Revelation, 22 June 1834 [D&C 105]

  • Source Note
  • Historical Introduction

Document Transcript

Revelation given 22 June 22, 1834. Mo.
Verily I say unto you, who have assembled together that you may learn my will, concerning the redemption of mine afflicted people; behold I say unto you, were it not for the transgression of my people speaking concerning the and not individuals, they might have been redeemed even now; but behold, they have not learned to be obedient to the things which I require at their hands, but are full of all manner of evil and do not impart of their substanc[e] as becometh saints; to the poor and afflicted among them and are not united, according to the union of required by the law of the and cannot be built up unless it is by the principoles of the law of the Celestial kingdom otherwise, I cannot receive her unto my-self and my people must needs be chastened, until they learn obedience if it must needs be by the [things] which they suffer. I speak not concerning those who are appointed to lead my people who are the of my church for they are not all under this condemnation, but I speak concerning the church abroad, there are many who will say where is their god, Behold, he will deliver in time of trouble, otherwise we will not go up unto , and will keep our monies.
Therefore in consequence of the transgression of my people, it is expedient in me that mine should wait for a little season for the redemption of , that they themselves may be prepared and that my people may be taught more perfectly, and have experience and know more perfectly concerning their duty, and the things which I require at their hands, and this cannot be brought to pass until mine elders are endowed with power from on high, for behold I have prepared a great and blessing to be poured out upon them— in as much as they are faithful and continue in humility before me. Therefore it is expedient in me, that mine elders should wait for a little season for the redemption of Zion, For behold I do not require at their hands, to fight the battles of Zion. for as I have said in a former even so I will fulfil. I will fight your battles, behold the destroyer I have already sent forth to destroy and lay waste mine enemies, and not many years hence they shall not be left to pollute mine heritage, to blaspheme my name. [p. 199] upon the land which I have consecranted for the together of my Saints.
Behold I have commanded my servant Joseph, to say to the strength of my house; even my wariers my young men and middle aged to gather to together for the redemption of my people and throw down the tower of mine enemies, and scatter their watchmen— but the strength of my house has not hearkened unto unto my words, but in as much as there are those that have hearkened unto my words, I have prepared a blessing and an for them, I have heard their prayers and will accept their offering, and it is expedient in me that they should be brought thus far, for a trial of their faith.
And now verily I say unto you, a commandment I give unto you, that as many as have come up hither that can stay in the region round about, Let them stay, and those who cannot stay, who have families in the east, let them tarry for a little season, in as much as my servant Joseph shall appoint unto them for I will counsel him concerning this matter, And all things whatsoever is he shall appoint unto them shall be fulfilled and let all my people who dwell in the region round about, be very faithful and prayerful and humb[l]e before me, and reveal not the things which I have revealed unto them, Talk not of Judgment boast not of faith nor of mighty works, but carefully gather together in one region as can be consistently with the feeling of the people. And Behold I will give unto you favor and grace in their eyes, that you may rest in peace and safety, whilst you are saying unto the people execute judgment Justice for us according to law, and redress us of our wrongs.
Now behold, I say unto you my friends, in this way you may find favor in the eyes of the people, until the armies of Israel become very great, and I will soften the hearts of the people as I did I the heart of Pharioh from time to time, until my servant Joseph and mine elders whom he shall appoint shall have time to gather up the strength of my house; and to have sent wise men to fulfil that which I have commanded concerning the purchasing of all the lands in [p. 100 [200]] that can be purchased and in the adjoining Counties round about, for it is my will, that these lands should be purchased that my saints should possess them according to the , which I have given. And after these lands are purchased I will hold the armies of Israel guiltless in taking possessions of their own lands and of throw[i]ng down the tower of mine enemies that may be upon them, and scattering their watchmen, and avengeing me of mine enemies, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me. But firstly let my army become very great, and let it be sanctified before me, that it may become fair as the Sun and clear as the moon, and that her banners may be terrable unto all nations, that the kingdom of this world may be constrainned to acknowledge that the kingdom of , is in very deed the kingdom of our God, and his Christ,
Therefore let us become subject unto her laws, Verily I say unto you it is expedient in me, that the of my should receive their from on high in which I have commanded to be built unto my name in the land of , and let those commandments which I have given concerning Zion, and her law be executed and fulfilled after her redemption. There has been a day of calling. but the time has come for a day of choosing, and let those be chosen that are worthy and it shall be manifest unto my servant Joseph by the voice of the Spirit, those who are chosen, and they shall be sanctified, and in as much as they, follow the counsels which they receive they shall have power after many days to accomplish all things partaining to Zion.
<​And​> again I say unto you, sue for peace not only the people that have smitten you, but also to all people. and lift up an ensign of peace, and make a proclamation of for peace unto the ends of the earth and make proposals of <​for​> peace unto those who have smitten you, according to the voice of the spirit which is in you, and all thing shall work together for your good, and be faithful and behold and low I am with you even unto the end. even so Amen—— [p. 101 [201]]


