Account with the Church of Christ, circa 11–29 August 1834

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

Joseph Smith Junr. in a/c with the
Dr. Crt.
1834 1834
April To cash received from the east by letter for the benefit of . sent from Beverley Mass. {10.00 May 8 By this amt paid to Capt for his company 14[.]00
" " " " " " " D[itt]o " do 16.00
To cash receivd from the East for the benefit of Zion 50.00 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
" cash received from for the benefit of Zion 100.00 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
" Do " " East " " " " Do. 7.00 " " " " " " " Do Salmon Warner " Do 5.00
" Do " " Dexter Stillman " " " Do. 10.00 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
" Do " " " " " Do. 5.00 " " " " " " " Do " Do 6.00
" Do " " " " " Do. 7.60 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
May 3 " Do " " " " " Do 47.00 " " " " " " " Do " Do 6.00
" " Do " " from the church at at a held in that place in April last {66.37 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " Do " Do 6.00
" To cash received of the church in by contributi[o]n 29.68 " " " " " " " Do " Do 6.00
" 8 To cash received of the brethren after they started for Zion, they all agreeing to put their moneys in to one general fund and make one purses for the whole ( " 9 " " " " " Do " " Do 2.00
" " " " " " " Do. " Do 4.00
" " " " " " " Do " " Do 12.25
the items are as follows ( " 10 " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
To cash receved of $32— 237— 34.37 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
" " " " $26— $10— 36.00 " " " " " " " Do. " Do 6.00
" " " " L L Lewis $20— Henry Shibley $35.25— 55.25 " 11 " " " " " Do " Do 7.00
" " " " L. S. Nickrson [Levi Nickerson] 1.49 3.81— 5.30 " " " " " " " Do " Do 11.00
" " " " 15.47 13.00 28.47 " 11 " " " " " Do Salmon Warner " Do 8.00
" " " " 20.00 8.60 28.60 " " " " " " " Do " Do 8.00
" " " " 8.25 Martial Hubbard 00. 8.25 " " " " " " " Do " Do 8.00
" " " " Sylvester Wilkeson .50 Wm. Cherry 7.08— . . . 7.58 " " " " " " " Do " Do 1.00
" " " " 6.31 6.00 12.31 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
" " " " Alexander Whitesides 1.88 Uriah Nickerson 5.50 7.38 " 12 " " " " " Do " " Do 6.00
" " " " 00. 14.62 14.62 " " " " " " " Do " " Do 9.00
" " " " True Gliddon 10.00 Tho’ Coulburn 12.00 22[.]00 " " " " " " " Do " Do 10.00
" " " " Alfred Fisk 00. William Carpenter 5.68—— 5.68 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
" " " " 7.36 6 cts 7.42 " " " " " " " Do " Do 10.00
" " " " 14.50 Levi Gifford— 25 cts 14.75 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.18
" " " " .75 John Brownell 7.28 8.03 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
" " " " 6.25 .50 6.75 " 14 " " " " " Do " Do 4.12½
" 15 " " " " " Do " Do 2.27
635.41 222.82½
4.50 .57 .00 5.07 May 15 " " " " " " Do Salmon Warner " " Do 8.00
.75 .75 Bradford Elliot .00 1.50 " " " " " " " " Do " " Do 8.00
Hezikiah Fisk .25 Elam Barber 6.50 Addison Green .55 7.30 " " " " " " " Do " " Do 8.00
Allen Avery 4 cts James Thompson .37 Lewis Robins 5.00 5.41 " " " " " " " Do " " Do 8.00
15.50 Reuben Champlin 5.73 16.00 37.23 ["] " " " " " " Do " Do 8.00
Seth Hitchcock 4.00 Peter Dopp 7.87 3.75 15.62 ["] " " " " " " Do Do 8.00
