History Draft [1 January–21 June 1844]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

1 January 1844 • Monday
Monday January 1 at sunrise Thomas Miller, James Leach, James Bridges, & John Trodsham were brought before me by the police for <​charged with​> disorderly conduct— fined Miller 5,00 the others were discharged.
<​Made copies of five affidavits &​> Wrote a letter to <​enclosing them​> (see file.) <​insert when found <​or​> leave blank <​of 1/2 page​> accordingly​>
A large party took a New Year’s supper at my house and continued <​had​> Music and dancing ’till morning. I was in my private room with my family and <​​> and others friends
<​insert this first— *​> A cold blustering rain storm ushers in the New Year.
2 January 1844 • Tuesday
Tuesday 2nd 2 p.M. was brought before Mayor’s Court for disorderly Conduct in resisting, and abusing the police in this ; fined $25.00 and Costs. His son, Lysander Dayton for same offence was sentenced to 10 days hard labor, and subsequently for Contempt of Court, 10 days more on the public streets.
Snow one inch deep.
I <​here​> insert s answer to my letter of inquiry dated Nover. 4th. 1843
“Fort Hill, 2nd. Decr. 1843.
Sir,— You ask me (see 394 T. & S) &c &c— <​​>
to which I wrote the following reply:
, Jany 2nd., 1844.
Your reply (see 394 T. & S.) <​Smith​>
I insert the following from the Neighbor as a specimen of the respect the mob has for law or justice.—
“Disgraceful affair at .— On Tuesday last (2nd inst) , one of our (see Neighbor page 146) magnified.”
Jonathan Pugmire Senr., & Thomas Cartwright discharged by Judge [blank] at Chester England— who would not allow the costs of prosecution, or witnesses to be paid by the Crown, <​or face of​>& that the witnesses should forfeit [3 words illegible] It was very evident that the Church of England Ministery were at the bottom of the machinations <​below *​>
3 January 1844 • Wednesday
<​Dec. <​Jany​> 3​> At home— at noon met with the City Council. I directed the Marshall to bring my Son and before the Council (see mss in writing) <​the following is a copy of the Minutes.​>
4 January 1844 • Thursday • First of two entries
<​4​> at home (see page 2)
5 January 1844 • Friday • First of two entries
<​5​> At home <​last night I dreamed oft I saw two serpents swallowing each other tail foremost.​>
Another tempest in a tea pot <​or big fuss​>, about nothing at all; thought somebody had murdered. In consequence of the night being frosty <​severely cold​>, some of the police <​persons​> built a fire to warm themselves <​on the bank of the river near <​nearly opposite​> house​> as they passed to & fro on their beat— he then became afraid, & concluded he must either be the Brutus or the Dough head— he laid awake all night thinking they <​the police​> had built the fire to kill him by— in the morning he called on me <​reported the circumstances & expressed his fears​> when another Court <​Session​> of enquiry was held <​by the City Council at his request & the police sworn & questioned.​> <​The following is a synopsis of the Minutes:— (copy)​> What can be the matter with these men! is it, that the wicked flee when no man pursueth? that hit pigeons always flutter? that drowning men catch at straws? or that <​Prests​> & are absolutely traitors to the , that my remarks should produce such an excitement among them <​in their minds?​> can it be possible that the traitor, that <​whom​> reports to me has <​as having being in​> correspondence with my enemies, is one of my own Counsellors <​​>? the people in the town were astonished, almost every man saying to his Neighbor “is it possible <​that bro​> or is a traitor & would deliver bro Joseph into the hands of his enemies in ? <​if not what can be the meaning of all this. the neighbors are as bold as a Lion​> <​The following is the minutes of the City Council—​>
<​* and were sorely discomfited at the result; I copy the staement of the unfortunate occurrence given by Jonathan Pugmire Junr. (copy)​> [p. 1]
[verso of page 1 is part of a printed text, unrelated to the history]
The city Council spent nearly the whole day in investigating the subject: <​& examining these​> two witnesses were examined & cross examined: the Police were all sworn & cross examined by & the Aldermen; & the result observed nothing but imagination; upon which became satisfied, shook hands with me <​declaring he​> did not believe a word of the story, & said he would stand by me to the death, & called the whole Council & the Police to witness his declaration.
[verso of inserted slip is part of a printed text, unrelated to the history]
4 January 1844 • Thursday • Second of two entries
<​Thursday 4​> <​(to come in page 1)​> I took dinner in the North room, and was remarking to what a kind provident Wife I had, that when I wanted a little bread and milk, she would load the table with so many good things, it would destroy my appetite. At this moment came in while in continuation of the conversation said “You must do as Buonaparte did, have a little table, just large enough for yourself, and your order thereon <​for the victuals you want yourself.​> replied “Mr. Smith is a bigger man than Buonaparte, he can never eat without his friends”. I remarked that is the wisest thing I ever heard you say.
5 January 1844 • Friday • Second of two entries
<​5​> <​(see page 1)​> at 5 p m made out Commissions <​appointments​> as Lieutt. Genl. of appointing <​appointed​> & to be my Aides <​in the Staff of the Nauvoo Legion.​>
A number of Gentleman <​Gentlemen​> boarding at my house desiring <​when​> conversing with me on National affairs. I sent for who came & read my letter to , with which they were highly edified
went to for the purpose of instructing the Saints.
Commenced snowing a little before sunset— & continued all night
6 January 1844 • Saturday
<​6​> The Snow being about 4 inches deep I rode out with in a Sleigh.
The & met at ’s hall ◊◊◊◊◊◊ied the whole of the Upper part of the House
7 January 1844 • Sunday
<​Sunday 7​> At home in the morning— in the Afternoon rode out to my and <​preached in​> brother ’s house.
The attended meetings <​and preached​> in different parts of the . & preached to the brethren.
at 6 p m attended prayer meeting <​with the ​> in the Assembly room. & absent.
8 January 1844 • Monday
<​8​> At home in the morning[.] at 11 went to my to investigate a difficulty between & his Wife. she had abused him & choked him <​when he was very sick​> & if it had not been for some of his neighbors providentially going into the house she would have strangled him— after laboring with them about 2 hours brought about a reconciliation
I also had an interview with in the Streets
My Uncle arrived <​visited me​> from
arrived from
9 January 1844 • Tuesday
<​9​> At home
I insert the following from the Neighbor as a specimen of the respect <​which​> the mob has for law or justice—
Disgraceful affair at On Tuesday last (page 146) magnified”
10 January 1844 • Wednesday
<​10​> At home— Uncle a Enjoyed myself well in an interview with the brethren and concluded to take a ride part <​way​> with him <​my ​> on his return to
In consequence of a visit from <​of​> <​from​> some gentlemen of , I called the City Council together at 7 p.m. I copy the minutes— <​(see 2a J G’s [Jonathan Grimshaw’s] handwriting)​>
Wrote a letter to to inform him of what the City Council had done. I received a bombastical <​long equivocating​> letter from , charging me with having slandered his character, and demanding a public trial before the . It contained <​It contained​> no denial of the charges which he accuses me of having spoken against him, but is full of bombast. [p. 2]
[verso of page 2 is part of a printed text, unrelated to the history]
January 10th 1844 7 o’clock P. M.
Special Session. Names of Members called.
The Mayor stated <​said:—​> that Lawye <​Messrs.​> , Mr. and Lawyer , <​Lawyers from ​> have called on him <​me​> from , and told him <​me​> that the occasion of the excitement at , and the resistance to the law in<​ the​> case of <​the​> arrest of Cook, was the late ordinance of this Council “to prevent unlawful search or seizure of person or property by foreign process in the City of ”; that they consider<​ed​> said ordinance was designed to hinder the execution of the Statutes <​of ​> in <​within​> this City: Consequently they, the old Citizens felt disposed to stop the execution <​of​> processes, issuing from the City, <​precincts​> in the County; and also They <​also​> raised objections against the process issued by <​for the apprehension of Cook,​> because it was made returnable to him alone; when <​whereas they said​> the statute required it to be made returnable before himself or some other Justice. <​-[Place the whole of Joseph’s speech in one paragraph]-​>
The Mayor <​said he had​> <​I​> explained to the delegation from <​to them​> the nature and reason of the ordinance; that it was to prevent kidnapping under the pretence of law, or process, and to further <​facilitate​> the apprehension of thieves &c in this by throwing all foreign processes into the hands of the Marshal, who would be most likely to know the hiding places of fugitives from justice who might seek to secrete themselves in our midst <​​>; and <​said that​> if [p. 2a]
[verso of page 2a blank]
any wrong impression had gone abroad with regard to the motives of the Council in passing said ordinance,he <​I​> would call the Council immediately that they might have the opportunity of giving any explanation necessary, so that the public might understand the ordinance in its true light. and had <​I have therefore​> called the Council accordingly——
The Mayor <​I​> also referred the lawyers from to the Statute which requires all processes issued in cases of bastardy to be returnable alone to the Justice issuing the same, <​which they doubted until I shewed them the law; when they look’d a little crest fallen and foolish.”​>
After deliberation, an additional section relative to the foregoing ordinance was read three times, and passed by way of Amendment— Sec. 3. -[Here copy said amendment on File]-
Council Adjourned. [p. 2[b]]
[verso of page 2[b] blank]
11 January 1844 • Thursday
<​Thursday​> Jany 11th. At home. Rode out 10 A M & returned at 1½ p.M.
