JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. C-1, created 24 Feb. 1845–3 July 1845; handwriting of , , Jonathan Grimshaw, and ; 512 pages, plus 24 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the third volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This third volume covers the period from 2 Nov. 1838 to 31 July 1842; the remaining five volumes, labeled A-1, B-1, D-1, E-1 and F-1, continue through 8 Aug. 1844.
This document, “History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842],” is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church” (in The Joseph Smith Papers the “Manuscript History” bears the editorial title “History, 1838–1856”). The completed six-volume collection covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “’s forces” at , Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop at , Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative was completed by 3 May 1845, although some additional work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date as a supplementary document and appear in this collection as “History, 1838-1856, volume C-1 Addenda.” Compilers and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, Richards maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. , , , and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period covered by this text include the Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in by the and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to ; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch ; the establishment of the city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo ; the expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.
<December 200,000 appropriated> Some time during this [HC 3:243] Session the Legislature appropriated two hundred thousand dollars, to pay the troops for driving the Saints out of the — Many of the Journals tried to hide the iniquity of the , by throwing a covering of lies over her atrocious deeds. But can they hide the ’s cruel order for banishment or extermination? Can they conceal the facts of the disgraceful treaty of the Generals, with their own Officers and men at the City of ? Can they conceal the fact that twelve or fifteen thousand men, women, and children, have been banished from the without trial or condemnation; And this at an expense of two hundred thousand dollars, and this Sum— appropriated by the State Legislature, in order to pay the troops for this act of lawless outrage? Can they conceal the fact that we have been imprisoned for many months, while our families, friends and witnesses have been driven away? Can they conceal the blood of the murdered husbands and fathers; or stifle the cries of the Widow and the fatherless? Nay! The rocks and mountains may cover them in unknown depths— the awful abyss of the fathomless deep may swallow them up— and still their horrid deeds will stand forth in the broad light of day, for the wondering gaze of angels and of men! They cannot be hid.
Some time in December and were appointed by the Brethren in to visit us at , as often as circumstances would permit, or occasion required, which they faithfully performed.
We were some times visited by our friends whose kindness and attention I shall ever remember with feelings of lively gratitude, but frequently we were not suffered to have that privilege. Our victuals were of the coarsest kind, and served up in <a> manner which was disgusting. Thus in a land of Liberty, in the Town of , Clay County Missouri I and my fellow prisoners, in chains, dungeons, and saw the close of 1838. [HC 3:244]
<January 1> Tuesday January 1. 1839 dawned upon us, as prisoners of hope, but not as Sons of Liberty, O Columbia! Columbia! How art thou fallen “The land of the free, the home of the brave,” “The asylum of the oppressed” oppressing thy noblest Sons, in a loathsome dungeon without any provocation, only that they have claimed to worship the God of their Fathers according to his own word and the dictates of their own consciences— Elder and his companions in tribulation were still held in bondage in their doleful prison in
<7. Anson Call assaulted> Monday 7. Anson Call returned to his farm on the to see if he could secure any of the property he had left in his flight to , and was there met by the mob and beat with a hoop pole about his limbs, body, and head, the man that used the pole about his person, was George W. O. Neal— with much difficulty he returned to , with his person [p. 877]