History, 1838–1856, volume E-1 [1 July 1843–30 April 1844]
JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. E-1, created 20 Aug. 1855–5 Apr. 1856; handwriting of Robert L. Campbell, , and Jonathan Grimshaw; 392 pages, plus 11 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the fifth volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This fifth volume covers the period from 1 July 1843 to 30 Apr. 1844; the remaining five volumes, labeled A-1, B-1, C-1, D-1, and F-1, continue through 8 Aug. 1844.
History, 1838–1856, volume E-1, constitutes the fifth of six volumes documenting the life of Joseph Smith and the early years of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The series is also known as the Manuscript History of the Church and was originally published serially from 1842 to 1846 and 1851 to 1858 as the “History of Joseph Smith” in the Times and Seasons and Deseret News. This volume contains JS’s history from 1 July 1843 to 30 April 1844, and it was compiled in Utah Territory in the mid-1850s.The material recorded in volume E-1 was initially compiled under the direction of church historian , who was JS’s cousin. Smith collaborated with in collecting material for the history and creating a set of draft notes that Smith dictated to Bullock and other clerks.Robert L. Campbell, a recently returned missionary and member of the Historian’s Office staff, transcribed ’s notes into the volume along with the text of designated documents (such as letters and meeting minutes). The Church Historian’s Office journal entry for 2 May 1855 pinpoints the beginning of his work: “R. L. C. on Book D forenoon, afternoon began book E.” Campbell’s work on the volume apparently concluded on 5 April 1856; entries in the Historian’s Office journal indicate that he then moved on to other assignments while another clerk, Jonathan Grimshaw, began work on volume F-1, the last manuscript in the series. (Historian’s Office, Journal, 2 May 1855; 5 and 9 Apr. 1856.)Volume E-1 contains 391 pages of primary text and 11 pages of addenda. The initial entry on page 1637 is a continuation of the 1 July 1843 entry that closed volume D-1. The final entry in volume E-1 is for 30 April 1844.The 391 pages of volume E-1 document a crucial period of JS’s life and the history of the church. Important events recorded here include• An account of JS’s 2 July 1843 meeting with several Pottawatamie chiefs.• JS’s 4 July 1843 address regarding his recent arrest, the Legion, and Mormon voting practices.• JS’s 12 July 1843 dictation of a revelation regarding eternal marriage, including the plurality of wives, in the presence of and .• The 13 August 1843 disfellowshipment of and revocation of his priesthood license.• Dispatch of the first missionaries to the Pacific Islands on 20 September 1843, led by .• JS’s 1 October 1843 announcement of ’s appointment to a mission to Russia.• Minutes of a 6–9 October 1843 general conference inserted under the date of 9 October at which pled his case in regard to his 13 August 1843 disfellowshipment and was permitted to continue as counselor in the First Presidency.• Text of JS’s appeal to the Green Mountain Boys of , inserted under the date of 29 November 1843.• A 20 January 1844 entry that includes a poem by commemorating the presentation of two copies of the Book of Mormon to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert by .• JS’s nomination on 29 January 1844 as an independent candidate for the presidency of the .• An account of JS’s sermon, 7 April 1844.
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History of Joseph Smith
commencing July 1. 1843. Ending April 30. 1844.
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<July 1> We remained in County three or four days and nights, during most of which time, the prisoners were treated in a gentlemanly manner, and boarded at a hotel, for which they had afterwards, when confined in , to pay the most extravagant price, or have their property, if any they had, attached for the same.— At this time had arrived at , and by orders from the , took on himself the command of the whole of the militia, notwithstanding ’s commission was the oldest, but he was supposed to be too friendly to the Mormons; and therefore dismounted, and sanctioned the measures of , however cruel [blank]; and said, he should have done the same had he been there himself. Accordingly he remanded the prisoners from , and they were taken and escorted by a strong guard to ; threatened several times on the way with violence and death. They were met five miles before they reached , by about one hundred armed men, and when they arrived in town they were thrust into an old cabin under a strong guard. I was informed by one of the guards, that two nights previous to their arrival, held a court martial, and the prisoners were again sentenced to be shot: but he being a little doubtful of his authority, sent immediately to Fort Leavenworth for the military law, and a decision from the [HC 3:447] officers, where he was duly informed, that any such proceeding would be a cool blooded and heartless murder. On the arrival of the prisoners at , Joseph Smith and sent for ; to be informed by him what crimes were alleged against us. He came in and said he would see us again in a few minutes: shortly he returned and said he would inform us of the crimes alleged against us by the state of .
“Gentlemen, you are charged with treason, murder, arson, burglary, larceny, theft, and stealing, and various other charges too tedious to mention, at this time;” and he immediately left the room. In about twenty minutes there came in a strong guard, together with the keeper of the penitentiary of the , who brought with him three common trace chains, noozed together by putting the small end through the ring; and commenced chaining us up one by one, and fastening with padlocks, about two feet apart. In this unhallowed situation, the prisoners remained fifteen days, and in this situation delivered us to the professed civil authorities of the , without any legal process being served on us at all, during the whole time we were kept in chains, with nothing but ex-parte evidence, and that either by the vilest apostates, or by the mob who had committed murder in the state of . Notwithstanding all this ex-parte evidence, did inform our lawyer, ten days previous to the termination of the trial, who he should commit and who he should not; and I heard say on his bench, in the presence of hundreds of witnesses, that there was no law for the Mormons, and they need not expect any. Said he, ‘if the ’s exterminating order had been directed to me, I would have seen it fulfiled to the very letter ere this time.’
After a tedious trial of fifteen days, with no other witnesses but ex-parte ones, the witnesses for the prisoners were either kicked out of doors or put on trial for themselves. The prisoners were now committed to , under the care and direction of Samuel Tillery, jailor.— Here we were received with a shout of indignation and scorn, by the prejudiced populace. Prisoners were here thrust into [p. 1637]
<July 1> jail without a regular mittimus; the jailor having to send for one some days after. The mercies of the jailor were intolerable, feeding us with a scanty allowance, on the dregs of coffee and tea, from his own table, and fetching the provisions in a basket, on which the chickens had roosted the night before, without being cleaned; five days he fed the prisoners on human flesh, and from extreme hunger I was compelled to eat it. In this situation we were kept until about the month of April, when we were remanded to for trial before the grand jury.— We were kept under the most [HC 3:448] loathsome and despotic guards they could produce in that of lawless mobs. After six or eight days the grand jury, (most of whom by the by, were so drunk that they had to be carried out and into their rooms as though they were life less,) formed a fictitious indictment, which was sanctioned by , who was the State’s Attorney under at our ex-parte trial, and who at that time stated that the Mormons ought to be hung without judge or jury, he, the said , made out a mittimus without day or date, ordering the Sheriff to take us to Columbia. The Sheriff selected four men to guard five of us. We then took a circuitous route, crossing prairies sixteen miles without houses, and after travelling three days the Sheriff and I were together, by ourselves five miles from any of the rest of the company, for sixteen miles at a stretch. The Sheriff here observed to me that he wished to God he was at home, and your friends and you also. The Sheriff then showed me the mittimus, and he found it had neither day or date to it; and said the inhabitants of would be surprised that the prisoners had not left them sooner; and said he, ‘by God, I shall not go much further.’ We were then near Yellow creek and there were no houses nearer one way than sixteen miles and eleven another way; except right on the creek. Here a part of the guard took a spree while the balance helped us to mount our horses, which we purchased of them and for which they were paid. Here we took a change of venue and went to without difficulty, where we found our families who had been driven out of the state under the exterminating order of . I never knew of Joseph Smith’s holding any office, civil or military or using any undue influence in religious matters during the whole routine of which I have been speaking. .
, sworn, says,
I arrived in , Caldwell county, Missouri, on the 4th. of April 1838, and enjoyed peace and quietness in common with the rest of the citizens, until the August following, when great excitement was created by the office seekers. Attempts were made to prevent the citizens of from voting. Soon after the election, which took place in the early part of August, the citizens of were threatened with violence from those of , and other counties adjacent to .
This, the August of 1838, I may date as the time of the beginning of all the troubles of our people in , and in all the counties [HC 3:449] in the , where our people were living. We had lived in peace from the April previous until this time, but from this time till we were all out of the state, it was but one scene of violence following another in quick succession.
There were at this time, settlements in , , Carroll, , and counties as well as some families living in other counties. A simultaneous movement was made in all the counties where settlements were made in every part of the , which soon became violent, and threatnings were heard from every quarter. Public meetings were held and the most inflamatory speeches made, and resolutions [p. 1638]
<July 1> passed which denounced all the citizens of these counties in the most bitter and rancorous manner. These resolutions were published in the papers, and the most extensive circulation given to them that the presses of the were capable of giving.
The first regular mob that assembled was in , and their efforts were directed against the settlements made in that county, declaring their determination to drive out of the county all the citizens who were of our religion, and that indiscriminately, without regard to any thing else but their religion. The only evidence necessary to dispossess any individual or family, or all the evidence required would be that they were Mormons, as we were called, or rather that they were of the Mormon religion. This was considered of itself crime enough to cause any individual or family to be driven from their homes, and their property made common plunder Resolutions to this effect were made at public meetings held for the purpose, and made public through the papers of the in the face of all law, and all authority.
I will now give a history of the settlement in Carroll county. In the preceding April, as and family were on our way to , we put up at a house in Carroll county, on a stream called Turkey creek, to tarry for the night. Soon after we stopped, a young<erly> man came riding up who also stopped and staid through the night. Hearing my name mentioned he introduced himself to me as , said he lived in that county at a little town called , on the , and had been at , to get some of those who were coming into that place, to form a settlement at : speaking highly of the advantages of the situation, and soliciting my interference in his behalf. to obtain a number of families to commence at that place, as he was a large proprietor in the town plat. He offered a liberal share in all the profits which might arise from the sale of property there, to those who would aid him in getting the place settled. In the morning we proceeded on our journey.
Some few weeks after my arrival, the said , in company with a man by the name of , came to on the [HC 3:450] same business; and after much solicitation on their part, it was agreed that a settlement should be made in that place, and in the July following, the first families removed there and the settlement soon increased, until in the October following, it consisted of some seventy families. By this time a regular mob had collected, strongly armed; and had obtained possession of a cannon, and stationed themselves a mile or two from the town. The citizens being nearly all new comers, had to live in their tents and wagons, and were exerting themselves to the uttermost to get houses for the approaching winter. The mob commenced committing their depredations on the citizens, by not suffering them to procure the materials for building, keeping them shut up in the , not allowing them to go out to get provisions, driving off their cattle, and preventing the owners from going in search of them. In this way the citizens were driven to the greatest extremities, actually suffering for food and every comfort of life, in consequence of which there was much sickness and many died; females gave birth to children without a house to shelter them, and in consequence of the exposure, many suffered great afflictions and many died.
Hearing of their great sufferings, a number of the men of determined on going to see what was doing there. Accordingly we started, eluded [p. 1639]
<July 1> the vigilance of the mob, and notwithstanding they had sentinels placed on all the principal roads, to prevent relief from being sent to the citizens, safely arrived in , and found the people as above stated.
During the time we were there, every effort that could be, was made to get the authorities of the country to interfere and scatter the mob. The judge of the circuit court was petitioned, but without success, and after that the of the , who returned for answer that the citizens of had got into a difficulty with the surrounding country, and they might get out of it; for he would have nothing to do with it, or this was the answer that the messenger brought when he returned.
The Messenger was a Mr. Caldwell, who owned a ferry in , about three miles from , and was an old settler in the place.
The citizens were completely beseiged by the Mob, no man was at liberty to go out, nor any to come in. The extremities to which the people were driven, were very great, suffering with much sickness, without shelter, and deprived of all aid either medical or any other kind, and being without food or the privilege of getting it, and betrayed by every man who made the least pretension to friendship; or notable instance of which I will here give as a sample of many others of a similar kind. There was neither bread nor flour to be had in the place; a steam[HC 3:451]boat landed there and application was made to get flour but the Captain said there was none on board. A man then offered his services to get flour for the place; knowing, he said, where there was a quantity. Money was given to him for that purpose; he got on the boat and went off; and that was the last we heard of the man or the money. This was a man who had been frequently in during the seige, and professed great friendship. In this time of extremity a man who had a short time before moved into , bringing with him a fine yoke of cattle, started out to hunt his cattle, in order to butcher them to keep the citizens from actual starvation, but before he got <far> [blank] from the town, he was fired upon by the mob and narrowly escaped with his life and had to return, or at least, such was his report when he returned. Being now completely inclosed on every side, we could plainly see many men on the opposite side of the , and it was supposed that they were there to prevent the citizens from crossing, and indeed a small craft crossed from them with three men in it, who said that that was the object for which they had assembled.
At this critical moment, with death staring us in the face, in its worst form; cut off from all communication with the surrounding country, and all our provisions exhausted, we were sustained as the children of Israel in the desert, only by different animals. They by quails, and us by cattle and hogs which came walking into the Camp, for such it truly was, as the people were living in tents and wagons, not being privileged with building houses. What was to be done in this extremity? why, recourse was had to the only means of subsistence left, and that was to butcher the cattle and hogs which came into the place, without asking who was the owner, or without knowing, and what to me is remarkable, is that a sufficient number of animals came into the Camp to sustain life during the time in which the citizens were thus besieged by the mob. This indeed was but coarse living, but such as it was, it sustained life.
From this circumstance, the cry went out that the citizens of , were theives and plunderers, and were stealing cattle and hogs. During this time the Mob of [p. 1640]
<July 1> Carroll county said that all they wanted was that the citizens of should leave Carroll county and go to and counties. The citizens finding that they must leave , or eventually starve, finally agreed to leave; and accordingly preparations were made and was vacated. The first evening after we left we put up for the night in a grove of timber. Soon after our arrival in the grove, a female who a short time before had given birth to a child, in consequence of the exposure died. A grave was dug in the grove, and the next morning the body was [HC 3:452] deposited in it without a coffin, and the company proceeded on their journey; part of them going to and part into : This was in the month of October 1838.