This morning William Jones <​who had staid all night at Wilson’s Tavern in ​> was arrested at <​​> by Coll. and his company, who kept <​him​> in custody until noon without rations.
The issued <​gave an​> invitations to the Saints in to cut and draw for me 75 or 100 cords of wood on the 15th & 16th inst
12 January 1844 • Friday
Friday 12th. Thaw— snow nearly gone.
A was held in Brownstown, Main [Wayne] County, Michigan. <​​> President, and Elder G<​ehiel​> [Jahiel] Savage, Clerk. Nine were represented, containing 6 Elders, 9 7 , 1 , 136 Members, and 45 scattering Members. It was stated that one hundred members having left <​removed from​> that for <​to​> since the conference in July last.
13 January 1844 • Saturday
Saturday 13th.— At home in the morning. At 10 o’clock attended City Council, where a bill <​a bill for an ordinance​> was <​taken​> under consideration concerning the Recording of Deeds <​in this ​> and which was read twice, and elicited much discussion. I signed resolutions passed at a Court Martial held this morning. <​Stephen M. Farnsworth was chosen President of the , and Willm. Carmichael and Willm. Box his Counsellors.​>
The 10 Policemen who were not preent at the meeting of the City Council on the 5th. inst. were sworn <​in the matter of & ​>, and testified <​that​> they had <​recd​> no private instructions <​whatever​> from me.
A discussion took place on the subject of granting licenses for the sale of spirits.
14 January 1844 • Sunday
Sunday 14. At home all day. A prayer Meeting was held at the Assembly room which I did not attend. Warm and rainy towards evening. The preached at private houses in various parts of the .
<​A of the was organized in with 34 Members. T. B. Jackaway, President & E L Brown, Clerk.​>
15 January 1844 • Monday
Monday 15th. At home. Wrote to <​Sister​> , , N. Y.
At 9 A. M. teams began to draw <​arrive with​> wood, according to the appointment of the , there being about 200 of the brethren chopping in the woods and from thirty to forty teams engaged in drawing the wood to my house. About 100 loads were drawn, and as many more chopped, and left to be drawn another day.
At 10. A. M., called, and told me it was reported that was going to put me under $10,000 bonds for speaking against him. At the same time summoned me to attend a Court as witness before , and I went accordingly to give my testimony.
The Twelve Apostles wrote the following letter: to him (see file “To Prest. .”) & copy. [p. 3]
The Municipal Court issued a warrant for the arrest of on affidavit of .
East wind in afternoon <​forenoon​> and some rain. <​Brisk​> Wind N. W. in afternoon.
Benjamin Andrews published <​in the Times and Seasons​> “An Appeal to the people of the State of shewn setting forth the sufferings <​persecutions​>, murders, & robberies committed upon the by the people of the State of , and soliciting the assistance of his native State in procuring redress.
16 January 1844 • Tuesday
Tuesday Jany 16th— Cold and Windy. At 10 A. M., was brought up before the Municipal Court on complaint of , for absenting <​himself​> from City Council without leave when summoned as a witness; and for slanderous and abusive language towards one of the Members of the Council. The Court adjourned and the City Council commenced their session, continuing till two o’clock; and during which time a reconciliation took place with , who had written a slanderous letter concerning me, and said many hard things, which he acknowleged, and I forgave him. I went before the Council and stated that all difficulties between me and were eternally buried, and I am <​was​> to be his friend for ever; to which replied, “I will be his friend forever, and his right hand man.”
<​A number of the brethren assembled, and chopped up the firewood which had been haul’d to my house yesterday & piled it up ready for use.​>
The following “Ordinance concerning the Sale of Spirituous Liquors” was passed by the City Council:— (see file) & copy.
An Ordinance was also passed authorizing to make out a City Directory, and to establish an Intelligence Office in the . Also the following ordinance:— “An Ordinance Concerning Witnesses and Jurors fees” (see file & copy.)
17 January 1844 • Wednesday
Wednesday 17th. At home settling accounts with various individuals; gave deed of a lot to .
The Steamer “Shepherdess” sank near, drowning forty passengers.
18 January 1844 • Thursday
<​q2 Wh◊◊◊◊◊ ◊◊◊ from my office.​> Thursday 18th At home, and directed <​wrote​> letters to be written to <​ &​> , , and , <​q2 Searle​> of , and to Esq., .
This afternoon some one <​a man​> called on Bror. Nelson Judd, and <​and said he​> wanted to sell him some wood below ’s. He went to see the wood, the man saying he would meet him at the place. When below ’s two men came up on horseback, and told him they had a warrant for him for taking away ’s things from Beer Creek. One shot at him twice, and the other snapped at him twice with their pistols. Now Judd <​then​> coolly said “Now ’tis my turn,” putting his hand into his pocket, although he knew he had no pistols; yet the men fled.
There was a cottillon [cotillion] party at the this evening.
19 January 1844 • Friday
Friday 19th. Rode out in the course of the day. In the evening gave a lecture on the Constitution and <​of the​> , and on the Candidates for the Presidency.
Mild weather— Cloudy p. M.
A Meeting was held in the Assembly <​room​> to put devise means for the founding of another literary Institution in . [p. 4]
20 January 1844 • Saturday
Saturday Jany 20th Held Mayor’s Court on the case “City of vs for breach of ordinance. I discharged the defendant, he paying costs.
At 6 P.M. prayer meeting <​in Assembly room​>; I was at home.
The met but having no business, adjourned.
Stanzas composed by Miss .— <​on the presentation of the Book of Mormon​> (Mil. Star 184) copy heading and all) <​1844”​>
21 January 1844 • Sunday
Sunday, Jany. 21 Preached in front of ’s Mammoth Store Hotel to several thousand people, although the weather was somewhat unpleasant. My subject was the sealing of the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the hearts of the children to the fathers. The following is a synopsis <​w​>as reported by :— (Sermon book page 21)
Prayer meeting in Assembly room.
22 January 1844 • Monday
Monday 22nd. At home— Rainy; wind easterly— mud very deep.
Rented the <​and Stables​> to , for one thousand dollars per annum and board for myself and family and horses, reserving <​to​> myself three rooms in the house.
Prayer meeting at ’s; ten present.
23 January 1844 • Tuesday
Tuesday 23rd. At home. took possession of the , intending to continue it as a public house. , , and valued the Printing Office and Lot at $1500, Printing Apparatus $950, Bindery $112, Foundry $270. Total $2832. being about selling it <​I having sold the concern​> to <​, who in consideration was to assume the responsibilities of the estate.​>
There was a Cottellon party in the evening at the ; the night was clear and cold. having thawed some during the day.
This evening I
The Ship “Fanny”, Capt. Patterson, sailed from with 210 saints on board.
24 January 1844 • Wednesday
Wednesday 24th. At home Called at my about one o’clock.— thought <​I think​> the apprized <​valuation​> of the Printing Office was<​rather​> too low.
Weather very cold.
The mob party at , <​and , and Green Plains​> continue their depredation <​agitations​>.
25 January 1844 • Thursday
Thursday 25 At home. Prayer meeting at ; eight of the present. Weather extremely cold.
26 January 1844 • Friday
Friday 26 I dictated to my an article on the situation of the nation, referring to the President’s Message &c. Prayer meeting at ’s; eight of the present. <​​> went to to preach. Weather clear & cool.
27 January 1844 • Saturday
Saturday 27th. Weather extremely cold and clear. Prayer meeting at <​in​> the Assembly Room. met, but having no business, adjourned. [p. 5]
[verso of page 5 is part of a printed text, unrelated to the history]
D[ra]ft. History 1844
from Jan 1 till 27th
28 January 1844 • Sunday
Jany 28th.Had <​I had​> some company in the evening from ; lectured to <​I conversed with​> them on politics, religion &c. Prayer meeting in the Assembly Room. Weather very cold.
I insert the following from the Millennial Star:— “Mr Editor— The idea (page 159 & 160) George Mitchelson.”
29 January 1844 • Monday
Monday 29 At 10 A.M., the <​together with my brother & ​> met at the Mayor’s Office <​to take into consideration the subject of the <​the proper course for this people to pursue in relation to the​> coming Presidential Election,​> present my brother & being present. <​(Note A)​> It was <​therefore​> moved by , and voted unanimously “that we will have a ticket of <​an​> independen[t] electoral <​ticket​> and that Joseph Smith be a candidate for the next Presidency; and that we use all honorable means <​in our power​> to secure his election.” I told the brethren that to <​said​> <​“If you attempt to​> accomplish this you must send every man in the who <​is able to​> can speak <​in public​> throughout the land to electioneer <​and make​> stump speeches <​and advocate the​> Mormon religion, & <​purity of​> election, <​and call upon the people to stand by the law, and put down mobocracy.​> a law that must go— to , to , & to . After the April we will have general conferences all over the nation, and I will attend them. Tell the people we have had Whig and democratic presidents long enough; we want a president of the . If I ever get into the Presidential chair, I will protect the people in their rights and liberties. I will not electioneer for myself. , , , and must go. <​ must go or he will apostatize.​> The Whigs are striving for a King under the garb of democracy. There is oratory enough in the to carry me into the Presidential Chair the first slide.