.44 Hiram Stratan [Stratton] .00 .00 .44 " " " " " " " Do " " Do 5.00
Nathaniel Childs 2.00 John Miller 3.17 6 [cts] 5.23 " " " " " " " Do " " Do 10.00
14.00 10.79 24[.]79 " " " " " " " Do " Do 6[.]00
.00 Darwin Richarson 18.11 Edmund Fisher 7.20 25.31 " 16 " " " " " Do " " Do 8.00
1.00 William Jessaph .18 2.19 3.37 " 17 " " " " " Do " Do 8.00
Horace Cowin .50 Horace Evans 2.31 Elias Hutchins .00 2.81 " " " " " " " Do " Do 4.00
Benjamin Gifford .00 6.00 Stephen Childs 5.00 11.00 " 18 " " " " " Do " Do 1.50
5.00 Edmund Marvin 10 cts Alden Burdick 108 [cts] 6.18 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
Sherman Gilbert 7.71 Edward Ives 10. Saml. Kingsley 10. 27.71 " 19 " " " " " Do " Do 4.00
Joseph Allen 13.65 Amos Hodges .50 .85 15.00 " " " " " " " Do " " Do 12.00
.00 5.00 .34— 5.34 " " " " " " " Do Tho’ Hays " Do 6.00
Erastus Rudd .89 Moses Martin 8.37 10.06 19.32 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
15.00 1.08 Alonzo Winchester 4.60 20.68 " 20 " " " " " Do Do 5.00
Chandler Holbrook .00 .00 Justice [Justis] Morse .00 00.00 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
Samuel Winegar 11.00 Peter Buchanan .00 Seth Ingalls .00 11.00 " " " " " " " Do Do 7.00
Alvin Winegar 8.60 .85 Harry Brown 2.00 11.45 " 21 " " " " " Do Salmon Warner " Do 5.00
Joseph Hartshorne 13.00 3.28 .00 16.28 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.72
Joel Vaun .00 .26 John Dunkan [Duncan] 2.02— 2.28 " " " " " " " Do " " Do 7.00
4.00 2.62 Henry Wisemiller 5.00 11.62 " " " " " " " Do " Do 6.00
Henry Sherman 6.00 Jesse B Lawson 1.25 10 cts 7.35 " 22 " " " " " For Powder " " 10.00
Alden Childs 22 cts Gad Yale 1.00 17.68 18.90 " " " " " " " Capt " " " Do 10.00
.00 Salmon Warner 1.02 Saml. Baker 5[.]44 6.96 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
00 28. 2[.]06 30[.]06 " " " " " " " Do Do 5.00
Milo Andruss [Andrus] 11.85 Daniel Stephens 8.05 William Weder 2.25 22.15 " " " " " " " Do. " " Do 5.00
Asa Field 3.45 Hiram Blackman 15.92 Edson Barney 8.18 27.55 " " " " " " " Powder " " " Do 9.50
24.57 Michael G[r]iffith 9.12 33.69 " 23 " " " " " Do " " Do 5.00
Jacob Chapman 2.81 Geo. Brooks 2.50 Philip Ettleman 13.09 18.40 " " " " " " " Do " " Do 6[.]00
Thomas Hayse 3.00 Elias Wells .39 Henry Benner 23.56 26.95 " 24 " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
David Boyes 5.00 John Hastin 13— Frederick Fawney 10.75 28.75 " " " " " " " Do " " Do 10.00
Jesse Huntsman 9.37 9.00 Jacob Gates 10.12 28.49 " " " " " " " Do " Do 5.00
541.19 238.72
10.00 10.72 6.00 26[.]72 May 26 " " " " " " " " " Do 20.00
170. 18. Eber Wilcox 15.06 20.69 223.75 " 27 " " " " " " " " " " Do 5.00
Philemon Ducett .25 Libius Coon .[0]3 Nathan Tanner with his broth[er] "[.]28 " 29 " " " " " " " " " Do 5.00
.87½ , team, 6.87½ 7.75 " 30 " " " " " " " " Do 5.25
Levi Jones .00 Daniel Cathcart .00 Isaac Jones 1[.]50 1.50 " " " " " " " " " Do 5.00
Lewis Zebriski 30.87½ 15.50 Everett Griswold 1.00 47[.]37½ " " " " " " " " " " Do 10.00
Mr. North 1.00 Elam Barber 13.12 Church 40.00 54[.]12 " 31 " " " " " " " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " " Powder " Do 8.50
15. Isaac Allred 25. Jas. R Ivy 10. J. A. Ivy 10. 60.00 " " " " " " " " Percussion Do " " Do 3.37
Andrew Whitlock 5. W.S. Ivy .00 Martin C Allred .00 5.00 " " " " " " " " " Do 1.50