In a short time after their arrival in and Counties, messengers arrived informing the now citizens of and , that the mob was marching to , with their cannon with them, threatening death to the citizens, or else that they should all leave . This caused other efforts to be made to get the authorities to interfere. I wrote two memorials, one to the , and one to circuit judge, imploring their assistance and intervention to protect the citizens of against the threatened violence of the mob.— These memorials were accompanied with affidavits which could leave no doubt on the mind of the or , that the citizens before mentioned were in imminent danger. At this time things began to assume an alarming aspect both to the citizens of and Counties. Mobs were forming all around the country, declaring that they would drive the people out of the . This made our appeals to the authorities more deeply solicitous as the danger increased, and very soon after this the mobs commenced their depredations; which was a general system of plunder: tearing down fences, exposing all within the field to destruction, and driving off every animal they could find.
Sometime previous to this, in consequence of the threatenings which were made by mobs, or those who were being formed into mobs, and the abuses committed by them on the persons and property of the citizens: an association was formed, called the Danite band.
This, as far as I was acquainted with it, (not being myself one of the number, neither was Joseph Smith Senior,) was for mutual protection against the bands that were forming, and threatened to be formed for the professed object of committing violence on the property and persons of the citizens of and Counties. They had certain signs and words by which they could know one another, either by day or night. They were bound to keep those signs and words secret; so that no other person or persons than themselves could know them. When any of these persons were assailed by any lawless band, he would make it known to others who would flee to his relief at the risk of life. In this way they sought to defend each others lives and property, but they were strictly enjoined not to touch any person, only those who were engaged in acts of violence against the persons or property of one of their own number or one of those whose life and property they had bound themselves to defend. [HC 3:453]
This organization was in existence when the mobs commenced their most violent attempts upon the citizens of the before mentioned counties, and from this association arose all the horror afterwards expressed by the mobs at some secret clan [p. 1641]
<July 1> known as Danites.
The efforts made to get the authorities to interfere at this time was attended with some success. The Militia were ordered out under the command of , of , Brigadier Generals , of , and , of , who marched their troops to , where they found a large mob, and said in my presence, he took the following singular method to disperse them. He organized them with his troops as part of the Militia called out, to suppress and arrest the mob; after having thus organized them, discharged them and all the rest of the troops as having no further need for their services, and all returned home.
This however, seemed only to give the mob more courage to increase their exertions with redoubled vigor. They boasted after that, that the authorities would not punish them, and they would do as they pleased. In a very short time their efforts were renewed with a determination not to cease until they had driven the citizens of and such of the citizens of as they had marked out as victims, from the . A man by the name of who resided in , and formerly Sheriff of said County, organized a band who painted themselves like Indians, and had a place of rendezvous at Hunter’s mills on a stream called Grindstone. I think it was in Clinton County, the County west of and between it and the west line of the . From this place they would sally out and commit their depredations. Efforts were again made to get the authorities to put a stop to these renewed outrages, and again and were called out with such portions of their respective brigades as they might deem necessary to suppress the mob, or rather mobs, for by this time there were a number of them. came to , and while there, recommended to the authorities of to have the militia of said county called out as a necessary measure of defence; assuring us that had a large mob on the Grindstone, and his object was to make a descent upon , burn the town and kill or dispurse the inhabitants; and that it was very necessary that an effective force should be ready to oppose him, or he would accomplish his object.
The militia was accordingly called out. He also said that there had better be a strong force sent to to guard the citizens there; he recommended that to avoid any difficulties which might [HC 3:454] arise, they had better go in very small parties, without arms, so that no legal advantage could be taken of them. I will here give a short account of the courts and internal affairs of , for the information of those who are not acquainted with the same.
has three courts of law peculiar to that state. The Supreme court, the circuit court and the county court. The two former, about the same as in many other States of the . The County court is composed of three judges, elected by the people of the respective counties. This court is in some respects like the court of probate in , or the surrogate’s court of ; but the powers of this court are more extensive than the courts of or . The judges or any one of them, of the county court of , has the power of issuing habeas corpus, in all cases where arrests are made within the county where they preside. They have also all the power of justices of the peace in civil, as well as criminal cases; for instance, a warrant may be obtained from one of these judges by affidavit, and [p. 1642]
<July 1> a person arrested under such warrant. From another of these judges, a habeas corpus may issue, and the person arrested be ordered before him, and the character of the arrest be enquired into, and if in the opinion of the judge, the person ought not to be holden by virtue of said process, he has power to discharge him. They are considered conservators of the peace, and act as such. In the internal regulation of the affairs of , the counties in some respects are nearly as independent of each other as the several states of the union. No considerable number of men armed, can pass out of one county into, or through another county, without first obtaining the permission of the judges of the county court, or some one of them, otherwise they are liable to be arrested by the order of said judges, and if in their judgement they ought not thus to pass, they are ordered back from whence they came; and in case of refusal, are subject to be arrested or even shot down in case of resistance. The judges of the county-court or any one of them, have the power to call out the militia of said county upon affidavit being made to them for that purpose by any of the citizens of said County; shewing it just, in the judgement of such Judge or Judges, why said Militia should be called out to defend any portion of the citizens of said County. The following is the course of procedure: Affidavit is made before one or any number of the judges, setting forth, that the citizens of said county, or any particular portion of them, is either invaded or threatened with invasion by some unlawful assembly whereby their liberties, lives or property may be unlawfully taken. When such affidavit is made to any one of the judges or all of them, it is the duty of him or them, before whom such affidavit is made, to issue an order to the Sheriff of the county, to make requisition upon the [HC 3:455] commanding officer of the militia of said county, to have immediately put under military order such a portion of the militia under his command as may be necessary for the defence of the citizens of said County.
In this way the militia of any county may be called out at any time deemed necessary by the county judges, independently of any other civil authority of the .
In case that the militia of the county is insufficient to quell the rioters, and secure the citizens against the invaders, then recourse can be had to the judge of the circuit court, who has the same power over the militia of his judicial district, as the county judges have over the militia of the county. And in case of insufficiency in the militia of the judicial district of the circuit judge, recourse can be had to the governor of the , and all the militia of the state called out, and if this should fail, then the Governor can call on the President of the .
I have given this expose of the internal regulations of the affairs of , in order that the court may clearly understand what I have before said on this subject and what I may hereafter say on it.
It was in view of this order of things that , who is a lawyer of some celebrity in , gave the recommendation he did at , when passing into with his troops, for the defence of the citizens of said county. It was in consequence of this, that he said, that those of which went into , should go in small parties, and unarmed, in which condition they were not subject to any arrest from any [p. 1643]
<July 1> authority whatever.
In obedience to these recommendations the Militia of was called out; affidavit having been made to one of the judges of the County, setting forth the danger which it was believed the citizens were in, from a large marauding party assembled under the command of one , on a stream called Grindstone. When affidavit was made to this effect, the judge issued his order to the sheriff of the county, and the sheriff to the commanding officer, who was Colonel , and thus were the militia of the county of put under military orders.
however, instead of going into , soon after he left returned [illegible] to with all his troops <giving as his reason the mutinous character of his troops> whom he believed would join the mob; instead of acting against them, and that he had not power to restrain them.
In a day or two afterwards, of , also came to , and said that he had sent on a number of troops to to act in concert with . He also made the same complaint concerning his troops, that had, doubting greatly whether they would render any service to those in [HC 3:456] who were threatened with violence by the mobs assembling; but on hearing that instead of going to had returned to , followed his example and ordered his troops back to , and thus were the citizens of and those of , who were marked out as victims by the mob, left to defend themselves the best way they could.
What I have here stated in relation to Generals and , were conversations had between and them, about which I cannot be mistaken, unless my memory has betrayed me.
The Militia of the County of were now all under requistion, armed and equipped according to law. The mob after all the authorities of the had been recalled, except the force of , commenced the work of destruction in earnest; shewing a determination to accomplish their object. , where I resided, which was the shire town of , was placed under the charge of a captain by the name of , who made my house his head quarters; other portions of the troops were distributed in different places in the county, wherever danger was apprehended. In consequence of making my house his head quarters, I was put in possession of all that was going on, as all intelligence in relation to the operations of the mob was communicated to him. Intelligence was received daily of depredations being committed not only against the property of the citizens, but their persons; many of whom when attending to their business would be surprized, and taken by marauding parties, tied up and whipped in a most desperate manner. Such outrages were common during the progress of these extraordinary scenes, and all kinds of depredations were committed. Men driving their teams to and from mills where they got grinding done, would be surprised and taken, their persons abused, and their teams, wagons, and loading all taken as booty by the plunderers. Fields were thrown open and all within exposed to the destruction of such animals as chose to enter. Cattle, horses, hogs and sheep were driven off, and a general system of plunder and destruction of all kinds of property, carried on to the great annoyance of the citizens of , and that portion of the citizens of marked as victims by the mob. One afternoon a messenger arrived at calling for help, saying that a banditti had crossed the south line of , and were [p. 1644]
<July 1> engaged in threatening the citizens with death if they did not leave their homes and go out of the within a very short time; the time not precisely recollected; but I think it was the next day by ten o’clock, but of this I am not certain. He said they were setting fire to the prairies, in view of burning houses and desolating farms, that they [HC 3:457] had set fire to a wagon loaded with goods and they were all consumed; that they had also set fire to a house, and when he left, it was burning down. Such was the situation of affairs at at that time, that could not spare any of his forces, as an attack was hourly expected at . The messenger went off, and I heard no more about it, till sometime the night following, when I was awakened from sleep by the voice of some man apparently giving command to a military body, being somewhat unwell I did not get up. Sometime after I got up in the morning, the Sheriff of the stopped at the door, and said that , had had a battle with the mob last night at , and that several were killed and a number wounded; that was among the number of the wounded, and his wound supposed to be mortal. After I had taken breakfast another gentleman called, giving me the same account, and asked me if I would not take my horse and ride out with him and see what was done. I agreed to do so, and we started and after going some three or four miles, met a company coming into , we turned and went back with them.
This mob proved to be that, headed by the Reverend , a methodist preacher, and the battle was called the Bogard Battle. After this battle there was a short season of quiet, the mobs disappeared, and the Militia returned to ; though they were not discharged, but remained under orders until it should be known how the matter would turn. In the space of a few days, it was said that a large body of armed men were entering the south part of . The county court ordered the military to go and enquire what was their object, in thus coming into the county without permission. The military started as commanded, and little or no information was received at about their movements until late the next afternoon, when a large army was descried making their way towards . being an elevated situation, the army was discovered while a number of miles from the place. Their object was entirely unknown to the citizens as far as I had any knowledge on the subject; and every man I heard speak of their object, expressed as great ignorance as myself.— They reached a small stream on the South side of the , which was studded with timber on its banks and for perhaps from half a mile to a mile on the South side of the stream, an hour before sundown. There the main body halted, and soon after a detachment under the command of , marched towards the town in line of battle. This body was preceded, probably three fourths of a mile in advance of them, by a man carrying a white flag, who ap[HC 3:458]proached within a few rods of the eastern boundary of the , and demanded three persons, who were in the town, to be sent to their camp, after which the whole town, he said would be massacred. When the persons who were inquired for were informed, they refused to go, determined to share the common fate of the citizens. One of those persons did not belong to the “Church of Latter day Saints.” His name is , a merchant in that .
The white flag returned to the camp. To the force of , was the small force of militia, under , opposed. Who also marched in line of battle to the Southern line of the . The whole force of did not [p. 1645]
<July 1> exceed three hundred men— that of , perhaps three times that number. I was no way connected with the militia, being over age, neither was Joseph Smith Senior. I went into the line formed by though unarmed, and stood among the rest to await the result, and had a full view of both forces, and stood there. The armies were within rifle shot of each other. About the setting of the sun ordered his army to return to the camp at the creek; they wheeled and marched off. After they had retired, it was consulted what was best to do— by what authority the army was there no one could tell, as far as I knew— it was agreed to build through the night a sort of fortification, and if we must fight, sell our lives as dear as we could accordingly all hands went to work, rails, house-logs, and wagons, were all put in requisition and the South line of the as well secured as could be done by the men and means, and the short time allowed; expecting an attack in the morning. The morning at length came and that day passed away and still nothing done; but plundering the cornfields, shooting cattle and hogs, stealing horses and robbing houses, and carrying off potatoes, turnips and all such things as the army of could get, for such in the event they proved to be. The main body being commanded by a Deacon in the Presbyterian church. The next day came and then it was ascertained that they were there by order of the .
A demand was made for Joseph Smith Senior, , , , and , to go into their camp with this demand we instantly complied and accordingly started. When we came in sight of their camp the whole army was on parade, marching toward the , we approached and met them, and were informed by that we were prisoners of war. A scene followed that would defy any mortal to describe, a howling was set up, that would put any thing I ever heard before or since at defiance. I thought at the time it had no parallel except it might be in the perdition of ungodly men. They had a cannon. [HC 3:459] I could distinctly hear the guns as the locks were sprung, which appeared from the sound to be in every part of the army. came riding up where we were, and swore by his maker that he would hew the first man down that cocked a gun, one or two other officers on horseback also rode up, ordering those who had cocked their guns to uncock them or they would be hewed down with their swords, we were conducted into their camp and made to lay on the ground through the night.