“Capt. White of was at the last night, and this morning drank a toast:— “May all you enemies be skinned, and their skins [p. 6]
<​(Note A)​>
The Candidates which are <​for the office of President of the ​> at present before the people are , & . It is morally impossible for the people in justice to themselves to vote for <​the re election of ​> , a man who <​would​> criminelly neglect<​ed​> his duties as chief Magistrate in the cold and unblushing manner which he did, when I appealed to him for aid in the difficulties. His heathen reply burns like a firebrand in the breast of every true friend of liberty— “Your cause is just, but I can do nothing for you” As to , his sentiments and cool contempt of the people’s rights <​ar manifest in this reply​> “you had better go to for redress”; would <​which would​> prohibit any true love of our Constitutional privilege, from supporting him at the ballot box.
[-[leave 20 lines blank]-
[verso of inserted slip blank]
be made into drum heads for your friends to beat upon.” Also may become the empire seat of Government.”
<​I said​> “Clayton must go out, or he will apostatize.” I also gave some instruction <​dictated for <​to​> ​> concerning an address to the people for to write to be entitled, <​the head of my pamphlet entitled​> “Views on the powers and policy of the Government of the ,” <​for him to write​>
A Millerite lecturer came into the with me and about 5 P.M.; with whom I had some conversation <​with him​> about <​the definition of the the Good word​> Hades <​and the Hebrew word​> Shool [Sheol] &c. He lectured in the evening in the Hall.
Prayer meeting at ’s.
wrote the following expostulatory epistle to the Citizens of ” through the “Warsaw Signal”:— “ (T. & S. page 443 <​marble cover​>) ”.
30 January 1844 • Tuesday
Tuesday Jany. 30th. At 11 A.M., I went into the with .
One P.M., held Mayor’s Court at my on the case “City vs Thomas Coates.” Fined the defendant $25 & costs for beating John Ellison.
A Millerite preached again in the Assembly room, and replied to him; there was a full house.
Prayer meeting at ’s.
31 January 1844 • Wednesday
Wednesday 31. 11 o’clock A.M., I called at the , and told to go to , and preach the first principles of the gospel, get some Lexicons, and return home. Prayer meeting at ’s evening. There seems to be quite a revival throughout , and an enquiry after the things of God by all the and in General.
published an <​a lengthy​> appeal to the Legislature of the State of setting forth <​in pathetic style​> the grievances he had suffered through the persecution against the Church by the State of ; which he closes which concludes as follows:— “The In confidence of the purity (T. & S. 422 <​marble​>) P. M. [post master]”)
Miss published the following psalm:— “. By Miss . What aileth thee (T. & S. 430) oppression” <​1844”​>. [p. 7]
1 February 1844 • Thursday
Thursday Feby. 1st At home; weather cold. published an <​a​> thrilling appeal to the inhabitants of the <​his native​> State of to consider the wrongs sustained in the loss of lives and property, and other damages done to the of which he is a member.
<​ wrote to Prest. giving the names of those who had emigrated at the expense of the office amounting to $1378, which is due from the emigrants.​>
2 February 1844 • Friday
Friday Feby. 2nd. Dr. called and read ’ appeal to the inhabitants of for redress of difficulties.
<​transfer Public meeting to 9th.​> <​This evening a public meeting was held (Neighbor page 166) reading the address Extract from from the Neighbor:— “Public Meeting. On Friday the 2nd. <​9th.​> inst a public meeting was held (Neighbor 166) the address.”​>
Prayer meeting at ’s. Weather cold.
3 February 1844 • Saturday
Saturday 3rd.— <​I went into the Assembly room where I found Elders , & , to whom I related the following dream:— “I was standing (Sermon book page 23) and I awoke​> At home. Prayer meeting in the Assembly room.
The met, but did but little business.
An <​A rather favorable​> article appears in Niles’ National Register of this date referring <​noticing​> to the correspondence between myself and , a copy of which is contained in the political department of the same number. It also notices the correspondence between myself and , copying <​publishing​> the same, and <​with​> also some of our city ordinances. The Editor also quotes the following from the “Hawk Eye”:— “Although much complaint (Neighbor page 170) in any other way.”
4 February 1844 • Sunday
Sunday 4th. I attended prayer meeting with in the Assembly room, and made some remarks respecting the 144,000 mentioned by John the Revelator, stating <​shewing​> that the selection <​of persons to form that number​> had already commenced.
Prest. held a meeting at Bror. Chamberlain’s <​in the neighborhood north of the ​> and <​one​> at Thos. Kingston’s <​in the neighborhood <​six miles​>​> east of the .
5 February 1844 • Monday
Monday 5th. The regular Session of the Municipal Court was opened in the Mayor’s office; present , , and . Adjourned to the on account of the severity of the weather. I presided as Chief Taxes Justice, and the court assessors of the different wards in the presented their tax lists, which occupied nearly all day. <​The Court remitted the taxes of the widows, and of the poor who were unable to pay.​> In the afternoon <​whom I had employed as Architect of the ,​> came in and had a conversation with him <​for instructions​>. I gave him instructions <​instructed him​> (Note A) pattern shewn me. [p. 8]
(Note A)
Had a conservation with whom I had employed as Architect of the — gave him instruction <​I instructed him​> (in relation to the circular windows designed to light the offices in the dead work of the Arch between stories, he said that round windows in the broad side of a building were a violation of all the Known Rule of architecture and contended they shd be semi-circular— that the building was too low for round windows. I told him I would have the circles if he had to make the ten feet higher than it was originally calculated— that the one light at the centre of each <​circular​> window would be sufficient to light the whole room— that when the whole building was thus illuminated the effect would be remarkably grand. “I employ <​wish you​> you to carry out my designs. I have seen in vision the briliant splendid appearance of that building illuminated, and will have it built according to the) pattern shewn me.”
[verso of inserted slip blank]
Monday Feby. 5th. contd. Called at my office in the evening and revised my “Views of the powers and policy of the Government of the .” I was the first one who <​publicly​> a◊◊◊ proposed a National Bank on the principles set forth in that pamphlet.
6 February 1844 • Tuesday
Tuesday 6th.— Very cold day. I spent the evening with my brother & , and the , and their wives at <​​> ’s; took supper, and had a very pleasant time.
7 February 1844 • Wednesday
Wednesday 7th An exceedingly cold day. In the evening I met with my brother and the in my at their request, to devise means to promote the interests of the General Government. I completed and signed my “Views of the powers and policy of the Government of the ” which are as follows <​I here insert​>:— “(copy it)”
<​7th. A piece of doggeall doggered appears in the “Warsaw Message” of this date entitled “Buckeye’s lamentations for the want of more wives”, evidently the production of , and dictated by <​breathing​> a very foul and malicious spirit.​>
8 February 1844 • Thursday
Thursday 8th. Held Mayor’s Court, and tried two negroes for trying <​attempting​> to marry white women; fined one $25 and the other $5. In the evening there was a political meeting in the Assembly room, when publicly read <​for the first time​> my “views of the powers and policy of the General Government.” for the first time. and made speeches, and I addressed the meeting also as follows:— “I would not (copy Journal) of Mankind.” <​I was followed by Elders and , and a unanimous vote was taken to maintain my political views.​>
<​* 7th.​> A piece of doggerall doggerel appears in the “Warsaw Message” of this date entitled “Buckeye’s lamentations for the want of more wives”, evidently the production of <​& ​> , and dictated by <​breathing​> a very foul and malicious spirit.
9 February 1844 • Friday
Friday 9th Held Mayor’s Court in my dining room, on the case “ vs. Willm Withers” for assault. Case withdrawn on my recommendation, it being the first assault. <​(See under 2nd inst for public meeting)​>
<Revised to here
J G [Jonathan Grimshaw]
Aug 9th 1855> [p. 9]
10 February 1844 • Saturday
Saturday Feby. 10th. came and gave <​delivered to​> my Clerks and <​&​>, one barrel flour worth $4,50, of which he <​had​> donated $2.50 himself, $1,00, and Henry Dame $1,00. E<​dwin​> Whiting sent two or three gallons of soap. The brethren at also sent a small hone, four brooms, and a pound or two of butter. This was done at the request of the , so that the clerks might be continue to write.
I instructed the to inform the School Teacher, <​who kept a select school in the Assembly room​>, that I must <​for the future​> have the <​that​> Assembly Room for my own use.
Prayer meeting in the Assembly Room— prayed for and others <​who were sick​>.
A was held at Tuscaloosa Co., Ala., John Brown, President, and George W. Stewart, Clerk. Three branches were represented, consisting of <​containing​> 9 Elders, 2 , 3 , 3 , and 123 Members.
