Revelation, [, OH], 20 May 1831. Featured version, titled “54 Commandment,” copied [between ca. May and June 1831] in Revelation Book 1, pp. 86–87; handwriting of ; CHL. Includes redactions. For more complete source information, see the source note for Revelation Book 1.
After revelations in late December 1830 and early January 1831 instructed all church members in to move to , believers “made preperations to Journey to the Ohio, with their wives, and children and all that they possessed, to obey the of the Lord.” The group of sixty or more members residing in and around in Broome and Chenango counties, New York, constituted one of three groups that emigrated from New York to Ohio. Under the leadership of , they left their homes in mid-April 1831; their monthlong journey included a delay in , New York, for more than a week because of ice in the harbor. Once vessels were again able to navigate, the group sailed for , Ohio, and arrived in the area in mid-May.
later wrote that upon their arrival “it was advised that the Branch remain together and go to [a] neigboring town called as a man by the name owned a considerabl tract of land there which he offered to let the Brethren occuppy.” An earlier revelation had directed newly appointed to institute new economic arrangements among church members, who were each to consecrate property to the church and in turn be appointed steward either over the property thus consecrated or over other property distributed by the bishop. The revelation presented here gave specific directions to Partridge about how he should implement the of properties and money in Thompson among the newly arrived Colesville members. Although Copley apparently offered to allow church members to live on his land in exchange for making improvements upon it, he may have lacked clear title, a possibility suggested by the language in this revelation that instructed Partridge to “go & obtain a deed or Article of this land.” ’s later history affirmed that one of JS’s revelations gave instruction “to purchase a thousand acres of Land which was Claimed By Leman Copley and not paid for.”
There was little opportunity to do as this revelation directed because soon rescinded his agreement to permit the group to live and work on his land. This occurred after Copley’s early May mission to the Shaker settlement at North Union, Ohio, and sometime before 6 June 1831. Neither nor the Colesville church members would have another opportunity to implement the principles of consecration expressed in this and other revelations until they arrived in .
Porter, Larry C. A Study of the Origins of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the States of New York and Pennsylvania, 1816–1831. Dissertations in Latter-day Saint History. Provo, UT: Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Latter-day Saint History; BYU Studies, 2000.
After his arrival in Missouri in July 1831, Partridge received similar instructions to “stand in the office which I have appointed him, to divide the saints their inheritance, even as I have commanded.” (Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:7].)
which is more then is needful for the want of this People be kept in the hands of the & let him also reserve unto himself for his own wants & for the wants of his family as he shall be employed in doing this Business & thus I grant unto this People a privelige of organizeing themselves according to my & I unto them this land for a little season untill I the Lord shall provide for them otherwise & command them to go hence & the hour & the day is not given unto them wherefore let them act upon this land as for years & this shall turn unto them for their good Behold this shall be an example unto my Servent in other places in all & whoso is found a faithful & Just & a wise shall enter into the Joy of his lord & shall inherit eternal life verily I say unto you I am Jesus Christ who cometh quickly in an hour you think not even so Amen [p. 87]
A revelation in March 1831 informed church members that the gathering to Ohio was temporary and that “in time ye may be enabled to purchase lands for an inheritance (even the City).” The anticipated “City,” the New Jerusalem, was to be built, according to a September 1830 revelation, somewhere “among the Lamanites,” but in May 1831 the precise location was still unknown. (Revelation, 10 Mar. 1831 [D&C 48:4]; Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28:9].)