Minutes, 11 September 1833

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

11 Sept 1833—
This day the following members of— of the residing in to wit . Joseph Smith J and , and also delegate to represent the residue of the said firm residing in Jackson County Missouri meet in to tak[e] into consideration the expediency of establishing a printing press in this place
First Resolved that by unanimous consent that a press be established and conductd under the firm of
Seccondly Resolved that the above firm publish a paper as soon as arangments can be made entitled The Latter day Saints messenger and advocate
Resolved also that the Star formerly published in Missouri by the firm of — be printed in this place by the firm of F.G, Williams & Co to be conducted by one of the said firm untill it is transfered to its forme[r] Location——
[p. 24]


  1. 1

    Members of the Kirtland branch of the firm who were not at the council were Martin Harris and John Johnson. Members of the Missouri branch were Cowdery, Edward Partridge, Sidney Gilbert, John Whitmer, and William W. Phelps. (Revelation, 26 Apr. 1832 [D&C 82:11–12]; Revelation, 4 June 1833 [D&C 96:6–8].)  

  2. 2

    F. G. Williams & Co. was apparently in operation by October 1833, when the first entries were made in the company’s ledger book. Newel K. Whitney appears to have supplied the necessary money for the firm to begin business, and the company evidently consisted of just Frederick G. Williams and Oliver Cowdery. (F. G. Williams and Company, Account Book, 1; Revelation, 23 Apr. 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 98:5, 1835 ed. [D&C 104:29].)  

    F. G. Williams & Co. Account Book, 1833–1835. CHL. In Patience Cowdery, Diary, 1849–1851. CHL. MS 3493.

  3. 3

    Oliver Cowdery later explained, “As the name of this church has lately been entitled the church of the Latter Day Saints, and since it is destined, at least for a season, to bear the reproach and stigma of this world, it is no more than just, that a paper disseminating the doctrines believed by the same, and advocating its character and rights, should be entitled ‘messenger and advocate.’” On 3 May 1834, perhaps to distinguish the Church of Christ from the other churches with similar names in Ohio, a conference in Kirtland passed a resolution changing the name of the church to “The Church of the Latter Day Saints.” (Oliver Cowdery, “Address to the Patrons of the Evening and the Morning Star,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1834, 185, emphasis in original; “Communicated,” The Evening and the Morning Star, May 1834, 160.)  

    The Evening and the Morning Star. Independence, MO, June 1832–July 1833; Kirtland, OH, Dec. 1833–Sept. 1834.