11 February 1844 • Sunday
Sunday 11th. Snow on the ground— thaw commenced in the afternoon. I was at home.
12 February 1844 • Monday
Monday 12th I sat in the City Council, and suggested <​recommended​> the repot <​repeal​> of the ordinances <​entitled​> An Extra Ordinance for the extra case of Joseph Smith”, “An Ordinance to prevent unlawful search or seizure of person or property, by foreign process in the City of Nauvoo,” and “An Ordinance regulating the currency”; and they were repealed accordingly. A <​The​> Memorial to Congress, passed Dec 21st.— 1843 was <​again​> read, and signed by the Councillors, Aldermen, Mayor, and
The Mayor instructed Co[uncilor] to call all the <​​> representatives of together, & tell them our sufferings have been such that we must have that Document passed, & we will have it— you must go in for it. Go to and ask him to call the delegation from his State <​:​> separate from the delegation, and demand the same. Go to & other prominent men Call public meetings in the City of take the Saloon publish the admittance; so much per ticket, invite Members of both Houses to come & hear you, & roar upon them; you may take all my writings you think any thing of & read to them &c & you shall prosper in the name of God. Amen. [p. 10]
The presented the report of the attendance of the City Council, from which it appears I have sat with them, 11 days <​sessions​>, from the 14 Octber. to the 16 Jany. 44 inclusive
Co. nominated as Counsellor during his absence, which was confirmed by the Council.
I burned $81— Scrip of the <​of ​> City <​Scrip​> according to ordinance
Thawing. Streets very dirty.
13 February 1844 • Tuesday
<​13​> I was at home— settled with & gave him the deed of his <​a​> lot.
<​Having received an invitation from bro. to visit , I wrote him in reply “ (Copy) Joseph Smith”​>
<​President returned from Bear Creek <​Settlements​>, where he had been preaching for the last few days.​>
14 February 1844 • Wednesday
<​14​> At home thro the day— in the evening the Assembly room was filled <​by the brethren​> when my views of the powers & policy of the Govt. of the was <​again​> read. I afterwards spoke on the same subject at considerable length.
15 February 1844 • Thursday
<​15​> At home. A beautiful day.
I insert the following from the T. & S. “Who shall be (439 <​Vol 5​>) to— Joseph Smith”
<​* Insert this on 17th.​> I published <​wrote​> the following article from the Times & Seasons and Neighbor:— “Pacific Inuendo. The very candid (T. & S. 442 <​marble​>) say, Amen.”
16 February 1844 • Friday
Friday 16 At home. This evening I spent two hours in my office in conversation with . I directed him to write a communication for the Warsaw Signal on ’s letter. <​This evening I spent two hours in the . Settled with and gave him deed of several town lots, and took his receipt in full.​>
17 February 1844 • Saturday
Saturday 17— <​(* see under date of 15th.)​> At home. The met and settled several cases of difficulty betwixt brethren.
The Anti-Mormons held a convention at ; the object being to devise <​ways &​> <​the​> means of <​by which​> <​in order to​> <​of​> expelling the Saints from the . Among other resolutions was one adopting appointing the 9th. March next as a day of fasting and prayer, wherein the pious of all orders are requested to pray to Almighty God that he would speedily bring the false prophet, Joseph Smith, to deep repentance for his presumption and blasphemy, or that he will make a public example of him and his leading accomplices.”
The Ice broke up in the .
18 February 1844 • Sunday
<​18​> Beautiful day. S. W. wind. a very large assembly of the Saints met at the South near of the when I preached a lengthy discourse.
4 p m went to my with & two gentlemen from — heard read my correspondence with — & read my views <​of the powers and policy​> of the General Government.
At 7 attended prayer meeting in the Assembly room [p. 11]
19 February 1844 • Monday
Monday 19 at 9 a m went to my with , who proposed some alterations in my views of the Government. read the same & the seemed better pleased with it than before.
The Wild Geese commence flying North.
To the Editor of the Neighbor (page 170) Joseph Smith.
20 February 1844 • Tuesday
Tuesday 20 at 10 a m went to my where the & some others met in Council with brothers Mitchell Curtis, & Stephen Curtis, who left the 1st. of January They were sent by & to know whether should preach to the Indians. The Menominees & Chippeways having requested it. The Chippeways had given some Wampum as a token of Peace— & the brethren had given them half a barrel of Flour & an Ox to keep them <​Indians​> from starving— & had gone thro to Green Bay with them— to mark a road. I told them to tell I had no Council to give them him on the subject, he is there on his own ground & must act on his own responsibility & do what he thinks best in relation to the Indians, understanding the Law & nature of the subject as well as I can here, & he shall never be brought into difficulty about it by us.
<​10 blank lines​> I instructed the Twelve <​Apostles​> to send out a delegation & investigate the locations of & & hunt out a good location where we can remove to, after the is completed, & where we can build a City in a day, & have a Government of our own, <​get up into the mountains where the Devils can not dig us out,​> & live in a healthy climate— where we can live as old as we have a mind to.
(blank 10 lines)
Warm. The Upper ice floating down the .
A meeting of the citizens of was held at the Court House in . Passed a resolution that the 2nd. Saturday of March be appointed for a general Wolf hunt being the same day selected by the convention <​of the 17th. inst​> for a day of fasting and prayer for my destruction.
Wednesday 21 [p. 12]
[verso of page 12 blank]
21 February 1844 • Wednesday
Wednesday 21. The Rev Mr De Wolfe, Episcopalian, lectured in the Assembly room in the evening. I attended and after the sermon, at his request, spoke to the people, showing them, that to get salvation, we must not only do somethings, but every thing which God has commanded. Men may preach and practice every thing <​*​> <​* except those things which God commands us to do, and will be damned at last, we may tithe mint & rue & <​all manner of herbs​> & still not obey the commandments of God, the object with me is to be obey and teach others to obey God, in just what he tells us to do. It mattereth not whether the principle is popular or unpopular, I will always maintain a true principle even if I stand alone in it.​>
My “Pacific Inuendo” app written on the 17th. <​inst​> appeared in the Neighbor of today, in connection with ’s letter of the 19th inst <​29th Jany.​>
Ice left the west bank of the <​​>, opposite the lower brick house
Very warm and pleasant
Council of the met in my office: I insert the minutes M a meeting (copy) Clerk
22 February 1844 • Thursday
Thursday 22 At home.
Ice continues to run in the .
Very pleasant— cool nights
23 February 1844 • Friday
Friday 23 received a letter from <​in relation to certain records and a book containing some of the early history of the church which had been written by my clerks, and was Church property & which had been fraudulently detained from my possession​> <​by ​>, on Church History <​offering to sell some Church Records and History papers <​book leaves​> belonging to me, which he had unjustly retained from me in ​> &c. to which replied
(leave blank to copy both letters if they can be found)
<​Copy in open lines​> Met with the in the Assembly Room concer[n]ing the <​and exploring expedition​> expedition. <​ & present​> “I told them I wanted an exploration of all that <​mountain)​> country;— <​perhaps it would be best to go direct to .​> Send 25 men, let them preach the gospel wherever they go. Let that man go that can raise <​$500​> a <​good​> horse [p. 13] <​— open lines——​> or <​and​> mule, a double barrel gun, one barrel rifle & the other smooth bore, a saddle & bridle, a pair of 8 barrel revolving pistols, bowie knife <​and a good sabre​> &c.Appoint a leader, and let him beat up for volunteers. I want every man that goes to be a king & a priest; when he gets on the mountain, he may want to talk with his God; when the <​with​> the savage nations have power to govern &c— If we don’t get volunteers, wait till after the election.
<​ said “Gentlemen I shall go”​>
Samuel W. Richards "
could not go reported he would not be able to go
24 February 1844 • Saturday
Saturday 24. At home— had an interview with at 9 o clock.
Seth Palmer, , & volunteered to go to & [p. 14]
1500 copies of my views out of press.
Very pleasant the past two weeks; the pleanantest February I ever saw
went to Knowlton’s settlement on Bear Creek and preached.
25 February 1844 • Sunday
Sunday 25. I preached at the Block. also preached
Evening <​I attended​> prayer meeting over the S in the Assembly Room. We prayed that “Gen Smiths views of the power & policy of the ” might be spread far and wide, and be the means of opening the hearts of the people. I gave some important instructions Some rain this evening cloudy & foggy. & prophesied that within five years we should be rid <​out of the power​> of our old enemies, whether they were apostates or of the world, and wished & told the brethren to record it, that when it comes to pass they need not say they had forgotten the saying.
Some rain in the evening, cloudy & foggy.
26 February 1844 • Monday
Monday 26. At home, <​rainy dull day​> a cold wind from the North.
In the afternoon held court at the , City of vs on complaint of for slandering language concerning him and certain females of . fined <​was fined​> $50.00 & costs. his attorney gave notice he should appeal to the Municipal Court & then the Circuit Court. I told him <​​> what I thought of him for trying to carry such a suit to ; it was to stir up the mob, and bring them upon us. &c.