  1. 1

    This heading may not have appeared in the original manuscript; John Whitmer may have added it when he copied the revelation into Revelation Book 1.  

  2. 2

    The copies of the revelation in Revelation Book 2 and the 1844 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants insert “yourselves” here. (Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Revelation Book 2, p. 97; Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 102:1, 1844 ed. [D&C 105:1].)  

  3. 3

    William W. Phelps’s and John Corrill’s copies of this revelation have “individually” instead of “individuals.” (Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Revelations Collection, CHL [D&C 105:2]; see also Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Phelps, Diary and Notebook, 4 [second numbering] [D&C 105:2].)  

    Revelations Collection, 1831–ca. 1844, 1847, 1861, ca. 1876. CHL. MS 4583.

    Phelps, William W. Diary and Notebook, ca. 1835–1836, 1843, 1864. CHL. MS 3450.

  4. 4

    In February 1832, JS and Sidney Rigdon reported experiencing a vision of the afterlife, wherein they saw inhabitants of the celestial kingdom, the highest of three kingdoms of glory that people inherit after death. In March 1832, a revelation declared that “if ye are not equal in earthly things ye cannot be equal in obtaining heavenly thing[s],” including a “place in the celestiel world.” (Vision, 16 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76:50–70]; Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:5–7].)  

  5. 5

    John Whitmer later inserted “things” here. (Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Revelation Book 1, p. 199 [D&C 105:6].)  

  6. 6

    A December 1833 revelation explained why God allowed the Saints to be expelled from Jackson County, stating that it was “in consequence of their transgressions.” The Saints “must needs be chastened and tried even as Abraham,” the revelation continued, “for all those who will not endure chastening but deny me cannot be sanctified.” Similarly, a February 1834 revelation stated that through the expulsion, God was chastening “those who call themselves after my name . . . with a sore & grievous chastisement; because they did not hearken all together unto the precepts & commandments which I gave unto them.” (Revelation, 16–17 Dec. 1833 [D&C 101:2–5]; Revelation, 24 Feb. 1834 [D&C 103:4].)  

  7. 7

    "First elder" seems to be a generic title for those leading the church. (JS History, vol. A-1, 18, 37; Minutes, 26–27 Apr. 1832; Note, 8 Mar. 1832; Minutes, 18 Mar. 1833; Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831 [D&C 41:9]; Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–A [D&C 72:2, 8]; Revised Minutes, 18–19 Feb. 1834 [D&C 102:2].)  

    JS History / Smith, Joseph, et al. History, 1838–1856. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. 1882. CHL. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. The history for the period after 5 Aug. 1838 was composed after the death of Joseph Smith.

  8. 8

    In a 7 April 1834 letter, JS declared that “if this Church which is assaying to be the church of Christ will not help us when they can do it without sacrifice . . . I proph[es]y I speak the truth I Lie not God shall take away their tallant and give it to those who have no tallant and shall prevent them from ever obtaining a place of reffuge or an inheritance upon the Land of Zion.” (Letter to Orson Hyde, 7 Apr. 1834.)  