Isaac Allred, Samuel Brown, , Nathanl. Riggs, 0.00 " " " " " " " " Saml. Baker " Do 1.00
Thomas Tinner 5.50 1.00 for the Star 6.50 " " " " " " " " Elam Barber " " Do 2.00
Jane Clark gave fifty Dollars 50.00 " " " " " " " " Tho’ Hays " " Do 5.00
482.99½ " " " " " " " " Do 5.00
Jun 4 " " " " " " Do 5.00
1659[.]59½ May 27 " " " " " " Do 5.00
To this amt to balance a/c " " " 391.91 " " " " " " " " Do 5.00
$2051[.]50½ " " " " " " " Lewis Zebriski " Do 5.00
" 28 " " " " " Salmon Warner " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " " Do 5.28
" " " " " " " " Do 4.00
" 29 " " " " " " Do " " Do 15.00
" " " " " " " " Do 5.00
June 2 " " " " " " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " S Warner " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " " Do 5.00
["] " " " " " " Do 5.00
["] " " " " " " Do 5.00
" " " " " " Tho’ Hays " " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " " Do 20.00
" " " " " " " Do 5.00
" 3 " " " " " Do 5.00
" 4 " " " " " " " Do 10.00
" " " " " " " " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " " " Do 2.50
218.40
By amt Brot up ➳ 1070.82½ June 5 " " " " " " " " " Do 40[.]00
June 17 " " " " " Elram Miller Do 2.00 " " " " " " " " " " Do " " Do 24[.]00
" " " " " " " " Do 3.75 " 6 " " " " " " " " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " " Do 8.00 " 7 " " " " " " 1.13
" " " " " " " " Do " " Do 1.00 [" "] " " " " " " " 1.50
["] 18 " " " " " " " Do 2.00 [" "] ["] " " " " " " " 1.25
["] " " " " " " Daniel Cathcart " Do 1.00 ["] " " " " " " " " Do 10.00
["] 19 " " " " " " Do 1.00 ["] 8 " " " " " " Do 5.00
["] 21 " " " " " " Do 5.00 ["] " " " " " " " Do 7.00
["] " " this amt paid to 17 May last (omitted) Do 17.75 ["] " " " " " " Danl. Cathcart " Do 3.00
["] " " " " " " 17 May last Do Do 16.00 " " " " " " " Lewis Zebriski " Do 5.00
["] " " this amt distributed among the companies in it being the balance left of the moneys {233.70 " " " " " " " " Do 5.00
" 9 " " " " " " " 6[.]00
" " " this amt paid out for the sick " " .20 " " " " " " " " Do 10[.]00
" " " " " " 10[.]00 " " " " " " " Do 5.00
[" "] " " " " 10[.]00 " " " 1 Horse exchange and paid Do 45.00
1382.22½ " " " 1 " do " paid " Do 15.00
["] " By this amt of cash paid into the general fund 582[.]44 ["] " " " " Elam Barber " Do 2.00
["] " " " " of cash paid out to defray the expenses of the companies in marching from to Rock Creek in Mo: and also at {25.00 " 10 " " " " " " " " Do 5.00
["] " " " " " " " " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " " " " Do 30.00
" " By this amt. in ware and tare of waggons, harnesses &c. it being also a balance of an a/c with the . (See the a/c currents as voucher) {61.84 " 11 " " " " " " " " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " " " Do 5.00
" " " " " " " " Do 1.0[0]
$2051.50½ ["] " " " " " " " Do 4.00
[18]34 ["] " " [" " "] " Do 5.00
28 By balance brought down from old a/c 391[.]91 ["] 12 " " [" " "] Do 5.00
[" "] ["] " " [" "] " " Do 12[.]00
[" "] ["] " " [" "] " Do 50.00
[" "] [" " " " "] " Do " " Do 5.0[0]
[" "] [" " " " "] " " Do 2[.]00
[" "] [" " " " "] J. B. Lawson " Do 4.00
[" "] [" " " "] " " Do 5.00
[" "] [" " " "] " " Do " " " Do 20.[00]
[" "] [" " " "] " Seth Johnson " Do 2.[00]
[" "] [" " " "] " " " Do 35.[00]
[" "] amt carried up ➳ 390.88
[p. [1]]