This was late in October— we were kept here for two days and two nights. It commenced raining and snowing until we were completely drenched and being compelled to lay on the ground which had become very wet and the water was running round us and under us— what consultation the officers and others had in relation to the disposition which was to be made of us. I am entirely indebted to the report made to me by as none of us were put on any trial. gave an account of which the following is the substance, as far as my memory serves me: “That they held a court martial and sentenced us to be shot at 8 o’Clock the next morning after the Court Martial was holden, in the public square in the presence of our families— that this court martial was composed of seventeen preachers and some of the principal officers of the army— presided— and said “that neither himself nor his brigade should have any hand in the shooting; that it was nothing short of cold blooded murder and left the Court Martial and ordered his brigade to prepare and march off the ground”. [p. 1646]
This was probably the reason why they did not carry the decision of the Court Martial into effect. It was finally agreed that we should be carried into , accordingly on the third day after our arrest the army was all paraded, we were put into wagons and taken into the — our families having heard that we were to be brought to town that morning to be shot. When we arrived a scene ensued such as might be expected, under the circumstances. I was permitted to go alone with my family into the house, there I found my family so completely plundered of all kinds of food that they had nothing to eat but parched corn which they ground with a hand mill, and thus were they sustaining life. I soon pacified my family and allayed their feelings by assuring them that the ruffians dare not kill me. I gave them strong assurances that they dare not do it, and that I would return to them again. After this interview I took my leave of them, and returned to the wagon got in and we were all started off for . Before we reached the a man came riding along the line apparently in great haste. I did not know his business. When we got to the river came to me and told me that he wanted us to [HC 3:460] hurry as had arrived from with a message from Gen. ordering him to return with us to as he was there with a large army, he said he would not comply with the demand, but did not know but might send an army to take us by force. We were hurried over the as fast as possible with as many of ’army as could be sent over at one time and sent hastily on, and thus we were taken to the Shire town of , and put into an old house and a strong guard placed over us, In a day or two they relaxed their severity, we were taken to the best tavern in town and there boarded, and treated with kindness— we were permitted to go and come at our pleasure without any guard. After some days Colonel arrived from ’s army with a demand to have us taken to Ray County. It was difficult to get a guard to go with us, indeed, we solicited them to send one with us, and finally got a few men to go and we started; after we had crossed the on our way to , we met a number of very rough looking fellows, and as rough acting as they were looking, they threatened our lives.— We solicited our guard to send to for a stronger force to guard us there, as we considered our lives in danger. met us with a strong force and conducted us to where we were put in close confinement.
One thing I will here mention which I forgot— while we were at I was introduced to , a lawyer of some note in the country. In speaking on the subject of our arrest and being torn from our families, said he presumed it was another scrape. He said the Mormons had been driven from that county and that without any offence on their part. He said he knew all about it, they were driven off because the people feared their political influence. And what was said about against the Mormons was only to justify the mob in the eyes of the world for the course they had taken. He said this was another scrape of the same kind.
This , by his own confession was one of the principal leaders in the mob.
After this digression I will resume— The same day that we arrived at , came into the place where we were, with a number of armed men, who immediately on entering the room cocked their guns, another followed with chains in his hands, and we were ordered to be chained all together— a strong guard was placed in and round the house, and thus we were secured. The next day came [p. 1647]
<July 1> in, and we were introduced to him— the awkward manner in which he entered and his apparent embarrassment was such as to force a smile from me. [HC 3:461] He was then asked for what he had thus cast <us> into prison?— to this question he could not or did not give a direct answer. He said he would let us know in a few days, and after a few more awkward and uncouth movements he withdrew. After he went out I asked some of the guard what was the matter with , that made him appear so ridiculous? They said he was near sighted: I replied that I was mistaken if he were not as near witted, as he was near sighted.
We were now left with our guards, without knowing for what we had been arrested, as no civil process had issued against us— for what followed until came in again to tell us that we were to be delivered into the hands of the civil authorities, I am entirely indebted to what I heard the guards say— I heard them say that had promised them before leaving Coles County that they should have the privilege of shooting Joseph Smith Senior and . And that was engaged in searching the military law to find authority for so doing; but he found it difficult as we were not military men and did not belong to the militia; but he had sent to Fort Leavenworth for the military code of law, and he expected, after he got the laws, to find law to justify him in shooting us.
I must here again digress, to relate a circumstance which I forgot in its place. I had heard that had given a military order to some persons who had applied to him for it, to go to my house and take such goods as they claimed. The goods claimed, were goods sold by the Sheriff of on an execution which I had purchased at the sale. The man against whom the execution was issued, availed himself of that time of trouble to go and take the goods wherever he could find them.— I asked if he had given any such authority. He said that an application had been made to him for such an order, but he said, “your lady wrote me a letter, requesting me not to do it— telling me that the goods had been purchased at the Sheriff’s sale, and I would not grant the order.” I did not, at the time, suppose that , in this, had barefacedly lied; but the sequel proved he had— for some time afterwards, behold there comes a man to with the order, and shewed it to me, signed by . The man said he had been at our house, and taken all the goods he could find. So much for a lawyer, a Methodist, and very pious man at that time in religion, and a Major General of .
During the time that was examining the military law, there were some thing took place which may be proper to relate in this place. I heard a plan laying among a number of those who belonged to ’s army, and some of them officers of high rank to go to , and commit violence on the persons of Joseph Smith Senior’s , and my wife and daughters. [HC 3:462]
This gave me some uneasiness. I got an opportunity to send my family word of their design, and to make such arrangements as they could to guard against their vile purpose. The time at last arrived, and the party started for . I waited with painful anxiety for their return. After a number of days, they returned. I listened to all they said, to find out, if possible, what they had done. One night I think the very night after their return, I heard them relating to some of those who had not been with them, the events of their adventure. Inquiry was made about their success in the particular object of their visit to . The substance of what they said in answer, was, “that they had passed and repassed both houses, and saw the [p. 1648]
<July 1> females, but there were so many men about the , that they dare not venture for fear of being detected, and their numbers were not sufficient to accomplish anything if they had made the attempt, and they came off without trying.”
No civil process of any kind had been issued against us: we were there held in duress without knowing what for, or what charges were to be preferred against us. At last, after long suspense, came into the prison, presenting himself about as awkwardly as at first, and informed us, “that we would be put into the hands of the civil authorities. He said he did not know precisely what crimes would be charged against us, but they would be within the range of treason, murder, burglary, arson, larceny, theft and stealing.” Here again another smile was forced, and I could not refrain, at the expense of this would-be great man, in whom, he said “the faith of was pledged.” After long and awful suspense, the notable , judge of the circuit court, took the seat, and we were ordered before him for trial, , Esq., prosecuting attorney. All things being arranged, the trial opened. No papers were read to us, no charges of any kind were preferred nor did we know against what we had to plead. Our crimes had yet to be found out.
At the commencement, we requested that we might be tried separately; but this was refused, and we were all put on trial together. Witnesses appeared, and the swearing commenced. It was so plainly manifested by the that he wanted the witnesses to prove us guilty of treason, that no person could avoid seeing it. The same feelings were also visible in the . made an observation something to this effect, as he was giving directions to the scribe, who was employed to write down the testimony— ‘that he wanted all the testimony directed to certain points.’— Being taken sick at an early stage of the trial, I had not the opportunity of hearing but a small part of the testimony when it was delivered before the court.
During the progress of the trial, after the adjournment of the court [HC 3:463] in the evening, our lawyers would come into the [blank] prison, and there the matters would be talked over.
The propriety of our sending for witnesses was also discussed. Our attornies said that they would recommend [blank] us not to introduce any evidence at that trial. said it would avail us nothing for the would put us into prison if a cohort of angels were to come and swear that we were innocent; and beside that, he said that if we were to give to the court the names of our witnesses, there was a band there ready to go, and they would go and drive them out of the country, or arrest them and have them cast into prison, to prevent them from swearing, or else kill them. It was finally concluded to let the matter be so for the present.
During the progress of the trial, and while I was laying sick in prison, I had an opportunity of hearing a great deal said by those of them who would come in. The subject was the all absorbing one. I heard them say that we must be put to death— that the character of the required it. The must justify herself in the course she had taken, and nothing but punishing us with death, could save the credit of the , and it must therefore be done.
I heard a party of them one night telling about some female whose person they had violated and this language was used by one of them: “The damned bitch, how she yelled.” Who this person was, I did not know; but before I got out of prison, I heard that a widow, whose husband had died some few months before, with [p. 1649]
<July 1> consumption, had been brutally violated by a gang of them, and died in their hands, leaving three little children, in whose presence the scene of brutality took place.
After I got out of prison, and had arrived in Illinois, I met a strange man in the street, who was inquiring and inquired of me respecting a circumstance of this kind— saying he had heard of it, and was on his way going to to get the children if he could find them. He said the woman thus murdered was his Sister, or his wife’s sister. I am not positive which. The man was in great agitation. What success he had I know not.
The trial at last ended, and Joseph Smith Senior, , , , and were sent to in the village of , Clay county Missouri.
We were kept there from three to four months; after which time we were brought out on habeas corpus, before one of the county judges. During the hearing under the habeas corpus I had, for the first time, an opportunity of hearing the evidence, as it was all written and read before the court.
It appeared from the evidence, that they attempted to prove us guilty of treason in consequence of the militia of being under arms at the time that ’ army came to . This [HC 3:464] calling out of the Militia, was what they founded the charge of treason upon— an account of which I have given above. The charge of murder was founded on the fact, that a man of their number, they said, had been killed in the battle.
The other charges were founded on things which took place in . As I was not in at that time, I cannot testify anything about them.
A few words about this written testimony.
I do not now recollect of one single point, about which testimony was given, with which I was acquainted, but was misrepresented, nor one solitary witness whose testimony was there written, that did not swear falsely; and in many instances I cannot see how it could avoid being intentional on the part of those who testified— for all of them did swear things that I am satisfied they knew to be false at the time— and it would be hard to persuade me to the contrary.
There were things there said, so utterly without foundation in truth— so much so— that the persons swearing, must, at the time of swearing, have know it. The best construction I can ever put on it, is, that they swore things to be true which they did not know to be so, and this, to me, is wilful perjury.
This trial lasted for a long time, the result of which was, that I was ordered to be discharged from prison, and the rest remanded back: but I was told by those who professed to be my friends, that it would not do for me to go out of jail at that time, as the mob were watching, and would most certainly take my life— and when I got out, that I must leave the , for the mob availing themselves of the exterminating order of , would, if I were found in the , surely take my life— that I had no way to escape them but to flee with all speed from the . It was some ten days after this before I dare leave the . At last the evening came in which I was to leave the . Every preparation was made that could be made for my escape. There was a carriage ready to take me in and carry me off with all speed. A pilot was ready— one who was well acquainted with the country— to pilot me through the country so that I might not go on any of the public roads. My wife came to the to accompany me, [p. 1650]
<July 1> of whose society I had been deprived for four months. Just at dark, the Sheriff and jailer came to the with our supper. I sat down and ate. There were a number watching. After I had supped, I whispered to the Jailer to blow out all the candles but one, and step away from the door with that one. All this was done. The Sheriff then took me by the arm, and an apparent scuffle insued— so much so, that those who were watching, did not know who it was the Sheriff was scuffling with. The Sheriff kept pushing me towards the door, and I apparently resisting, [HC 3:465] until we reached the door, which was quickly opened and we both reached the street. He took me by the hand and bade me farewell, telling me to make my escape, which I did with all possible speed. The night was dark. After I had gone probably one hundred rods, I heard some person coming after me in haste. The thought struck me in a moment that the mob was after me. I drew a pistol and cocked it, determined not to be taken alive. When the person approaching me spoke, I knew his voice, and he speedily came to me. In a few minutes I heard a horse coming. I again sprung my pistol cock. Again a voice saluted my ears that I was acquainted with. The man came speedily up and said he had come to pilot me through the country. I now recollected I had left my wife in . I mentioned it to them, and one of them returned, and the other and pursued our journey as swiftly as we could. After I had gone about three miles, my wife overtook me in a carriage, into which I got, and we rode all night, It was an open carriage, and in the month of February 1839. We got to the house of an acquaintance just as day appeared. There I put up until the next morning, when I started again and reached a place called Tenney’s grove; and to my great surprise, I here found my family, and was again united with them, after an absence of four months, under the most painful circumstances. From thence I made my way to where I now am. My wife after I left her, went directly to and got the family under way, and all unexpectedly met at Tenney’s Grove. . [HC 3:466]
Messrs. , , , and [Hiram] Backman (the Counsel on my behalf) then respectively addressed the Court, and they exhorted the Mormons to stand for their rights, stand or fall, sink or swim, live or die. Mr Mason was counsellor for . [HC 5:473]
After which the following order was made.
This day came the said , in proper person, and the said having made return of said Writ of Habeas Corpus and produced the body of said in pursuance to the mandate of said Writ, and after hearing the evidence in support of said Petition. It is ordered and considered by the court that the said Joseph Smith Senior be discharged for the said arrest and imprisonment complained of in said Petition, and that the said Smith be discharged for want of substance in the Warrant upon which he was arrested as well as upon the merits of said case, and that he go hence without day [delay].
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court, at the city of this 2nd day of July 1843. clerk
A public meeting in relation to the late arrest of General Joseph Smith.
Ill. July 1st 1843. At a meeting of the citizens of , held this day in the Assembly Hall, it was
Resolved unanimously, that Messrs Sanger and Dixon of the town of and the citizens of , Pawpaw Grove, and generally, in this [p. 1651]
<July 1> , receive the warmest thanks of this meeting for their firm patriotism, bold and decided stand taken against lawless outrage, and the spirit of mobocracy, as manifested in the arrest or capture of General Joseph Smith, while on a visit to his friends in that district of country by and , pretending to act under the authority of a writ obtained from the of this , given in consequence of a pretended requisition made on him from the of , for the arrest and delivery of said Joseph Smith unto the authorities of . In maintaining the legal rights of persons thus arrested, and seeing the Laws of maintained, and the full benefit of them enjoyed by every citizen of said , they have shown themselves republicans, patriots, and worthy citizens of this , and have entitled themselves, not only to the thanks of this meeting, but to that of all lovers of law and good order. With such citizens as these, will long enjoy the benefits of good order, and the blessings of a free people.
Resolved unanimously, That the foregoing resolution be published in the newspapers. Moderator. Clerk. [HC 5:474]
A strong wind from the North West, with thunder and rain in the afternoon.
In consequence of and leaving abruptly last night for , I sent to learn what they were doing.
A tremendous shower at , Penn. over 20 lives were lost, fifty bridges destroyed, besides many houses and stores: damage $250.000
<Elders and started on their mission to the East, for the purpose of attending Conferences at and , where they will wait until the rest of the Twelve arrive.> [HC 5:475]
<2> Sunday A large Congregation met at the near the , heard an interesting address from Elder , after he closed, Messrs , , and [Harmon] Wasson, spoke on the stand, stating that I had subjected myself to the law in every particular, and had treated my persecutors and kidnappers with courtesy and kindness, they also spoke on the unlawful conduct of my enemies.
Messrs. , , and Harmon Wasson made the following affidavit.
