa “Mormons,” Satan himself was no less busy in striving to stir up mischief in the camp of the Saints; and among the most conspicuoc [conspicuous] of his < & His Danites> willing devotees was one Samuel <Doct> , who had been in the Church but a short time, and who, although he had generally behaved with a tolerable degree of external decorum, was secretly aspiring to be the greatest of the great, and become the leader of the people. This was his pride & his folly, but as he could not accom <had> no hopes of accomplishing it. by going <in> the hearts of the people in open combat. <strife> he watched his opportunity with the brethren, at a time when mobs had oppressd them & robbed, wh[i]pped, burned, plunderd, and slain till forbearan[c]e seemed no longer a virtue, and nothing but the grace of god without measure could support men under such trials, to form a secret society <combination>. by <on>which he might rise a migthy [mighty] conquerer at the expence of the overthrow of the church. And this he <tried to> accomplishd by his smoth◊, flattery & winning speehes, which he freequenlty made, to his hearer <associates>, while his [illegible] <Lodge> room was [p. 31] well guarded. by some of his pupils, ready to give him the wink on the approach of any one, who would not approve of his measures In this situation he stated that he had the sanction of the head of the for what he was about to do, and, by his smiles & flatery persuaded them to believe it and proceeded to administer to the few under his controul an Oath binding them to everlasting secrecy to every thing which should be communicated to them by himself. also Thus he initiated <members> into his lodge firmly bindi[n]g them <X>(Phelps 5 <6, 7, 8,>) Danite Lodge.[”] When a knowledge of s rascality came to the chuch of the church he was cut off. and from the church and every means propere used to dest[r]oy his influe[n]ce, at which he was highly incens[e]d, & went about whisp[er]ing his <evil> insinuations, but finding eve[r]y effort unavailing, he again turnd conspirator & sought to make fri[en]ds with the mob. by testifying falsely against the brethn as <organization of the 10. 50s &c of the church> the sequel will show. And here let it be distinctly understood that these companies of 10 & 50 got up by were altogether seperate & distinct from those companies of 10 & 50s organ[i]zed by the brethren for Me self defence in case of an attack from the mob. & more particularly that in this time of alarm no family or person might not be neglected, therefore, 1 compa[n]y would be engagd in drawing wood another in cutting it, another in gather[in]g their corn, another in grinding.— another in butch[er]ing, another in distribting meat &c &c, so that all should be employed in turn and no one lack the necessarries of life; Therefore let no one <hereafter> by mistake or design confound this organization of the chu[r]ch for good and righteous puposes with that <organization> of the Danites of the apostate , which died almost before it had existence.
< Militia.> The Mob or Militia began to encamp at on the 26[th]. and by this time amounted to about 2500 men all ready to fulfill the Extermiatig [exterminating] order & join the standa[r]d of the .— They took up a line of march for .— Travelling but part way, while <while th[e]y encamped for the night.>
<30. Tuesday 30> <Their army continud their march awhile> their advance guard was pet[r]oling the country & taking many prisone[r]s, among whom was Bro , & Bro Carey, [p. 32] <Oct 29 30.> whose skull they laid open by a blow from a Rifle barrell. In this mangled conditi[o]n they mob laid him in their waggon & went on this way denying every comfort, & thus he remaind that P.M & night.—
<30> Tuesday 30[th]. was at in camp in camp at undre [under] a forced ma[r]ch to , with about a 1000 men and the ’s Extirmenatig [exterminating] order
< Massacre> For the history of this day at s, on I quote. The following affidavit of 1st President of the . “on <X> (Facts 21, 22, 23 24) Ills.” A # (Facts. 24) dark. (in writing the above see Nathan K Knights and othe[r]s stateme[n]ts)
withdrew from the Army at , as soon as the exterminating order was received, although, up to this time we at were ignorant <at > of the movements of the mob at , and the Order. of extermination.
On the 30th of Oct <X> (T & S 5) day.
