Minutes, 28 June 1838

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

For the Elders Journal—
A conference meeting of , and members, of the , was held in this place, this day, for the purpose of organziing this of , called . The meeting convened at 10 o’clock A. M. in the grove near the house of elder . Joseph Smith Jr. was called. to the chair, who explained the object [p. 60] of the meeting, which was to organize a , and , to preside over this of , and attend to the affairs of the church in . It was then motioned, seconded and carried, by the unanimous voice of the assembly, that Pr’s , should act as President of the stake of . was unanimously chosen 1st and 2nd . After prayer, the Presidents proceded to the of as 2nd assistant counsellor. was then chosen acting pro tempore by the unanimous voice of the assembly. President , then proceded to organize the high council. The counsellors were chosen according to the following order, by a unanimous vote. John Lemon 1st, 2nd, 3rd, Daniel Carter 4th, Isaac Perry 5th, 6th, Alanson Brown 7th, Thomas Gordon 8th, 9th, 10th, Harvey Olmstead [Olmsted] 11th, 12th.
After the ordination of the counsellors, who had not previously been ordained to the . President J. Smith Jr. made remarks by way of charge to the Presidents and counsellors, instructing them in the duty of their callings, and the responsibility of their stations; exhorting them to be cautious and deliberate, in all their councils, and to be careful to act in righteousness in all things. President , and , then made some remarks. was unanimously chosen clerk of this council and stake; and after singing the well known hymn Adam-ondi-ahman, the meeting closed by prayer by , and a benediction by Pres. J. Smith Jr.
, Mo.)
Daviess Co. June 28 1838.)
J. SMITH Jr. Chairman.
) Clerks,
Isaac Perry.)
[p. 61]


  1. 1

    Meetings were held frequently in this grove.a Swartzell described it as “a grove, in the woods, adjoining brother White’s house,” that was “situated between Grand River and a large prairie, well timbered and beautifully shaded” and that had several benches “made out of trees split in two.”b Wight had purchased and was working Adam Black’s farm,c which was situated on the floodplain between the bluffs and the river.d The grove was apparently within uncleared land along the riverside.  

    Smith, John (1781-1854). Journal, 1833–1841. John Smith, Papers, 1833-1854. CHL. MS 1326, box 1, fd. 1.

    Swartzell, William. Mormonism Exposed, Being a Journal of a Residence in Missouri from the 28th of May to the 20th of August, 1838, Together with an Appendix, Containing the Revelation concerning the Golden Bible, with Numerous Extracts from the ‘Book of Covenants,’ &c., &c. Pekin, OH: By the author, 1840.

    Berrett, LaMar C., ed. Sacred Places: A Comprehensive Guide to Early LDS Historical Sites. 6 vols. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1999–2007.

    Nauvoo, IL. Records, 1841–1845. CHL. MS 16800.

    Wight, Orange L. Reminiscences, May–Dec. 1903. Photocopy. CHL. MS 405.

    Public Land Survey Township Plats, Compiled 1789–1946, Documenting the Period 1785–1946. National Archives Microfilm Publications, microcopy T1234. 67 reels. Washington DC: National Archives, no date.

    Wight, Orange L. Adam-ondi-Ahman Diagram, 1903. CHL.

    (aSee John Smith, Journal, 1 and 8 July 1838; and Swartzell, Mormonism Exposed, 14.bSwartzell, Mormonism Exposed, 17, 20; see also Berrett, Sacred Places, 4:439, 443–444.cLyman Wight, Testimony, Nauvoo, IL, 1 July 1843, p. 11, Nauvoo, IL, Records, CHL; Orange Wight, Reminiscences, 8.d“Fractional Township 60 North of the Base Line Range 27. West of 5th Principal Meridian,” Daviess Co., MO, 15 Sept. 1838; “Fractional Township 60 North of the Base Line Range 28 West of 5th Principal Meridian,” Daviess Co., MO, 15 Sept. 1838, in Public Land Survey Township Plats, reel 47; Orange Wight, Adam-ondi-Ahman Diagram, CHL; Berrett, Sacred Places, 4:439.)
  2. 2

    In addition to the church members in Adam-ondi-Ahman, groups of Saints had settled in southern Daviess County at Marrowbone Creek, Honey Creek, Lick Fork, and possibly other locations. (History of Daviess County, Missouri, 188–190; Berrett, Sacred Places, 4:358, 366–370, 493–496.)  

