Revised Plan of the , [, Geauga Co., OH], ca. 10 Aug.–ca. 4 Sept. 1833; text in handwriting of and ; drawings in handwriting of ; four pages; CHL.
Two large leaves with drawings and writing on both sides of each leaf. The first leaf measures 26⅞ × 18⅞ inches (68 × 48 cm). The drawing on the recto of the first leaf measures 25½ × 8⅜ inches (65 × 21 cm) and is drawn with ink and watercolor. On the verso of the first leaf is a large drawing of a floor plan, which measures 24⅜ × 15¼ inches (62 × 39 cm) and is drawn with graphite, ink, and orange, or yellow, watercolor, which denotes pulpits. Much of the left edge of the recto of this first sheet is torn, obscuring some of the written text. The second leaf measures 15⅜ × 20⅜ inches (39 × 51 cm) and has one drawing on the recto and one on the verso. The drawing on the recto is of the east end of the building’s exterior, measures 13¾ × 16⅜ inches (35 × 42 cm), and is drawn with graphite, black ink, and green and orange or red watercolor. The drawing on the verso is of the west end of the building’s exterior. It is drawn with graphite and measures 11½ × 16⅜ inches (29 × 42 cm). When this document was donated to the LDS church and by whom is unknown.
In late June 1833, JS and the other members of the sent a package containing the first iteration of the plat of the and the architectural plan for the , or temple, to church leaders in , Missouri. On the revised plan, featured here, scribe noted that the original city plat and plan for the House of the Lord (referred to herein as the “June plan”) were “incorrect in some respects; being drawn in grate haste” and that the presidency of the high priesthood had therefore created revised drawings of the plat and plan, “which are correct.” How the presidency determined that the June plan was incorrect is not known. It is possible that work on the in , Ohio, which commenced in early June, informed some of these revisions. More likely, the presidency reviewed the June plan and determined that clarifications and corrections were necessary. Though they may have begun drafting this revised plan soon after they sent the originals, the document was not finalized until after 9 August 1833, when Cowdery arrived in Kirtland from Missouri.
These revised drawings for the first meant to be built in occupy both sides of two sheets of paper. On the front of one sheet is a drawing of the “Side View” of the House of the Lord, along with ’s explanations for the new patterns. On the verso of the sheet is the interior floor plan with dimensions for elements such as the pews, doors, and vestibules. The other sheet contains a detailed “Eend View East” of the exterior on one side and a simple pencil outline of the unfinished “West End View” on the other.
Though drew each of these views in both the June plan and this revised pattern, two of the three exterior views are more elaborately detailed in the revised plan than they are in the original pencil-line drawings of the June plan. The revised plans, however, altered few of the building’s internal arrangements. The details of the pulpits and pews, for instance, remained virtually the same. This plan added ten feet to the building’s length (ninety-seven feet instead of eighty-seven), though it added no height. It also provided a few new dimensions that were not specified in the June plan, including the width of the aisles between the pulpits and the size of the inner doors. The revision further called for nine windows along the sides of the building instead of five and specified the number of glass panes, or “lights,” that should be in each window. Aside from these and other minor corrections (identified in footnotes in the following transcript), the revised plan closely resembles the first iteration composed in June.
At the time this revised plan was drafted, church members in had just experienced a wave of violence that forced them to agree to leave , the center place of . In mid-August, about the time that this revised plan was finalized, JS still believed that “the day will come that Zion will be keept for our sakes therefore be of good cheer and the cloud shall pass over and the sun shall shine as clear and as fair as heaven itself and the Event shall be Glorious.” The presidency thus once again directed church leaders in Missouri to commence building the in Jackson County despite the threats they faced. The revised city plat and modified temple design were sent to Missouri by special messengers and , who arrived in Jackson County in late September 1833. However, because church members were expelled from the county in early November 1833, the plans to build the temple in Jackson County were never realized.
The following transcription presents ’s explanation for the plan first and ’s drawings of the interior and exterior second. For the plan of the interior, the transcript divides the drawing into nine rectangular sections. These nine sections were not numbered originally but are numbered here for the reader’s convenience. The images of the interior plan are all oriented so that the north end of the building is at the top, as in the original document.
