Parley P. Pratt et al., “‘The Mormons’ So Called,” 12 December 1833
, , and , “‘The Mormons’ So Called,” 12 Dec. 1833, The Evening and the Morning Star, extra, Feb. 1834, two pages.
Community violence against Mormon settlers in , Missouri, escalated on 20 July 1833. In , the brick home of was torn down and the church’s printing press was thrown out of a second-story window. That month’s issue of the church newspaper The Evening and the Morning Star was the last published in , and the collection of revelations known as the Book of Commandments, then being printed, would never be completed.By September 1833 the church moved to reestablish a press in the charge of —this time located at its other center at , Ohio. Among the first items published there was a February 1834 broadsheet titled “‘The Mormons’ So Called,” which apparently reprinted an earlier published account of the “outrages.” The earlier text was a December 1833 handbill probably printed in , Missouri, at the shop of the Upper Missouri Enquirer—possibly, and if so, ironically, on ’s press acquired by the Enquirer after the 20 July riot. The broadsheet, printed as an “Extra” to the Kirtland-based The Evening and the Morning Star, included some additional editorial comments from Oliver Cowdery as editor. (Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:42.)“‘The Mormons’ So Called” presented a detailed account of the eruption of conflict and violence in beginning in 1832, which culminated in the Saints’ agreement to leave the county by April 1834, with most fleeing to neighboring . The account was signed by three prominent Mormon Missouri leaders, , , and . Pratt, who may have been the author of the document, drew upon its content for his 1839 publication, History of the Late Persecution, which in turn formed the basis for his 1840 expansion, Late Persecution of the Church of Jesus Christ, of Latter Day Saints.The original December 1833 handbill is no longer extant. The document featured here is the February 1834 broadsheet “Extra” to The Evening and the Morning Star, which includes ’s editorial additions.