Footnotes

  1. 1

    An 1841 manual on bookkeeping explained: “All debits are not sums owing to us, nor are all credits sums we owe; thus, some debit items are owing to us, others (Stock) are sums withdrawn by us; some (Merchandise) are sums paid, others (Cash) are sums received; and the credit items also stand for equally dissimilar facts. From which it must be evident that these terms are used arbitrarily.” This same manual states that for cash accounts, “the sum on hand at the commencement, together with every subsequent receipt” were to be listed in the left-hand column under debits, while the right-hand column should list “every sum that has been paid out.” (Jones, Principles and Practice of Book-Keeping, 20, 22.)  

    Jones, Thomas. The Principles and Practice of Book-Keeping, Embracing an Entirely New and Improved Method of Imparting the Science; with Exemplifications of the Most Concise and Approved Forms of Arranging Merchants’ Accounts. New York: Wiley and Putnam, 1841.

  2. 2

    Wilford Woodruff related in 1858 that a “sister Voce” from Boston sent JS a letter with $150 for the expedition, but in his 1882 history of the camp, Woodruff gave the amount as $250. “Sister Voce” may have been either Mary (Polly) Vose (1780–1866) or her niece Ruth Vose (1808–1884), both lived in Boston. (Wilford Woodruff, in Journal of Discourses, 10 Jan. 1858, 7:101; Woodruff, “History and Travels of Zion’s Camp,” 3; Compton, In Sacred Loneliness, 381–382, 386.)  

    Journal of Discourses. 26 vols. Liverpool: F. D. Richards, 1855–1886.

    Woodruff, Wilford. “The History and Travels of Zion’s Camp, Led by the Prophet Joseph Smith from Kirtland Ohio to Clay County Missoura in the Spring of 1838,” 1882. CHL.

    Compton, Todd. In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 2001.

  3. 3

    This was likely Jaazeniah B. Smith. (Bradley, Zion’s Camp 1834, 274; Backman, Profile, 94.)  

    Bradley, James L. Zion’s Camp 1834: Prelude to the Civil War. Logan, UT: By the author, 1990.

    Backman, Milton V., Jr., comp. A Profile of Latter-day Saints of Kirtland, Ohio, and Members of Zion’s Camp, 1830–1839: Vital Statistics and Sources. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Department of Church History and Doctrine and Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1983.

  4. 4

    Following a 30 April 1834 entry, JS’s journal details a “Record of Donations” that includes all of the entries, beginning with cash received from the East by letter and ending with Martin Harris’s contribution here. In addition, JS lists donations of fifty cents each from William Smith, William Cahoon, and Harvey Stanley. (JS, Journal, 30 Apr. 1834.)  

  5. 5

    This conference was held on 21 April 1834. (JS, Journal, 21–22 Apr. 1834; Minutes and Discourse, 21 Apr. 1834.)  