<31> Wednesday 31.st The Militia of guarded the city the past night and threw up a tempora[r]y bra fortification on of waggons timbers &c on the south. The sisters were many of them engaged in gathreing up their most valueable effect, fearing a terrible battle in the morning, and that their <houses> might be <fired & they> obliged to flee. The eneny being <5> 4 to 1 against them. About 8 o clock a flag a flag <ϕ> (T & S. 5) cicumstances, < went to meet the flag, and secretly made an engagent “that to give up θ (Doc 73) recapted for.”> The Enemy was reenforced by about 1500 men today and news of the destruction of property by the mob reached us fom every quarter. Towa[r]ds evening #(T. & S. 5) us. After we arrivd in the camp Bro & eleven other brethen who were prisone[r]s, volunte[ere]d with permisson of the office[r]s to carry bro Corey into the to his family having lain exposed to the weather, for a show to the inhuman wrethces, without having his wou[n]ds dressed, or nourished in any manner. He died soon after he reached home.
<November 1> Thursday November 1. <Bro . & were brought prisoners into camp.> <They held> A court martial was held by in the camp. θ (T & S. 5. 6) destitute. declared he would have nothing to do with such cold blooded murder, & that he would withdraw his brigade in the morning.
Gov wrote from , that he conside[re]d full and ample powers were vested in him [p. 33] to carry into effect the former orders. says “The case X (Doc. 76. 77.) . The ringleaders θ (77 Doc) state
<This morning orde[re]d the Militiae to give up their arms. & θ <θ , had <having> made a treaty with the mob. on his own responsibity and to carry out his treatey ma[r]ched this Troops out of the , & the Saint breth[re]n gave up their arms. their own property, which no govt on earth had a right to require.>. The Mob (caled governors troops) then ma[r]ched into town and under prete[n]ce of seachig [searching] for arms tore up floors, upset haystacks, plunderi[n]g the most valueable effects they could lay their ha[n]ds on, and made a great, and wasted a <&> great destroyd a great amou[n]t of property which <compelled the brethrn to sign deeds of trust at the point of the bayonet to pay the exp[e]nces of the mob war.> could <do> themselves no good. <the rema[i]nder and <were> orded the to leave the .> while the chastity of the place was descreratd by them. θ & about 80 men taken prisone[r]s <and the remainder of the citiz[e]ns were forbid to be more than 3 in a place & if they were thus seen th[e]y <the> would mob would shoot at them.>>
<* 2> Friday 2— About this time was found by the Mob <secreted> in the hazle brush some miles from , & brought into camp where they were hale fellows well met, for told them that Danitism was an order of the . and by his lying tried to make the chuch a scape goat for his sins.
We were taken to the town into the X (T. & S. 6.) s were started of were for , Jackson County, X X and encamped at night on , under a strong guard, commmand[e]d by Gens & .
<The follo[w]ing Letter gives the particulars relating to the move[me]nts of the <Gover[nor]s> Mob.> Head Quarters X (Doc 72, 73, 74, 75) comma[n]ding.
<3> Satuday 3. We continu[e]d our march & arriv[e]d at the which seperated us from we where we were hurri[e]d across the ferry where but few troops had passed. The truth was had sent an expess form to . to have the prisone[r]s sent to him, & thus prvnt [prevent] [illegible] going to , both armeies bieng competitors for the honer of possessing the “Royal Prisoners.” wanted the privilege of putting us to death himself. & while & his troops were desir[o]us of exhibit[in]g us in the st[r]eets of .
<4> Sunday 4th we were visited by some Lad[i]es & Gntlemn [Gentlemen], One (X Perscutin 89, 90 91) 1838. The troops having cross[e]d the about 10 oclock. we proceded to I on & arrivd at about noon, past noon, in the midst of great rain. & a multitude of spetaters [spectators] who had assmbed [assembled] to see us. & hear the bugles sou[n]d a bla[s]t of triumphal Joy, which thro echoed through [p. 34] the camp as we were ushe[re]d into a vacant house preprd [prepared] for our reception, with a floor for our beds, & blocks of wood for our pillows.