  9. 9

    In August 1834, JS intimated that “the appointed time for the redemption of Zion” was 11 September 1836. (Letter to Lyman Wight et al., 16 Aug. 1834.)  

  10. 10

    The copy of the revelation in Revelation Book 2 has “greater endowment” here. (Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Revelation Book 2, p. 98 [D&C 105:12].)  

  11. 11

    An endowment of power was first promised in a January 1831 revelation that directed the Saints to move to Ohio. After they arrived there, the revelation stated they would be “endowed with power from on high.” A December 1832 revelation directed the Saints in Ohio to build a house of God in Kirtland, and a June 1833 revelation stated that in this house, God would “endow those whom I have chosen with power from on high.” The House of the Lord was still under construction at this time. (Revelation, 2 Jan. 1831 [D&C 38:32]; Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:119]; Revelation, 1 June 1833 [D&C 95:8].)  

  12. 12

    See Revelation, 6 Aug. 1833 [D&C 98:37].  

  13. 13

    A July 1831 revelation declared that God had “appointed & consecratedMissouri “for the gethering of the Saints.” (See Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:1].)  

  14. 14

    See Revelation, 16–17 Dec. 1833 [D&C 101:55–56]; and Revelation, 24 Feb. 1834 [D&C 103:21–22].  

  15. 15

    The copies of the revelation in Revelation Book 2 and the 1844 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants insert “if they continue faithful” here. (Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Revelation Book 2, p. 98; Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 102:5, 1844 ed. [D&C 105:18].)  

  16. 16

    Many participants in the expedition remained in Missouri for a short time before departing for Kirtland. Among those who stayed were Wilford Woodruff, Milton Holmes, and Heman Hyde. Joseph Holbrook, his wife, Nancy Lampson, and their two baby girls also remained, as did Holbrook’s brother Chandler, his wife, Eunice Dunning, and their baby girl. (“Zion’s Camp,” Historical Record, June 1888, 7:591; Woodruff, Journal, May 1834; Holbrook, Reminiscences, 38–39; Radke, “We Also Marched,” 153–154.)  

    The Historical Record, a Monthly Periodical, Devoted Exclusively to Historical, Biographical, Chronological and Statistical Matters. Salt Lake City. 1882–1890.

    Woodruff, Wilford. Journals, 1833–1898. Wilford Woodruff, Journals and Papers, 1828–1898. CHL. MS 1352.

    Holbrook, Joseph. Autobiography and Journal, not before 1871. Photocopy. CHL. MS 5004. Original in private possession.

    Radke, Andrea G. “We Also Marched: The Women and Children of Zion’s Camp, 1834.” BYU Studies 39 (2000): 147–165.

  17. 17

    The copies of the revelation in Revelation Book 2 and the 1844 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants insert here, “until it is wisdom in me that they should be revealed” here. Oliver Cowdery told Missouri church leaders that one of the reasons the church’s Independence printing office had been destroyed and Edward Partridge had been tarred and feathered in July 1833 was that some church members’ “mouths are continually open.” Their “tongues cannot be stayed from tatling,” Cowdery informed the leaders, instructing them to keep revelations “from false brethren & tatlers.” (Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Revelation Book 2, p. 99; Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 102:7, 1844 ed. [D&C 105:23]; Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson Co., MO, 10 Aug. 1833.)  

  18. 18

    George A. Smith reported that on 16 June, Martin Harris “boasted to the Brethren that he could handle snakes with perfect safety” and then offered his foot to a snake and was bitten. The Sangamo Journal also reported that a member of the expedition, “who appeared to be a leader, stated to a respectable citizen of this town [Springfield, Illinois], that he had himself performed more miracles than were recorded in the Old and New Testaments.” (George A. Smith, Autobiography, 34; Report, Sangamo Journal [Springfield, IL], 7 June 1834, [2]; see also Howe, Mormonism Unvailed, 158–159.)  