  6. 6

    JS received this donation at a meeting held in Kirtland on 17 April 1834. (JS, Journal, 15–17 Apr. 1834.)  

  7. 7

    Likely Ludwig Lewis, whom Nathan Baldwin remembered as being in the camp. (Baldwin, Account of Zion’s Camp, 9.)  

    Baldwin, Nathan Bennett. Account of Zion’s Camp, 1882. Typescript. CHL. MS 499.

  8. 8

    Gould was not a member of the church when he began the trek to Missouri. He was baptized in June 1834 while the camp was in Missouri. (“Extracts from H. C. Kimball’s Journal,” Times and Seasons, 1 Feb. 1845, 6:789.)  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

  9. 9

    In his reminiscence of the Camp of Israel, McBride stated that he had “put in between $30 and $40 dollars.” (McBride, Reminiscence, 7.)  

    McBride, Reuben, Sr. Reminiscence, no date. CHL. MS 8197.

  10. 10

    Likely William Harrison Sagers. (Bradley, Zion’s Camp 1834, 274.)  

    Bradley, James L. Zion’s Camp 1834: Prelude to the Civil War. Logan, UT: By the author, 1990.

  11. 11

    This is the total amount of donations listed in the debits column on the first leaf.  

  12. 12

    This is the total amount of disbursements listed in the credits column on the first leaf.  

  13. 13

    Nathan Baldwin later recalled that he “consecrated somewhere near sixteen dollars.” (Baldwin, Account of Zion’s Camp, 9.)  

    Baldwin, Nathan Bennett. Account of Zion’s Camp, 1882. Typescript. CHL. MS 499.

  14. 14

    This is probably William Jessop. (Backman, Profile, 93.)  

    Backman, Milton V., Jr., comp. A Profile of Latter-day Saints of Kirtland, Ohio, and Members of Zion’s Camp, 1830–1839: Vital Statistics and Sources. 2nd ed. Provo, UT: Department of Church History and Doctrine and Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1983.

  15. 15

    This is probably David Byers. (Bradley, Zion’s Camp 1834, 270.)  

    Bradley, James L. Zion’s Camp 1834: Prelude to the Civil War. Logan, UT: By the author, 1990.

  16. 16

    This is likely Frederick Forney. (Bradley, Zion’s Camp 1834, 271.)  

    Bradley, James L. Zion’s Camp 1834: Prelude to the Civil War. Logan, UT: By the author, 1990.

  17. 17

    This is the total amount of donations listed in the debits column on the second leaf.  

  18. 18

    This is the total amount of disbursements listed in the credits column on the second leaf.  

  19. 19

    John Tanner was a wealthy church member from New York. According to his son Nathan, he “owned sawmills & flouring mills & o[w]ned sum 2200 Acres of land, with houses & barns.” Nathan Tanner later declared that his family donated “very near half the money” that took care of the Camp of Israel’s expenses. (Tanner, Address, [2]–[3].)  

    Tanner, Nathan. Address, no date. CHL. MS 2815.

  20. 20

    In his autobiography, Joseph B. Noble recollected that he had “put in thirty Dollars (or about that).” (Noble and Noble, Reminiscences, [9].)  

    Noble, Joseph B., and Mary Adeline Beman Noble. Reminiscences, ca. 1836. CHL. MS 1031, fd. 1.

  21. 21

    Likely Ur North. (Bradley, Zion’s Camp 1834, 273.)  

    Bradley, James L. Zion’s Camp 1834: Prelude to the Civil War. Logan, UT: By the author, 1990.

  22. 22

    The contingent of the Camp of Israel that came from Michigan Territory consecrated its money to the general fund on 10 June 1834, the day after it joined the larger camp. (“Journal of the Branch of the Church of Christ in Pontiac,” 8.)  

    “Journal of the Branch of the Church of Christ in Pontiac,” May–June 1834. CHL. MS 4610.