< arrived at > arrived at with 1600 men & 500 more were within 8 miles, of the city. Thus has been visited with by 6000 men in one week, to bring in subjection when the militia of <the city,> before any were taken prisone[r]s amounted only to about 500,— They having whose arms having been securd the mob contin[u]ed to hunt the brethrn like wild beasts, and shot sever[a]l, ravish[e]d the women & kill[e]d one near the city. No person <> is permitt[e]d to go in or out of the city, while and they are living on parched corn.
orde[re]d who had previ[ou]sly gone to with his troops, to “take (θ Doc 85, 86) properly." and secu[r]e all their prope[r]ty till, the best means could be adopted for paying the damages the citizens had sustainded, Also
<51 prisoners taken of .> <5> Monday 5 We were kept (O. Per. 92) society. The breth[re]n at were orderd <By > to form a line, when 51 were the names of 51 pres[e]nt were call[e]d, & made prisoners to await their trial for some unknown offen[c]e, thing they new knew not what. They were kept under a close guard.
<s Speech> <6.> Tuesday 6. pas[s]ed the breth[re]n at & addresd them as follows .— Gentlemen (Letter 0. 1.) ruin. The wrote as follows” It θ (Doc 70) merit. <The same day commedd his ma[r]ch towad .> A committee of 12 of the citizns of , or the mob pa[r]ty, made the followig agreement with a committee of 12 of the brethn, viz. , John Reed, , & 9 others, “that any three # (agreemet P. 3) Wilson.”
The prisone[r]s at were started off for under a strong guard.
<7> Wednesday 7.[th] Head Quarters # ( The following order was issu[e]d at , By , “ (Doc 86) authority.
<8> Thurday 8. <There was a sever[e] snow storm yesteday, & to day also.> arrivd at . and told the brethrn <> of that they might remain in the county though the winter or leave the state or move to , & that he would remain 10 days to afford them protection, & give [p. 35] permits to go to or out of the . He also proposd in writing that a committee of 12 have the privilege of going out to gather corn & transact business for the brethn, but they must wear a white badge on their hats. and have a permit fom him, and that the “Mormons” might have their mill to grind corn two days each week <Mndays & Tusdays> & the mob the remander of the week. The committee were to have the privilege of going .—He θ (appl 46) find it. army.
Shortly X (app 46, 47,) Accordingly night.
<9> Friday 9th. This morning O (app 47) off. <— arrived at this day.>
<[David] Holman’s Permit> <10> Satuday “I permit (X Richrds Mem [Levi Richards, Memoranda Book] 18.) aid.”— The foregoing is a true specimen of — Liberty.— Gen
has <had> spent his time since our arrival at by in searching the laws to find authority for trying us by court martial. Had he not been a Lawyer of eminence I would have supposd it no very difficult task to decide that quiet, peaceful, unoffending, private <& privatee> citizens <too except as Minsters of the Gospel> were not amenable to a military tribunal in a country governd by civil laws. But be this as it may wrote the that he had “detaind X (Doc C7.) perjury.”
<Prisoners acquitted at > <11> sunday 11th. The 3 days investigation having closed at evey man was honorably acquitted by being Judge. X (Ap 46) protection.— About 30 of the brethrn have been kill[e]d, A multitude wounded, a<bout a> hundred missing, and about 60 at , awaiti[n]g their trial, for what they know not.
<12 <11>> Sunday 11[th]. While X (T & S. 6.) painful. informd us that he would turn us over to the civil authorities for trial. <Joseph Smith Jr (<*> Doc 97) Larceny.>
<12> <Monday twelth <12>> The first act of the court was to send out a body of armed men, without a civil process to obtain witnesses.