Prayer meeting over <​in​> the <​Assembly room​> in the afternoon. <​My Uncle​> <​& lady were​> present <​and <​were anointed and​> received blessings;​> and in the evening there <​was also blessed.​>
<​ volunteered to join the Mountain exploring expedition.​> [p. 15]
27 February 1844 • Tuesday
Tuesday 27. At home. Cool & clear— clear of ice
In the afternoon visited the printing office
Mailed Gen Smith’s <​my​> views &c <​of the powers & policy &c​> to the and Cabinet, Supreme Judges, Senators, Representatives; principal <​News​>papers in the , (all the German); and many postmasters and individuals.— in all about 200.
<​Almon L. Fullmer and volunteered to go on the western <​exploring​> expedition.​>
28 February 1844 • Wednesday
Wednesday 28. At home. Rainy day
At 4. P M. Steamboat Gen. Brooke passed up the , first boat this season. No ice in sight.
In the evening I sent to to call the brethren & pray for s sick child <​as​> he thought it could not live till morning. Bro , and others , prayed for him.
Dr. published an appeal to the <​his native​> State of Tennessee guiving <​giving​> a history of our troubles, & asking the influence of that State to obtain redress.
The Neighbor of to day publishes <​the following​> my name, <​as​> a candidate for President of the
For President (copy 174 Neighbor) supperted
Thomas S. Edwards volunteered to join the exploring expedition to the Rocky Mountains
29 February 1844 • Thursday
Thursday 29. Called at my , called out , and gave him <​​> the “Zanesville Gazette” of Jan 31 containing the speech of Cassius M Clay, delivered in Scot County Kentucky Dec 30. 1843 on annexing to the , and instructed [p. 16] him to reply to the same, and gave him the <​subject​> matter & <​directed the​> manner <​I wished it done.​> and <​then​> rode out with
The “Ohio” steamer went up the
& Rufus Beach <​volunteered to​> join the exploring expedition
<​ex[amine]d. — JG [Jonathan Grimshaw]—​> [p. 17]
[verso of page 17 blank]
1 March 1844 • Friday
March 1st. <​Very frosty night, Showery day, west wind.​> Spent the day in counciling. <​¶​> Letters from the Show a <​rapid​> progress of the work of the Lord in different parts of the . Elder , has gone to , for the purpose of proclaiming to the rulers of our Nation, the great principles of Eternal truth. By a letter received from him we learn, he has been preaching and in and vicinity Page 49)
“The High Council” Page 458 Times and seasons <​Vol 5​> Copy “ Clerk”
The Times & Seasons of March 1st <​this date​> presents my name <​to the public​> as Candidate for President of the .
filed <​his​> bond<​s​> in <​with the​> Recorders office, and took the oath of office as wharfmaster of the City of .
Elder very sick; the 37th. Aniversary of his birthday being 37 years old.
2 March 1844 • Saturday
March 2 10 A. M, held Mayors Court at my office. Reproved Brother <​ ​> , for giving appearance of evil, in attempting to be bail for ; afterwards explained to my Satisfaction. Elder <​President​> visited accompanied by his brother ; <​and​> preached there on the Sabbath.
3 March 1844 • Sunday
Sunday March 3rd., ground covered with snow
attended prayer meeting in the evening [p. 18]
4 March 1844 • Monday
Monday 4th. I suggested to the the name of , of Long Island as a candidate for Vice President.
I insert the following letter March 4th. Dear General. <​(copy to )​>
At early Candle light the , , , and others met in Council <​I insert the following minutes​>
“George Corey came in, and said he was sent by , to get Sheep <​&c​> and other things to carry to the , receted <​to receipt for it​> or agreed to pay lumber. President Joseph said he did not know, but <​suggested​> that it was best, to let the remain as it is until the is completed, <​as​> we need the more than anything else, “ said there was some dissatisfaction about being sent from the without accounts &c and could not have credit on tithing, and one month at the is only called fifteen days here.” I told them they should have their number of days in full, we will let the Stand until the is done, and we will put all our forces on the — turn all our lumber towards the Stack the lumber we <​what we​> want for the and cover it <​up​> this fall, and sell the remainder to get <​blasting​> powder <​fuse, rope steal​> &c.; and when the is completed, no man shall pass the threshold, till he has paid five Dollars, and every Stranger Shall pay five dollars <​towards liquidating the cash debts on the ​> and I will not have the house dirtied.
Let go to the , and take the things wanted, and bring back the lumber, and his wages go on as usual; Let a special be called on the Sixth of April, and all the Called home who can come; let the people of this come together on thursday at 9 O Clock in the Morning [p. 19]
After two or three lectures, we will call on the people to fill up the box, <​with <​liberal​> contributions to procure cash materials for the ​>
I instructed a letter to be written to , <​to consult him on the subject of​> Nominate <​Nominating​> him for Vice President I here insert the letter
<​Dear General (copy letter to )​>
<​The​> Temple Committee offered to make <​proposed to establish a​> powder. <​manufactory.​>
5 March 1844 • Tuesday
Tuesday March 5th. I saw at Bryant’s Store and gave him a lecture on his resisting the ordinances of the (by telling the Captains of the Steam Boats they need not pay wharfage &c)
Rode out with . At 2. P.M met with the City Council. I copy the minutes
March 5. 1844) copy (carried unanimously.
The having refused to issue commissions to the Aldermen elect of the city. “ inquired who were Alderman. The Mayor explained that if the refused <​refuses​> to grant a commission it does not disqualify the officer elect from acting in his office, consequently there is no virtue in the commission, but the virtue of the officer consists in the election.
thought they were Aldermen all the time, or none of the time
Mayor said he wanted all the Aldermen to be added to the City Council.” [p. 20]
History Manuscript Jany 1st to 20th 1855
<​March 5​> Counciler said he considered the election made the Aldermen, & not the commission.
Mayer said if he had been elected Alderman, & filed his bonds he would act as Councilor and Magistrate.”
pul sent a Memorial to the Governor, Senate & House of Representatives of , his native State, <​after​> setting forth in detail the sufferings of the Saints in and their expulsion from that state, he concludes by a patriotic appeal which we copy.
“Your memorialist (T & S 518 <​Vol 5​>) .”
<​<​◊◊ 5 or 6​> a vessel sails from Spooling with Saints (leave a line or two blank for it)​>
6 March 1844 • Wednesday
Wednesday 6. Went to my , & thence with to Mr Bryants, to see him about his writing with & others to resist the ordinances of the .
The Neighbor publishes the name of as Candidate for Vice President
<​ex’d to here , ​>
7 March 1844 • Thursday
Thursday 7 <​A Splendid day Wind from the S.W.​> I preached at the <​​> at 9 a m to a very large assembly <​about 6,000​> of Saints, , , , , , , , present
The following is a condensed synopsis <​condensed report​> by &
(see [Jonathan] Grimshaw’s hand writing 21a. & copy.
at 2 pm the Saints again met. Prest. spoke (see Grimshaws report after which I again spoke <​addressed the vast assemblage​> (copy report)
At the close of the meeting a collection of about $60– was received to buy fuze rope & blasting powder for the use of the Temple Stone Quarry
South West wind a splendid day.
The Ship Bargue Fanny <​Captain​> arrived at , with [blank] Saints led by William Kay, they express in a letter to the Millenial Star, that no people ever had a more prosperous voyage, than the Lord has favored this Company with, and such a Captain & Crew for kindness could scarcely be met with, the Captain frequently administering from the Cabin Stores unto the necessities of all who required it.
Elder publishes an address to the Citizens <​Inhabitants​> of [p. 21]
8 March 1844 • Friday
March 8 Very heavy rain all night, accompanied by thunder.
arrived from the .
at 10 a m my scribe called to tell me that was a native of Ireland and therefore could <​was​> not <​constitutionally eligible to be​> be the Vice President— he wanted to know who should be nominated for Vice President. I told him to Council with others on that point; when he said he would call a Council this evening.
at 7 p m The , the , , , , & assembled in the Mayor’s , when read the following <​pacific communication which I had, previously, instructed <​dictated​> him to write​> A friendly hint to ” <​see T & S. page 473 & 4 [(red)] Joseph Smith (rev)​>
bro brought the information that bro Farnham had just returned from , & said the people in <​that City place​> were saying things have come to a strange pass, if Jo Smith is elected President he will raise the Devil with , <​&​> if he is not elected, he will raise the Devil any how”.
It was agreed that Col , <​living at​> Parris, Henry Co. Tenn: should be written to, on the subject of the Vice Presidency, and that should write the letter; & invite him to visit us, & see if— he would suffer his name to run for the <​that​> Vice Presidency <​office​>.