    The History of Daviess County, Missouri. An Encyclopedia of Useful Information, and a Compendium of Actual Facts. . . . Kansas City, MO: Birdsall and Dean, 1882.

    Berrett, LaMar C., ed. Sacred Places: A Comprehensive Guide to Early LDS Historical Sites. 6 vols. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1999–2007.

  3. 3

    John Smith and Reynolds Cahoon had previously served in the church presidency in Kirtland. (John Smith and Clarissa Lyman Smith, Kirtland, OH, to George A. Smith, Shinnston, VA, 1 Jan. 1838, George Albert Smith, Papers, CHL; Hepzibah Richards, Kirtland, OH, to Willard Richards, Bedford, England, 18–19 Jan. 1838, Willard Richards, Papers, CHL; see also Shurtleff and Cahoon, Reynolds Cahoon, 4.)  

    Smith, George Albert. Papers, 1834–1877. CHL. MS 1322.

    Richards, Willard. Journals and Papers, 1821–1854. CHL.

    Shurtleff, Stella Cahoon, and Brent Farrington Cahoon, comps. Reynolds Cahoon and His Stalwart Sons: Utah Pioneers. Salt Lake City: Paragon Press, 1960.

  4. 4

    Knight previously served as a counselor to Bishop Newel K. Whitney in Kirtland. Knight may have been appointed as the temporary bishop pending Whitney’s arrival. (Minutes, 13 Jan. 1836; Minutes, 3 Sept. 1837; see also Revelation, 8 July 1838–E [D&C 117].)  

  5. 5

    The men were probably numbered by casting lots, as had been done at the organizations of the Ohio and Missouri high councils in 1834. The numbers were used in council meetings to determine speaking order. (Minutes, 17 Feb. 1834; Minutes and Discourse, ca. 7 July 1834.)  

  6. 6

    The high councils of the church were to be composed of high priests. George A. Smith later recounted that he was ordained a high priest on this occasion by John Lemon. John Smith noted in his journal that after the appointment of the presidency and high council, “the Council decides that I must live in the city and see to the affairs of the church.” (George A. Smith, Autobiography, 71; John Smith, Journal, 28 June 1838; see also Revelation, 11 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 107:79]; and Minutes, 17 Feb. 1834.)  

    Smith, George A. Autobiography, ca. 1860–1882. George Albert Smith, Papers, 1834–1877. CHL. MS 1322, box 1, fd. 2.

    Smith, John (1781-1854). Journal, 1833–1841. John Smith, Papers, 1833-1854. CHL. MS 1326, box 1, fd. 1.

  7. 7

    JS offered similar instruction when he organized the high councils in Kirtland and Missouri in 1834. (Minutes, 17 Feb. 1834; Minutes, 19 Feb. 1834; Minutes and Discourse, ca. 7 July 1834.)  

  8. 8

    Barnes had previously been a schoolteacher. (Barnes, Reminiscences and Diaries, vol. 1, p. 2.)  

    Barnes, Lorenzo D. Reminiscences and Diaries, 1834–1839. 2 vols. CHL. MS 1436.

  9. 9

    Hymn 23, Collection of Sacred Hymns, 29–30. “Adam-ondi-Ahman” was written by William W. Phelps in 1835. (“Adam-ondi-Ahman,” LDS Messenger and Advocate, June 1835, 1:144.)  

    Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate. Kirtland, OH. Oct. 1834–Sept. 1837.

  10. 10

    The primary definition of benediction in Noah Webster’s 1828 dictionary is “the act of blessing; a giving praise to God or rendering thanks for his favors; a blessing pronounced.” (“Benediction,” in American Dictionary.)  

    An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.