“, Harmon Wasson, and being duly sworn depose and say that they were in company with and the former acting as agent of the state of and having in custody Joseph Smith who was styled in the warrant by which he had been arrested Joseph Smith Jr, and who had been delivered into the custody of said by said , who had first as an officer of the State of arrested him, the said Smith, upon a warrant issued by his excellency to apprehend him as a fugitive from the justice of the State of when it was alleged he was charged with treason against the said State of ; that the arrest and transfer of the custody of said Smith took place in Illinois, And that while said was at in said county, a writ of Habeas Corpus was served on him, in behalf of said Smith, commanding him to bring said Smith before the nearest Judge or Judicial tribunal in the [HC 5:476] fifth Judicial district of the State of authorized to hear and determine upon writs of Habeas Corpus; that said acted as a guard and assistant under said on their journey from till they arrived at the city of ; that said Smith was allowed by said to “ride his horse and in a [p. 1652]
<July 2> Buggy on said journey while the said rode on the coach upon the assurance and pledge of James Campbell Esqr. the Sheriff of Illinois, who had said and in custody for want of bail, in a civil action, and upon whom they had served Habeas Corpus returnable before Judge Young at Ills Your affiants as well as others in company at the same time gave assurance and pledges to said that his prisoner the said Smith should not escape from him, and the said was satisfied as he avowed with the pledges aforesaid, and expressed himself to be so at the time, and fully consented that the said Smith might travel on said journey in the manner he did. That the friends of said Smith met him in great numbers as he approached the city of , by which place the Sheriff as these affidants believe voluntarily decided to go at the request of said Smith, and upon representations made to him that it was the best route to . That no violence was offered to said or , and that to the best of these affiants knowledge and belief no threats or intimidation were made use of to influence and control their conduct either during the journey to, or after their arrival at ; said and dined with said Smith at his own house and were hospitably entertained and after dinner, say in two hours after the arrival of the party in said , a writ of habeas Corpus was issued by the Municipal court of the said city of in favor of said Smith which was served upon said . The said made return of the writ together with the body of said Smith and alleged the causes of his capture and detention, at the same time denying the jurisdiction of the court, and alleging that he had been served with the prior writ of Habeas Corpus before mentioned said remained in and a part of the time in the Municipal court room and some time after the examination of the writ of Habeas Corpus issued by the Municipal Court had commenced, and as your affiants believe during the whole sitting of the Court on friday afternoon the 30th of June and then departed for after a patient examination of the fact and matter of law set forth in complainants petition which said examination lasted from friday afternoon till the next day Saturday, at night, the said Smith was discharged as for defects in the Warrant under which he had been arrested and was imprisoned as upon the merits of the case by the said [HC 5:477] Municipal Court, and these affiants further say that said and were before they arrived at the City of and while they were there, assured by the said Smith, and many of the Company who had travelled together from , (these affiants among the number,) that they should be protected from violence, and that the said Smith did publicly declare in to the people there assembled that his honor was pledged that said should be protected from violence, and requested every one to preserve his pledge inviolate. These affiants state further that no violence or threats to their knowledge or belief were made use of towards the said or the said either before or after their arrival at ; but the numbers who met and accompanied the said Smith and his escort on the journey conducted themselves in an orderly and peaceable manner and manifested only their attachment to said Smith, and joy to find him safe in the custody of the laws of the State of , all of which facts are true to the best of the knowledge and recollection of these affiants.
|Sworn to &c.|
<July 2> , Mr Sanger and myself also made affidavits on the same subject
came from and stated that and were inciting the people to Mobocracy and sending a Petition to <for a posse> to retake me.
A Petition to the praying him not to issue any more writs was immediately made out and signed by about 150 citizens of , and also
A remonstrance against the proceedings was got up, signed and forwarded the same to by Messrs and .
I directed the to make a transcript of the proceedings before the Municipal court to forward to the , and to which he attached the following certificate.
I Clerk of the Municipal court of the city of , Illinois, do hereby certify that the foregoing hereunto attached papers [HC 5:478] and documents: to wit the foregoing Petition of Joseph Smith Senior and warrant from the of the state of , and Commission issued by Governor of the State of to , and the writ of Habeas Corpus, and the return of the said thereto, and endorsed thereon, are true copies of the papers and originals filed in this court in the exparte case of Joseph Smith Senr. upon the Petition of said Smith for a discharge from arrest on Habeas Corpus, and that the foregoing is a true copy of the true full and perfect record of the proceedings had in said case. In Witness Whereof
L. S. I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said Court, at the city of , Ills, this third day of July A.D. 1843.—
Clerk of the Municipal court of the city of Ills
He also made a transcript of the ordinances relating to Habeas Corpus and attached the following certificate.
I City Recorder of the city of Ills and Clerk of the city council of said city, do hereby certify that the foregoing hereunto attached, are true copies of the ordinances of said city regulating the proceedings on Writs of Habeas Corpus, the one passed the 8th. day of August AD 1842, and the other passed [blank] November 14th., 1842 both of which said ordinances are unrepealed, and now in force in said city. In Witness Whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the corporate seal of said city of at said city this 3rd. day of July A.D. 1843.
L.S. , City Recorder and Clerk of the city council of the city of Illinois.
which documents were delivered to my Lawyers with instructions to see immediately.
I had an interview with several Pottawatami chiefs, who came to see me during my absence.
<From s Journal.>
<“The Indian chiefs remained at until the prophet returned and had his trial during their stay they had a talk with [HC 5:479] in the basement of the . and some others were present, they were not free to talk and did not wish to communicate their feelings until they could see the great prophet. At length on the 2nd. day of July 1843 President Joseph Smith and several of the Twelve met those chiefs in the court room with about 20 of the Elders, the following is a synopsis of the conversation which took place as given by the Interpreter. The Indian Orator arose and asked the prophet if the men who were present were all his friends. Answer yes. He then said “we as a people have long been distressed and oppressed, we have been driven from our lands many times, we have been wasted away by wars until there are but few of us left, the white man has hated us and shed our blood until it has appeared as though their would soon be no Indian left, we have talked with the great Spirit, and the great Spirit has talked with us, we have asked the great Spirit to save us and let us live and the great Spirit has told us that he had raised up a great Prophet, Chief and Friend who would do us great good and tell us what to do and the great Spirit has told us that you are the man (pointing to the prophet Joseph) we have now come a great way to see you and hear your words, and to have you tell us what to do, our horses have become poor travelling, and we are hungry, we will now wait and hear your words.[”] The Spirit of God rested up upon the Lamanites especially the Orator. Joseph was much affected and shed tears, he arose and said unto them [“]I have heard your words, they are true, the great Spirit has told you the truth. I am your friend and brother, and I wish to do you good, Your Father’s were once a great people they worshipped the great Spirit, the great Spirit did them good, he was their friend, but they left the great Spirit and would not hear his words or keep them, the great Spirit left them, and they began to kill one another and they have been poor and afflicted until now. The great Spirit has given me a book and told me that you will soon be blessed again, the great Spirit will soon begin to talk with you and your children, this is the book which your fathers made I wrote upon it (shewing them the book of Mormon) this tells what you will have to do. I now want you to begin to pray to the great Spirit. I want you to make peace with one another, and do not kill any more Indians, it is not good, do not kill white men, it is not good, but ask the great Spirit for what you want, & it will not be long before the great Spirit will bless you and you will cultivate the earth and build good houses like white men, we will give you something to eat and to take home with you.” When the prophets words were interpreted to the Chiefs, they all [HC 5:480] said it was good. The Chief asked “How many moons it would be before the great Spirit would bless them “He told them not a great many. At the close of the interview, Joseph had an ox killed for them & they were furnished with some more horses & they went home satisfied and contented”> [p. 1654]
<July 2> About 6 p.m. The Maid of Iowa returned to here landing at the , the Company who had been on the expedition on board of her, formed in a procession and walked up to my , where they formed a hollow square and sent in a deputation to me, as soon as I had bid them welcome. I opened the window of my and requested that no man would leave the ground until I had spoken to them. My Brother and I went into the hollow square and directed them not to allow their ranks to be broken. I then shook hands with each man, blessing them and welcoming them home. I then took off my hat and related to them how I was brought home to the midst of my friends, and how I regained my liberty. I feel by the Spirit of the Lord that if I had fallen into your hands that you would either have brought me safe home, or that we should all have died in a heap together; at this time, a well dressed man, a Stranger, who had a Cloak around him broke through the South line of the ranks, when the orderly Sergeant took the strange man by the nape of the neck and kicked him outside the ranks telling him not to come in again; as soon as quiet was resumed, I continued my address to the company. and had scarce spoken 15 minutes, when the same stranger again broke the ranks, which annoyed me, and I stopt speaking; the first Lieutanant then marched out of the ranks and struck at him with the barrel of his gun, but he retired escaping the blow.
About dusk I dismissed the company, blessing them in the name of the Lord
My brother then blest them also, commending them for their diligence and attention to the instructions given by him before their departure.
The following is the report of their doings, as reported by Daniel M Burbanks. [HC 5:481]
Sunday June 25. The Brethren were collecting through the night on the maid of Iowa, and commenced making preparations for the trip, all hands uniting in loading the boat with firewood.
26th. About 8½ A.M. Prest. in company with came on board, and instructed us to watch for the Steamboats that may run up the , and if any persons were running brother Joseph down the river, under any pretext whatever, as the Amaranth had carried the news to that Joseph Smith was going to be tried at Ottoway, and it had been reported that a company of men were armed in , and had chartered a steam boat to run up to Ottawa there to seize Joseph and kidnap him to , and if we saw such a boat we were to rescue Joseph at all hazards and bring him to . then blessed the company in the name of the Lord and the “little Maid” started at 9¼ a.m. down the with the following persons on board, viz: Captain of boat, Daniel M Burbank first Pilot, , Mate, Captain of Company, George W Langley Lieutenant, Chaplain, , Surgeon, John S. Higbee, , , Enoch M King, , Whitford G Wilson, Bushrod W Wilson, John Bair, Ben Rolfe, , James Aiken, Elijah [Elisha] Averett, , William Meeks, Calvin Reed, Robert C Moore, Levi Stewart, Urban V Stewart, Allen Stout Welcome Chapman, William S Yocum, Thomas Briley, Henry J Young James Worthington, George W Thatcher, H. M. Alexander, , Benjamin L Clapp, , A. Young, John Fido, , , , E J. Sabin, , H. B. M Jolley, J. F. Lane. . H. P. Palmer. Benjamin Jones, Robert C. Egbert. . R. A. Allred, . [p. 1655]
<July 2> H Permain, John Binley, George W Rosecran [blank], and about 25 others whose names are not reported. At 9 p.m. she turned the point of the bend and started up the . She did not stop until opposite Diamond Isle about 4 o’Clock on Tuesday morning 27th.; where they learned that the “Chicago Belle” has passed ◊◊◊ up the the day previous, with a large company of men, having a swivel gun on the forecastle as they said, with the intention of taking Joseph Smith at all hazards, and conveying him to . The “maid” next hailed at the Erie landing 5 miles above , where they were told that the “Belle” was twelve hours a head, and [HC 5:482] the company on board had left word that if the maid of Iowa “followed, they would send the Mormon Boat and crew with Jo Smith to hell.” The people advised the company on the “Maid” to return. Staid there half an hour to take in wood and then continued our journey.
Wednesday 28. At an hour before daybreak passed Pekin and the “Chicago Belle” aground in an island chute, when she saw us coming she backed her Starboard wheel and blocked up the passage. When the Pilot of the ”Maid” came near, he stopped his engine and hailed them with his speaking trumpet requesting a passage; they enquired “What boat is that?” and were told “the maid of Iowa”: They replied youcan not pass, and we will see you all d—d and in hell first. The pilot saw a little opening in the willows of about 12 feet wide on her left and signalled for the Engineer to put on all steam, and drove her through this narrow channel and a small tow head about 15 rods, tearing the willows down on each side with the guards and wheelhouses; the Captain crying out all the time “stop her! stop her! for God’s sake stop her! you will smash the boat to pieces!” When the boat had headed round the “Belle” and was once more in deep water, the Pilot stopped the engine and asked the Captain “What is the matter?” The Captain was afraid, and said “My God you will smash the Boat to pieces”; and was answered “all is safe, and we will go a head,” leaving the “Belle” still aground in the channel. Then went to Peoria about 10 miles found and who had come from the horsemen, with an express, and instructing the Company to proceed to the mouth of Fox River; we took them on board and proceeded on our way.
Thursday 29. Arrived at Peru at 10 A.M; there met William F. Lane with an express from purporting that the Company who had Joseph in charge, had started from Fox river for , destined to run him through the by that route, and then into , as they had learned their way by the was blocked up by the maid of Iowa, and for the Boat and Company to return to and there await further orders. We immediately turned round, and on arriving at the mouth of Spoon River, landed and with instructions to pursue their journey by land to .
About 1 P.M. again overhauled the ‘Chicago Belle’ at the Grand Pass while they were wooding, they hailed us to enquire “if old Jo was on board” and were answered “it is none of your business”, when another man on the Hurricane deck of the “Belle” shouted “Hurrah, Hurrah for old Joe Smith”. We continued our Journey, and again arrived at the at 9 p.m. In rounding to, broke the tiller rope and came to an anchor; repaired the same, and then continued up the . [HC 5:483]
Arrived at the island below about 8 P.M. on Friday 30th. when , , , George W Langley and Daniel M. Burbank [p. 1656]
<July 2> took the yawl and went up to , to learn the news and see if there was any excitement. They found all peace; then returned to the boat, got up steam and went up to , landing about midnight. Saturday July 1. About 8 A.M. left ; after steaming about 8 miles. Sidney Roberts and another messenger came in a skiff with a letter from , saying that Joseph had arrived in , and was going to be tried before the Municipal Court; and for us to hurry home as quick as possible. On reaching the Engineer, Benjamin Crum (who was not a member of the church) got dead drunk, when the first Pilot turned Engineer, and the second pilot took the wheel and run the boat over the rapids, to .
returned from in the evening, and reported that on his arriving at , he found that and had filed their affidavits, that he () had with armed force taken me out of their hands at the head of Elleston Grove; and that they had also got up a Petition which was signed by the inhabitants of , and sent it to by the hands of and , requesting him to raise a posse commetatus and they would come to and take me; they were to start by the mail early this morning and requested to go with the mail to and request him to suspend all proceedings until documents would be got to shew the true state of the case On going to the Stage proprietor, he engaged and paid for a passage for one man, on their finding who was going. and objected to him going, and that objection was accepted by the Stage proprietor, altho’ he had received the passage money, he then hired a horse from Mr. Hamilton for him to ride.
