Revelation, 6 April 1830 [D&C 21]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

17th. AD 1829
A Revelation to Joseph the by way of commandment to the given at Seneca County State of New York
Behold there Shall a Record be kept among you & in it thou shalt be called a seer & Translater & Prop[h]et an of Jesus Christ an of the Church through the will of God the Father & the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ being inspired of the Holy Ghost to lay the foundation thereof & to build it up unto the most holy faith which Church was Organized & established in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight Hundred & Thirty in the forth Month on the Sixth day of the month which is called April Wherefore meaning the Church thou shalt give heed unto all his words & commandments which he ghall [shall] give unto you as he receiveth them wa[l]king in all holyness before me for his word ye shall receive as if from mine own mouth in all Patience & faith for by doing these things the gaits of Hell shall not prevail against you yea & the Lord God will disperse the Powers of darkness from before you & cause the Heavens to shake for your Good & his names glory for thus saith the Lord God him have I inspired to move the cause of in Mighty power for good & his dilligence I know & his prayers I have heard yea his weeping for Zion I have seen & I will cause that [p. 28] He shall mourn for her no longer for his days of rejoicing are come unto the remission of his Sins & the manifestations of my blessings upon his works for behold I will bless all those who Labour in my Vinyard with a mighty blessing & they shall believe on his words which are given him through me by the comforter which manifesteth that Jesus was Crusified by the Sins of the world for the remision of sins unto the contrite heart Wherefore it behooveth me that he should be by you mine this being an unto you that ye are an under his hand unto you that thou mightest be an Elder unto this bearing my name & the first Preacher of this Church unto the Church & before the world yea before the yea before & thus saith the Lord God Lo. Lo. to the Jews also Amen— [p. 29]


  1. 1

    Oliver Cowdery later crossed out “1829” and inserted “Ap[r]il 1830.” Still later, John Whitmer inserted “6” to make the date “Ap[r]il 6 1830.”  

  2. 2

    For an extended treatment of this injunction, see “Joseph Smith and His Papers;” see also Revelation, ca. 8 Mar. 1831–B [D&C 47].  

  3. 3

    See 1 Samuel 9:9; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 172–173, 216 [Mosiah 8:13; 28:13–16].  

  4. 4

    In the Book of Mormon, Jesus’s twelve disciples “were called the Elders of the church.” (Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 575 [Moroni 3:1].)  

    The Book of Mormon: An Account Written by the Hand of Mormon, upon Plates Taken from the Plates of Nephi. Palmyra, NY: E. B. Grandin, 1830.

  5. 5

    Cowdery was one of two presiding elders in the new Church of Christ, second in authority to JS. JS and Cowdery used the titles “first Elder” and “second Elder,” respectively, in signing ministerial licenses. (See License for John Whitmer, License for Joseph Smith Sr., License for Christian Whitmer, 9 June 1830.)  

  6. 6

    According to JS’s history, Oliver Cowdery had already been ordained an elder of the church by the time JS dictated this revelation. (JS History, vol. A-1, 37.)  

  7. 7

    On Sunday, 11 April 1830, at Fayette, “Oliver Cowdery preached the first public discourse, that was delivered by any of our number. . . . Large numbers of people attended” and Cowdery baptized several people. The baptisms took place in Seneca Lake near the Whitmer farm. (See JS History, vol. A-1, 39.)