JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. C-1, created 24 Feb. 1845–3 July 1845; handwriting of , , Jonathan Grimshaw, and ; 512 pages, plus 24 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the third volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This third volume covers the period from 2 Nov. 1838 to 31 July 1842; the remaining five volumes, labeled A-1, B-1, D-1, E-1 and F-1, continue through 8 Aug. 1844.
This document, “History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842],” is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church” (in The Joseph Smith Papers the “Manuscript History” bears the editorial title “History, 1838–1856”). The completed six-volume collection covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “’s forces” at , Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop at , Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative was completed by 3 May 1845, although some additional work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date as a supplementary document and appear in this collection as “History, 1838-1856, volume C-1 Addenda.” Compilers and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, Richards maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. , , , and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period covered by this text include the Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in by the and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to ; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch ; the establishment of the city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo ; the expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.
<March 4> justified in enquiring into the truth or falsehood of the facts charged in the petition. If they are true, the Petitioners must seek relief in the Courts of Judicature of the State of , or of the , which has the appropriate jurisdiction to administer full and adequate redress for the wrongs complained of, and doubtless will do so fairly and impartially; [HC 4:91] or the petitioners may, if they see proper, apply to the justice and magnanimity of the State of — an appeal which the Committee feel justified in believing will never be made in vain by the injured or oppressed. It can never be presumed that a State either wants the power, or lacks the disposition to redress the wrongs of its own Citizens, committed within her own territory, whether they proceed from the lawless acts of her officers or any other persons. The Committee therefore report that they recommend the passage of the following Resolution.
Resolved that the Committee on the Judiciary be discharged from the further consideration of the Memorial in this Case; and that the Memorial<ists> have leave to withdraw the papers which accompany their memorial.” [HC 4:92]
“ I.T. March the 5th. 1840 I do hereby certify that the following scenes transpired in the State of to my personal knowledge, first in the year 1838, some time in the fall, I was called on by the Martial law of the State of to aid and assist to rescue women and children from the hands of a Mob, from the Waters of , whose husbands and fathers had been driven off, we found the house invested by the Mob, some of whom, were in the house threatning the lives of the women and children, if they did not leave their property and effects immediately and follow their husbands and fathers; one family lost a [HC 4:60] child while in this situation, for the want of care, the women being compelled by these Monsters to provide and cook them food, this company of mob was commanded by James Weldin.
I also saw about seventy families driven from by a Mob commanded by , I helped to bury one woman the first night, who had been confined in Child bed a night or two before, and could not endure the sufferings. The next scene I saw, I was peaceably travelling the road, a man by the name of was shot dead at my feet, we advanced a little further when two men were killed and several wounded. I afterwards learned that this Gang of Mobbers was commanded by . in consequence of being pursued out of the , by this lawless mob. I was not an eye witness to the many thousand wicked acts committed by the Governor’s exterminating Militia— ”— Sworn to, before J.P.