<Trial ofof Joseph Smith & others.—> <12 13> Tuesday 13th. We were placed at the bar, <— p[r]esiding—and , Stat[e]s Attony [Attorney],> witnesse were calld and sworn at the point of the bayonet. Dr <O> (Ap 47 48) li life. <This introduction is sufficent to show the charater of his testimo[n]y.> We were not prepared with witnesses, # (T & S 6) confined. proper. For <&> he swore to just according to the statement he had made, doubtless thinking it a wise cause to ingratiate himself into the good graces of the mob.— The following witnesses were [p. 36] examin[e]d In in behalf of the , who if we may jud[g]e form [from] their testimo[n]y swore upon the same pri[n]ciple as . (viz) Wyatt Cravens (X Doc 151) [Patrick] Lynch.
<18. November> <Sunday 18. while our suit was going forward , gave the foll[ow]ing permit in (X Richds [Levi Richards, Memorandum Book] 18) aid> We were called upon to for our witness, and we gave the names of some 40 <or> 50, was dispatchd with a company of militia to procure them, arrested all he could find. & th[r]ust them into prison and we were not allowed to see them. We were again called upon most tauntingly, for witness. we gave the names of some others and they were also thut [thrust] into prison so many as were to be found.— In the mean time Malinda [Porter] (# Doc 151) Jr. volunterd & were sworn, on the defence but was preventd by threats from telling the truth as much as possible. we saw a man at the window and beckond him to come in, & had him sworn, but when he did not testify to please the court, several rushd upon him with their bayonets, & he fled the place barely escaping with his life. It was of no use to get any more witnesses if we could have done it. and our Lawyrs & . sob
<. & <othe[r]s> acquitted.—> <24> <24[th]> Then this mock investigation continu[e]d from day to day till the <Saturday th> 24 [th]. when Several of the breth[re]n were discharged by as follows “Defendats (X see paper.) &c.”
Our orgenization was converted by the testimony of the apostates into (X Per 104)” &c” just as though it was treason to believe the bible.
<28.> Wednesday 28. Daniel Ashby, a member of the <> Senate He wrote that he was in the battle -[mob]- at , that 31 Mormons were killed & 7 of his party wounded.
<Court closed> <29> Thurday 29 The remai[ni]ng prisoners were all released (# ap, 49,) crimes,— during the investigation we were mostly confin[e]d in chains, and recevd [received] much abuse, The matter (ϕ ap 48) swore.
<“ Eqr. (X Doc 94, 5,) ” is not a Mormon but a fri[en]d of man.>
<30> Friday 30[th] about this time Those of us who had been senten[ce]d thereto were conveyed to , & put in close confinem[e]nt, & all communicati[o]n with our fri[e]nds cut off. [p. 37]
Duri<n>g our trial accompani[e]d by & others at times, were busy in plund[er]ing & robbing the houses of , , & the widow Phoebe Ann Patten, & others under pretince of or Coler of Law, or an order from , as testified to by the members of the differe[n]t families robbed.
<Decmber 1> Saturday Decembr 1, 1838 “At a meeting. (# Richrds [Levi Richards, Memoranda Book] 16, 17) Z. Wilson.”—
<5—> <Wednsdy 5th> The Legislature having assembled. laid before the House of Reprntivs [ Representatives] all the information in his possession relative to the difficulti[e]s between the citizs <Mob>, & “Mormons.” on the wednday
<10> Monday 10[th]. “Copy X (facts 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) 1838.” Or High council # (163 to 173)
<13> Thursday 13. “ (# High coun[c]il 173, 4, 5) Clerk”
Isaac Russel[l] who had become connected with a small camp was going of <the> <of about 30 famlies> going west were met at , in Mo, by a mob on the 21st. of Oct. & turning east turned from his cource at Louisiana. led them North 10 miles on the spanish clains [claims] where they build <built> huts, or lived in tents thr[ou]gh the winter in gre[a]t suffer[i]ng. Russel Turn[e]d, prophet, -[apostate]- said Joseph had fallen & he was appoi[n]ted to lead the people. Chandler Rogers who was moving West, was met by a mob at & compelled to turn back. & fell in with Russels camp. Russel said he was the “chosen of the Lord,” and when they left that place th[e]y would have to go on foot & take nothing with them, & th[e]y must sell their teams &c. Some would not sell & he cursed them.