<3> I directed the Twelve apostles to call [HC 5:484] a special Conference to choose Elders to go into the different counties of to preach the Gospel and disabuse the public mind with regard to my arrest.
Elders , , , , , , and met at the with the Elders, and it was decided that the following Elders go on a special mission to the following counties in the State of .
Elijah Reed and , and Pike.
Salmon Warner and Jeremiah Curtis, Calhoun and Jersey.
, , and , .
and Harvey Green, LaSalle and De Calb [DeKalb].
, Luther A. Jones and , Joe Davies.
, Schuyler. . .
, Benjamin Brown and Jesse W Crossby, Cook.
Graham Coltrin, Fulton. , Hamilton.
James Twist, Bureau.
G[eorge] P. Dykes and St. Clair. Pardon Webb. Will.
E[dward] M. Webb, Grundy. Simeon Dunn, Warren. H. T. Eldridge, Mason. Thomas Dobson Tazwell
Menard. , Morgan. , and J. C. Wright, Scott.
Luman H. Calkins, White. J. M. King Mercer. Daniel Allen, Rock Island.
U C. Nickerson. Henry. Alfred Brown, Putnam. Priddy Meeks, McCoupin.
Abel Butterfield and J H. Vanatta, Winnebago.William Nelson, Iroquois. Samuel Russell, Boone. Levi Stewart, Franklin.
William Meeks, Green. and George Chamberlin, .
Jacob Wiley, Edwards.William S. Court, Stark.
M. F. Bartlett and Melvin Wilbur, Bond.
John Outhouse, Alexander, Cheney G. Van Buren, Brown. James Carroll, Carroll. [p. 1657]
<July 3> David Jones, Fayette.
John Lowry, Munroe. Urban V. Stewart, Williamson.
James McFate, Montgomery. , Clinton. , Madison.
Theodore Curtiss. . Samuel Keele, Jefferson.
James Hale, Washington.
George W. Thatcher and John A. Forgeus. .
Jacob H. Butterfield, Henderson. George Middah, Clay.
James M. Munroe, Cranford. Ezra Chase, Coles.
Jesse Chase, Edgar.
Amos Lowell, Clark. John Miller, Whitesides. William Martin, Christian.
Reuben Parkhurst, De Witt. John Keele, Perry. George W. Langley, Johnson.
James M. Henderson, Gallatin. James W. Cummings Randolph.
, Shelby. , Knox.
and John Wakefield Peoria.
, Clerk.” [HC 5:485]
About noon Gen. with 25 men, returned, formed a square in front of my house, and sung a new song. I went out shook hands with each individual and blest them in the name of the Lord. the following is a report of their expedition.
“The detachment left the main body of the Camp and started from McQueens Mills about 1 a.m. on Monday the 26th. of June under the command of as follows. , , , Trueman [Truman] R. Barlow, James W. Cummings, Daniel Carnes, , , Stephen Abbott, Charles W. Hubbard. A. L. Fullmer, Joel E Terry, Alfred Brown, Dr. , Thomas Woolsey, O. M. Duel, Dr. Samuel Bennett, [blank] Babcock, Isaiah Whitesides, Jesse B. Nichols, , Samuel Gulley and four or five others, on horses, with one Baggage wagon drawn by two horses, with instructions to proceed to Peoria, there cross the , and then proceed up the East side of the River on the main stage road leading from to Ottowa, we travelled till about 3 o’Clock in the morning, when we halted for about an hour, and put out a guard, at day break we again took up the line of March, and traveled thro’ the day, mostly without a road and the following night till near day break of the 27th. and again made a halt for an hour and passed through Ellesvile before sunrise <when going thro that village, the people were opening their shops, and many persons came in their shirts to the window. and J. W. Cummings were behind the Company about six rods, when one man came running up, full of anxiety, and enquired “where in the world are you all going to?” who carried a very sanctified face, drawled out “we-re-a-hunting a wheel-barrow’s nest.”>, after which we again resumed the march, <about noon halted> on the Kick-a-poo creek, and sent and A. L. Fulmer to Peoria, to see Lawyer Charles C. Ballance, and obtain what information they could from him, [illegible][2 words illegible] and about 2 P.M. crossed the at Peoria, where we obtained supplies for our further journey. here we left and with instructions to hail the Steamer Maid of Iowa, and procure what information they had of the whereabouts of brother Joseph Smith.
The Company after crossing the river proceeded nearly due East till they intersected the stage road running from to Ottawa, at a small town named Washington 10 miles East of Peoria, there we stopped for about an hour and fed our horses, at dusk we again re[HC 5:486]sumed the march on the stage road towards Ottowa, and traveled about 10 miles to Black partridge point, and camped for the night.
At day break of the 28th. we were on the march, traveled about 35 miles to the Town of Magnolia and halted for noon, where we fed ourselves and animals [p. 1658]
<July 3> at the Public house of Captain William Haws (the Captain of a company in which served in the Black Hawk war,) we again resumed the march and about dark <camped about two miles below Ottawa, near the > having travelled over 200 miles in 2 days and 18 hours with the same horses, which had become very tired, [blank] . left the company about an hour before sun set and about dusk crossed the into Ottawa and put up at brother Sangers. There he learned positively that Joseph had come as far as Pawpaw Grove, where he was informed that Judge Caton was absent, and had returned to and obtained another writ of Habeas Corpus, and had started in the direction of , Adams County, and also that Lucien P Sanger had taken his Stage coach to convey brother Joseph to , when he had obtained this information, he left orders for the Maid of Iowa to return with all speed to .
Early on the morning of the 29th. returned to his Company and gave them the information, when the Company started on their return for , came as far as Captain Haws’s and staid all night; he gave us the use of his barn to sleep in; in conversing with the citizens of Magnolia they approbated our course, manifested a warm feeling, and offered to help us with <their> artillery Company, if we needed their assistance.
On the 30th. we made a direct course for the Narrows 4 miles above Peoria, where we recrossed the , and camped near the Town.
1st. July. we travelled 40 miles and camped on a small creek near a Farm house where the entire Company had an abundance of milk for the night.
2nd. July <Early in the morning Jesse B. Nichols went into the village of <Gallsburg>, waked up a blacksmith, and employed him to set a couple of horse shoes. The blacksmith objected saying it was Sunday morning, and being a professor of religion, he would not do it, unless for double price which Nichols consented to give him. He went to the Shop, and whilst setting the shoes, the Company passed through, exciting considerable curiosity among the Villagers—— two of the brethren remained to accompany Nichols: as he was about paying the Blacksmith for the work, a Presbyterian Minister came up and said to him “you ought to charge a dollar a shoe, these are Mormons, and you who are a Church Member have been shoeing this Mormon’s horse on [HC 5:487] Sunday, and you ought to be brought before the Church for doing it”. Upon which the blacksmith demanded two dollars for his work, instead of one as agreed, before. Nichols handed him one dollar, the Priest telling the Blacksmith he ought not to take it, that Jo Smith was an Imposter and ought to be hung. The Son of Vulcan however took the dollar but demanded more. Upon which Nichols kicked the Priest on his seat of honor, mounted his horse, and left amid the loud cheers of a number of Spectators.> We continued our journey to , where we learnt the full particulars of brother Joseph’s safe arrival and trial before the Municipal court, when we made merry, composed a song, and danced, and proceeded to
During the entire journey the heat was extremely oppressive, and as the necessity of the case was very urgent they <we> had not time to sleep, it may be safely said to be one of the most rapid and fatiguing marches that is on record having travelled with the same horses about 500 miles in 7 days.”
Another copy of the remonstrance to the against his sending an armed force, was made out and taken to the Porch of the where it was signed in the course of the day by about 900 persons.
<4> About 1 a.m. Messrs. , , , and , started for , carrying with them the affidavits, Petition, and the doings of the Municipal court.
At a very early hour people began to assemble at the , and at 11 o’Clock near 13,000 persons had congregated, and were addressed in a very able and appropriate manner by Elder , who has recently been appointed on a Mission to St. Petersburg, Russia. A constant accession of numbers swelled the congregation to 15,000 as near as could be estimated. [blank] at 2 p.m. they were again addressed by Elder on redemption, in a masterly discourse, when I made some remarks of which the following was reported by Elder . [HC 5:488]
“If the people will give ear a moment I will address them, with a [p. 1659]
<July 4> few words in my own defence, in relation to my arrest. In the first place I will state to those that can hear me, that I never spent more than six months in , except while in prison. While I was there, I was at work for the support of my family. I never was a prisoner of war during my stay, for I had nothing to do with war. I never took a pistol, gun or sword, and the most that has been said on this subject by the Missourians, is false. I have been willing to go before any Governor, Judge or tribunal, where justice would be done, and have the subject investigated. I could not have committed treason in that , while <I resided> there for treason against , consists in levying war against the State, or adhering to her enemies. Missouri was at peace and had no enemy that I could adhere to, had I been disposed; and I did not make war as I had no command or authority either civil or <military>, but only in spiritual matters as a Minister of the Gospel. <This people> was driven from that by force of arms under the exterminating order of . I have never committed treason. The people know very well I have been a peaceable citizen, but there has been a great hue and cry about being shot. No crime can be done, but it is laid to me. Here I was again dragged to the court, and acquitted on the merits of the case and now it comes again. But as often as God sees fit for me to suffer I am ready, but I am as innocent of the crimes alleged against me as the Angels in heaven. I am not an enemy to mankind, I am a friend <to mankind> I am not an enemy to , nor any Governors, or people. As to the military station I hold, and the cause of my holding it, is as follows. When we came here, the required of us to bear arms and do military duty, according to law, and as the church had just been driven from the State of , and robbed of all their property and arms; they were poor and destitute of arms, they were liable to be fined for not doing duty, when they had not arms to do it with; they came to me for advice, and I advised them to organize themselves into independent companies, and demand arms of the ; this they did. Again there were many Elders having license to preach, which by law exonerated them from Military duty, but the officers would not release them on this ground. I then told the Saints that though I was clear from Military duty by law, in consequence of lameness in one of my legs; yet I would set them the example, and would do duty myself, they then said they were willing to do duty, if they could be formed into an independent Company and I could be at their head, this is the origin of [HC 5:489] the Nauvoo Legion; and of my holding the office of Lieutenant General. All the power that I desire or have sought to obtain, has been the enjoyment of the Constitutional privilege for which my fathers shed their blood, of living in <peace in> the society of my and childen and enjoying the society of my friends, and that religious liberty which is the right of every American citizen, of worshipping according to the dictates of his conscience and the revelations of God.
With regard to elections, some say all the Latter day Saints vote together and vote as I say; but I never tell any man how to vote, or who to vote for, but I will show you how we have been situated by bringing a comparison; should there be a Methodist Society here, and two candidates running for office, one says if you will vote for me, and put me in Governor, I will exterminate the Methodists, take away their charters &c.. The other candidate says if I am Governor, I will give all an equal privilege; which would the Methodists vote for? of course they would vote en masse for the candidate that would give them their rights. [p. 1660]
<4> Thus it has been with us. said if the people would elect him he would exterminate the Mormons, and take away their charters. As to he made no such threats, but manifested a spirit in his speeches to give every man his rights; hence the church universally voted for , and he was elected Governor. But he has issued writs against me the first time the Missourians made a demand for me, and this is the second one he has issued for me, which has caused me much trouble and expense.
Prest. Smith also rehearsed the account of his being taken by and , and the unlawful treatment he received at their hands.
The multitude gave good attention and much prejudice seemed to be removed.”
Three Steamers arrived in the afternoon, one from , one from , and one from , bringing from 800 to 1000 Ladies and Gentlemen on the arrival of each Boat, the people were escorted by the Nauvoo band, to convenient seats provided for them and were welcomed by the firing of cannon which brought to our minds the last words of the Patriot Jefferson “Let this day be celebrated by the firing of cannon &c”. the visitors and saints appeared to be highly gratified. [HC 5:490]
[blank] A collection was taken in the morning to assist Elder to build his house, and in the afternoon on his own responsibility, proposed a collection to assist me in bearing the expences of my persecution.
The meeting closed about 7 pm. The day was pleasant, sky clear and nothing tended to disturb the peace.
I extract from the Quincy Whig.
“I left on the glorious fourth on board the splendid steamer Annawan, Captain Whitney, in company with a large number of ladies and gentlemen of this city, on a pleasure excursion to the far-famed city of . The kindness of the officers of the boat, and the hearty welcome received from the citizens of on our arrival there, induced me to return to each and all of them my own, and the thanks of every passenger on board the Annawan— as I am sure all alike feel grateful for the pleasure they experienced. We left at half-past eight, and reached at about two o’clock, p, m, where we received an invitation from the prophet to attend the delivering of an oration, which was accepted and two companies of the Legion were sent to escort us to the (on the hill near the ) where the oration was to be delivered. When we reached the brow of the hill, we received a salute from the artillery there stationed, and proceeded on to the , where we were welcomed in a cordial and happy manner by the prophet, and his people. The large concourse of people assembled to celebrate the day which gave birth to American Independence, convinced me that the Mormons have been most grossly slandered; and that they respect, cherish, and love the free institutions of our , and appreciate the sacrifices and blood shed of those patriots who established them. I never saw a more orderly, gentlemanly, and hospitable people than the Mormons, nor a more enterprising population, as the stirring appearance of their city indicates. is destined to be— under the influence and enterprize of such citizens as it now contains, and her natural advantages— a populous, wealthy and manufacturing city.
The services of the day were opened by a chaste and appropriate prayer, [p. 1661]
<4> by an Elder whose name I do not know, which was followed by rich strains of vocal and instrumental music; then followed the oration, which was an elegant, eloquent and pathetic one, as much so ever I heard on a similar occasion. We started home about six o’Clock all evidently much pleased [HC 5:491] with and gratified by the kind reception of her citizens.