  23. 23

    This could possibly be either Thomas Tinney or Thomas Turner. (Bradley, Zion’s Camp 1834, 275.)  

    Bradley, James L. Zion’s Camp 1834: Prelude to the Civil War. Logan, UT: By the author, 1990.

  24. 24

    Clark appears on a few lists of camp participants. She was likely a single woman, as there appears to be no male Clark who participated. (Bradley, Zion’s Camp 1834, 270; Radke, “We Also Marched,” 150–151.)  

    Bradley, James L. Zion’s Camp 1834: Prelude to the Civil War. Logan, UT: By the author, 1990.

    Radke, Andrea G. “We Also Marched: The Women and Children of Zion’s Camp, 1834.” BYU Studies 39 (2000): 147–165.

  25. 25

    This is the total amount of donations listed in the debits column on the third leaf.  

  26. 26

    TEXT: This and all following supplied ditto marks are supplied because of damage to the side of the page resulting in loss of text.  

  27. 27

    This is the total amount of disbursements listed in the credits column on the third leaf.  

  28. 28

    Although written on the debit side of the ledger, information beginning here is a continuation of disbursements made.  

  29. 29

    This entry shows this payout as occurring on 21 June, but that is likely an error, as reminiscent accounts suggest that the payment did not come until after the camp began to disband in late June. Several participants in the camp commented on this disbursement of the remaining general fund balance. Reuben McBride said he received “$1- 5 cts,” while Joseph B. Noble said that each member received $1.15. Nathan Baldwin gave $1.16 as the figure, although he also said he received only a dollar because “the sixteen cents change was not handy to be made.” An entry in JS’s account with the Camp of Israel shows $1.16 as the amount of “consecrated money which feell to” JS at the end of the camp. (George A. Smith, Autobiography, 50; McBride, Reminiscence, 7; Noble and Noble, Reminiscences, [9]; Baldwin, Account of Zion’s Camp, 15; Account with the Camp of Israel, ca. 11–29 Aug. 1834; Kimball, “Journal and Record,” 18.)  

    Smith, George A. Autobiography, ca. 1860–1882. George Albert Smith, Papers, 1834–1877. CHL. MS 1322, box 1, fd. 2.

    McBride, Reuben, Sr. Reminiscence, no date. CHL. MS 8197.

    Noble, Joseph B., and Mary Adeline Beman Noble. Reminiscences, ca. 1836. CHL. MS 1031, fd. 1.

    Baldwin, Nathan Bennett. Account of Zion’s Camp, 1882. Typescript. CHL. MS 499.

    Kimball, Heber C. “The Journal and Record of Heber Chase Kimball an Apostle of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints,” ca. 1842–1858. Heber C. Kimball, Papers, 1837–1866. CHL. MS 627, box 1.

  30. 30

    JS’s account with the Camp of Israel has two entries for horse exchanges valued at forty-five dollars. According to Heber C. Kimball, Sylvester Smith’s horse died on 17 May, the day after JS told the camp that if its rebellious spirit was not quelled, “they would meet with misfortunes, difficulties and hindrances.” (Account with the Camp of Israel, ca. 11–29 Aug. 1834; “Elder Kimball’s Journal,” Times and Seasons, 15 Jan. 1845, 6:772.)  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

  31. 31

    This was the amount JS put into the general fund, based on donations and other funding he had received. (Account with the Camp of Israel, ca. 11–29 Aug. 1834.)  

  32. 32

    This was also JS’s contribution. (Account with the Camp of Israel, ca. 11–29 Aug. 1834.)  

  33. 33

    TEXT: Double underlined.  

  34. 34

    TEXT: Double underlined.  

  35. 35

    TEXT: A portion of the page is missing from this point down.  

  36. 36

    This is the total amount of disbursements listed in the credits column on the fourth leaf. From here, the record of disbursements made went to the debit side of the page, beginning with the Elram Miller entry.