Explanation of Scripture, 1830 [D&C 74]
- Source Note
This “explanation” clarifies a New Testament verse, 1 Corinthians 7:14, which historically had been an important passage for justifying infant baptism. Like the Book of Mormon, this document rejects the need for infant baptism by explaining that little children are made clean through the atonement of Jesus Christ, without . Although it is possible that questions regarding 1 Corinthians 7:14 or infant baptism prompted this explanation, the precise circumstances are unknown.The date the document was produced is also uncertain. When copied the document into Revelation Book 1 in 1831, he dated it simply “1830.” However, he placed it between documents dated 6 January 1831 and 4 February 1831. The editors of the Book of Commandments did not include this document with JS’s printed revelations in 1833, and when it was included in the Doctrine and Covenants in 1835, no date was mentioned. Years later, the editors of JS’s history mistakenly wrote that JS dictated this document in January 1832 in conjunction with his revision of the New Testament. But the location, which Whitmer identified as , New York, indicates that the document was created before JS moved to in the second half of January 1831, and that it could have been written as early as January 1830.
(aJewett, Infant Baptism and the Covenant of Grace, 122.bSee, for example, Woods, Lectures on Infant Baptism, 75–93; Dwight, Theology: Explained and Defended, 317–318, 324–330; Frey, Essays on Christian Baptism, 38–42; and Jerram, Conversations on Infant Baptism, 64–67.cAccount of John, Apr. 1829–C [D&C 7].)
Jewett, Paul K. Infant Baptism and the Covenant of Grace. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 1978.
Woods, Leonard. Lectures on Infant Baptism. Andover: Mark Newman, 1828.Woods, Terry K. Ohio’s Grand Canal: A Brief History of the Ohio and Erie Canal. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2008.
Dwight, Timothy. Theology; Explained and Defended, in a Series of Sermons. Vol. 5. Middletown, CT: Clark and Lyman, 1819.
Frey, J. S. C. F. Essays on Christian Baptism. Boston: Lincoln and Edmands, 1829.
Jerram, Charles. Conversations on Infant Baptism. New York: Swords, Stanford, 1839.
(aArticles and Covenants, ca. Apr. 1830 [D&C 20]; Revelation, 16 Apr. 1830 [D&C 22].bSee Seaman, Annals of New York Methodism, 193.)
Seaman, Samuel A. Annals of New York Methodism: Being a History of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the City of New York from A.D. 1766 to A.D. 1890. New York: Hunt and Eaton, 1892.
(aJS History, vol. A-1, 37–41; Articles and Covenants, ca. Apr. 1830 [D&C 20]; Revelation, 16 Apr. 1830 [D&C 22].bOld Testament Revision 1, p. 16 [Moses 7:11]; Faulring et al., Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible, 57; see also Historical Introduction to Revelation, 5 Jan. 1831 [D&C 39].cSee Tucker, Origin, Rise, and Progress of Mormonism, 76–79; Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844–1845, bk. 10, ; and Minute Book 2, 1 Jan. 1831.)
Faulring, Scott H., Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds. Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible: Original Manuscripts. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.
Tucker, Pomeroy. Origin, Rise, and Progress of Mormonism: Biography of Its Founders and History of Its Church. New York: D. Appleton, 1867.