Invoice, Mead, Stafford & Co. to Cahoon, Carter & Co., 8 October 1836

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

8th Oct 1836
Mess[rs]
27 Water St
Bo[ugh]t of Mead Stafford & Co
2 Chests Y[oung] H[yson] Tea 114. 115 229. 40 189 lbs 0.58 109.62
2 Tierces P. R. Molasses <​1​> 87. <​1​> 87 174.2. 172Gs 0.48 82.56
1 Hhd [Hogshead] P.R. Sugar 1414.170. 1244lbs 0.11 136.84
1 Bag Pepper 96. 1. 95lbs 0.09 8.55
1 [Bag] Pimento 113. 1. 112lbs 0.08½ 9.52
1/2 Bbl [Barrel] Pure Ginger wt 80½lbs 0.11 8.85
1 [Bbl] 2/ 6 Salaretus 254.18. 236lbs 0.10 23.91
2<​1​> [Bbl] 2/ 6 Madder 204.18. 186lbs 13 24.49
2 [Bbl] <​*​> Winter Oil 35 each 70 Glls [Gallons] 1.10 77.00
1 [Bbl] 2/ 6 S. S. Almonds 121.21 100lbs 14 14.31
1 [Bbl] Sweet Oil wt 30½ Glls 1.35 41.17
2 [Bbl] Spts Turpentine 34.36½ 70½ Glls 60 46.30
1 [Bbl] Rosin 18/— 2.25
1 [Bbl] 2/ 6 Camwood 203.22. 181lbs 5 9.36
3 Boxes No 2 Bar Soap 76lbs each 228lbs 6 13.68
1 Bbl 2/ 6 Chalk 280.18. 262lbs 1 2.93
1 Keg 2/ 6 Copperass [copperas] 87.6 81lbs 3 2.74
1 [Keg] 2/ 6 Alum 87.6 81lbs 5.38
1 [Keg] 2/ 6 S. F. Indigo 29.7. 22lbs 12/— 33.31
1 [Keg] 2/ 6 Sulpher 65.6 59lbs 2.97
1 [Keg] 2/ 6 Roll Brimstone 48.4 44lbs 4 2.07
1 [Keg] 2/ 6 best Glue 34.8. 26lbs 18 4.99
3 [Keg] N H Powder HFG $5.50 16.50
1 [Keg] Plug Tobacco 240. 28. 212lbs 16 33.92
1 [Keg Plug Tobacco] 207. 28. 179lbs 18 32.22
1 Box Pepper Sauce 26/— 3.25
2 [Boxes] Poland Starch 31.32 31.32 63lbs 10 6.30
10 Matts Cassia 46lbs 13 5.98
10lbs Cloves 28 2.80
6lbs Nutmegs 13/— 9.75
5 Bladders S Snuff 31lbs 21 6.51
1 Jar 5/ M [Snuff] 25lbs 2 oz 2/— 6.91
6 Camsters Percussion Grams 4/— 3.00
12 <​10​> M [Percussion] Caps 5/— 6.25
11 Lumps L Sugar 101lbs 15 15.15
1 Bbl 2/ 6 Loaf [Sugar] 131. 18. 113lbs 16½ 18.96
over 830.30
[p. [1]]
Amount bro[ugh]t over $830.30
2 Doz[en] Castor Oil qts Box 2/ 6 48/— 12.31
1/4 Cask Port Wine wt 34 Glls [Gallons] 12/— 51.00
1/4 [Cask] Muscat [Wine] [wt] 29½ [Glls] 70 20.65
3 qt [Cask] S. M. Wine (Pure) 31. 30. 7½ wt 92½ Gs 4/ 6 92 52.03
1 Tierce 4/— (sunds) Coffee 454. 250 204lbs 1/— 26.00
1 Bbl 12/ Old Cognac Brandy 44 Glls 12/— 67.50
1 [Bbl] 12/— No 1 St Croix Rum 43 [Glls] 8/— 44.50
1 [Bbl] 12/— Swan H Gin 43 [Glls] 8/— 44.50
1 Cask for Packing Powder 1.50
Cartage 2.50
$1,152.79
Mead, & Stafford
Groceries
$1152.79
 
<​* 1 Bbll was Summer oil​> [p. [2]]

Footnotes

  1. 1

    A cask which varied in size but was usually between forty and forty-two gallons. (“Tierce,” in American Dictionary [1828]; “Tierce,” in Oxford English Dictionary, 11:18.)  

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

    The Oxford English Dictionary. Edited by James A. H. Murray, Henry Bradley, W. A. Craigie, and C. T. Onions. 12 vols. 1933. Reprint, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.

  2. 2

    The meaning of “hogshead” varied based on time period, location, and the goods involved, but it usually referred to a cask holding a measure of liquid. For wine, the measure was eventually standardized to sixty-three U.S. gallons. (“Hogshead,” in American Dictionary [1828]; “Hogshead,” in Oxford English Dictionary, 5:327–328.)  