9 March 1844 • Saturday
March 9 Met in City Council & gave my reasons in favor of the repeal of the hog law— that I was afraid there were but few men who would ever make a fence round their gardens unless the hogs are suffered to run at large—. & if the people think there is a hog law, they will not fence; and consequently will be eat up by Hogs & other animals from the Country. The Hog law has made more contention than all the Hogs would, if they had been let alone— let the hogs run in the Streets and the people make good fences to secure their gardens. <​Some​> <​Many​> Physicians have given it as their opinion that a hog mud hole in the Streets is the most healthy of any damp place. If we do not let the hogs run at large <​in the ,​> the Hogs & Cattle from the Country will <​come into the Corporation &​> eat the grass &c in the , & we suffer all the evils, & loose all the benefits. Empound the Country hogs & the owners will damn the empounded & the , and fight against us. I say to the City Council let the Hogs & Dogs Laws alone. A man that is afraid of a dog and grumbles a great deal about a dog’s barking at him is a coward. This <​it​> is one reason why God withdrew his Spirit from the Earth. & because the people were so ready to take the life of Animals.
It was the principles of democracy that the people’s voice, should be heard, when their voice was just; but when it was not just, it was no longer democratic; but if the minority’s views are more just then Aristarchy should be the governing principle i.e. the wisest and best laws should be made. When : & will call causes <​caucuses​>, & explain the subject to them, then we will hear them [p. 22] and they can petition understandingly, and believed if he could explain the subject that 99 out of every hundred would vote to have no hog law in this from its birth to its death.
Cannot believe in the doctrine of exalting the Majority when it must be brought about by depressing the Minority in a greater degree.
Council adjourned for one hour
In the afternoon, <​City​> council <​the City Council they rejected the Petition to repeal the Hog Law.​> I proposed to license , & Morrison, &c, who own the land opposite to the Wharf, to make Wharves & collect wharfage— then the can dispense with a Wharf master— that <​& Morrison​> pay a tax of for the landing of every boat, & they could tax the boat or not as they liked.
In the evenin The met <​twice​> in the Assembly room & sanctioned “the voice of Innocence” & then adjourned for one week to accommodate others who could not get in to the room this day at either of the Meetings.
Our worthy brother died this morning (Neighbor 186) life
<​exd to here —​>
10 March 1844 • Sunday
Sunday <​March​> 10 <​Frost in the night, beautiful day. S. wind. Bro (Sermon book 46) on him.​>
I attended meeting at the & preached on the subject of Elias Elijah & Messiah <​a sketch of which was written <​reported​> by ​> as follows
he was killed ( (see [Jonathan] Grimshaws hand writing <​Sermon book page 46 to 52​> & copy) There is a (— to —) Amen
4½ pm I met with , , <​& the​> in <​the​> .
The following letter from <​& others​> was read “Black River Falls (Copy)
also a letter to myself from & others
I asked the can you keep what I say & not <​(also)​> make it public <​(Copy)​>
All present held up their hands in token of the Covenant that they would keep the same
& went into Council on the subject matter of those letters during the remainder of the evening.
11 March 1844 • Monday
11th. At home till 9— reman then spent the day in in the Lodge room over ’s house, Present Joseph Smith, , , <​​> , , , , , , , , , , , , , , & had a very profitable & instructive lesson <​whom I organized into a Special Council to take into consideration the subject matter contained in the above letters; and also the best policy for this people to adopt, to obtain their rights from the nation, & insure protection for themselves & children, & to secure a resting place in the Mountains, or some uninhabited region, where we can enjoy the liberty of conscience, guaranteed to us by the Constitution of our Country; rendered doubly sacred by the precious blood of our Fathers, and denied to us by the present authorities, who have smuggled themselves into power in the State & Nation.​>
<​(leave a few lines blank)​> [p. 23]
12 March 1844 • Tuesday
Tuesday March 12 At home in the morning:— at 11 a.m. I told I wanted the room over the for more important purposes, & wished him to dismiss <​remove​> the school <​to ’s house​> immediately, which he did.
The brethren who were in Council <​with me​> yesterday, assembled <​there​> in the P.M. & evening.
<​Gave the following recommend to .​> <​Copy see date March 12 | 30​>
A dull cloudy day
<​A meeting of the inhabitants of the tenth ward was held this evening (Neighbor 182) same place​>
13 March 1844 • Wednesday
13 In <​general special​> from 9 to 12— <​a. m.​> , , & were present, in addition to those of the preceding day.
was appointed Historian & Clerk of the Council.
It was decided that should return to when I and my brother gave him the following a letter of Attorney to transact some business for us This is (Copy) LDS
14 March 1844 • Thursday
14 In <​special​> over the from 9 till 1.
at 2 went to see bro <​John​> Wilkie, he had sent to me <​to come​> and see him— he wanted to know what he should do. I told him of the order of , &c. & he wanted me to call again & see him <​& he wanted I should come again.​>
at 4 went to Council Assembly room again <​ sent out on a mission to .​> at 7 adjourned to next Tuesday at 9 a m
I insert the following from the Washington Globe “A new (510 & 511 Neighbor <​T & S​> <​black​>) of finance”
15 March 1844 • Friday
15 <​Dull cloudy day, N. wind— frosty night​>
<​Spent the day​> In
Being in a straight to raise money to assist the hands in the I sent bro <​​> & to borrow some money from [blank] Orme, <​who had a considerable money <​it is believed had a large sum of money​> lying idle.​> but did not get any. then went to John Wilkie who let me have <​paid​> $300. on his tithing. <​I rode over to brother John Wilkie​>
<​I copy from the law of the Lord “This day (Law of the Lord 449) Amen​>
<​exd ​>
A Traveller having visited for a few days wrote to the Times & Seasons “Mr. Editor (page 501 <​black​>) day”
My brother published <​in the Times & Seasons​> the following letter “To the brethren (T&S 474 <​Red​>)
The Editors of the T. & S. publish the following <​a​> short account of “our city <​and the present aspect of affairs” which we insert.​> (see T & S 471 <​(red)​>) in.” [p. 24]
16 March 1844 • Saturday
<​Saturday​> March 16 At home. at 1 p m I sat in Council with , & .
The continued their <​had two​> meetings, twice this day, in the Assembly room, <​as it would not hold all at once​> & sanctioned “the Voice of Innocence from ”.
17 March 1844 • Sunday
Sunday 17 last night was visited by a very strong wind from the West; which <​it​> blew down the <​28 by 40 feet on the ground​> which the had commenced <​on Bain Street​> 28 by 40 <​feet​> on the ground with a 9 inch wall of brick which <​&​> they had raised ready for the roof
the wind continued very strong all day. In the evening had a smart snow storm, which covered the ground. <​succeeded by a frosty night.​>
Attended prayer meeting.
18 March 1844 • Monday
18 The frost of last night was so severe, as to form ice inside the houses. Snow covers the ground.
I staid at home to recite German with .
at 2 p m. called and gave me a letter
19 March 1844 • Tuesday
19 Met in in the Assembly room. , , , , , , & met in Council in addition to the former names.
In the afternoon heavy driving rain <​N.W. wind​> dull <​cold​> day.
20 March 1844 • Wednesday
20 <​Severe Cold N.W. wind, with a Snow & Hail Storm until 10 a m. afternoon dull. W. wind​> Spent the morning and afternoon in the Assembly room studying the languages.
read me a letter which he had read <​written​> to Col. concerning his nomination to be <​a candidate for​> the Vice President of the who
The <​​> “Springfield Register”, has the following “General (Neighbor 186) them”
The See Co. “Iowa Democrat”, publishes “A new (" [Neighbor 186]) himself”
The “Missouri Republican” [blank] (" [Neighbor 186]) field”
A Traveller having visited for a few days, wrote to the T<​imes​> & S<​easons​> “Mr. Editor (page 501 <​black <​(red)​>​>) day”
A writer in the Quincy Herald, reflects very strongly upon the conduct of the Quincy Whig, New York Tribune, & other Newspapers, for publishing slanderous falsehoods about <​against​> the Saints.
10 p.m. commended snowing again.
21 March 1844 • Thursday
21<​A cold snow storm thro’ the night.​> In in the Assembly room, discussing the propriety of petitioning Congress for the privilege of raising troops to (leave a blank of 5 lines) protect the making of Settlements in the uninhabited <​uncivilized​> portions of our Continent.
A cold snow storm thro the was appointed <​a Committee​> to draw up a Memorial to Congress [p. 25]
22 March 1844 • Friday
Friday 22 <​Snow on the ground, cold bleak N. wind— cloudy.​> At home
10 a m held Mayors Court in my
Afterwards read German in the reading room.
In the evening <​afternoon​> met <​with the ​> in prayer at Prest. ’s house.
I advised the to <​pull down the <​remainder of the​> old walls &​> rebuild the &c on a permanent building basis <​from the foundation—​> not erect for themselves a squat trap— but build one two stories high— & that will stan strong enough to stand for a generation.
23 March 1844 • Saturday
23 Day warmer. rode out <​with ​> to endeavor to raise money to aid <​furnish​> the hands in the <​with supplies​> visited the <​and Public works &c went to the Tem.​>
Spent the remainder of the day in Councilling the brethren.