<Josep[h]’s <Letter>. .> <16> Sunday 16 I wrote the followi[n]g letter in . <‘ X> (T&S. 82. to 99 86) Jn. —DO— G.— 101 <111>. &c. —also see original—
The This [2 words illegible] Elder arrived at , & on
<Petitin prentd the Legislater> <17> Monday 17. presented the petiti[o]n of the breth[re]n to and others, who were very anxious to hear from as there were many reports in circulation, such as that the Mormons kept up the Danite system, were going to build the , and more blood would be spilled before th[e]y left the &c— which created a ha[r]dness in the [p. 38] minds of the people. In the P. M met had an intevew [interview] with , who enquir[e]d about our people & prope[r]ty with as much apparent intent as tho[u]gh his whole soul was engag[e]d for our welfare, said he had heard that the citizens were committing depredations on the Morm[o]ns & driving off their popety stock &c. inf[o]rmed him that arm[e]d forcess came in the place, & abused women, & children, stole hors[e]s, drove off cattle, & plunderd houses of eve[r]ything that pleased their fancy. said that he would write & to go to & put down every hostile appearance. he also stated that the stipulations ente[re]d into by the Mormon to leave the , & sign the deed of trust was <were> unconstitutional, & not valid. repli[e]d we want the Legislatu[r]e to pass a law to that effect showing that the stipulati[o]ns & deeds of trust are not valid & unconstitutional, & unless you do pass such a law we shall not consider ou[r]selves safe in the . You Say there has been a stain upon the chara[c]ter of the , & now is the time to pass some law to tht effect, & unless you do farewell to the vi[r]tue of the ; farewell to her honor & good name: farewell to her Christian virtue until she shall be peopled by a diffe[re]nt race of men: farewell to eve[r]y name that binds man to man: farewell to a fine soil & a [illegible] a home home, they are gone they are rent from us by a lawless banditti.
<18> Tuesday 18 (X Doc 1, 2, 3, 4) law.”
<19> Wednesday 19. Mr presntd [presented] the petion [petition] to the House, when it was read<ing,> it was still <the members were silent> as the house of death. when after which the debate commncd [commenced], & excitement increa[se]d till the house was in an uproar, their faces tur[ne]d red their eyes flash[e]d fire, & their coutnancs [countenances] spoke volumes. Mr Childs of said there was not a w[o]rd of truth in it so far as he had heard, & that it ought never to have been presen[te]d to that body. Not long ago we approp[r]iated $2000 to their releif, & now they have petition[e]d for this pay for their lands which we took away from them. We got rid of a great evil when [p. 39] when we drove them from & we have had peace there ever since, and the will always be in difficulty so long as they suffer them to live in the , and the quicker they get th[i]s petition from before that body the better. Mr. Ashley from said the Petition was false from begini[n]g to end, & that he himself and the Mormns could not live together for he would alway be found fighti[n]gs agai[ns]t them, and one or the other must leave the , He gave a hist[o]ry of the Massacre, & had cut up with a corn cutter. corrected Mr Childs, and stated facts in the petition which he was knowing to. and that M Childs ought to know that these could not be the first crime established agai[ns]t the Mormons while in . One member hoped the matter would not be looked over in silence, for his constituents requi[re]d of him to know the cause of the late disturban[c]e.— Mr Young of spoke very bitter agait the petitin & the Momons.— An Aged member from St Charles. Moved a refe[re]nce of the bill to a select committee, and, contin[u]ed he, “as the Gentleman that just spoke & anoth[e]r gntlman want the petition rul[e]d out of the house for fear their evil doings will be brought to light, and this goes to pove to me & others that the petition is true.” Mr Redmon of Howard made a long speech in favor of a speedy investigation of the whole matter, said he “The s order has gone forth & the Mormns are leaving; I H◊◊◊d Hundreds are waiting to cross the ; & by & by they are gone & our is blasted; her character is gone, we gave them no chance for a fair investigation. The demands of us that we give them a spedy investigation.” Mr Gyer from , agre[e]d with the Gentlemn from Howard that the committee should have power to call witnesss from any part of the , & defend them, and unless the order was rescinded herfor [he for] one would leave the . Other Gentlemen made sim[i]lar remarks. [p. 40]
