Introduction to Wilder and Strong v. Rounds

Document Transcript

Wilder and Strong v. Rounds
Kirtland Township, Geauga Co., Ohio, Justice of the Peace Court, 18 January 1838
Historical Introduction
This case was related to the Rounds qui tam v. JS trial of 1837, in which accused JS of acting as an officer of a bank not incorporated by law. The court ruled in favor of Rounds, and efforts were made to collect the judgment. Supplies of the church’s printshop in , Ohio, were sold at auction on 15 January 1838. The also levied other assets, including wheat, corn, oats, and hay, that he presumed belonged to JS. Two members of the church, and , claimed ownership of the levied property, which resulted in these legal proceedings.
These legal proceedings came in the midst of turmoil among members of the church in . , for example—one of the witnesses subpoenaed to testify in the and case—was among the excommunicated Latter-day Saints who in mid-January announced the formation of a new rival church.
After hearing the testimony of witnesses, the jury rendered judgment in favor of and .
Calendar of Documents
This calendar lists all known documents created by or for the court, whether extant or not. It does not include versions of documents created for other purposes, though those versions may be listed in footnotes. In certain cases, especially in cases concerning unpaid debts, the originating document (promissory note, invoice, etc.) is listed here. Note that documents in the calendar are grouped with their originating court. Where a version of a document was subsequently filed with another court, that version is listed under both courts.


  1. 1

    See Introduction to Rounds qui tam vs. JS.  

  2. 2

    Vilate Kimball, Kirtland, OH, to Heber C. Kimball, Preston, England, 19–29 Jan. 1838, Heber C. Kimball, Collection, CHL; Notice, 23 June 1837 [Holmes v. Dayton et al.].  

    Kimball, Heber C. Collection, 1837–1898. CHL. MS 12476.

  3. 3

    “Minutes of a Conference Held in Walnut Grove,” Times and Seasons, 1 Sept. 1841, 523; Kirtland Elders Quorum, “Record,” 1 Oct. 1837.  

    Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

    Kirtland Elders Quorum. “A Record of the First Quorurum of Elders Belonging to the Church of Christ: In Kirtland Geauga Co. Ohio,” 1836–1838, 1840–1841. CCLA.

  4. 4

    Docket Entry, 16–18 Jan. 1838 [Wilder and Strong v. Rounds]. Ohio law specified the procedure for the sheriff, justice of the peace, and claimants of the property to follow in such cases. See An Act Regulating Judgments and Executions, sec. 6–7, Statutes of the State of Ohio [1841], 471–472.  

    Statutes of the State of Ohio, of a General Nature, in Force, December 7, 1840; Also, the Statutes of a General Nature, Passed by the General Assembly at Their Thirty-Ninth Session, Commencing December 7, 1840. Columbus, OH: Samuel Medary, 1841.

  5. 5

    See Thomas B. Marsh, [Far West, MO], to Wilford Woodruff, [Vinalhaven, ME], 1838, Elders’ Journal, July 1838, 36–37; and JSP, D5:395n259.  

    Elders’ Journal of the Church of Latter Day Saints. Kirtland, OH, Oct.–Nov. 1837; Far West, MO, July–Aug. 1838.

    JSP, D5 / Rogers, Brent M., Elizabeth A. Kuehn, Christian K. Heimburger, Max H Parkin, Alexander L. Baugh, and Steven C. Harper, eds. Documents, Volume 5: October 1835–January 1838. Vol. 5 of the Documents series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Ronald K. Esplin, Matthew J. Grow, and Matthew C. Godfrey. Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2017.

  6. 6

    Docket Entry, 16–18 Jan. 1838 [Wilder and Strong v. Rounds].