Also called with & upon at ’s; he was gone to Appanoose, & Mrs. [Sarah Phinney] Foster was at Mr. Gilman’s— then <​I here extract​> from ’s journal. “We went down there, & saw her. Prest. Joseph asked sister Foster if she ever in her life knew him guilty of an immoral or indecent act. She answered No. He then explained his reasons for asking <​which were, he had been informed that had stated, that Joseph made propositions to his Wife calculated to lead her astray from the path of virtue—​> and then asked if ever he had used any indecent or insulting language to her. She answered, never. He further asked if he ever preached any thing like the Spiritual <​Plurality of​> Wife doctrine to her, only <​other than​> what he had preached in public— she said No! He asked her if <​he​> ever proposed to have illicit intercourse with her, and especially when he took dinner during the ’s absence— she said No. After some further conversation on the subject we left. Mrs. Gilman was present all the time. Prest. J. & then went on foot to the .”
24 March 1844 • Sunday
Sunday 24 At 10 a m I preached <​met​> at the Temple <​near the ​> when I said the following synopsis— was reported by <​very brief sketch outline of the speeches is from the Journal of​>
Prest. Joseph (Sermon book 52) about them
I was f (see [Jonathan] Grimshaws Mss) Amen
<​Elder addressed the meeting.​>
Elder ( " [addressed the meeting.])
Prest. Joseph (see Sermon book 53) the fire
After meeting I rode out with . The Trees begin to bud forth
In evening held a conversation with a large company of <​friends​> at my door.
Elder R. H. Kinnaman writes, that during the last 22 months he has over 100 persons while on a Mission in & S. Carolina— organized two in — & calls are continually made for preaching in every direction.
I copy a letter written by Dr. to Gen: “Dear (Copy) ” [p. 26]
25 March 1844 • Monday
Monday 25 At home in the morning— after dinner rode up to the Upper landing to see the “St. Louis Oak” Steamer; learned that a company of, Emigrants from are expected soon. Called at my on returning, and <​heard​> read the Dr[af]t. of a Memorial to Congress which my Clerk had been writing as a Committee appointed by the on Thursday last— & was pleased with the instrument.
Millions of Wild Pigeons flying North— & Millions of Knats dancing in the Air. <​dull day​> at night thunder, lightning & rain.
26 March 1844 • Tuesday
<​Tuesday 26​> <​Dull day.​> From 9 to 12 noon in
2 to 5 p m —"— [in Council]
<​The Memorial drawn up by was read <​investigated <​discussed​>​> & approved by the General Council.​> (leave 4 or 5 lines blank)
27 March 1844 • Wednesday
Wednesday 27 Started this morning to go to with bro. — rode as far as the ; found it so muddy that we turned back.
Issued a warrant on the complaint of Vernon H. Bruce against for stealing 2 stone cutters tools.
My Clerk made two copies of the following Memorial To the honorable (Copy) ever pray &c which I signed
Dr. wrote to “the Saints at Lee Co. Iowa (Copy)
In the p.m. made the following affidavit before Esqre. “State (Neighbor <​202​>) L.S.
also made affidavit as follows “State of (Neighbor <​202​>) LS.”
This evening Dr. Reynolds of Iowa City, lectured on Astronomy, in the Assembly room.
28 March 1844 • Thursday
28 <​dull <​day,​> & drizzling rain, Cold N. E. wind.​> Transferred the Trial of , to J.P.
This afternoon had the Assembly room <​& ​> plastered, where the same had been knocked off &c.
<​(blank a line or two)​>
29 March 1844 • Friday
29 <​night boisterous— about 8 a m hail storm N. E wind— nipping frost— frost, hail, & strong wind all day.​> <​Spent the day​>At home.
30 March 1844 • Saturday
30 This morning I heard there was some disturbance on the hill, rode up and found it reported that a robbery had been committed at the Key Stone Store, kept by of some 4 or $500 and some goods, & they were suspicious of a certain black man. I issued a certain <​search​> warrant & returned to my where I found the black man [blank] Chism, with his back lacerated from his shoulders to his hips, with 20 or more lashes. My Clerk kept him secreted, and called a Justice of the peace, who issued a warrant for [blank] a Missourian, who had Boarded at my house a few days, and on testimony, fined him 5,00 & cost for whipping [blank] Chism, one Easton a witness, said he could not testify without implicating himself, & he was apprehended & held in custody. Esqre. refused to testify because he was Counsel. [p. 27]
March 30 I signed <​got prepared​> a Memorial to <​his Excellency ​> the President of the , embodying in it the same sentiments, as are in my petition to the Senate and House of Representatives of the <​dated 26 March 44​> only making the necessary alterations & asking the privilege of raising sufficient force <​100,000 men​> to extend protection to persons wishing to occupy <​settle​> & other Territory of the & also to protect <​& extend protection to the people in​> . in case the other fail
31 March 1844 • Sunday
31 <​Cold fine day.​> At home this morning until 9, when I went over to my reading room, & again heard read <​& signed​> my Memorial to Congress for the privilege of raising 100,000 volunteers to protect &c date 26th. inst:, and also A Memorial to the for the same purpose, if the other fail.
Also signed an introductory letter to who is going to carry the Memorials to as follows (Copy as altered on March 12 to ) recorder
Gen buried his .
About this time Bro. one of the Police, informed me that &c drew a pistol on him the night before & <​threatened to shoot him.​> I instructed him to make complaint to & have him apprehended.
leave a line
1 April 1844 • Monday
Monday April 1 <​In the Court room in the ,​> Mr. J. Easton was brought up as being accessory to whipping Chism; & referred the case to ; on investigation it appeared to the satisfaction of the Court, that he had been on trial for the same offence before and acquitted. Af I extract from the Neighbor “after the Court (<​page​> 194) equity” it was thought best to acquit Easton, & appeal <​leave​> the case to the County <​Circuit​> Court
<​tr​> (Neighbor 194) the
& , were brought up <​before ​> for assaulting the Police— and acquitted.
2 April 1844 • Tuesday
2 At home somewhat unwell, and kept my house this <​fine​> day.
, Marshall; and , & Policemen, were arrested by a warrant issued by , on complaint of , for false imprisonment. As the case was going to trial, the prisoners were taken by <​ with a writ of​> before the Municipal Court, and tomorrow at 1 p m was fixed for trial [p. 28]
3 April 1844 • Wednesday
<​Wednesday​> April 3 At 1 p m Presided in <​a Special Sessions of​> the Municipal Court, with <​Aldermen​> , , , , , & as Associate Justices— , & were brought up on , having been taken away from <​the Officer who held them on a writ issued by​> ’s Court where <​before whom​> they had been arraigned on the complaint of charged with false imprisonment. the Prayer of the Petitioners was granted
, , , , & were sworn, & gave testimony in the case— and the Court decided that <​ &​> the two Lytles be discharged, and that “ is a very disorderly person, that this case on Habeas Corpus originated in a malicious & vexatious suit, instituted by against the Petitioners now discharged and that said pay the cost.”
Warm and cloudy
A was held in the City of . , Presiding— and Elder William H. Miles, Clerk 15 were represented, containing 566 members including 8 26 Elders 15 16 & 9 .
4 April 1844 • Thursday
4 In <​a General​> Council in the Assembly room from 9 to 12 a m & from 1 to 4 p m
I was visited by Eleven Indians who wanted council & had an impressive interview.
was in the Council & left immediately for .
A Company of Saints arrived on the <​Steamer​> St. Croix. showery day
5 April 1844 • Friday
5 Attended the dedication of the which was attended by about 530 <​550​> members of the Masonic fraternity from various parts of the world, <​+​> the dedicatory ceremonies were performed by the Worshipful Master : the Assembly was addressed in a very able manner by El. <​ delivered an able masonic address​> <​+​> a procession was formed at ’s house, & was accompanied by the Brass Band to the hall; & mys I also addressed the Assembly; all the visiting bret Masons were furnished a dinner at the at the expense of the Lodge; the Building is admitted to be the most substantial & best finished <​Masonic​> Temple in the Western States, it has been erected under the direction of Mr.
(20 lines blank) <​get a description from ​>
In consequence of ill health, I deferred preaching the funeral sermon <​of ​> until Sunday— & El addressed a very large assembly at the stand
6 I attended Conference
see T & S 522 577 <​579 596 612​> [p. 29]
6 April 1844 • Saturday
Saturday 6 met pursuant to adjournment 6th. April 1844. Present (T & S <​Red​> 522 3 4 <​3 4​>) laws <​laws reported by ​> <​Choir sang a hymn delivered an eloquent address upon his comparitive silence for the last five years, which he attributed to the health and referred to many items in the history of the ​>
<​ (T & S 577 to 579) Christ Church <​reported by El ​>​>
<​a little before 5 o clock the assembly were dismissed without ceremony until next morning; on the appearance of a shower— the people had [scar]ce time to retire before a heavy shower of rain, wind, thunder and lightning followed— a splendid double rainbow <​seen​> in the heavens.​>
7 April 1844 • Sunday
7 The President arrived at 10 o clock, when <​the largest assembly <​Congregation​> of people ever seen in having assembled​> the Choir sung the Hymn “The Spirit of God like a fire is burning <​“Ye slumbering nations that have slept a long night”​> offered an affectionate appeal for the prayers of the Saints on behalf of the sick, & then prayer by Choir sung the hymn <​“The Spirit of God like a fire is burning” &c.​> The Prophet <​Mayor​> requested the people to keep good order, and observe to mind the police who are round the outskirts of the Congregation to keep order— Policemen I want you to exercise your authority, and dont say “you cant do any thing” for us, for the Constitutional power calls you to keep good order, and God Almighty calls you, & we command you to do it.