This for the is to be built first in ; and is to be 97 feet long, and 61 feet wide within the walls, and divided [a]nd arranged in the following manner, viz: No. 1 is to represent a pul[pi]t for the President of the ; No. 2. Do. for and his counsellors; No. 2. D[itt]o [for] the ; No. 3. Do. for the , and No 4. Do. for [the] . These seats are to occupy 9 by 14 feet, and are elevated as follows, [v]iz the first, or No 4. one foot; the next, or No. 3. 2 feet, the next, or No. 2 3. feet the next, or No. 1. 4 feet. The three highest are to have each three Coves or stands for their respective speakers. The seats on each side are to be occupied by visiting brethren of the same grade of office, occupying 6 by 14 feet, and elevated as follows, viz: The first, or No. 4. are to be raised 8 inches, the second, or [No.] 3. 16 inches; the third, or No. 2. 24 inches; the third <fourth> or No. 4 1. 32. inches. No.s 5, 6, 7, & 8, in [t]he east end of the inner court represent pulpits to be oocupied by the , as follows, viz: No. 5. by the ; No. 6. by the ; No. 7 by the , and No. 8 by the . The side seats to be occupied by visiting of[fi]cers of the same grade. The pulpits in the east are to be built after the [sam]e form, and elevated in the same manner as those in the west, all e off with pannel work in the best workmanlike manner. No. 9 represents five seats containing 12 by 14 feet, in each corner of the house, to be occupied by singers, constructed so as to face the respective pulpits, and elevated as follows, viz: The seat nearest the pulpit is to raise rise 6 inches, the next 12 inches, and so on to the last, one rising 6 inches higher than the other. No. 10 represents two rows of pews, one on each side of the house containing 45 by 14 feet, and divided into [f]ourteen rows <of seats> each. No. 11 represents two tiers of pews, contain[in]g 25 by 12½ feet each, and each tier divided into fourteen seats each. N[o.] 12 represents four Aisles, occupying 9 by 14 feet. There may be two in each aisle, the length of it, that is, 14 feet, one facing west, and the [other] east. No. 13 represents four fire-places. The chimneys should be con[structe]d in the walls. No. 14 represents two aisles four feet wide, run[ning the] whole length of the inner court from east to west. No. 15 [represent]s four aisles two feet wide between the pulpits. No. 16 represents [two ve]stries for depositing the sacred furniture of the . [No. 17 re]presents stairways and stairs. No. 18 represents four inch [spac]es marked between the pews, for the purpose of dropping [a curt]ain or vail, which is to hang in the upper wall, or arch to be [dropped d]own at pleasure, and divide the house in <to> four parts if [nece]ssary, the vails crossing at right angles as marked on plan. No. 19 represents a swing table 2½ feet wide to be raised [or] let down at pleasure. This table is to hold the . [N]o. 20 represents two seats, one to face each pulpit.
Note 1. Observe, that as there are pulpits in each end of the house, to avoid the necessity of the backs of the congregation being towards the [s]peaker at any time, the must be finished with pews in[s]tead of slips. The seats in the pews must be so constructed that [th]ey can be slipped, or moved from one side of the pew to the other [a]t pleasure, and then the congregation can without trouble change their position at any time, and always face the speaker.
Note 2. The pulpit in the west end of the house is to have vails, so that they may [be] shut out from the view of the congregation whenever necessary: That is, a vail will hang between the President of the high priest hood and his counsellors, and the bishop; between the bishop and his counsellors, and the high priests; between the high priests and elders; between the elders and the congregation, that is, four vails. N.B. The pulpits in the east are to be furnished with vails in the same manner.
Note 3. The stairs are to commence from the outer doors, that is, firstly a broad step, and another at the angle as you ascend. N.B. The two doors leading into the inner court are to be double pannel, two feet each, opening four feet, the whole wedth of the aisles.
Note 4. The upper story is to be finished after the same form of the lower one, and each story must be at least fifteen feet between the floors.
Note 5. There must be hooks and rings to suspend the vails, or curtains with, so that they can be raised or let down at pleasure. N.B. Each room is to be finished with an eliptic arch.
Explanation of the Side View.
This view represents nine forty eight light windows above and below, of 7 by 9 glass. The east window below, opposite the vestry, is to be blind. [T]he sils and lintels are to be hewn stone. The lintels are to extend each [w]ay a few inches, as represented on the plan. Gothics tops are to set over each window upon the lintels as represented on the plan. Raise the windows a propper distance from the foundations, according to judgment.
The foundation is to be rough stone a sufficient highth, and then four rows of hewn stone as represented on the plan; the remainder of the walls of brick of the best kind. Raise the ground round the as high as the rough wall. And when all the houses are built upon the squares, the ground will raise rise at an equal distance from each.
Explanation of the End View. East.
This represents five windows, and two doors. Four of the windows of same as those in the side. The middle window is to contain 60 [lig]hts of glass besides the side lights, and the top. The doors are [to] be double pannel, each door to be 2½ feet wide, and to clear five feet when open. There are to be side lights as represented, and also gothic tops. The middle window is to be so set that the light will reflect above and below, as represented on the plan, where the line is drawn from side to side. The gable end is to be finished with a fan light as represented on the plan. N.B. Take the pitch of the roof from the draft.
Note 1. The east doors are to open opposite the 4 feet aisles.
Note 2. There is to be a window as large as necessary, directly over the east pulp[i]t, to convey the light from the outer court through to the inner court.