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

    The Oxford English Dictionary. Edited by James A. H. Murray, Henry Bradley, W. A. Craigie, and C. T. Onions. 12 vols. 1933. Reprint, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.

  3. 3

    The size and weight of a barrel varied and was often dependent on whether the contents were liquid or solid. In the United States, statutes generally regulated that a barrel should contain 28 to 31½ gallons. (“Barrel,” in American Dictionary [1828].)  

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

  4. 4

    A biocarbonate of potash, used as a leavening agent in baking. (“Saleratus,” in Oxford English Dictionary, 9:50.)  

    The Oxford English Dictionary. Edited by James A. H. Murray, Henry Bradley, W. A. Craigie, and C. T. Onions. 12 vols. 1933. Reprint, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.

  5. 5

    A plant used for red dyes. (“Madder,” in American Dictionary [1828].)  

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

  6. new scribe logo

    Newel K. Whitney added an asterisk here, which corresponds to an endorsement written on the second page, which reads:"1 Bbll was Summer oil."  

  7. 6

    The highest grade of whale oil, refined so as to remain liquid during the cold winter months. (Holmes, Arctic Whaleman, 288.)  

    Holmes, Lewis. The Arctic Whaleman; or, Winter in the Arctic Ocean: Being a Narrative of the Wreck of the Whale Ship Citizen of New Bedford, in the Arctic Ocean. . . . Boston: Wentworth and Co., 1857.

  8. 7

    Another name for olive oil. (Child, Family Nurse, 88.)  

    Child, Mrs. The Family Nurse; or Companion of the Frugal Housewife. Boston: Charles J. Hendee, 1837.

  9. 8

    A type of wood used for dyeing. (Pope, Import and Export Guide, 45; Leslie, House Book, 100.)  

    Pope, Charles. The Merchant, Ship-Owner, and Ship-Master’s Import and Export Guide; Comprising Every Species of Authentic Information Relative to Shipping, Navigation, and Commerce. . . . 13th ed. London: C. Baldwin, 1831.

    Leslie, Miss. The House Book: Or, a Manual of Domestic Economy. Philadelphia: Carey and Hart, 1840.

  10. 9

    A small cask or barrel, varying in size but usually containing less than ten gallons. (“Keg,” in American Dictionary [1828]; “Keg,” in Oxford English Dictionary, 5: 667.)  

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

    The Oxford English Dictionary. Edited by James A. H. Murray, Henry Bradley, W. A. Craigie, and C. T. Onions. 12 vols. 1933. Reprint, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.

  11. 10

    Used in making inks and pigments. (“Copperas,” in American Dictionary [1828].)  

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

  12. 11

    A fine starch made from higher-quality flour than usual starch. (“Starch,” in Eaton, Cook and Housekeeper’s Complete and Universal Dictionary, 397.)  

    Eaton, Mary. The Cook and Housekeeper’s Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in All Its Various Branches, Adapted to the Use of Private Families. . . . Bungay, England: J. and R. Childs, 1823.

  13. 12

    Aromatic tree bark, similar to cinnamon. (“Cassia,” in American Dictionary [1828].)  

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

  14. 13

    Cow bladders were sometimes used to store and ship tobacco snuff. (Minutes of the Evidence, 24; History of the Rise and Progress of the Arts, 1:165.)  

    Minutes of the Evidence Taken Before a Committee of the House of Commons, Being a Committee of the Whole House, to Whom the Bill for Repealing the Duties on Tobacco and Snuff, and for Granting New Duties in Lieu Thereof; Was Committed. London: 1789.

    Dunlap, William. History of the Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in the United States. 2 vols. New York: George P. Scott and Co., 1834.

  15. 14

    “A close vessel for containing liquors, formed by staves, heading and hoops. This is a general term comprehending the pipe, hogshead, butt, barrel, etc.” (“Cask,” in American Dictionary [1828].)  

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

  16. 15

    A cask which varied in size but was usually between forty and forty-two gallons. (“Tierce,” in American Dictionary [1828]; “Tierce,” in Oxford English Dictionary, 11:18.)  

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

    The Oxford English Dictionary. Edited by James A. H. Murray, Henry Bradley, W. A. Craigie, and C. T. Onions. 12 vols. 1933. Reprint, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.

  17. 16

    “Swan Gin” was a brand of imported gin distilled by J. J. Meders in Amsterdam. (Souvenir of New York’s Liquor Interests, 82.)  

    A Souvenir of New York’s Liquor Interests. New York: American Publishing and Engraving Co., 1893.

  18. 17

    The cost associated with transporting goods, which were originally transported by cart. (“Cartage,” in American Dictionary [1828].)  

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

  19. new scribe logo

    Docket in handwriting of Marcellus Cowdery.  

  20. new scribe logo

    Endorsement in handwriting of Newel K. Whitney.