Introduction to F. G. Williams & Co.

Document Transcript

In September 1833, members of the established a printing firm in , Ohio, under the name of . This new firm assumed the responsibilities previously held by in , Missouri, including printing the newspaper The Evening and the Morning Star, which had been interrupted by the destruction of the Missouri . When the United Firm was reorganized in April 1834, and received the printing firm as their and continued to oversee church printing efforts. In September 1834, F. G. Williams & Co. discontinued printing The Evening and the Morning Star and the following month began a new paper called Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate. In January 1835, the firm began reprinting all issues of The Evening and the Morning Star, with numerous editorial changes, under the shortened name Evening and Morning Star. In 1835 and 1836, the firm published the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants and a collection of hymns. By fall 1835, the firm was experiencing serious financial difficulties. It was dissolved in June 1836, after which Oliver Cowdery purchased the printing establishment, assumed the firm’s assets and liabilities, and reorganized it as O. Cowdery & Co. Over the next year, the changed ownership twice. Then in early 1838, its assets were seized and sold at public auction and the office was destroyed by fire shortly thereafter.
The firm of F. G. Williams & Co. has few surviving business records. The most significant of these is an account book that tracked receipts and expenditures from October 1833 to November 1835.

Footnotes

  1. 1

    Minutes, 11 Sept. 1833. The members involved were Frederick G. Williams, JS, Sidney Rigdon, Newel K. Whitney, and Oliver Cowdery.  

  2. 2

    Oliver Cowdery, “To the Patrons of the Evening and the Morning Star,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Dec. 1833, 113; Masthead, The Evening and the Morning Star, Dec. 1833, 120.  

    The Evening and the Morning Star. Independence, MO, June 1832–July 1833; Kirtland, OH, Dec. 1833–Sept. 1834.

  3. 3

    Revelation, 23 Apr. 1834 [D&C 104:1, 29–30].  

  4. 4

    Oliver Cowdery, “Address to the Patrons of the Evening and the Morning Star,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1834, 185; Oliver Cowdery, “Address,” Messenger and Advocate, Oct. 1834, 1:1; Masthead, Messenger and Advocate, Oct. 1834, 1:16. Oliver Cowdery, John Whitmer, and Warren A. Cowdery all served as editors of the papers at various times.  

    The Evening and the Morning Star. Independence, MO, June 1832–July 1833; Kirtland, OH, Dec. 1833–Sept. 1834.

    Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate. Kirtland, OH. Oct. 1834–Sept. 1837.

  5. 5

    Masthead, Evening and Morning Star, June 1832 (Jan. 1835), 16; “Prospectus,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1834, 192.  

    Evening and Morning Star. Edited reprint of The Evening and the Morning Star. Kirtland, OH. Jan. 1835–Oct. 1836.

    The Evening and the Morning Star. Independence, MO, June 1832–July 1833; Kirtland, OH, Dec. 1833–Sept. 1834.

  6. 6

    Doctrine and Covenants, 1835 ed., title page; Collection of Sacred Hymns [1835], title page.  

  7. 7

    F. G. Williams & Co. Account Book, Oct. 1833–Nov. 1835; JS History, 1834–1836, 108; JS History, vol. B-1, 658.  

  8. 8

    “Notice,” Messenger and Advocate, June 1836, 2:329; see also “Notice,” Messenger and Advocate, Aug. 1836, 2:364. JS and Sidney Rigdon appear to have partnered with Cowdery in this 1836 purchase. In early 1837, they bought him out as a partner when he moved to Michigan for a short time. (“Notice,” Messenger and Advocate, Feb. 1837, 3:458; “Monroe Bank,” Painesville [OH] Telegraph, 24 Feb. 1837, [3].)  

    Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate. Kirtland, OH. Oct. 1834–Sept. 1837.

    Painesville Telegraph. Painesville, OH. 1822–1986.

  9. 9

    “Notice,” Messenger and Advocate, Feb. 1837, 3:458; Masthead, Messenger and Advocate, Feb. 1837, 3:464; Masthead, Messenger and Advocate, Apr. 1837, 3:496.  

    Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate. Kirtland, OH. Oct. 1834–Sept. 1837.

  10. 10

    “Sheriff Sale,” Painesville (OH) Telegraph, 5 Jan. 1838, [3]; Vilate Murray Kimball, Kirtland, OH, to Heber C. Kimball, Preston, England, 19–24 Jan. 1838, Heber C. Kimball, Collection, CHL.  

    Painesville Telegraph. Painesville, OH. 1822–1986.

    Kimball, Heber C. Collection, 1837–1898. CHL. MS 12476.