    Smith, George A. Autobiography, ca. 1860–1882. George Albert Smith, Papers, 1834–1877. CHL. MS 1322, box 1, fd. 2.

    Sangamo Journal. Springfield, IL. 1831–1847.

    Howe, Eber D. Mormonism Unvailed: Or, A Faithful Account of That Singular Imposition and Delusion, from Its Rise to the Present Time. With Sketches of the Characters of Its Propagators, and a Full Detail of the Manner in Which the Famous Golden Bible Was Brought before the World. To Which Are Added, Inquiries into the Probability That the Historical Part of the Said Bible Was Written by One Solomon Spalding, More Than Twenty Years Ago, and by Him Intended to Have Been Published as a Romance. Painesville, OH: By the author, 1834.

  19. 19

    John Whitmer later inserted “as much” here. (Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Revelation Book 1, p. 200 [D&C 105:24].)  

  20. 20

    William W. Phelps’s copy of this revelation has “enemies” here instead of “wrongs.” (Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Revelations Collection, CHL [D&C 105:25].)  

    Revelations Collection, 1831–ca. 1844, 1847, 1861, ca. 1876. CHL. MS 4583.

  21. 21

    TEXT: Possibly “Phariah”.  

  22. 22

    John Whitmer later inserted “and after they are purchased,” here. (Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Revelation Book 1, p. 201 [D&C 105:29].)  

  23. 23

    An 1831 revelation instructed church members to consecrate their property to the church, in part so that land could be purchased for the construction of the New Jerusalem where God’s covenant people would gather. An August 1831 revelation specifically told church members moving to Missouri to consecrate their property to the bishop, who would give them an inheritance of land in return. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:30–36]; Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:34–36].)  

  24. 24

    The copies of the revelation in Revelation Book 2 and the 1844 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants insert here, “which they have previously purchased with their moneys.” (Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Revelation Book 2, p. 99; Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 102:8, 1844 ed. [D&C 105:30].)  

  25. 25

    A December 1833 revelation discussing how Zion was to be redeemed included a parable of a lord whose vineyard was overrun by enemies. The lord told one of his servants to gather together his “wariors,” reclaim the vineyard, and “break down the walls of mine enemies[,] th[r]ow down their tower and scatte[r] their watchmen.” If the enemies attacked again, the warriors were to “avenge me of mine enemies that by and by I may come with the residue of mine house and possess the Land.” (Revelation, 16–17 Dec. 1833 [D&C 101:44–60].)  

  26. 26

    See Song of Solomon 6:10.  

  27. 27

    The following day, a council of high priests met “in order to choose some of the first Elders to receive their endowments.— being appointed by the voice of the Spirit through Br. Joseph Smith jr. President of the Church of Christ.” (Minutes, 23 June 1834.)  

  28. 28

    Several Missouri church leaders drafted an “APPEAL for peace” in July 1834. It was then published in the August 1834 issue of The Evening and the Morning Star. This appeal, which drew on some of the language of this revelation, explained that the church had petitioned the governor of Missouri and the president of the United States for redress and tried to work out a compromise with Jackson County residents, but to no avail. They therefore issued “this solemn APPEAL to the people and constituted authorities of this nation, and to the ends of the earth, FOR PEACE,” hoping that they could “regain and enjoy our rights and property, agreeable to law in this boasted land of liberty.” The appeal also asked “the rulers of this nation” to provide them with “redress and redemption” of their Jackson County lands, the right to “free trade with all men, and unmolested emigration to any part of the Union, and for our inherent right to worship God as we please.” It is unclear whether this appeal was circulated outside of its publication in The Evening and the Morning Star. (“An Appeal,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Aug. 1834, 183–184, emphasis in original.)  

    The Evening and the Morning Star. Independence, MO, June 1832–July 1833; Kirtland, OH, Dec. 1833–Sept. 1834.

  29. 29

    The copies of the revelation in Revelation Book 2 and the 1844 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants have “therefore be faithful” here. (Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Revelation Book 2, p. 100; Revelation, 22 June 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 102:11, 1844 ed. [D&C 105:41].)