Revelation, 23 February 1831 [D&C 42:74–93]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

February 23d 1831 the
How the of the are to act upon the points of the Law given by Jesus Christ to the Church in the presents of twelve Elders February 9th 1831 as agreed upon by Seven Elders Elders Feby 23d 1831 according to to the commandment of God——
1th The first in the law teaches that all the Elders shall go unto the regions westward and labour to build up Churches unto Christ wheresoever they shall <​find​> any to receive them and obey the Gospel of Jesus Christ except Joseph & and and Such as the Shall appoint to assist him in his duties according to the Law which we have received this commandment as far as it respects these Elders to be sent to the west is a special one for the time being incumbent on the present Elders who shall return when directed by the ——
2d Every person who belongeth to this church of Christ Shall observe all the Commandments [p. [6]] and of the and it shall come to pass that if any person among you shall kill they shall be delivered up and dealt with according to the Laws of the land for remember that he hath no forgiveness and it shall be proven according to the Laws of the land but if any man shall commit Adultery he Shall be tried before two of the Church or more and every word shall be established against him by two witnesses of the Church and not of the world but if there are more than two witnesses it is better but he shall be condemned by the mouth of two witnesses and the Elders shall lay the case before the Church and the Church shall lift up their hands against them that they may be dealt dealt with according to <​the​> Law and if it can be it is necessary that the is present also and thus ye shall do in all cases which shall come before you and if an man shall rob he shall be delivered up unto the Law and if he shall steal he shall be delivered up unto the Law and if he lie he shall be delivered up unto the Law if he do any manner of iniquity he shall be delivered up unto the Law even that of God and if thy Brother offend thee, thou shalt take him between him and thee alone and if he confess thou shalt be reconciled and if he confess not thou shalt take another with thee and then if he confess not thou Shalt deliver him up unto the Church not to the members but to the Elders and it shall be done in a meeting and that not before the world and if thy Brother offend many he shall be chastened before many and if any one offend openly he shall be rebuked openly that he may be ashamed and if he confess not he Shall be delivered up unto the law, if any shall offend in secret he shall be rebuked in Secret the <​that he​> may have oportunity to confess in Secret to him whome he [p. [7]] he has offended and to God that the Brethren may not speak reproachfully of him and thus shall ye conduct in all things——
How to act in cases of adultery
Behold verily I say unto you whatsoever person among you having put away their companion for the cause of fornication or in otherwords if he shall testify before you in all Lowliness of heart that this is the case ye shall not cast them out from among you but if ye shall find that any person hath left their companion for the sake of adultery and they themselves are the offender and their companions are living they shall be cast out out from among you and again I say unto you that ye be watchful and careful with all inquiry that ye receive none such among you if they are married and if they are not married they shall repent of all their sins or ye shall not receive them—— [p. [8]]


  1. 1

    This paragraph and the one that follows are not found in any other early copy of this revelation. This introductory paragraph acknowledges the role church elders played on this date in helping JS define procedures for implementing the “points of the Law” dictated on 9 February. The elders acted in response to two previous revelations, one instructing them to “assemble yourselves to gether to agree upon my word,” and the other enjoining, “I give unto you a commandment that when ye are assembled yourselves together ye shall note with a Pen how to act . . . upon the points of my law . . . & thus it shall become a law unto you.” (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72]; Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831 [D&C 41:2]; Revelation, Feb. 1831–A [D&C 43:8–9].)  

  2. 2

    Compare to the first part of Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–10].  

  3. 3

    For earlier disciplinary guidelines, see Articles and Covenants, ca. Apr. 1830 [D&C 20:80].  

  4. 4

    See Matthew 18:15–17.  

  5. 5

    See 1 Timothy 5:20.  

  6. 6

    The copy in Revelation Book 1 and the copy in Orson Hyde’s handwriting also include this heading but commence with the words “A commandment.” In Revelation Book 1, this paragraph appears on a separate slip of paper attached to page 67, at the conclusion of the 9 February revelation. On the paper’s obverse is written, “Feb. 23. 1831 Kirtland.” The version in Revelation Book 2 carries no descriptive heading, just “February 23d 1831.” (Revelation Book 1, p. 67; Hyde and Smith, Notebook, [21]; Revelation Book 2, pp. 117–118.)  

    Hyde, Orson, and Samuel Smith. Notebook of Revelations and Missionary Memoranda, ca. Oct. 1831–ca. Jan. 1832. Revelations Collection, 1831–ca. 1844, 1847, 1861, ca. 1876. CHL. MS 4583, box 1, fd. 2.

  7. 7

    See Matthew 5:32; 19:9; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 481 [3 Nephi 12:31–32].