The The Testimony presetd the committee of invstigatin before refered to was the orders—s Report. & the report of the exparte trial at . and a lot of papers sign[e]d by no-body. Giv[e]n to no-body, & directed to no-body, any contain[in]g anything <> our enemies were disposed to write. The High X (H.C. 175, 6) Clerk, High
<26 * See margin—> <* 26— having returne[d] to made report of his proce[e]dings to <when> the on the 26. voted that thy were satisfi[e]d with his procedings.>
<A[nson] Call whippd> <27:> Thurday 27[th]. Anson Call (X Call’s paper p 2) <Mention[e]d,>
aftre [after] much legislation (# ap 49, 50 subject,
after (ap 50) alive.—’
<2000 dollars> The appropriated 2000 dolla[r]s, to be distributed among the poor Mormons, Judge Camaron, Mc.Henry and others were to attended to the distribution, Judge Camaron would drive in the brethren’s hogs, (Many of which were identified,) and shoot them down in the streets, and without further bleeding, & a half dressing— they were cut up, & distributed by Mc Henry, to the poor, at a charge of 4 or 5 cts per lb, which together with a few pieces of refuse goods such as coleiaces [calicoes], at double & treble price soon consum[e]d the 2000 dollars, doing the <brethen> very little good, or in reality none, as their the property destroyed by them, was equal to what they gave <the> .
The disgraceful proceedings of the Legislature X (Pratt 110) liberties
Some time during their Session the Legislatu[r]e approp[r]iated $200.000 dollars, to pay the troops for driving the Saints out of the . Many of the State journals tried to hide the iniquity of the # (<Pratts> 110, 111,) hid.
<*, X, see page 42> <*— see P— 42—> We were sometimes (# T, & S, 6, 7) disgusting.
Thus in a land of Libirty, in the Town of , Clay Co Mo, I. and my fellow prisone[r]s, in chains. dunge[o]ns & jail Saw the close of 1838.
1839 [p. 41]
* some time in December the brethen at appointd a committe of 7 to attend to the removal of the poor of the Saints from the state of & & for settling & closing up the business of the . The names committee were , Charles Bird, , Daniel Shearer, . & . (see p 41) X
* Some time in Decmber , & <.> was <were> appoindtd [appointed] a <by the breth[re]n at > to visit us at , as oft[e]n as circuntns [circumstances] would permit, or occasion requi[re]d. which the[y] faithfully perfomd [performed] [23 lines blank] [p. 42]
<Januay 1> <1> <Tuesday— Jarney 1> 1839 dawnd upon us as prisoners of hope, but not as sons of Liberty. O Columbia! Columbia! how art thou fallen. “The land of the free, the home of the brave,” “the assylum of the oprressed” oppressing thy noblest sons. in a Loathesom dunge<ns> without any provocation, only that they have dared to worship the God of their fathers, according to his own word, & the dictates of their own consci[e]nces. and his companions in tribulation still were still held in bondage in their doleful prison in
<A[nson] Call assaultd> <7> Monday 7th. Anson Call retund [returned] to his farm on the X Call. Statem[e]nts pa 3) bruised, & from that time gave up all hopes of securing any of his property.
<Wind in .> <8> Tuesday 8. About this time & Ireland was visited by a tremendous storm of wind from the N. West. which unroofed houses and blew down many houses in the cities & on in the country, doing much damage to the shipping. Many hundred were tund [turned] out of doors & ma[n]y lives lost on the land. & sea, and <a> immense amou[n]t of popety [property] dest[r]oyed. Such a wind had not been witn[e]ssed by anyone living, and some began to think that the judgm[e]nts were about to follow the preaching
<Resolutin. of Legislatue.—> <10> Thurday 10th. “Resolved # (Doc 4) agre[e]d to.”
