Hebrew Grammar Worksheets, 1836, JS Copy

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

Additional observations for discovering the Root.
1. It usually happens that when a Praeformative letter of a verb has the vowel Tsaree ( ֵ ) under it, the letter י (seldom ה ) has been dropped; as וַתֵּלֶד from וַיֵּדַע ; יָלַד from וַתֵּרֶא ; יָדַע from רָאָה.
2. When the Praeformative has a Kaumets (ָ ) under it, ו or the doubled radical has been dropped; as וַיָּקָם from וַתָּבֹא ; קוּם from וַיָסָב ; בּוֺא from סָבַב.
3. When a Dagesh follows the Praeformative, נ has been dropped; (but see § 30.)
4. In other cases, the radical ה has been dropped.
Note 1. In a very few cases a Dagesh shows a י dropped.
Note 2. A Dagesh in the first sometimes in the second radical frequently shows the absence of the doubled radical; as יִסֹּב and יָסֹבּוּ from יָשֹׁכּוּ יִשֹׁךְ ; סָבַב from שָׁכַךְ.
Note 3 A few verbs whose second and third radicals are alike, have a Tsaree under the Praeformative; as וַיֵּקַל , וָאֵקַל , וַתֵּקַל from קָלַל.
N. B. The verbs אֵבוֹשָׁה אֵבוֹשׁ , יֵבוֺשׁוּ , יֵבוֹשׁ etc. come from בּוֹשׁ , not יָבֵשׁ.
Note 4. Verbs beginning with הֹ) הוֺ , (מֹ) מוֺ , (הֹ) (אֹ) אוֺ , (נֹ) נוֺ (תֹ) תוֺ , (יֹ) יוֺ) or אוּ נוּ , מוּ , תוּ ,( יֻ ) יוּ , הוּ are <​from​> verbs whose first radical is י י. See § 51.
Note 5. Some roots lose their א at the beginning; and some lose their א at the end; as הָכִיל from וַתֹּסֶף , יוֹסֵף ; אָכַל from מָלוּ ; אָסַף from מָצָתִי ; מָלֵא from מָצָא [p. [1]]
Joseph Smith Jr [p. [2]]

Footnotes

  1. 1

    See Supplement to J. Seixas’ Hebrew Grammer, 25–27; see also Hebrew Grammar Worksheets, 1836, Amasa Lyman Copy.  

  2. new scribe logo

    Insertion in the handwriting of Oliver Cowdery.  

  3. 2

    TEXT: “§ 30” refers to a section in Joshua Seixas’s Manual Hebrew Grammar for the Use of Beginners; that section is not reproduced in the supplement or this worksheet.  

  4. new scribe logo

    Insertion in the handwriting of Oliver Cowdery.  

  5. new scribe logo

    Insertion in the handwriting of Oliver Cowdery.  

  6. 3

    TEXT: “ י ” was originally written in graphite; it was then crossed it out and rewritten in ink.  

  7. 4

    TEXT: “§ 51” refers to a section in Joshua Seixas’s Manual Hebrew Grammar for the Use of Beginners; that section is not reproduced in the supplement or this worksheet.  

  8. new scribe logo

    Signature of JS.