A citizen of .”
<5> I called in the and heard the testimony of my brother before the Municipal court read. and returned from , found but little excitement there, wrote a piece for the paper in my defence, and the justice of the decision of the Municipal court. <The> Remainder of the day I was at home.
<6> I remained at home all day. wrote the following letter
“Executive Department July 6th. 1843. Esqr.. Sir, I have received your Petition for a detachment of Illinois Militia to assist you in retaking, Joseph Smith Jr representing him to have escaped from your custody after having been arrested on a warrant granted for his apprehension. I have also received a remonstrance, and some affidavits adverse to the prayer of your Petition. I have also to inform you that I had heard before your arrival in this city of the escape of Smith, and rumors that he had been rescued by a military force. Deeming these rumors of sufficient importance to justify me in so doing, I did, on the 4th. day of this present month, dispatch a trusty and competent person, as my Agent to collect information of the various matters contained in your Petition; and you will I hope at once see the propriety of all action being suspended on my part, until I can receive the most authentic and unquestionable information, as to the movements complained of.
I am most Respectfully, your obedient Servant
and endorsed on the back of it
“. The annexed letter to , is all the answer which I can at present make to either of the parties touch[HC 5:492]ing his application for a detachment of Militia to assist him in retaking Joseph Smith said to be a fugitive from justice. I have the honor to be very Respectfully your obedient Servant.
<7> Friday 7 Mr. Braman a Messenger from the arrived in requesting a copy of all the testimony that was given before the Municipal court, and other affidavits concerning the expulsion of the Mormons from .
I therefore employed , Samuel Gully, and in addition to my other Clerks who sat up all night to copy the testimony.
In addition to the above, I made the following affidavit.
|“State of Illinois)||ss|
Personally appeared before me , a Notary Public within and for said , Joseph Smith Senr. who being duly sworn, says that in the year 1838 he removed with his family to the State of — that he purchased land and became a resident of , that he was an Elder and teacher of the church of Latter day Saints, that the religious Society of which he was an Elder, numbered several thousand people, who were remarkably industrious in their habits , quiet in their manners and conscientious observors of the laws, that they had been for some years prior to his removal thither purchasing and improving lands, and were possessed of a vast amount of property, probably to the value of $3–500,000 of real and personal estate— that prejudices had for a long time existed in the minds of the rough and uncultivated people, by whom his people were surrounded on account of their [p. 1662]
<July 7> peculiar religious views, and their different habits of life. that in the summer of 1838, the prejudice of the people against the deponent and his associates became great— that while in the peaceful pursuit of their labors upon their own farms, without any violence or aggression on their part, they were frequently attacked by armed mobs, their houses burned— their cattle stolen, their goods burned and wasted, many inoffensive people murdered— whole families driven out and dispersed over the country, at inclement seasons and every barbarity [HC 5:493] which the ingenuity and malice of a mob could devise, inflicted upon them. These scenes of violence raged unchecked by the civil authorities and many officers of the state of , were open leaders of the mob, and shared in its crimes. The armed Militia of the were arrayed without authority of law, for the purpose of driving the deponent and his inoffencive people out of the or of exterminating them if they should remain within it (For proof of this fact, see the order of , dated Oct 27, 1838, sent herewith) that this deponent and his people received notices, warnings, and orders from the civil and Military officers of , as well as from Mobs who co-operated with them, to leave the , and were threatened with death if they refused. that this deponent, with others was taken prisoner by an armed mob, and oppressed, imprisoned and carried from place to place without authority of law. That his whole people comprising at least fifteen thousand people were driven out like wild beasts— that hundreds were murdured by shooting, stabbing, beating, and by having their brains beaten out with clubs— great numbers were starved to death— many died from fatigue and hardship in the fields— women were ravished— children murdered, and every cruelty inflicted. This Deponent with his comrades were imprisoned about six months, and until nearly all his people had been driven out of the — that they were then by order of the officers of the set at liberty and ordered to flee from the — that after they were released, they were pursued by armed men, who endeavored to shoot them— that they thus were pursued out of the , and were in peril of their lives as long as they remained within its limits.
And this Deponent says that he never committed any crime against the laws of that he never commanded or controlled any Military or other force— that he never left the voluntarily, but hoped to be permitted to enjoy his rights, property and liberty like other peaceable citizens— but that he was driven out by force directed by the officers and approved by the Legislature of — And that the lands and homes which his people had purchased and improved are now in many cases occupied and enjoyed by the very men who composed the mobs, who dispossessed them— and he believes that the desire of plunder was one of the inducements which led to the great wrongs which his people have suffered. And he further says that the recent requisition made upon the of upon which a warrant for his arrest, has been issued has its origin in the proceedings before recited, in which this deponent instead of being a “fugitive” from the Justice of , was driven at the point of the bayonet beyond its borders— and that since such expulsion, he has not been within the limits of . [HC 5:494] Wherefore he prays that upon examination of the premises the of will cause the writ issued by him [p. 1663]
<July 7> to be revoked, and this deponent released from further proceedings in the place <premises>.
Seal Sworn to and subscribed before me this 7th. day of July AD 1843— Given under my hand and Notorial seal the day and year last written.
, Notary Public Co Ill.”
Also and , joined with me in the following
|“State of )||ss|
Personally come before <me,> a Notary Public in and for said , who being sworn says that after the arrest of himself and others as mentioned in the foregoing affidavit, he went to Judge and asked to grant him a fair trial at law saying that with the result of such a trial he would be satisfied— but answered that “there was no law for the Mormons”— that “they must be exterminated”— that the prisoners, this and others must die, but that some people as women and children would have the privilege of leaving the , but there was no hope for them—
He told that his family composed of helpless females had been plundered and driven out into the prairie and asked what he should do. to which answered that if he would renounce his religion and forsake Smith he would be released and protected— that the same offer was made to the other prisoners all of whom however refused to do so and were in reply told that they would be put to death— being in like manner sworn says that the same offer was made to him by the prosecuting Attorney that if he would forsake the Mormons he should be released and restored to his home and suffered to remain, to which he returned an answer similar to that of — Joseph Smith being in like manner sworn says, that he and were chained together at the time of the conversation above recited by ; which conversation he heard, and which is cor[HC 5:495]rectly stated above, but that no such offer was made to him it being understood as certain that he was to be shot. Joseph Smith, , .
LS Sworn to and subscribed before me this 7th. day of July AD 1843.
Given under my hand and Notarial Seal the day and year last written
Notary Public Ill.
Afterwards , , , , , , and joined in making the following affidavit.
|State of )||ss|
Personally appeared before a notary Public within and for said the undersigned citizens of said who being first severally duly sworn according to the law upon said oath depose and say that the said affiants were citizens and residents of and the adjoining Counties in the state of during the years AD 1837. 1838. and a part of AD. 1839. that said affiants were personally conversant with and sufferers in the scenes and troubles usually denominated the Mormon war in — That the acting executive officer of said , together with and and [p. 1664]
<July 7> also the authorities of the Counties within which the Mormons resided, repeatedly by direct and public orders and threats, commanded every Mormon in the , Joseph Smith their leader included, to leave the on peril of being exterminated, that the arrest of said Smith in the month of November A.D. 1838, was made without authority color or pretended sanction of law— said arrest having been made by a mob by which said Smith among others was condemned to be shot but which said sentence was finally revoked, said mob resolving itself into a pretended court of Justice without the pretended sanction of law there then and there made out the charges and procured the pretended conviction for the same which are mentioned in the indictment against the said Smith, by virtue of which he said Smith on the requisition of the of has been recently arrested by the order of His Excellency Governor of the State of , said affiants further state that they were imprisoned with the said [HC 5:496] Joseph Smith when they and the said Smith were delivered into the hands of a guard to be conducted out of <the> State of and by said guard by the order and direction of the authorities of said counties where said Mormons were arrested and confined and by order of the of the State of were set at large with directions to leave the without delay— That said Joseph Smith and said affiants were compelled to leave the for the reasons above mentioned, and would not and did not leave said for any other cause or reason than that they were ordered and driven from the state of by the and citizens thereof and further say not.
, , , , , , .
L.S. Sworn to before me and subscribed in my presence this 7 day of July AD 1843. In testimony whereof I hereunto set my hand and affix my Notarial Seal at my office in this 7th. day of July AD 1843.
Notary Public. Ills”
About 4 p,m, Elders , , and started on the Steamer “Rapids” on this Eastern Mission.
<8> Municipal court sat, and approved of the copies of the evidence heard on the Habeas Corpus, and revised it for the Press. In the afternoon started with <the affidavits of> , , , , and affidavits to carry to the .
arrived from the , with 157,000 feet of lumber, and 70,000 shingles for the .
Elders , and arrived at and reship<ped> on board the “Lancet” for . [HC 5:497]
<9> Sunday 9th. Meeting at the in the morning; I addressed the Saints, of which the following is a brief synopsis as reported by Dr. .
“Joseph remarked that all was well between him and the heavens— that he had no enmity against any one, and as the prayer of Jesus, or his pattern so prayed Joseph “Father forgive me my trespasses as I forgive those who trespass against me,” for I freely forgive all men.” If we would secure and cultivate the love of others, we must love others even our enemies, as well as friends. Sectarian [p. 1665]
<July 9> priests cry out concerning me and ask “why is it this babler gains so many followers, and retains them”? I answer, it is because I possess the principle of love, all I can offer the world is a good heart and a good hand. The Saints can testify whether I am willing to lay down my life for my brethren. If it has been demonstrated that I have been willing to die for a Mormon, I am bold to declare before heaven that I am just as ready to die in defending the rights of a Presbyterian, a Baptist or a good man of any other denomination; for the same principle which would trample upon the rights of the Latter day Saints would trample upon the rights of the other denomination <Roman Catholics> or of any other denomination who may be unpopular and too weak to defend themselves. It is a love of liberty which inspires my Soul, civil and religious liberty to the whole of the human race, love of liberty was diffused into my Soul by my grandfathers, while they dandled me on their knees; and shall I want friends? No. [HC 5:498] The enquiry is frequently made of me, “Wherein do you differ from others in your religions views?” In reality and essence we do not differ so far in our religious views but that we could all drink into one principle of love. One of the grand fundamental principles of Mormonism is to receive truth, let it come from whence it may. We believe in the great Eloheim, who sits enthroned in yonder heavens, so do the Presbyterians. If a skilful Mechanic, in taking a welding heat uses borax alum &c. and succeeds in welding together iron or steel more perfectly than any other mechanic, is he not deserving of praise? and if by the principles of truth I succeed in uniting all denominations in the bonds of love, shall I not have attained a good object?
If I esteem mankind to be in error, shall I bear them down? No; I will left them up, and in their own way too if I cannot persuade them my way is better; and I will not seek to compel any man to believe as I do, only by the force of reasoning; for truth will cut its own way. Do you believe in <Jesus Christ and> the Gospel of Salvation which [blank] he [blank] revealed? So do I. Christians should cease wrangling and contention with each other and cultivate the principles of union and friendship in their midst; and they will do it before the Millennuim can be ushered in, and Christ takes possession of his kingdom.
[“]Do you believe in the baptism of infants”? asks the Presbyterian. No. “Why”? Because it is no where written in the bible: Circumcision is not baptism. Neither was baptism instituted in the place of circumcision. Baptism is for remission of sins— Children have no <sins>, Jesus blessed them and said Do what you have seen me do. Children are all made alive in Christ, and those of riper years through faith and repentance. So far we are agreed with other Christian denominations; they all preach faith and repentance— The Gospel requires Baptism by immersion for the remission of sins, which is the meaning of the word in the original language viz to bury or immerse. We ask the sects Do you believe this? They answer No. I believe in being converted. I believe in this tenaciously— so did the Apostle Peter, and the disciples of Jesus but I further believe in the gift of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands. Evidence by Peters preaching on the day of Pentecost Acts 2.38. might as well baptise a bag of sand, as a man, if not done in view of the <remission of sins, and> getting of the Holy Ghost. Baptism by water is but half a baptism, [p. 1666]
<July 9> and is good for nothing without the other half, that is the baptism of the Holy Ghost.
I am free to day— Messengers have returned with offers of peace from the . The Savior says Except a man be born again, of water and of the Spirit, he can in no wise enter into the kingdom of Heaven. Though we or an [HC 5:499] angel from heaven preach any other Gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed, according to Galations 1 ch 8 v.”
This morning and retuned from . stated that on the 4th. they drove to Beardstown, hired fresh horses and got to 124 miles about 7 on the morning of the 5th. in advance of the mail <carrying and > about 2 hours and ready to see the with documents— the affidavits were in the possession of , who refused to give them up, either to the or him, on account of a political squib in the State Register, charging with making capital Stock out of my arrest to favor his election to Congress; <> then demanded them as my Agent, telling him that if he would not give them up he would take them from him; then turned and said “I will do my duty if it takes my head”, and then went with him and delivered the papers to the . when they received the decision of the , started on their return home,— when they returned to Rushville they learned that Gen. had been staying there two or three weeks with 10 or 12 men, waiting for an opportunity of transporting me to , and had only left there the morning previous when they learned the decision of .
In the evening started for to carry further affidavits and see .
<10> I rode out with to the .
The following piece of poetry was composed by Miss on the occasion of my late arrest.
Like bloodhounds fiercely prowling,
With pistols ready drawn—
With oaths like tempests howling,
Those kidnappers came on.
He bared his breast before them
But as they hurried near
A fearfulness came o’er them—
It was the coward’s fear.
Well might their dark souls wither
When he their courage dared—
Their pity fled, O Whither?
When he his bosom bared?
“Death has to me no terrors”
He said “I hate a life
So subject to the horrors
of your ungodly strife.”
What means your savage conduct?
Have you a lawful writ?
To any legal process
I cheerfully submit.” [p. 1667]
<July 9 <10>>
“Here”, said these lawless ruffians,
“Is our authority”
And drew their pistols nearer
In rude ferocity.
With more than savage wildness—
Like hungry beasts of prey;
They bore, in all his mildness,
The man of God away!
With brutish haste they tore him
From her he loved so well,
And far away they bore him
With scarce the word “farewell!”