Note 3. There will be no petition in the upper story, there will be a rail[i]ng over the lower petition far enough east to give room for a sufficient aisle. The east seats in the pulpits east will need a back work sufficiently high to rest the back.
Explanation of the End View West.
This represents nine windows; eight of them the same form & size of the side windows, and the middle one like the middle window in the east end. N.B. There being an error in putting the upper windows too low, it was thought needless to finish the plan; you will therefore put the four common windows above, the proper height. Also a fan light in the gable end.
It will be nesessary to have fourteen pillars for to support the building. Commence these pillars with rough stone as low in the surface as the rough foundation. These pillars are to be reared within the foundation walls. Wood will answer above the first & second floors; but they must stand directly over each other: That is, the pillars upon the first floor, must stand over, or upon those beneath, and so with these those in the upper story.
☞Remarks.— Those patterns previously sent you, per mail, by our brethren, were incorrect in some respects; being drawn in grate haste. They have therefore drawn these, which are correct. The form of the city was also incorrect, being drawn in haste. also We send you annother. I have found since my arrival, that our brethren here, have spared no pains nor labor to assist us in in all things, as fast as they had understanding communicated to them. They have withheld no revelations, nor precious knowledge of any kind; neither have they failed, [i]n the recption of our letters containing questions, to answer them immediately. I have every reason to believe, that we have often lost valuable information. In short, I may say, that our brethren here have always had the warmest feelings of friendship and esteem for us, and as deep an interest for the cause of as ourselves; and even now, they pray for her deliverance unceasingly, and manifest a love for her inhabitants, stronger than death! And although it is manifest, that it is wisdom for me to tarry in this land for a season, yet I can say in truth, that my affections, my heart, and my all are in — I love her trees— I love her springs— I love her rivers— I love her pearling streams— I love her beautiful and soul-charming landscapes, and rolling prairies— I love her dust— I love her inhabitants, and nothing but their salvation and to do the will of our Lord, would persuade me to take my life in my hand, and travel amid death and destruction alone a long and lonesome journey. And O, my everlasting father, gra[n]t in th[e] name of Jesus, that I may meet you again on that holy mountain— O that he would deliver her from her enemies— O that the day of her salvation was now come— And O that I with you may yet see her wastes exalted, her ruined places built up, her towers reach to heaven, her streets paved with gold, and finally she purified and sanctified, and bourn triumphant to the bosom of the Father through Christ Jesus our Lord, Amen. God bless you brethren in Christ, is the prayer of your unworthy brother,
In the June plan, the length of the building is eighty-seven feet. Both plans allocate ten feet at the east end for the vestibule, or entry foyer, where the stairway to the upper floors was to be located. This directive also clarified the original dimensions by noting the interior width, supplanting the ambiguous wording in the June plan that simply stated that the building was to be sixty-one feet wide. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)
TEXT: “[Page torn]nd”. Because of several page tears, some text is missing from this document. In such places, text has been editorially supplied. The supplied text here and in the rest of the transcription is based on syntax and common spellings.
The June plan called for this swing, or drop-leaf, table to be four feet wide, which would have allowed for only one foot between the front edge of the raised table and the beginning of the center pew section. In this revised plan, the longer building and narrower table dimensions allow for a three-and-a-half- foot space, thus facilitating distribution of the emblems of the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper. (See Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)
The June plan had clearer instructions for this feature: “Let the under part or foundation of the house be of stone let it be raised sufficiently high to admit of banking up so high as to admit of a descent every way from the house.” In addition to serving as useful drainage for rain and snow melt, the ground sloping down and away from the house might have served aesthetic purposes in that it would have hid the roughstone portion of the foundation. (Plan of the House of the Lord, between 1 and 25 June 1833.)
The horizontal line that runs through the middle of the east-end view of the building marks the location of the interior floor and is not an exterior feature. Triangular slope lines running from the top of the foundation to the ground are also visible, though Frederick G. Williams or someone else apparently tried to erase them from the plan.
The drawn specifications of the interior view on the second page show that the doors were to be five feet wide. Thus, the statement “each door to be 2½ feet wide” refers to each of the doors’ two panels.
The “outer court” refers to the ten-foot vestibule on the east end where the stairways and vestry closets were to be located. The “inner court” refers to the main assembly hall. The window mentioned here was meant to allow the light entering through the large central window in the outer east wall to pass through the vestibule and into the inner court.
The drawing for the east-end view of the House of the Lord was created with more color and detail than the drawing of the west-end view. This statement suggests that Missouri church officials were to add color and detail, similar to what appeared on the east-end sketch, to the west-end drawing.
Around the same time the explanation featured here was drafted, JS likewise prayed, “O God I ask thee in the name of Jesus of nazereth to Save all things concerning Zion and build up her wait [waste] places and restore all things O god send forth Judgement unto victory O come down and cause the moutans [mountains] to flow down at thy presance.” (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 18 Aug. 1833.)