Elder said (see Mss arose and continued his subject of yesterday.
Notice was given that the of would be attended during intermission
Choir sung the benediction.
<​During intermission 35 were baptised <​in the ​> for the remission of their sins.​>
At two o clock (T & S page 596 7 8 <​(red)​>) home reported by El
At 3¼ The president (" 612 to 17) Amen reported by El
Choir sung a hymn at 1/2 past 5 p m
Dismissed with benediction
8 April 1844 • Monday
8 At 10 a m Prest Jos. Smith called the congregation to order <​(see [Jonathan] Grimshaw’s Mss & copy / 1-2-3-4-5-6- & 7 to) a half​>
<​here insert Grimshaws Mss​>
<​given into the hands of the ​>
concurred in his remarks
12 min: to 6 adjourned to April 9 at 8 a m
Trees begin to look green
Adjourned to the 9th. at 8 a m
1st. October
1st. November
1st. December
1st. January
1st. February [p. 30]
9 April 1844 • Tuesday
Tuesday 9 April At 8 a m the assembled at the , and were addressed by Elder after which said (see [Jonathan] Grimshaws Mss page 7-8-9-10.
requested all who were in favor of electing bro Joseph Smith to the Presidency of the <​to​> signify it by raising your right hands when at least 1500 Elders raised them & commenced clapping their hands and gave many loud cheers the opposite vote was then called for when one hand was raised.
20 mins to 11 a call was made for the volunteers to go a preaching to pass out to the green, a great Company moved out and returned to the right of the , & were numbered. 244.
20 mins to 1 adjourned for one hour
P M Met according to adjournment the names of the Volunteers were called, & places assigned to each
said (see Grimshaw Mss (pa. 11. Ms)
<​The weather has been beautiful for the , & <​they have been​> the greatest, best, & most glorious five consecutive days <​ever enjoyed by this generation​> & much good <​was​> done; Many Spectators were present from , , , & other Towns. When we consider the immense number present, the good order that was preserved, it speaks much in favor of the morality of the .​>
In the afternoon I rode out with <​ & others​> to the Mound <​the​> Peach trees look beautiful.
I copy from the Millenial Star, the Minutes of the Conference for the past 4 days, held in the Music Hall England “According to (see <​Star​> pages 194 to 200) four o clock p m
The Mayor & received a notification to produce Docket & other papers in case of , before the Circuit Court at : also a similar notification to produce papers in case of <​appealed​> before Circuit Court
10 April 1844 • Wednesday
10 The were in Council arranging for <​a plan of appointing​>
Extract of a letter from “the Marquis of Downshire (copy) for them
I here insert a letter written by Dr <​an eminent physician of Belleville, St. Clair Co. Ill: and political writer & a very influential Mason​> to the Times & Seasons (copy) <​see Mss​> erudition. I will leave the subject for the present and prepare for my departure home. I am satisfied that is a place of knowledge and that wisdom will be justified of her children”
11 April 1844 • Thursday
11 In <​General​> — in the , morning & afternoon— had a very interesting time. the Spirit of the Lord “Prest. J. was voted our P. P. & K. [Prophet, Priest, and King] with loud Hosannas” was with us & we closed the Council with loud shouts of Hosanna. -[leave 4 lines.]- [p. 31]
12 April 1844 • Friday
Friday 12 The met in Council
Rode out with <​& ​> to look at some land.
A was held at Cypry, Tuscaloosa Co., Alabama, Benjn. L. Clapp, President, and John Brown Clerk. 7 were represented, consisting of 192 Members, 12 elders, 5 , 4 and 2 — all in good standing.
13 April 1844 • Saturday
Saturday 13 <​At 10 a m Met in City Council. was appointed City Attorney. I remarked <​advised​> (City Co. pa 9 <​minutes​>) I also proposed that the Council take into consideration the payment of the police— also proposed that a public meeting be called in each Ward to see if the people will pay the Police— & if they will not, then the council will take the case into consideration.​>
At 1 P M The Municipal Court sat in the Assembly room where I asked Dr. if he bore his <​my​> expences to , or any part thereof.
replied he did not.
I stated that had said that he was taken in a secret council and <​when​> told him, he had paid my expences &c.
replied he never had a secret interview with , and stated gave his version of the meeting.
I then asked him, have I ever misused you any way?
said I do not feel at liberty to answer this question, under existing circumstances.
I again asked him Did I ever misuse you?
He again replied I do not feel at liberty to answer, under existing circumstances.
I then asked Did I ever wrong you in deal, or personally misuse you in any shape?
said I do not feel at liberty to answer, I have treated you Christianly and friendly too, so far as I have had ability
I then asked him to tell me where I had done wrong, & I will ask his forgiveness— for I want you to prove to this company by your own testimony that I have treated you honorably.
then said I shall tesify no further at present.
I then asked Justice did I ever make oath against <​before​> you against Simpson— who replied, not before the prosecution.
I then told the whole story
Andrew Colton then came up <​before the Municipal Court​> on , and was discharged on the insufficiency of the papers.
After which I preferred the following charge <​before the ,—​> against Dr. “for unchristianlike conduct in general, for abusing my character privately, for throwing out slanderous insinuations against me, for conspiring against my peace and safety, for conspiring against my life, for conspiring against the peace of my family and for lying.”
<​A charge was preferred against for teaching Spiritual Wife doctrine & neglecting his family, which was handed over to the Hi Council to act upon.​>
About 5 p m the “Maid of Iowa” Steamer arrived at the — filled with passengers from — led by Wm. Kay. 210 Souls started from , & nearly all arrived in good health and spirits— one smaller company having previously arrived. [p. 32]
<​While journeying there, who had lately lost a babe, asked me whether children who die in infancy will grow in the resurrection. I answered No, we shall receive them precisely in the same state as they died, that is, no larger. they will have as much intelligence as we shall, but will always remain separate & single. They will have no increase. Children who are born dead, will have full grown bodies, being made up by <​in​> the resurection.​>
Prest. Joseph made use of a figure to illustrate the foregoing ideasin words to the following effect.
It is a mistaken idea that our children dying when <​young are​> is going to will lessen our glory in the . What can be more be[a]utiful than to see one or more infant children <​in our kingdom,​> clothed with all the knowledge and intelligence which we shall possess ourselves <​and​> having power to waft themselves from place to place as much as we shall have ourselves, conversing and reasoning and councilling with us like aged men and women, filled with wisdom and intelligence? Instead of lessening our glory they will add to it, and we shall have them ever with us in the same kingdom. [p. 32a]
[verso of page 32a blank]
14 April 1844 • Sunday
Sunday 14 Rainy day— no meeting at the stand. <​I preached on board the “Maid of Iowa.”​>
Committee of the Council met in the P.M. <​afternoon​> at my .
15 April 1844 • Monday
Monday 15 At home settling with for Steamboat “Maid of Iowa”. She has returned in debt about $1700. after much conversation and deliberation, I agreed to buy out , by giving him property in the worth $1231— and assuming the debts.
and I rode out in the afternoon
A Council of the to arranged the appointments of <​for​> the <​General​> this season <​in the ​>— as follows
(T & S. 506 & 7 <​red​>) 14. 15”
We also publish the names (504-5-6 <​red​>) The Twelve” <​exd. ​>
I copy from the <​Washington​> Globe of 14 March “A new 508 (¶ 510–511 <​black​>) of finance”
and made the following reply The Globe (508 to 10 <​black​>) Joseph Smith
16 April 1844 • Tuesday
Tuesday 16 Rode out to bro: Greenwood’s, but he was not returned.
5 p m had a long talk with , & , in front of my house— and read to them Dr. ’ & Mr. ’s affidavits before .
The met in Council
17 April 1844 • Wednesday
Wednesday 17 Rode out with bro & to the Steam Boat landing—
remainder of the day at home.
18 April 1844 • Thursday
Thursday 18 9 a m went into <​General​> until noon & introduced , — & <​added​> ’s name—
while at dinner I made mention of the report that , &c. were paying some one’s board at my table so as to catch something—— against me—— so that if the report is true they may have something to carry back.
2 to 5½ p m in Council
at 6 p m , , , , , of the , , , of the City Council; , of the ; , , , , , , , , , , , , S. Williams, , , , , , & held a Council and unanimously cut off , , & of and Howard Smith of Scott Co. Illinois, from the for unchristianlike conduct and their names were published in the Times & Seasons. [p. 33]
19 April 1844 • Friday
Friday 19 A Company of about 80 Saints arrived
In the evening rode to the Upper Steam Boat landing
20 April 1844 • Saturday