Their hearts are seats where blindness
O’er foul corruption reigns—
The milk of human kindness,
Flows not within their veins.
Their conduct was unworthy
The meanest race of men;
T’would better fit the tiger
Emerging from its den!
! O !
You thus prolong your shame
By sending such as
Abroad, to bear your name.
No tamer shrub than he?
Must legal office burnish
Such wild barbarity?
Go search the rudist forests,
The Panther and the Bear
As well would grace your suff’rage—
As well deserve a share.
Then might the heartless ,
Thy shame, O !
Become confed’rate with them
And teach them to destroy.
So much ferocious nature
Should join the brutish clan,
And not disgrace the features
That claim to be a man.
But hear it, O !
Once more “the prophet’s free”—
Your ill-directed fury
Brings forth a “Jubilee.” [p. 1668]
<July 11> I rode out with my family in the carriage.
<July 12> I received the following revelation in [HC 5:500] the presence of my brother and Elder .
“Verily thus saith the Lord, unto you my servant Joseph, that inasmuch as you have enquired of my hand, to know and understand wherein I the Lord justified my servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; as also Moses, David, and Solomon, my servants, as touching the principle and doctrine of their having many wives, and concubines; Behold! and Lo, I am the Lord thy God, and will answer thee as touching this matter: therefore, prepare thy heart to receive and obey the instructions which I am about to give unto you; for all those, who have this law revealed unto them, must obey the same; for behold! I reveal unto you a new and an Everlasting Covenant, and if ye abide not that Covenant, then are ye damned; for no one can reject this covenant, and be permitted to enter into my glory for all who will have a blessing at my hands, shall abide the Law which was appointed for that blessing, and the conditions thereof, as was instituted from before the foundation of the world: and as pertaining to the New and everlasting covenant, it was instituted for the fulness of my glory; and he that receiveth a fulness thereof, must, and shall abide the Law, or he shall be damned, saith the Lord God.
And verily I say unto you, that the conditions of this Law are these: all Covenants, contracts, bonds, obligations, oaths, vows, performances, connections, associations, or <expectations, that are not made,> and entered into, and sealed, by the Holy Spirit of promise, of him who is anointed, both as well for time and for all eternity, and that too most holy, by revelation and commandment, through the median of mine anointed, whom I have appointed on the earth to hold power, (and I have appointed unto my servant Joseph to hold this power in the last days, and there is never but one on the earth at a time, on whom this power and the keys of this Priesthood are conferred,) are of no efficacy, virtue, or force, in and after the resurrection from the dead; for all contracts that are not made unto this end, have an end when men are dead.
Behold! mine house is a house of order, saith the Lord God, and not a house of confusion. Will I accept of an offering, saith the Lord, that is not made in my name! Or, will I receive at your hands, that which I have not appointed! And will I appoint unto you, saith the Lord, ex[HC 5:501]cept it be by law, even as I and my father ordained unto you, before the world was! I am the Lord thy God, and I give unto you this commandment, that no man shall come unto the Father, but by me, or by my word, which is my law, saith the Lord; and every thing that is in the world, whither it be ordained of men, by thrones, or principalities, or powers, or things of name, whatsoever they may be, that are not by me, or by my word, saith the Lord, shall be thrown down, and shall not remain after men are dead, neither in nor after the resurrection, saith the Lord your God: for whatsoever things remaineth, are by me; and whatsoever things are not by me, shall be shaken and destroyed.
Therefore, if a man marry him a wife in the world, and he marry [p. 1669]
<July 12> her not by me, nor by my word; and he covenant with her, so long as he is in the world, and she with him, their covenant and marriage is not of force when they are dead, and when they are out of the World, therefore, they are not bound by any law when they are out of the world, therefore, when they are out of the world, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are appointed Angels in heaven, which angels are ministering servants, to minister for those, who are worthy of a far more, and an exceeding, and an eternal weight of glory; for these angels did not abide my law, therefore they cannot be enlarged, but remain separately, and singly, without exaltation, in their saved condition, to all eternity, and from henceforth are not Gods, but are angels of God forever and ever.
And again, verily I say unto you, if a man marry a wife, and make a covenant with her for time and for all eternity, if that covenant is not by me or by my word, which is my law, and is not sealed by the Holy Spirit of promise, through him whom I have anointed and appointed unto this power, then it is not valid, neither of force, when they are out of the world, because they are not joined by me, saith the Lord, neither by my word, when they are out of the world, it cannot be received there, because the Angels and the Gods are appointed there, by whom they cannot pass; they cannot, therefore, inherit my glory, for my house is a house of order, saith the Lord God.
And again, verily I say unto you, if a man marry a wife by my word, which is my law, and by the new and everlasting covenant, and it is sealed unto them by the Holy Spirit of promise, by him who is anointed, unto whom I have appointed this power, and the keys of this priesthood, and it shall be said unto them, ye shall come forth in the first resurrection; and if it be after the first resurrection, in the next resurrection; and shall inherit thrones, kingdoms, principalities, and powers, dominions, all heights, and depths, then shall it be written in the Lamb’s book of life, that he shall commit no murder, whereby to shed innocent blood; and if ye abide in my covenant and commit no murder whereby [HC 5:502] to shed innocent blood, it shall be done unto them in all things whatsoever my servant hath put upon them, in time, and through all eternity; and shall be of full force when they are out of the world, and they shall pass by the angels, and the Gods, which are set there, to their exaltation and glory in all things, as hath been sealed upon their heads, which glory shall be a fulness and a continuation of the seeds forever and ever.
Then shall they be Gods, because they have no end; therefore shall they be from everlasting to everlasting, because they continue; then shall they be above all, because all things are subject unto them. Then shall they be Gods, because they have all power, and the angels are subject unto them.
Verily, verily I say unto you, except ye abide my law, ye cannot attain to this glory; for strait is the gate, and narrow the way, that leadeth unto the exaltation and continuation of the lives, and few there be that find it, because ye receive me not in the world, neither do ye know me. But if ye receive me in the world, then shall ye know me, and shall receive your exaltation; that where I am, ye shall be also. This is eternal lives, to know the only wise and [p. 1670]
<July 12> true God, and Jesus Christ whom he hath sent. I am He. Receive ye, therefore my law. Broad is the gate, and wide the way that leadeth to the death; and many there are that go in thereat; because they receive me not, neither do they abide in my law.
Verily, verily I say unto you, if a man marry a wife according to my word, and they are sealed by the Holy Spirit of promise, according to mine appointment, and he or she shall commit any sin or transgression of the new and everlasting covenant whatever, and all manner of blasphemies, and if they commit no murder, wherein they shed innocent blood,— yet they shall come forth in the first resurrection, and enter into their exaltation; but they shall be destroyed in the flesh, and shall be delivered unto the buffettings of Satan, unto the day of redemption, saith the Lord God.
The blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, which shall not be forgiven in the world, nor out of the world, is in that ye commit murder, wherein ye shed innocent blood, and assent unto my death, after ye have received my new and everlasting covenant, saith the Lord God; and he that abideth not this law, can in no wise enter into my glory, but shall be damned saith the Lord.
I am the Lord thy God, and will give unto thee the law of my Holy Priesthood, as was ordained by me, and my Father, before the world was. Abraham received all things, whatsoever he received by revelation and commandment, by my word, saith the Lord, and hath entered into his exaltation, and sitteth upon his throne. [HC 5:503]
Abraham received promises concerning his seed, and of the fruit of his loins,— from whose loins ye are, viz, my servant Joseph,— which were to continue, so long as they were in the world; and as touching Abraham and his seed, out of the world, they should continue; both in the world and out of the world should they continue as innumerable as the stars; or, if ye were to count the sand upon the sea-shore, ye could not number them. This promise is yours, also, because ye are of Abraham, and the promise was made unto Abraham, and by this law are the continuation of the works of my Father, wherein he glorified himself. Go ye, therefore, and do the works of Abraham;— enter ye into my law, and ye shall be saved. But if ye enter not into my law, ye cannot receive the promises of my Father, which he made unto Abraham.
God commanded Abraham, and Sarah gave Hager to Abraham, to wife. And why did she do it? Because this was the law, and from Hager sprang many people. This, therefore, was fulfilling, among other things the promises. Was Abraham, therefore, under condemnation? Verily, I say unto you. Nay; for I the Lord commanded it. Abraham was commanded to offer his son Isaac; nevertheless, it was written, thou shalt not kill. Abraham however, did not refuse, and it was accounted unto him for righteousness.
Abraham received concubines, and they bare him children, and it was accounted unto him for righteousness, because they were given unto him, and he abode in my law; as Isaac also, and Jacob did none other things [p. 1671]
<July 12> —— than that which were commanded; and because they did none other things than that which they were commanded, they have entered into their exaltation, according to the promises, and sit upon thrones; and are not Angels, but are Gods. David also received many wives and concubines, as also Solomon, and Moses my servant; as also many others of my servants, from the beginning of creation until this time; and in nothing did they sin, save in those things which they received not of me.
David’s wives and concubines were given unto him, of me, by the hand of Nathan, my servant, and others of the prophets who had the keys of this power; and in none of these things did he sin against me, save in the case of Uriah and his wife; and, therefore, he hath fallen from his exaltation, and received his portion; and he shall not inherit them out of the world; for I gave them unto another, saith the Lord.
I am the Lord thy God, and I gave unto thee, my servant Joseph, an appointment, and restore all things; ask what <ye> will, and it shall be given unto you according to my word; and as ye have asked concerning adultery,— verily, verily I say unto you, if a man receiveth a wife in the new and everlasting covenant, and if she be with another man, and I have not appointed unto her by the holy anointing, she hath com[HC 5:504]mitted adultery, and shall be destroyed. If she be not in the new and everlasting covenant, and she be with another man, she has committed adultery, and if her husband be with another woman, and he was under a vow, he hath broken his vow, and hath committed adultery; and if she hath <not committed adultery, but is innocent, and hath> not broken her vow, and she knoweth it, and I reveal it unto you, my servant Joseph, then shall you have power, by the power of my Holy Priesthood, to take her, and give her unto him that hath not committed adultery, but hath been faithful; for he shall be made ruler over many; for I have conferred upon you the keys and power of the priesthood, wherein I restore all things, and make known unto you, all things, in due time.
And verily, verily I say unto you, that whatsoever you seal on earth, shall be sealed in heaven, and whatsoever you bind on earth, in my name, and by my word, saith the Lord, it shall be eternally bound in the heavens; and whosoever sins you remit on earth, shall be remitted eternally in the heavens; and whosoever sins you retain on earth, shall be retained in heaven.
And again, verily I say, whomsoever you bless, I will bless; and whomsoever you curse, I will curse, saith the Lord; for I the Lord am thy God.
And again, verily I say unto you, my servant Joseph, that whatsoever you give on earth, and to whomsoever you give any one on earth, by my word, and according to my law, it shall be visited with blessings, and not cursings, and with my power saith the Lord, and shall be without condemnation on earth, and in heaven for I am the Lord thy God, and will be with thee even unto the end of the world, and through all eternity: for verily, I seal upon you, your exaltation, and prepare a throne for you in the kingdom of my Father, with Abraham, your Father. Behold, I have seen your sacrifices, and will forgive all your sins. I have seen your sacrifices, in obedience to that which I have told you: go, therefore, and I make a way for your escape, as I accepted the offering of Abraham, of his son Isaac. [p. 1672]
<July 12> Verily I say unto you, a commandment I give unto mine handmaid, , your wife, whom I have given unto you, that she stay herself, and partake not of that which I commanded you to offer unto her; for I did it, saith the Lord, to prove you all, as I did Abraham, and that I might require an offering at your hand, by covenant and sacrifice. and let mine handmaid, , receive all those that have been given unto my servant Joseph, and who are virtuous and pure before me; and those who are not pure, and have said they were pure, shall be destroyed, saith the Lord God: for I am the Lord thy God, and ye shall obey my voice; and I give unto my servant Joseph, that he [HC 5:505] shall be made ruler over many things, for he hath been faithful over a few things; and from henceforth I will strengthen him.
And I command mine handmaid, , to abide and cleave unto my servant Joseph, and to none else. But if she will not abide this commandment, she shall be destroyed, saith the Lord; for I am the Lord thy God, and will destroy her, if she abide not in my law; but if she will not abide this commandment, then shall my servant Joseph do all things for her, even as he hath said; and I will bless him, and multiply him, and give unto him an hundredfold in this world, of fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters, houses and lands, wives and children, and crowns of eternal lives in the eternal worlds. And again, verily I say, let mine handmaid forgive my servant Joseph his trespasses, and then shall she be forgiven her trespasses, wherein she hath trespassed against me; and I the Lord <thy God> will bless her and multiply her and make her heart to rejoice.
And again, I say, let not my servant Joseph put his property out of his hands, lest an enemy come and destroy him, for Satan seeketh to destroy; for I am the Lord thy God, and he is my servant; and behold! and lo, I am with him as I was with Abraham, thy father, even unto his exaltation and glory.
Now as touching the law of the priesthood, there are many things pertaining thereunto. Verily, if a man be called of my Father, as was Aaron by mine own voice, and by the voice of him that sent me, and I have endowed him with the keys of the power of this priesthood, if he do any thing in my name, and according to my law, and by my word, he will not commit sin, and I will justify him. Let no one, therefore, set on my servant Joseph; for I will justify him, for he shall do the sacrifice which I require at his hands, for his transgressions, saith the Lord your God.
