JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. C-1, created 24 Feb. 1845–3 July 1845; handwriting of , , Jonathan Grimshaw, and ; 512 pages, plus 24 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the third volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This third volume covers the period from 2 Nov. 1838 to 31 July 1842; the remaining five volumes, labeled A-1, B-1, D-1, E-1 and F-1, continue through 8 Aug. 1844.
This document, “History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842],” is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church” (in The Joseph Smith Papers the “Manuscript History” bears the editorial title “History, 1838–1856”). The completed six-volume collection covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “’s forces” at , Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop at , Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative was completed by 3 May 1845, although some additional work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date as a supplementary document and appear in this collection as “History, 1838-1856, volume C-1 Addenda.” Compilers and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, Richards maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. , , , and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period covered by this text include the Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in by the and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to ; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch ; the establishment of the city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo ; the expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.
<January 6> Caldwell County, Missouri in the yard of , and gave orders to their Waiters to pitch their Marquees in his yard, and to take of his wood for fire— I also saw Captain with his men come near my dwelling, and did pitch their Camp, and took my house logs, without my leave and did burn them— I also saw him with the horse of Joseph Smith Junr. in his possession— John Lawry—” Sworn before J.P.
“To whom it may Concern. This is to certify that on the day following [HC 4:56] on which the troops arrived at , that two men of said troops came to my house, broke open my trunk, and took therefrom both money and clothing, and also a number of papers among which were deeds and notes; and also a number of cooking utensils; and in consequence of the cruel and inhuman treatment which I and others have received from those troops, we are reduced to a state of almost absolute starvation, and and myself are appointed as a Committee to go out and beg corn and meal or any thing we may obtain, that can render them assistance or relieve them in their suffering condition. Jedediah Owen” Sworn before J.P.
“I removed my family from the State of to Missouri in the year 1835, where I lived in peace with the people on my own land, Eighteen months or more when the people began to be excited in consequence of the Emigration of our people to that ; the excitement became so great, that I was obliged to sell my place at half price, and removed to the County of , where I purchased me a farm, settled my family and made a good improvement, and was in a good situation to support my family, and there lived in peace with the people until the Summer and fall of 1838, when the mobs began to arise, and we were obliged to fly to arms in self defence, but notwithstanding our exertion, they murdered and massacred many of our people, we applied to the — for assistance, and his reply to us was, “if you have got into a scrape with the mob, you must fight it out yourselves, for I cannot help you”, the mob still increased, until I was obliged to move my family to , and there remained surrounded with mobs of murderers, until arrived with his army, with the ’s exterminating order, then we were all taken prisoners; our arms taken away, they then treated us with all the Cruelty, they were masters of, and took possession of whatever they pleased, burnt timber, and laid waste Town and Country I heard say, that he would execute the ’s order, but notwithstanding I will vary so much as to give some lenity, for the removal of this people, and you must leave the immediately— for you need not expect to raise another crop here, what were not taken to prison, were permitted to return to their homes to make preparations to leave the , finding I had no safety for myself and family in , I fled to for safety—