16 [5 lines blank]
<Bill for Investigation> <16> Wednesday 16[th] Mr Turner, from the joint select committee introdu[ce]d a bill to the senate “X Doc “a bill X (Doc 4) .” This bill consisted of 23 sections. “1st a joint ϕ (Doc 4, 5,) Representativ[e]s” The Bill further provided that the committe[e] should meet at . Ray Co.— on the first Monday in May; and thereafter at such times & places as th[e]y should appoint: that they should choose a chairm[a]n, Clerk. Sergea[n]t at arms, & assistants; should issue Suppoenas and other pocesses: administer oaths: keep a record: furnish rooms: pay witnesses $1,50, per day out of [p. 43] <Jan 16> the T[r]easury, receive their pay as membe[r]s of the Legislatu[r]e, Clerk $4,00 per day, $1,60 $1,50 for each arrest: in short all parties concerned were to be paid the highest price, & this committee were to be clothed with all the powers of the highest courts of Record.— Here [illegible] This Bill did not concern the Mormons. as the exterm[i]nating order of —& the action of thereon would compell all the to be out of the before the court would sit, so that they would have no testimo[n]y but fom Apos Mobbers & worse apostates. and this was evidently their object in postponing the time so long.
About this time Prest proposed to to help the poor out of the , The repli[e]d “the poor may take care of themselves, & I will take care of myself—. < replied “if you will not help them out I will.”>
<24> Thurday 24. <I,> Myself & fellow prisoners wrote the following as follows. <from > To the Hon X (Let. 66, 67) forbear. (Leave a line here for signaturs) This letter was directed to James M. Hughes Esq.— Members of the Hou[s]e Reps. . with the following request. “Will X (Let 67) L P. H. B. [2 lines blank]
<26> Saturday 26. “A Meeting X (see Minutes of Meeting at <P. 1>) Chairmn.” [1 line blank]
<29> “Tuesday 29 the brethrn met ϕ (Minuts [Far West Committee, Minutes] P 2) chaimn [chairman]”
The followi[n]g is the subscripti[o]n refer[re]d to in the preecding [preceding] minets [minutes] with the names which were then & afterwa[r]ds attach[e]d to it, <so far as th[e]y have been preserved.—>
<Subscription> “We whose names θ (subsciption) Fololow [follow] (here all all the names on all the papers)
The committee who had been appoint[e]d for removing the poor from the state of , consisting viz— X (See B-1.) operation.” <Prest got 80 subscribers to the covena[n]t the 1st day— & 300 the next d 2n day.—>
<31> 31st Thurday 31: Mr Turner’s Bill of the 16[th]inst passed the Senate.—
I sent the <poor> brethrn a $100 bill from the to assist them in their distr[es]sed situati[o]n; & approprated his mony to help the poor out of the . [p. 44]
<February > <1> Fr[i]day Februay first <1> the brethrn <Committee> “met θ (mints [Far West Committee, Minutes] P.3) Prest.” They met again in the evening <at> (X B 1.) &c.”
<4> Monday 4 Mr Turners bill of 16 Janury, came to the its third reading up for the fir[s]t reading when Mr (X Doc 7) affirmative by 11 majority,” which by many was consider[e]d an app[r]oval of all the wrongs the had sustaind, in the , but on this point I will give no opinion at pres[e]nt.
< started left > <9 6> 6 & 7 <[illegible] 6 & 7> The committe were in session— started for on business for the committee abot this <with my wife & children.— & some others.> <& & wife>
<Conc. Minutes> Some time this month there was a of the at of which the following are the minut[e]s (Here insert the minutes A.)
<12> <Tuesday 12— The committe sent a delegation Sister Music, to ascertain her necessities. D. Shear D[aniel] Shearer & E[rastus] Bingham went. Applications for assitane [assistance] were made by from, Sister Maryan L. Gardner, Jeremiah Mackley’s family, Broth Forbush, Edwrd. Cheney, T. D. Tyler, D. McArthur, &c.>
<<13> Wednesday 13. (X See minut[e]s) p 2.>
< & left .> <14> Thursday, 14. The perscution was so bitter aganst