And again, as pertaining to the law of the Priesthood;— if any man espouse a virgin, and desire to espouse another, and the first give her consent; and if he espouse the second, and they are virgins, and have vowed to no other man, then is he justified, he cannot commit adultery, for they are given unto him; for he cannot cannot commit adultery with that, that belongeth unto him, and to none else: and if he have ten virgins given unto him by this law, he cannot commit adultery; for they belong to him; and they are given unto him;— therefore is he justified. But if one, or either of the ten virgins, after she is espoused, shall be with another man, she has committed adultery, and shall be destroyed, for they are given unto him to multiply and replenish the earth, according to my commandment, and to fulfil the promise which was given by my Father before the foundation of the world; and for their exaltation [p. 1673]
<July 12> in the eternal worlds, that they may bear the souls of men: for herein is the work of my Father continued, that he may be glorified. [HC 5:506]
And again, verily, verily I say unto you, if any man have a wife who holds the keys of this power, and he teaches unto her the law of my Priesthood, as pertaining to these things; then shall she believe, and administer unto him, or she shall be destroyed, saith the Lord your God, for I will destroy her; for I will magnify my name upon all those who receive and abide in my law. Therefore, it shall be lawful in me, if she receive not this law, for him to receive all things, whatsoever I the Lord his God will give unto him, because she did not believe and administer unto him, according to my word; and she then becomes the transgressor, and he is exempt from the law of Sarah, who administered unto Abraham according to the law, when I commanded Abraham to take Hager to wife.— And now, as pertaining to this law,— verily, verily I say unto you, I will reveal more unto you, hereafter: therefore, let this suffice for the present.— Behold, I am Alpha and Omega:— Amen.
[Six lines blank]
took the Revelation and read it to
I directed to make out deeds of certain lots of land to and the children.
I extract from the Neighbor,
“Joseph Smith is at in peace, quietly pursuing his own business; where we hope he will long remain free from the power of his inhuman persecutors.
The testimony already given needs no comment. It shows but too plainly the inhumanity, recklessness, barbarism and lawlessness of the state of ; and we could wish for the sake of humanity, for the sake of suffering innocence, and for the sake of our honored institutions, that our nation’s escutcheon had never been stained by the inhuman acts and bloody deeds of , and that the non-efficiency of the nation to execute law had not been so fully developed. But it is too true; we have witnessed most of the things mentioned by Mr. Smith, and we have also witnessed the carelessness and apathy of Congress on this subject, or their inefficiency to remedy the evil, the which, had it been fully investigated and the perpetrators of those damning crimes brought to condign punishment, it would have exposed a blacker history then ever was written of any Pagan, not to say Christian nation, and would have exposed half of that to the charge of treason, murder, robbery, arson, burglary and extermination. [HC 5:507]
As it is, the blood of the innocent yet cries for vengeance; and if it overtakes them not here, and God spares my breath, if no one else does it, their deeds shall be handed down to posterity, that unborn generations may execrate these anti-republico-cannibals, and tell that in the State of lived a horde of savages protected and shielded by American Republican legislative authority, who in the face of open day dragged the innocent to prison because of their religion; who murdered the oppressed that they [p. 1674]
<July 12> had in their power, and fed the victims with their flesh; that they glutted their diabolical lust on defenceless innocence, and violated female chastity in a manner too horrid to relate; that in their mock tribunals they refused all testimony in favor of the accused, and thrust their witnesses into prison; that after robbing them of their property, they drove 15,000 persons from the ; that they cried to the authorities of that for redress, and from them to Congress; but the echo from both was, we can render you no assistance.”
Elders , and arrived in Louisville, and visited Mr. Porter, the Kentucky Baby, 7 feet 7 inches high and weighing 250 lbs.
having published a garbled statement of my arrest in the “Old School Democrat,” was replied to by in the same paper. [HC 5:508]
<13.—> I was in conversation with most of the day; and approved of the revised laws of the Legion.
The Legion authorized the issuing of legion scrip to the amount of $500.—
returned from , and reported that the was gone to Rock river, and he therefore left the affidavits in the care of ; (having started with an old decrepit animal and rode him all the way there and back again) he also reported that Gen. of had started from for .
Elders E[zra] T. Benson, Q. S. Sparkes and Noah Rogers preached at Cabbotville, Mass. While Elder Rogers was preaching, some person threw stones through the windows and one hit Elder Benson on the thigh. The mob threw stones at them when they left the room, which flew like hail, but did not injure the brethren.
<14.—> Spent the day at home. I was visited by a number of Gentlemen and ladies who arrived from on a Steam boat. they manifested kind feelings.
Elder started on a<n> <excursion> to the <Western Country.>. [HC 5:509]
<15.—> Spent the day at home. Weather very hot.
Deeded my half share in the Steam boat maid of Iowa, and also sixty city lots to . A shower this morning wet the ground one inch.
at 6 p.m., went with my family and about 100 others on a pleasure excursion on the “Maid of Iowa” from the to the North part of the and returned at dusk.
A theatrical performance in the evening by Mr. Chapman.
<16.—> Preached in <the> morning and evening at the stand in the , near and west of the , concerning a man’s foes being they of his own household; the same Spirit that crucified Jesus, is in the breasts of some who profess to be Saints, in , such as I have in secret enemies in the , intermingling with the Saints, &c.. Said I would not prophesy any more and proposed to hold the office of Prophet to the church, as it was his birthright. I am going to have a reformation, and the Saints must regard , for he has the authority, that I might be a Priest of the Most High God; and slightly touched upon the subject of the Everlasting covenant, shewing that a man and his wife must enter into that covenant in this world or he will have no claim on her in the next world; but on account of the unbelief of the people, I cannot reveal the fulness of these things at present. [p. 1675]
<July 16.—> Elders and preached at the house of Father Hewitt, in ; afterwards went into Kentucky to attend an appointment at the Licking branch. Elders and afflicted with the influenza, politically called “the Tyler Gripe.”
<17.—> Mostly at home with my brother conversing on the Priesthood; <called at the once,> and in the evening visited the performance of Mr. Chapman in the court room. [HC 5:510]
Elders and preached at Collins Pemberton’s, near Licking River, and blest eight children.
<18.—> I was making hay on my .
Elder wrote the following to President :—
“By this time I suppose <you> would like to hear a word from the . I forgot to hand you your introduction to Gen Bennett, therefore I enclose it in this. Don’t forget to remember me to the Gen. and his delightful family most warmly<,> together with Mrs. Richards.— (Read, seal and deliver if it suits you.) As you passed our office on the 7th. I discharged my last charge of powder and ball over your heads; had no occasion to reload since; all is peace.
Saturday, 8.— Municipal court in Session to compare minutes of the habeas corpus trial and make ready for the press.
Sunday, 9.— and returned from . When , Mason, &c. started from for in the stage, they crowded out, so he borrowed a team, and when they arrived at had been there six hours, seen the friends and ,— &c. The had sent Mr Breman, a special agent to , to learn the facts, as reports said the “Mormons had rescued Jo,” &c.— petitioned for a posse to retake Jo; would not grant it, but wait the return of his Agent.— started for . At 10th. instant he published a garbled account in the “Old School Democrat.” was in and refreshed ’ memory by a reply on the 12 inst., same paper. manifested every feeling of friendship, wanted affidavits similar to those on trial and would quash the writ.— Joseph gave a sweet conciliatory discourse at the , expressive of good feeling to all men,— he differed but little from other men, a few points only— This eve started for with affidavits.
Mond. 10.— Preparing Minutes of trial for publication.
Tuesd. 11.— Platted my ground for a house.
Wed. 12.— Warsaw message published an Extra to circulate correct information concerning the Mormons, and they have given it correct. and Hollister returned from ; popular opinion is going in our favor. of was visiting his brother near , when news of the ’s [HC 5:511] inaction to arrived, and he started immediately for (report says). Also, that or some famous military chief from has been taking a survey of city. Do you believe it? Bah— it is more generally believed that will quash the Writ, issue no more, and will make no further attempts only by mobs. Distance is but few between this and Upper , Is it? Bah! [p. 1676]
<July 18> 13.— returned from this p.m., in less than 4 days. gone to Rock River visiting— 10 days or 2 weeks absence. Left the affidavits with .
14–15.— Sun hour high, p.m., President and family, and and family and about 100 more took <went on board> the <Steamboat> Maid <of Iowa”> at , and went up to north part of the , and back at dusk. Evening a theatre in the chamber— Mr. Chapman and suit actors. Rain this morning— wet the ground one inch.—
Sund. 16.— Joseph preached all day A.M— 27 chap. Matthew, &c.; did not hear him; Man’s foes they of his own house; the Spirit that crucified Christ, same spirit in ; referred particularly to— I wont say who— was it ?— did not say— brother Cole—? did not hear the sermon— why ask me?— nothing new,— same as when you left; the spirit was against Christ because of his innocence— so in the present case; said he would not prophecy any more— should be the prophet— (did not tell them he was going to be a priest now nor a king by and bye told the Elders not to prophecy when they went out preaching.
17.— Theatre again. 18.— And again this Eve— I am writing for your eye.
18.— Evening, arrived with 157.000 feet lumber, sawed shingles, &c., about 170-000 feet in all— he says it was all sawed in two weeks and brought down in two more; says he has brought bought all the claims on those mills for $12.000 payable in lumber at the mills in three years— one third already paid for; two saws did this job; chance for as many mills as they have a mind to build, and every saw can run 5000 feet per day year round; two saws now running— can deliver 157.000 feet every fortnight— all <that> is wanting is hands. I understand the “Maid <of Iowa”> starts for Black river Thursday; feels well. No investigation of books yet. tells me to day the Committee do not want a Clerk— and Joseph says little about it.
Showers all around us— little rain here. Joseph is on the prairie haying to day; wind blown from all quarters for 4 days past— More calm after a shower— good hay weather; vegetation is drying with drouth dying, , if you want to scriticise. [HC 5:512]
Proceedings of court to the end of s affidavit was were published in the last “Neighbor” and “Times and Seasons,” to be continued in the next, and all in pamphlet when finished.— Shall mail papers for you and the brethren to , where I will direct this. I have said nothing about brothers and and & & . &c., &c., but you will understand this a kind of family letter, I suppose. ’s paper arrived, but no line, no letter from . I have seen most of the widows since you left. Sisters [Mary Ann Angell] Young is well.— was afflicted on Saturday with cholera Morbus called the Elders and right up again. is well— Sisters [Phebe Carter] Woodruff is well— and I believe all the Sisters be’s well; Sisters [Mary Ann Frost] Pratt, & [Bathsheba Bigler] Smith, and all.
19.— I send by this mail 6 papers to .— same direction. <Just> met in the Street; said to him I am writing to the Brethren— has our new prophet any thing to say to them? “Give my respects to them.”— Elders and ’s best compliments with success— Great many loves to you all. Mine particularly to all the <brethren>. Yours forever.
<July 19> A shower of rain in the p.m. The son of , aged 8 years, killed by lightning while standing in his s door-way in Bain Street.
To shew the spirit of the times, altho’ I do not vouch for the accuracy of all the statements, I copy from the State Register:—
“The public is already aware that a demand was lately made upon the of this for the arrest of Joseph Smith; and that a writ was accordingly issued against him. We propose now to state some of the facts, furnishing strong ground of suspicion that the demand which was made on the here was a manoeuvre of the Whig party.
1. A letter was shown to a gentleman of this city by the Agent of from the notorious to a gentleman in one of the Western counties of that , urging the importance of getting up an indictment immediately against Smith, for the five or six year old treason of which he was accused several years ago.
2. This charge had been made once before and afterwards abandoned by . It is the same charge on which Smith was arrested and carried before and discharged two years ago. After that decision the indictment against Smith was dismissed and the charge wholly abandoned. [HC 5:513]
3. But in the letter alluded to, says to his Agent, go to the Judge and never leave him until he appoints a special term of the court; never suffer the court to adjourn until an indictment is found against Smith for treason. When an indictment shall have been found, get a copy and go immediately to the and never leave him until you get a demand on the of for Smith’s arrest, and then dispatch some active and vigilant person to for a warrant, and let him never leave the until he gets it; and then let him never come back to without Smith.
4. A special term of the circuit court of , Missouri, was accordingly called on the 5th. day of June last. An indictment was found against Smith for treason five years old. A demand was made and a writ issued as anticipated by the 17th. of the same month.
5. , it is well known, has for a year past been a mere tool in the hands of the Whig junto at . He has been under their absolute subjection and control, and has been a regular correspondent of the Sangamo Journal, the principal organ of the Whig party. He has been a great pet of both the Journal and the Junto; and that paper has regularly announced his removals from place to place until latterly; and within the last year has published more of his writings, than of any other person except the editor.
6. , a short time after his nomination as the Whig candidate for Congress in the 6th. district, made a pilgrimage to for the purpose of currying favor with the Mormons and getting their support. But in this he was disappointed; as it appeared that many of the Mormons were disposed to support the democratic candidate. went home disappointed and dejected, and it was generally believed that failing to get the Mormon vote he would be beaten by his democratic opponent.
7. Let it be also born in mind that the treason of which Smith was accused was five or six years old; that it had been abandoned as a charge, [p. 1678]
<July 19> by ; that the circuit courts of that set three times a year; that Smith was permanently settled at , no person dreaming that he would leave there for years to come; that they might have waited in , for a regular term of the court, if the design was simply to revive a charge of treason against Smith, with a perfect assurance that he would always be found at home and be as subject to arrest at one time as another. But this delay did not suit the conspirators, as it would put off an attempt to arrest Smith until after the August election.
Let it be borne in mind also that the agent of , after he had obtained the custody of Smith at , refused to employ a democratic lawyer, and insisted upon having a whig lawyer of inferior [HC 5:514] abilities, simply upon the ground, as he stated, that the democrats were against him.
Let it also be borne in mind that , the whig candidate for Congress, miraculously happened to be within six miles of when Smith was arrested, ready and convenient to be employed by Smith to get him delivered from custody and that he was actually employed and actually did get Smith enlarged from custody; and withal
Let it be remembered that is the pliant tool and pander of the Junto at ; and that he was the instigator of an unnecessary special term in on the 5th day of June last for the purpose of getting Smith indicted. ¶ We say let all these facts be borne in mind and they produce a strong suspicion, if not conviction, that the whole affair is a Whig conspiracy to compel a democratic to issue a writ against Smith pending the congressional elections, so as to incense the Mormons; create a necessity for ’s, and perhaps Browning’s, professional services in favor of Smith, to get him delivered out of the net of their own weaving, and thereby get the everlasting gratitude of the Mormons and their support for the Whig cause.
<20.—> I furnished with $290.00 for the Expedition to the .
<21.—> Rode to the with my daughter .
The “Maid of Iowa” sailed for the in with , , and a large Company, with their families.
<Lieutt. Col. was elected Col. 1st. Regt. 2nd Cohort to fill the vacancy of Col